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Topic: Problem of evil

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  Problem of evil - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the philosophy of religion and theology, the problem of evil is the problem of reconciling the existence of evil or suffering in the world with the existence of an omniscient, omnipotent, omnibenevolent god.
The problem of evil arises from the supposition that a completely good deity would not have created a world containing evil, or would not permit its continued existence in the world, and that an omniscient and omnipotent god should be able to arrange the world according to its intentions.
In Hinduism, the problem of evil is present but does not exist per se as souls are eternal and not directly created by God.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Problem_of_evil   (2462 words)

 World Religions: Comparative Analysis
Evil is a matter of not fulfilling his laws by humans or not performing the ritual properly.
Evil is the perpetuation of illusion by the factors that fuel the chain of dependent origination (paticca-samuppada).
Evil is not created by God, but is a perversion of His creation, a result of using free will against the very purpose it was created for (against free will obeisance to God in a communion relation based on love).
www.comparativereligion.com /evil.html   (6548 words)

 Logical Problem of Evil [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The logical problem of evil is a particular way of spelling out the more general challenge to belief in a perfect God that is posed by the existence of evil and suffering in our world.
In this essay, the nature of the logical problem of evil is clarified and various responses to the problem are considered.
Evil is a problem, for the theist, in that a contradiction is involved in the fact of evil on the one hand and belief in the omnipotence and omniscience of God on the other.
www.iep.utm.edu /e/evil-log.htm   (9284 words)

 Catholic Culture : Document Library : The Problem of Evil
If it is asked how evil, being merely a privation, can possess its hideous force, its power of destruction, of infection, I reply that this force, this power to infect and destroy, is grounded not in the evil as evil but in the positive and therefore good thing or person in which that evil inheres.
Psychology shows that even this apparently unmixed love of evil is a perversion of the desire to exercise power—in itself a good desire—combined in extreme cases with a nervous perversion whereby the infliction of pain causes pleasure.
But this negativeness of evil does cut at the root of any pessimism which would see evil as more than, or as equal to, the good in the world or which would ascribe evil to the fundamental nature or the source of reality.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=796   (1501 words)

 Assessing the Problem of Evil and the Existence of God
This particular pursuit is appropriately known as the problem of evil because of the implications produced by its presence.
Secondly, the inferential/probabilistic problem of evil is more modest because it denies the probable existence of God given that there may be better solutions to the amount of evil in the actual world.
Therefore, the problem of evil remains to be an emotional issue because it is the impact of pain and suffering in each of our lives that truly casts doubt on the existence of God.
sguthrie.net /evil.htm   (3856 words)

 The Problem of Evil
A third part of the solution to the problem of evil is the most important part: how to resolve the problem in practice, not just in theory; in life, not just in thought.
Although evil is a serious problem for thought (for it seems to disprove the existence of God), it is even more of a problem in life (for it is the real exclusion of God).
There, the greatest evil that ever happened, both the greatest spiritual evil and the greatest physical evil, both the greatest sin (deicide) and the greatest suffering (perfect love hated and crucified), is revealed as his wise and loving plan to bring about the greatest good, the salvation of the world from sin and suffering eternally.
www.catholiceducation.org /articles/religion/re0019.html   (1832 words)

 Leibniz on the Problem of Evil
And thus, contemporary responses to the problem of evil focus largely on presenting "theodicies" that is, reasons why a perfect being does or might allow evils of the sort (or duration, or amount, or distribution) we find in our world.
It is important to distinguish these various problems of evil since we cannot understand Leibniz's treatment of evil in a given text until we know what problem it is that he is addressing.
This was an especially pressing problem for the obvious reason that positing too close of a connection between God and the creature in cases where moral evils are committed runs the risk of implicating God in the evil, thus raising the holiness problem all over again.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/leibniz-evil   (6501 words)

 Problem Of Evil
To properly address the Problem of Evil, one must consider the nature of God, the nature of man, the nature of love, and the nature of evil.
Evil is described as sin, which is anything contrary to a God of Love and His Divine Law.
Evil serves the limited purpose of establishing real love relationships between creation and the Creator, and evil will be done away with after that purpose is achieved.
www.allaboutgod.com /problem-of-evil.htm   (964 words)

 The Problem of Evil
To formulate the argument from evil in terms of the mere existence of any evil at all is to abstract to the greatest extent possible from detailed information about the evils that are found in the world, and so one is assuming, in effect, that such information cannot be crucial for the argument.
The problem with that premise, as we saw, is that it can be argued that some evils are such that their actuality, or at least the possibility, is logically necessary for goods that outweigh them, in which case it is not true that a perfectly good being would want to eliminate such evils.
Lewis, Delmas (1983) “The Problem with the Problem of Evil,” Sophia 22: 26-35.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/evil   (13031 words)

 The Evidential Argument from Evil
This is the pastoral or existential problem of evil.
Alternatively, if the believer were to question whether the existence of apparently pointless evil were to render belief in God false or improbable, he would be dealing with a different sort of problem -- the epistemic problem of evil.
To explain moral evils, he argues that that "The ‘free-will defense,’ carefully spelled out, must be a central core of theodicy, as it has been for the last two or three thousand years."[11].
www.infidels.org /library/modern/nicholas_tattersall/evil.html   (6983 words)

 The Problem of Evil
The problem of evil is the problem of reconciling the existence of the evil in the world with the existence of an omniscient (all-knowing), omnipotent (all-powerful) and perfectly good God.
The argument from evil is the atheistic argument that the existence of such evil cannot be reconciled with, and so disproves, the existence of such a God.
The evil in the world thus appears to be at least strong and perhaps even conclusive evidence that at least one of these central claims of Christianity is false.
www.philosophyofreligion.info /problemofevil.html   (828 words)

 THE PROBLEM OF EVIL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The presence of evil, pain and suffering in our world is the most persistent argument raised against theism.
The following are several of the main responses to the presence of evil in the world and its impact on the existence of the God of the Bible.
But then God is not responsible for evil (choices), since it is not in his power to bring it about that men freely choose only the good.
www.xenos.org /essays/evilpo.htm   (627 words)

 The Problem of Evil by Peter Kreeft
We naturally tend to picutre evil as a thing—a fl cloud, or a dangerous storm, or a grimacing face, or dirt.
Evil is no more a positive thing than blindness is. But is is just as real.
Whether this consequence of sin was a physical change in the world or only a spiritual change in human consciousness—whether the "thorns and thistles" grew in the garden only after the fall or whether they were always there but were only felt as painful by the newly fallen consciousness—is another question.
www.peterkreeft.com /topics/evil.htm   (1722 words)

 Philosophical Dictionary: Erasmus-Extrinsic
Whether they are taken to flow from the operation of the world ("natural evil"), to result from deliberate human cruelty ("moral evil"), or simply to correlate poorly with what seems to be deserved ("non-karmic evil"), such events give rise to basic questions about whether or not life is fair.
Yet there is evil, from which atheists conclude that there is no omniscient, omnipotent, and benevolent god.
The most common theistic defense against the problem, propounded (in different forms) by both Augustine and Leibniz, is to deny the reality of evil by claiming that apparent cases of evil are merely parts of a larger whole that embodies greater good.
www.philosophypages.com /dy/e9.htm   (1598 words)

 The Problem of Evil and Pain
Attempts to explain why God would allow the presence of evil and suffering in the world are called theodicies (theos, god and dike, justice: “to justify the ways of God”).
The Existential Problem of Evil and Redemptive Suffering
Any errors, awkward phrasings, poorly expressed ideas, problems in documentation, and / or opinions are solely his responsibility.
www.stjohnadulted.org /probevil.htm   (417 words)

 Problem of Evil
Such a theodicy cannot merely show that the evils of the world do not necessarily contradict belief in God’s perfect goodness and power.
In such a theodicy the evils of the world should not be an embarrassment to the total theological position; they should not be that ‘fact’ to which the theology somehow manages to be ‘adequate’ but which would fit more comfortably within some contrary hypothesis.
Rather, the theodicy should ideally be more illuminating of the nature of evil, and the reason for its existence, than other portrayals of reality, including atheistic ones.
www.anthonyflood.com /problemofevil.htm   (436 words)

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