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Topic: Theodore of Mopsuestia

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  Theodore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Theodore of Mopsuestia, Bishop of Mopsuestia from 392 to 428
Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury from 668 to 690
Theodore, Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch from 751 to 797
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Theodore   (270 words)

 Theodore of Mopsuestia -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Theodore's cousin, Paeanius, to whom several of ((Roman Catholic Church) a Church Father who was a great preacher and bishop of Constantinople; a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-407)) John Chrysostom's letters are addressed, held an important post of civil government; his brother Polychronius became bishop of the metropolitan see of Apamea.
Theodore's great treatise on the Incarnation belongs to this period according to Gennadius, and possibly also more than one of his commentaries on the (The collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible) Old Testament.
Theodore is said by Hesychius to have left Antioch while yet a priest and remained in to Tarsus until (Click link for more info and facts about 392) 392, when he was consecrated to the see of Mopsuestia on the death of Olympius, probably through the influence of Diodore.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/T/Th/Theodore_of_Mopsuestia.htm   (3356 words)

 Theodore of Mopsuestia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Theodore, born in Antioch (c.350), was a disciple of Diodore of Tarsus.
As noted above, the inspiration for Theodore's principles of exegesis may be derived from the school of Antioch, which insisted on the literal and historical sense of the text, as opposed to the allegorical approach advocated by the school of Alexandria.
Theodore, in his theological considerations, insists on the human soul of Christ and on the significance of His free moral activity in the work of redemption.
www.nestorian.org /theodore_of_mopsuestia.html   (440 words)

(R. THEODORE (602-690), seventh archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Tarsus in Cilicia in 602.
Theodore's crowning victory was gained in 1210, when in a battle near Pisidian Antioch he captured Alexius and wrested the town itself from the Turks.
IRENE LASCARIS, daughter of Theodore I. (Lascaris), was first married to the general Andronicus Palaeologus, and after his death became the wife of Theodore's successor, John Vatatzes (q.v.), and mother of Theodore II.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /T/TH/THEODORE_ARCHBP_OF_CANTERBURY_.htm   (1258 words)

 Chapter 16 - Theodore of Mopsuestia and the Nestorians
Theodore of Mopsuestia was born in Antioch, A.D. 350, and died 428 or 429.
Plumptre writes: "Theodore of Mopsuestia teaches that in the world to come those who have done evil all their life long will be made worthy of the sweetness of the divine beauty." And in the course of a statement of Theodore's doctrine, Prof.
Theodore, on the other hand, developed the grammatical and historical meaning of the Word, and discarded Origen's mysticism and allegorizing, and his doctrine of man's pre-existence, and instead of regarding man as absolutely free, considered him as part of a divine plan to be ultimately guided by God into holiness.
hellbusters.8m.com /upd16.html   (1747 words)

According to Theodore the Logos assumed a complete manhood, which had to pass through the stages of ethical development just as in the case of any other human being.
The attitude thus taken by Theodore is not surprising; he more nearly takes up the ground of the old church doctrine as set forth in the apologists and in the great Greek fathers of the 3rd and 4th centuries.
Extracts from the writings of Theodore occur in the Catenar of Marius Mercator, in the Ada of the third and fifth oecumenical councils in Facundns, Liberatus, and Theodores chief adversary Leontius Byzantinus.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /T/TH/THEODORE_OF_MOPSUESTIA.htm   (1220 words)

 Antiochene Theology, Theodoret
Theodore of Mopsuestia held that Christ's human nature was complete but was conjoined with the Word by an external union.
R A Greer, Theodore of Mopsuestia (1961); R A Norris, Manhood and Christ (1963); J J Delaney and J E Tobin, Dictionary of Catholic Biography (1961); J Quasten, Patrology (1950).
Theodore emphasized the difference between God and man. The Logos humbled himself and became man. The prosopon of the man is complete and so is that of the Godhead.
mb-soft.com /believe/txc/antioche.htm   (1517 words)

Although the author recognized some Nestorianizing tendencies in Theodore, he is on the whole satisfied with the Christology of both the condemned fragments and the Catechetical Orations as translated and printed by Mingana.
The very basis for the condemnation of Theodore at the Fifth Council was the fact that under pressure from the "imperial couple" to adopt a diplomatic theology the Eastern bishops accepted Cyril's exclusiveness to the practical exclusion of Leo's Tome.
The fact that Theodore considers Nathaniel's understanding obscure and carnal at this point does not mean that he elsewhere professes to believe that the natural Son of God became the natural Son of Mary, thus making it necessary for the compiler to deliberately distort and misrepresent the real mind of Theodore.
www.romanity.org /htm/rom.09.en.highlights_in_the_debate_over_theodore.01.htm   (8518 words)

 The Bible and the Liturgy Study Guide
Theodore of Mopsuestia: Confirmation is a participation in the anointing of Christ by the Spirit after His Baptism.
Theodore of Mopsuestia: Deacons imitate the serving of the angels.
Theodore presupposes that the deacons imitate the angels; he uses this to show that the preparation itself is a representation of the preliminaries for both the Passion and the Resurrection.
www.salvationhistory.com /utilities/articlePrinter.cfm?pageName=/library/scripture/wordofgod/danieloublsg.cfm   (7352 words)

 THE EARLY CHRISTIAN LITERATURE PRIMERS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
About A. 390 he was chosen bishop of Mopsuestia in Cilicia, which see he held until his death, about A. He is said to have been a teacher of Nestorius, and also to have ordained him; but, whether or not this was true, he belonged to the same school of thought with Nestorius and Theodoret.
But Theodore was to be placed by posterity, not by the side of Chrysostom, but of Nestorius and Theodoret.
But the narrow horizon of Justinian and the ecclesiastics of the sixth century was not forever to bound the Church, and modern scholars would gladly exchange whole alcoves of the monkish lore of his late enemies for the works of this Antiochian exegete.
www.earlychristianwritings.com /jackson2/18_the.html   (322 words)

 Life and Writings of Theodore of Mopsuestia
Around 383/6 he was ordained a priest of the Church of Antioch, and elevated to the position of bishop of Mopsuestia in Cilicia in 392 (perhaps at the instigation of Diodore, his old teacher and friend).
It is clear that Theodore stresses the role of the human soul of Christ, in contradistinction to Apollinarius of Laodicea.
The significance of Christ's free moral activity is continually put forward in his writings, wherein he often replaces the common phrase 'Word and flesh' (preferred of the Alexandrines before him, based on Jn 1.14) with 'Word and assumed man.' This is in harmony with a Diophysite position, brought to unfortunate extremes in Diodore and Nestorius.
www.monachos.net /patristics/christology/mopsuestia_writings.shtml   (665 words)

 Theodore Of Mopsuestia --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Theodore studied under the celebrated sophist and rhetorician Libanius with his friend John Chrysostom, who in 369 influenced him to become an ascetic.
The poetry of Theodore Roethke is characterized by introspection and intense lyricism.
Novelist Theodore Dreiser was a leading American figure in the literary movement known as naturalism, which aimed to portray life in a realistic manner and depicted people as victims of blind forces and their own uncontrolled passions.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9072004?tocId=9072004&query=theodore   (697 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Theodore of Mopsuestia
Theodore soon displayed a very keen interest in the theologico-polemical discussions of the time, writing and preaching against the Origenists, Arians, Eunomians, Apollinarists, magicians, Julian the Apostate, etc. His keen and versatile literary activity won him the name of "Polyhistor" (Sozomen, op.
Theodore was for the first time condemned as a heretic by the Emperor Justinian in his edict against the Three Chapters (544).
Among the most zealous defenders of Theodore and the Three Chapters, besides Pope Vigilius (until 533), were the African Facundus of Hermiana ("Pro defensione trium capitulorum libri XII", in P.L., LXVII, 527 sqq.) and the bishops, Paulinus of Aquileia and Vitalis of Milan.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14571b.htm   (2166 words)

 AllRefer.com - Theodore of Mopsuestia (Roman Catholic And Orthodox Churches: General Biography) - Encyclopedia
Theodore of Mopsuestia, Roman Catholic And Orthodox Churches: General Biographies
Theodore of Mopsuestia[mop´´syOOes´chu] Pronunciation Key, c.350–428, Syrian Christian theologian, bishop of Mopsuestia (from 392).
He seems to have been influenced by dynamistic monarchianism, which emphasized the humanity of Jesus; he argued that Jesus progressively received the Logos and the Holy Spirit and that there was never a complete, essential (hypostatic) union of divine and human natures in the second person of the Christian Trinity.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/T/TheodrMps.html   (344 words)

 [No title]
Theodore of Mopsuestia became the official exegete (mepasqana) of the Persian Church; Nestorius became the center of the controversy between the Monophysites and Dyophysites.
Nestorius, born in Euphratesian Syria 31 years after Theodore of Mopsuestia (c.381), was destined to have his name permanently linked with the great mepasqana because of his Dyophysite pronouncements and the adoption by the faculties of Edessa and Nisibis of his and Theodore's polemics and commentaries.
By selecting Theodore's writings as his preeminent textual source, Qiiore embarked upon a course of study that was to intermingle the deductive principles of Aristotle with Theodore's Dyophysite creed.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /jod/texts/junillus.intro.html   (4499 words)

 History of Opinions on the Scriptural Doctrine of Retribution: Origen and Theodore of Mopsuestia
In addition to this, the extension of the influence of Theodore among the Nestorian churches was peculiar to him, and was not at all shared by Origen.
Theodore rejected almost entirely the spiritual, allegorical, and mystical interpretation of Origen; and, in common with the Antiochian school, adopted the principles of historical and grammatical interpretation.
In the view of Theodore, therefore, this universal restitution of all to holiness was the end aimed at in the first dispensation, involving sin and to be effected through it.
www.tentmaker.org /books/Retribution/retribution25.htm   (1929 words)

 The Eschatological Sacramental Theology of Theodore of Mopsuestia
The Eschatological Sacramental Theology of Theodore of Mopsuestia
One such man was Theodore of Mopsuestia, a bishop near the city of Antioch, of whom we have four homilies about the Sacraments of Initiation: two on Baptism and two on Eucharist.
Theodore says, "When the bishop has completed this ceremony of sealing your forehead, he pronounces the words I have mentioned to show that he has set you apart for the future and appointed you a soldier of the true king and a citizen of heaven.
www2.bc.edu /~morrilb/Mullan.html   (1145 words)

 Second Council of Constantinople - 553 A.D.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
They have tried to lift the anathema on the said heretical Theodore by omitting some of the things which the holy fathers had written, by including certain confusing falsehoods of their own, and by quoting a letter of Cyril of blessed memory, as if all this were the evidence of the fathers.
Consequently we anathematize the aforesaid three chapters, that is, the heretical Theodore of Mopsuestia along with his detestable writings, and the heretical writings of Theodoret, and the heretical letter which Ibas is alleged to have written.
Furthermore this heretical Theodore claimed that the union of God the Word to Christ is rather like that which, according to the teaching of the Apostle, is between a man and his wife: The two shall become one.
www.mc.maricopa.edu /~tomshoemaker/councils/ecum05.htm   (4075 words)

 The School of Nisibis
Theodore resembled Judah HaNasi, the great compiler of the Jewish Oral Law (the Mishnah) at the end of the second century.
Theodore collected and organized earlier theological and exegetical scholarship; he brought forth a synthesis in his writings that was unsurpassed by any of the succeeding generations of Christian theologians.
Thus inspired by the manifold contributions of his faculty and guided by the Dyophysite commentaries of Theodore of Mopsuestia as well as his own talents as the School's administrator and mepasqana, Abraham presided over a school tradition that was unmatched in the contemporary Mesopotamian cultural world.
www.nestorian.org /the_school_of_nisibis.html   (1461 words)

 Nestorian Theology
Theodore, the father of Antiochene theology, taught two clearly defined natures of Christ: the assumed Man, perfect and complete in his humanity, and the Logos, consubstantial with the Father, perfect and complete in his divinity, the two natures (physis) being united by God in one person (prosopon).
Theodore maintained that the unity of human and divine in Jesus did not produce a "mixture" of two persons, but an equality in which each was left whole and intact.
Diodore and Theodore were considered orthodox during their lifetime, but came under suspicion during the Christological controversies of the fifth century.
www.oxuscom.com /theology.htm   (1826 words)

 History of Opinions on the Scriptural Doctrine of Retribution: Theodore of Mopsuestia and the Nestorians
The history of the Nestorians and of their connection with Theodore of Mopsuestia is less known than it should be.
We have exhibited in contrast the principles of Origen and of Theodore of Mopsuestia.
But to a certain extent Theodore’s sacramental liturgy is practically a confession of faith, for it sets forth the incarnation, and its ends and results, as based on the unfolding of the Trinity.
www.tentmaker.org /books/Retribution/retribution26.htm   (2357 words)

 ASSYRIAN CHURCH OF THE EAST FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Nestorius, a pupil of Theodore of Mopsuestia and bishop of Constantinople, was condemned because he refused to call the Virgin Mary 'mother of God'.
Babai the Great and his co-religionists worked hard to defend the legacy of Theodore: rival schools were set up in Nisibis and Balad, and the monastery of Mar Abraham, headed by Babai, took in a number of students from the school of Nisibis.
The defenders were successful: at the episcopal gathering of 612 the teachings of Theodore were canonized.
www.whereintheworldisbush.com /Assyrian_Church_of_the_East   (1840 words)

 The Roles of Christ's Humanity in Salvation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Theodore of Mopsuestia was hailed in his lifetime as one of the outstanding theologians and bishops in the second half of the fourth and early fifth centuries.
He then draws out the typology that Theodore sees present between Adam and Christ’s humanity, exploring three major roles that Christ’s humanity plays as the head of all human immortal existence, the bond of the universe, and the perfect image of God.
The book concludes by applying these insights to the 71 excerpts that were used to condemn Theodore at the Second Council of Constantinople and proposing that these passages can be interpreted in a different, non-heretical way.
cuapress.cua.edu /BOOKS/viewbook.cfm?Book=MCRC   (434 words)

 A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., with an Account of the ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
He was an ardent admirer of the writings of Theodore of Mopsuestia, which he translated into Syriac and diligently disseminated 505through the East.
The church of Edessa was generally favourable to Theodore's teaching, and Ibas was supported by the majority against their bishop.
His translations of the theological works of Theodore of Mopsuestia, Diodorus of Tarsus, Theodoret, and Nestorius, were actively spread through Syria, Persia, and the East, and were very influential in fostering the Nestorian tenets which have, even to the present day, characterized the Christians of those regions.
www.ccel.org /ccel/wace/biodict.Ibas.html   (2317 words)

 Opponents of Allegory - Christian History & Biography - ChristianityTodayLibrary.com
There are people who take great pains to twist the sense of the divine scriptures," wrote the fourth-century biblical scholar, Theodore of Mopsuestia, a prominent voice of the exegetical school centered at Antioch, "and make everything written therein serve their own ends.
Theodore also emphasized to perhaps an unfortunate degree the humanity of Christ in his writings.
One of his students, Nestorius, held that Christ had "two natures which are adored in the one person of the only-begotten by a perfect and unconfused conjunction." But Nestorius was later condemned by the Council of Ephesus (431) for dividing Christ's person into two, and Emperor Theodosius II branded him as a heretic.
www.ctlibrary.com /7833   (1197 words)

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