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Topic: Theoretical physicists

  Encyclopedia: List of theoretical physicists   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Theoretical physics attempts to understand the world by making a model of reality, used for rationalizing, explaining, predicting physical phenomena through a physical theory.
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, (August 8, 1902 – October 20, 1984) was a British theoretical physicist and a founder of the field of quantum physics.
Werner Heisenberg Werner Karl Heisenberg (December 5, 1901 – February 1, 1976) was a celebrated German physicist and Nobel laureate, one of the founders of quantum mechanics.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/List-of-theoretical-physicists   (1422 words)

 Texas A&M Physicists 'Re-Shape' Fundamental Particles
COLLEGE STATION Theoretical physicist Michael Duff is trying to change the shape of the universe or at least the shape of the stuff it is made of.
Together with supersymmetry an idea physicists use to look at what appear to be different kinds of particles as if they are different "views" of the same particle strings opened the way for the advances proposed by Duff and his fellow theoreticians.
Physicists say the idea of 11dimensional membranes is probably the most exciting theoretical development since researchers began in the mid-1980s to investigate the idea that fundamental particles might be something other than pointlike objects.
www.science.tamu.edu /story3.asp?storyID=327   (686 words)

 World's top theoretical physicists converge to consider 'future of physics'
Commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physic under the aegis of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the conference aspires to be an event that epitomizes its mission.
But less fanciful a reason for the beauty of this structure is its purpose in attracting physicists worldwide to leave their home institutions for weeks and months to participate in KITP programs, which address the questions that define the leading edge of scientific research.
Physicist Gross said that he told architect Graves that he wanted the top tower to be completely glass-encircled to afford the greatest possible view such that the out-looker would feel that he were outside.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2004-10/uocs-wtt100604.php   (2394 words)

 Computing: A New Tool for Fundamental Physics (1984)
Theoretical physicists should be able and willing to use powerful computers in the same casual way as they now use hand-held calculators.
One will soon have reached the point where every theoretical physicist could and should have a workstation of their own, presumably allocated much as laboratory space is to experimental scientists.
Theoretical physicists should treat computing much as they now treat mathematics: they should learn it, then if necessary refine and advance it to solve their problems.
www.stephenwolfram.com /publications/articles/computing/84-computing/1/text.html   (2375 words)

 2111 Physicists and Astronomers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Physicists conduct theoretical and applied research to extend knowledge of natural phenomena and to develop new processes and devices in fields such as electronics, communications, power generation and distribution, aerodynamics, optics and lasers, remote sensing, and medicine and health.
Physicists may specialize in fields such as aeronomy and space, acoustics, atomic and molecular physics, biophysics, condensed matter or solid state physics, electromagnetics, fluids and aerodynamics, health physics, medical physics, metrology, particle physics, optics and laser physics, nuclear physics and plasma physics.
Physicists require a master's or doctoral degree in a field of physics, engineering physics, or in a related discipline.
www23.hrdc-drhc.gc.ca /2001/e/groups/2111.shtml   (331 words)

 Physics Article, Physics Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Theoretical physicists seek to deduce laws of the universe using the observations of experimental physicists.
A common goal of theoretical physicists is to reduce the description of the physical world to a minimal set of laws governing afinite set of fundamental constituent elements in the universe.
Theoretical attempts to unify quantum mechanics and general relativity into a single theory of quantum gravity, a program ongoing for over half a century, has yet to bearfruit.
www.anoca.org /theory/theories/physics.html   (1928 words)

 What is theoretical physics?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Theoretical physicists use mathematics to describe certain aspects of Nature.
Today's theoretical physicists are often working on the boundaries of known mathematics, sometimes inventing new mathematics as they need it, like Newton did with calculus.
Many of the theoretical physicists who are alive today may not live to see how the real Nature compares with her mathematical description in their work.
superstringtheory.com /basics/basic1.html   (361 words)

 Physics events   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
His impact on particle physicists has been astounding, says Krauss, elaborating that almost all major ideas associated with particle physics since the 1970s can be related to 't Hooft's work -- including the observation of a top quark in 1995 and string theory.
The professor of theoretical physics from the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, was Veltman's student in 1970 when they resolved a puzzle that stymied physicists for two decades.
Their theoretical results are called the "gauge theories." They allow an understanding of three of the four known forces in nature -- the electromagnetic, the strong force, and the weak force.
www.cwru.edu /pubs/cnews/2000/4-13/physics.htm   (740 words)

 CERN Courier - Faces and Places (page 2) - IOP Publishing - article
They are being honoured for their theoretical investigations in the 1960s and 1970s, which led to the use of deep-inelastic scattering for shedding light on the nature of strong interactions.
The Duddell medal and prize, in memory of William du Bois Duddell, the inventor of the electromagnetic oscillograph, is awarded for outstanding contributions to the advancement of knowledge through the application of physics, including the invention or design of scientific instruments or the discovery of materials used in their construction.
He receives the award, which is intended to recognize physicists in the early part of their careers, for "his outstanding contribution to string theory, quantum gravity and its interface with strongly coupled field theory, and in particular for his work on understanding the censorship of singularities, and the thermodynamic properties, of quantum space-time".
www.cerncourier.com /main/article/44/8/20/2   (1377 words)

 Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics - Chicago
There are strong ties to the Fermilab Theoretical Physics Group, the Argonne Theoretical High Energy Group, and the High Energy Experiment group at Chicago.
The theoretical underpinnings of the subject are finally taking shape, due to the recent discovery of nonperturbative dualities between different descriptions of the theory.
Two of the most relevant open questions in particle physics are the ones related to the origin of mass and to the existence of a unified theory of all known elementary particle interactions.
physics.uchicago.edu /t_part.html   (3097 words)

 Fundamental enigma: Recent experiments have theoretical physicists puzzling anew over how neutrinos help explain ...
Physicist Donna Naples of Pitt was part of the team of scientists who conducted 15 months of experiments on neutrino behavior at Fermilab, with surprising results.
The result was revealed to fellow physicists during a meeting at Fermilab in late October and announced publicly two weeks later.
But he also anticipates that theoretical physicists will begin to weigh in within the next month or two on what sort of adjustments must be made to the standard model to explain the results.
www.post-gazette.com /healthscience/20011126neutrinohealth2p2.asp   (901 words)

 [No title]
The Jaffe-Quinn Thesis: Appraising ‘Theoretical Mathematics’ Jaffe and Quinn inquire as to whether speculative mathematics, as it occurs in current interactions between physics and mathematics, is at all dangerous, and as to how those unpleasant side effects known from the history of informal mathematics may be avoided.
We use the term theoretical mathematics for the speculative and intuitive work; we refer to the proof-oriented phase as rigorous mathematics.” This terminology expresses a functional analogy between rigorous proof and experimental physics.
Theoretical physicists often apply this strategy by providing physical reasons for a ‘natural definition’ of the mathematical concept in question or, more operationally, by rejecting ‘pathologies’ as beyond the scope of the studied model.
philsci-archive.pitt.edu /archive/00000286/00/lakps.doc   (10116 words)

 Physicists Describe A New Mechanism For Metallic Magnetism
A landmark in the theoretical understanding of why certain metals are ferromagnetic--known as the Nagaoka-Thouless theorem--was achieved in the mid-1960s, but only applies to materials with an unfrustrated lattice structure.
They used a theoretical model that enabled them to study the spin configuration around the electron hole, and found that the hole is surrounded by an unfrustrated hexagon in which the electron spins alternate in an antiferromagnetic pattern.
Physicists use the concept of a moving electron hole to simplify the analysis of the motions of large numbers of electrons.
www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2005/08/050826075432.htm   (875 words)

 City risk pays off for physicists (June 1998) - News - PhysicsWeb
Theoretical physicists have long been prized in the City for their skills in modelling and programming.
But it is no longer just theoretical physicists who become rocket scientists - experimentalists with experience of data analysis are also in demand.
James, who did her PhD in theoretical atomic physics at Oxford University, is obviously well organized - she handed in her thesis, got married, moved house and started her new job all in the same week.
physicsweb.org /articles/news/2/6/20   (1168 words)

 Research: Condensed Matter Theoretical Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
These interesting properties of real materials require theoretical guidance for their interpretation, and for the prediction of related phenomena in similar families of materials.
Theoretical models describing strongly correlated fermions are typically used to study these challenging systems.
In addition, there is significant theoretical effort to understand the critical behavior of liquid helium near the superfluid transition.
www.physics.fsu.edu /Research/CMTP.htm   (220 words)

 The Illusion of Time   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
This article in Thursday’s Washington Post intrigued both my wife and I. It is a synopsis of a conversation between a reporter (Joel Achenbach) and Brian Greene, a theoretical physicist.
Physicists are closer than ever to being able to understand the most fundamental mysteries of life.
Now perhaps theoretical physicists are agreeing with me that déjà vu is what I think it is: some part of my mind is aware of my future in what I perceive to be the present.
www.zealous.org /bestposts/viewpost.asp?id=28&rand=1   (994 words)

 PARALLEL THINKING: Theoretical physicists cast fascinating light on the universe
Kaku is a theoretical physicist, a founder of string field theory -- yes, I'll try to explain that in a moment -- and an engaging popularizer of cutting-edge physics with four other books to his name.
If theoretical physics is not a world you inhabit, you might still have noticed the occasional dispatch in the news pages about some finding in some galaxy or some experiment in some particle accelerator that, you were told, had lots of physicists and astronomers and like types very excited.
But string theory is not simple even for physicists, so Part II demands patience and careful reading and maybe re-reading.
www.freep.com /features/books/salij26e_20041226.htm   (1068 words)

Theoretical physicists use mathematical concepts to analyze and predict the behavior of the physical world.
Physicists tend to be curious, creative, and dedicated.
Because of their broad scientific background, physicists in industry are known for their ability to work in many areas and have helped create many non-traditional fields.
www.princetonreview.com /cte/profiles/dayInLife.asp?careerID=116   (638 words)

Physicists may belong to member societies of the American Physics Society, the American Institute of Physics or to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an interdisciplinary organization.
Physicists who work for the federal government are hired at the GS-9 levels, which starts at $2,521 per month.
Physicists with bachelor's degrees qualify for jobs in applied Research and development work in private industry or the federal government.
www.calmis.cahwnet.gov /file/occguide/PHYSICIS.HTM   (1135 words)

 Physics - Wikipedia
Physicists attempt to find the most general rules that govern all of nature.
To describe these phenomena, physicists use the most precise language available to them, mathematics.
We will first present an organizational view of the subfields and concepts of physics and then outline their contents and interrelationships in a narrative.
nostalgia.wikipedia.org /wiki/Physics   (794 words)

 History of Science Society 2000: Vancouver, B.C.
I show that "theoretical physics" had dual meanings (a normative meaning and a "practiced meaning"), and how these meanings were rooted in the social and cultural contexts surrounding Japanese physics.
By examining how "theory" and "theoretical physics" emerged in dictionaries, popular writings, and academic institutions, I show that the Japanese word for "theory" was strongly connotative of "philosophy," and that "theoretical physics" was perceived as a philosophical pursuit of "deep principles" in nature.
On the other hand, examination of the works of those who were trained as "theoretical physicists" reveals that what Japanese "theoretical physicists" did was mathematical elaboration of known physical principles, rather than investigation of principles.
depts.washington.edu /hssexec/annual/abstractsp4.html   (5216 words)

 Press Releases
The Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP) is pleased to announce that the 2005 CAP/CRM Prize in Theoretical Physics is being awarded to Dr. Robert Myers of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics for his contributions to gravitational physics and string theory.
He is one of the most cited theoretical particle physicists of all time and one of the physicists with most citations in the last five years, exhibiting his continuing influence in theoretical physics.
The Canadian Association of Physicists, founded in 1945, is a professional association representing over 1600 individual physicists and physics students in Canada, the U.S. and overseas, as well as a number of Corporate and Departmental Members.
www.cap.ca /awards/press/2005-Myers.html   (515 words)

 Positions Available in Theoretical Physics 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
An application form is required, which is available electronically in Post Script form or in ascii form, or may be obtained by emailing emay@fnal.gov to ask for a hard copy to be mailed.
This position is roughly equivalent to a junior faculty position at a university and has the possibility of leading, in time, to a continuing appointment at the Laboratory.
We are seeking candidates with a doctorate in theoretical physics who have demonstrated creativity and a high level of technical competence in formal or phenomenological areas of theoretical particle physics research.
theory.fnal.gov /people/ellis/positions2000.html   (342 words)

 Kip Thorne   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
One of the most respected theoretical physicists of the modern day is Kip Thorne.
Kip Thorne was born in 1940 in Logan, Utah.
He is still on the cutting edge of theoretical physics and is one of the three founders of the LIGO project.
www.usd.edu /phys/courses/phys300/gallery/clark/thorne.html   (682 words)

 IDSnews.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Kostelecky, a theoretical physics professor at IU, conjectures that light is a result of small violations in the theory of relativity.
These physicists have been trying for years to find empirical proof of their suspicions, but so far all research in that area has failed to find conclusive violations in relativity.
Both theories are essential parts of physicists' attempts to mathematically explain all forces in the universe -- a concept called the "theory of everything." This theory is the Holy Grail for theoretical physicists, but it does have problems.
www.idsnews.com /subsite/story.php?id=29392   (906 words)

PHYSICISTS investigate and analyze various forms of energy, the structure and physical properties of matter, and the relationship between the two.
Physicists with master's degrees and junior college teaching credentials are eligible to instruct in California community colleges.
Physicists who gain experience in private industry may advance to more responsible positions in research, management or sales.
www.co.monterey.ca.us /joblink/lmi/monterey/g062.htm   (1151 words)

 UC Davis News & Information :: Home
Some of the world's top mathematicians and theoretical physicists gather on campus this weekend for a conference in honor of one of the pioneers of the field, Professor Albert Schwarz of the UC Davis mathematics department.
Once described as "a piece of 21st century physics that fell by chance into the 20th century," string theory holds that elementary particles are made up of loops of vibrating "string." Fundamental particles such as electrons, photons, quarks and neutrinos arise from different vibrations of the same type of string.
At one time, physicists hoped that string theory could be the unifying "theory of everything" tying together forces from the subatomic to the cosmic.
www-dateline.ucdavis.edu /dl_detail.lasso?id=7787   (853 words)

If theories proposed over the past year by Duff and his colleagues in Texas AandM University's Center for Theoretical Physics hold up, particles that are the building blocks of the universe may change from infinitely tiny points to bubbles and sheets and tubes.
Duff says one of the most important advances in the theory of fundamental particles came in the mid1980s, when theoretical physicists (including several at Texas AandM) began to explore the idea that fundamental particles might be described more accurately as "onedimensional" objects strings.
Texas AandM University, one of the top 10 research universities in the country, is committed to research and scholarship that is innovative and beneficial to the public well-being.
www.tamu.edu /univrel/aggiedaily/news/stories/archive/041796-1.html   (686 words)

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