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Topic: Therapeutic


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  Therapeutic Equivalence of Generic Drugs
A list of so called narrow therapeutic index drugs was prepared by the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research in order to assist the FDA District Offices in their testing program that came about because of problems with the generic industry in the late 1980's.
Narrow therapeutic INDEX is a term of art which has come into current use, including use by the agency.
Narrow therapeutic ratio is defined in the regulations at 21 CFR 320.33(c).
www.fda.gov /cder/news/ntiletter.htm   (1282 words)

  
  Therapeutic cloning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Therapeutic cloning (also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer, cell nuclear replacement, research cloning, and embryo cloning) involves taking an egg (or oocyte) from which the nucleus has been removed, and replacing that nucleus with DNA from the cell of another organism.
Therapeutic cloning is currently legal for research purposes in the United Kingdom, having been incorporated into the 1990 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act in 2001.
Others feel that it instrumentalizes human life, or that it would be problematic to allow therapeutic cloning and still prevent reproductive cloning from occurring.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Therapeutic_cloning   (353 words)

  
 Therapeutic Touch
Therapeutic touch is a form of healing that uses a practice called "laying on of hands" to correct or balance energy fields.
Therapeutic touch is based on the theory that the body, mind, and emotions form a complex energy field.
Therapeutic touch may also worsen fevers and active inflammation; therefore, it is best not to obtain therapeutic touch when you have either a fever or active inflammation (such as an acutely swollen joint from arthritis).
www.umm.edu /altmed/ConsModalities/TherapeuticTouchcm.html   (1639 words)

  
 Therapeutic Recreation Specialists - National Recreation and Park Association
Therapeutic recreation uses treatment, education and recreation services to help people with illnesses, disabilities, and other conditions to develop and use their leisure in ways that enhance their health, functional abilities, independence, and quality of life.
Therapeutic recreation services contribute to the broad spectrum of health care through treatment (recreational therapy), education, and the provision of recreational opportunities—all of which are instrumental to improving and maintaining physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, preventing secondary health conditions, enhancing independent living skills and the overall quality of life.
Therapeutic recreation services also include the provision of recreational opportunities (e.g., wheelchair sports, exercise and fitness programs, social activities, etc.) which can minimize health care costs by allowing individuals with disabilities mechanisms to prevent declines in their physical, cognitive, social and emotional health status, thereby reducing the need for medical services.
www.nrpa.org /content/default.aspx?documentId=955   (1428 words)

  
 A Career as a Therapeutic Recreation Specialist
Therapeutic Recreation is the provision of treatment services and the provision of recreation services to persons with illnesses or disabling conditions.
Therapeutic recreation is provided by professionals who are trained and certified, registered and/or licensed to provide therapeutic recreation.
A degree in Therapeutic Recreation (or in Recreation with an emphasis in Therapeutic Recreation) is required to be considered for jobs in clinical settings such as hospitals or community mental health facilities.
www.atra-tr.org /careerinfo.htm   (548 words)

  
 Therapeutic cloning - How it is done; possible benefits   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Unfortunately, although adult DNA cloning and therapeutic cloning are quite different procedures leading to very different goals, both terms contain the word "cloning." This causes a great deal of confusion among the public.
Therapeutic cloning research may well be limited to those countries, like China, the UK, and perhaps Canada, where pro-life supporters are relatively few in number.
Therapeutic cloning will probably only become generally useful when a method is found to use non-human eggs as source material.
www.religioustolerance.org /clo_ther.htm   (1958 words)

  
 Therapeutic Touch-A Healing Modality   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The foundation for therapeutic interactions is based on the natural human potential to reach out in compassion and empathy.
Therapeutic Touch (TT), which is derived from, but not the same as laying on of hands, is one such modality in its most contemporary expression.
Therapeutic Touch is based on the assumption that a human being is not only a physical body, but also consists of a pattern of energy.
www.nwtti.org /healing.html   (275 words)

  
 eMedicine - Therapeutic Abortion : Article by Denise James, MD
Therapeutic abortion is defined as the termination of pregnancy before fetal viability in order to preserve maternal health.
The guidelines allowed therapeutic abortion if (1) pregnancy would "gravely impair the physical and mental health of the mother," (2) the child born was likely to have "grave physical and mental defects," or (3) the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest (Mcfarlane, 1993).
Therapeutic abortions to save the life of the mother or to preserve the health of the mother are rare events.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic3311.htm   (6015 words)

  
 Therapeutic Touch
The purpose of therapeutic touch, then, is to remove the irregularities of the energy field which cause dis-ease, both as a preventative mechanism and as a treatment for manifested illness.
Most scientists who are opposed to therapeutic touch techniques claim that therapeutic touch works only by virtue of the placebo effect, combined with a feeling of closeness with another human being and the freedom to speak to an indivdual whom they feel is a qualified listener.
Therapeutic touch practitioners are at the very least a combination of psychotherapist and clergyman; they allow their subjects to speak to them under confidence while simultaneously providing their subjects with the belief that they are touching something greater than themselves.
www.wesleyan.edu /synthesis/FRIDAY/frifinal/artdm.htm   (4116 words)

  
 Embryo cloning, adult DNA cloning and therapeutic cloning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Nonetheless, it is a new human life and the determination to destroy it and limit its use to scientific research for therapeutic ends compound further the moral issues rather than protect mankind.
Therapeutic cloning represents the ideal in organ transplantation, as it would provide an unlimited source of organs to anyone who needs them.
The goal of therapeutic cloning is to produce a healthy copy of a sick person's tissue or organ for transplant.
www.religioustolerance.org /cloning.htm   (834 words)

  
 The Watchman Expositor: Therapeutic Touch Profile
Therapeutic Touch (TT) is one of the most visible, popular and controversial nontraditional healing techniques practiced by nurses and taught in schools of nursing throughout the United States.
Therapeutic Touch is based on the assumption that the physical body is surrounded by an aura (energy not visible to normal vision) and is penetrated and kept alive by a universal energy called prana (a Sanskrit word meaning vital force) that flows through the body and is transformed by chakras or nonphysical vortices.
Therapeutic Touch can best be categorized as an occult healing practice that is conceptually grounded in an eclectic mix of non-Christian religions and philosophies.
www.watchman.org /profile/touchpro.htm   (1771 words)

  
 therapeutic touch
Therapeutic touch (TT) is a type of energy medicine whereby the therapist moves his or her hands over the patient’s “energy field,” allegedly directing the flow of chi or prana so the patient can heal.
TT is based on the belief that each living thing has a “life energy field” which extends beyond the surface of the body and generates an aura.
Despite the obvious metaphysical basis for this quackery, defenders of TT claim it is scientific because it is based on quantum physics.
skepdic.com /tt.html   (1328 words)

  
 Therapeutic and Non-Therapeutic Medical Procedures
However, the courts seem to use this term to indicate the degree of therapeutic necessity for undertaking the particular procedure.
Some aesthetic surgery may be classified as therapeutic when there is a definite psychological indication for undertaking it and, of course, some may even be physically therapeutic, although in such cases it would probably be labelled aesthetic surgery.
Although the latter used to be the commonly held view, in all probability there has been a change of public policy, which allows such intervention to be brought within the shelter of the law when certain conditions are fulfilled (15).
www.cirp.org /library/legal/somerville1981   (892 words)

  
 Therapeutic Touch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Therapeutic Touch is a new name for healing by energy field manipulation or "laying on of hands." This method of providing comfort and support is being taught in Nursing and Medical school curricula throughout the U.S. as an adjunct to traditional Western medicine.
The main functions of Therapeutic Touch are relaxation and pain reduction, which allow the patient to take a more active part in their own healing.
Therapeutic Touch is presented in a context of Western medicine and thus has no specific spiritual orientation.
www.conjure.com /TRINE/touch.html   (2535 words)

  
 Therapeutic Touch--Rocky Mountain Skeptics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Therapeutic Touch (TT), sometimes called "Healing Touch" is based on "laying on of hands" mixed with Eastern mysticism.
While Therapeutic Touch (TT) was only one of many questionable courses stated as a concern it soon became the central focus of the battle to follow.
Meanwhile, Therapeutic Touch continues to be taught in many Nursing Schools and practiced in many mainstream hospitals, even though scientific evidence for its effectiveness has not been demonstrated.
www.rationalmagic.com /RMS/rms-tt1.htm   (743 words)

  
 CNN - Fourth-grade science project casts doubt on 'therapeutic touch' - April 1, 1998
The technique is practiced in at least 80 North American hospitals and taught in more than 100 colleges and universities in 75 countries, said the study, written by the Loveland, Colorado, fourth-grader, her parents and a Pennsylvania doctor who works to uncover quackery.
Dolores Krieger, professor emeritus of nursing science at New York University and co-founder of therapeutic touch in 1972, scoffed at Emily's findings and said she was "astounded" JAMA published the study.
Patricia W. Abrams, 59, said therapeutic touch saved her life 17 years ago after conventional doctors had given up on treating her for agnogenic myloid fibrosis, a fatal, incurable blood disorder.
cnn.com /HEALTH/9804/01/therapeutic.touch   (1022 words)

  
 Therapeutic Fasting
The International Association of Hygienic Physicians is an association made up of primary care physicians who specialize in the supervision of therapeutic fasting.
Before therapeutic fasting is undertaken, a pre-fasting evaluation should be completed.
            Therapeutic fasting should be supervised by a properly trained hygienic doctor and should be followed by appropriate dietary and lifestyle modifications.
www.healthpromoting.com /Articles/articles/therap.htm   (2008 words)

  
 Therapeutic Outdoor Program - Recreation, Park, and Tourism Studies - School of Health, Physical Education, and ...
Indiana University School of HPER faculty continue to lead the field in the development of research-based understanding of trends and processes inherent in therapeutic recreation, outdoor recreation, and outdoor education.
Explores the theoretical, philosophical, and histroic foundation of the field of therapeutic recreation, and the role of treatment and rehabilitation in various services and settings.
McCormick teaches courses in therapeutic recreation techniques and administration at the undergraduate and graduate level.
www.indiana.edu /~top   (730 words)

  
 THERAPEUTIC RECREATION(RTH)
Therapeutic Recreation Populations II This course provides knowledge of illness and disabilities, including etiology, characteristics, abilities, potentials and limitations.
Prerequisites: Accepted into the therapeutic recreation major, junior standing, 50 hours of pre-internship experience must be verified with at least a satisfactory rating prior to enrolling.
Prerequisites: declared therapeutic recreation major, senior standing, 2.50 cumulative GPA or 3.00 outside of 250 mile radius, all required REC/RTH courses completed, American Red Cross Standard First Aid certification or its equivalent must be current throughout the RTH 498 experience.
www.uwlax.edu /records/99-01/UG-Cat/rth.html   (1471 words)

  
 Approval and Availability of Antimicrobials for Use in Food Producing Animals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
When the decision is reached to use antimicrobials for therapy, veterinarians should strive to optimize therapeutic efficacy and minimize resistance to antimicrobials to protect public and animal health.
Therapeutic antimicrobial use should be confined to appropriate clinical indications.
Therapeutic exposure to antimicrobials should be minimized by treating only for as long as needed for the desired clinical response.
www.avma.org /scienact/jtua/jtua98.asp   (992 words)

  
 UNCW Student Affairs: Career Services
Practiced in clinical, residential and community settings, the profession of therapeutic recreation uses treatment, education and recreation services to help people with illnesses, disabilities, and other conditions to develop and use their leisure in ways that enhance their health, independence and well-being.
Therapeutic recreational services contribute to the broad spectrum of health care through treatment (recreational therapy), education, and the provision of recreational opportunities - all of which are instrumental to improving and maintaining physical, cognitive, emotional and social functioning, preventing secondary health conditions, enhancing independent living skills and the overall quality of life.
Employment of therapeutic recreation specialists is expected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2005 chiefly because of anticipated expansion in the need for long-term care, physical and psychiatric rehabilitation.
www.uncwil.edu /stuaff/career/Majors/therapeuticrecreation.htm   (367 words)

  
 Therapeutic Recreation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Topics include therapeutic recreation history and professional development, an introduction to the therapeutic recreation process, and a summary of therapeutic recreation effects on client functioning.
Upon completion, students should be able to describe the professional development of therapeutic recreation and to explain the anticipated outcomes of therapeutic recreation service.
Emphasis is placed on the role of the therapeutic recreator and the treatment team in assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating an individualized program plan.
www.wp.cc.nc.us /catalog/ch_5/ch5_tre.htm   (1009 words)

  
 Therapeutic Recreation Home Page
Longwood invites you to be a part of one of the finest curricula in Therapeutic Recreation in the United States, and to prepare for a rewarding career opportunity in a helping profession.
As a Therapeutic Recreation Specialist, you will be involved in the assessment of leisure needs and interests, and in the design and implementation of programs and activities that promote the physical, social, emotional, and mental well-being of individuals with disabilities.
In October, 1982, the Longwood curriculum in Therapeutic Recreation was accredited by the National Recreation and Park American Association for Leisure and Recreation joint Council on Accreditation.
www.longwood.edu /staff/koeslerra/trhome   (200 words)

  
 PA Council on Therapeutic Horsemanship   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The PA council on TH is a coordinating council serving therapeutic horsemanship programs and the participants, instructors, volunteers and administrators who are involved in these programs.
Therapeutic horsemanship encompasses many activities that partner with the horse.
Persons benefiting from therapeutic riding range in age from toddlers to people with geriatric difficulties.
path.cas.psu.edu /WeAre.html   (138 words)

  
 Therapeutic Touch
Stephen Barrett, M.D. Therapeutic touch is a method in which the hands are used to "direct human energies to help or heal someone who is ill." Proponents claim that the patient's "energy field" can be detected and intentionally manipulated by the therapist.
Therapeutic Touch was conceived in the early 1970s by Dolores Krieger, Ph.D., R.N., a faculty member at New York University's Division of Nursing.
"Non-contact therapeutic touch" is done the same way, except that the "healer's" hands are held a few inches away from the body.
www.quackwatch.com /01QuackeryRelatedTopics/tt.html   (757 words)

  
 Therapeutic definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, that part of medicine concerned specifically with the treatment of disease.
The therapeutic dose of a drug is the amount needed to treat a disease.
For example, a diet high in fiber is therapeutic.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=18811   (114 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: The Therapeutic Touch: How to Use Your Hands to Help or to Heal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Dolores Krieger, Ph.D., R.N., a professor of nursing at New York University, is noted for her study and development of therapeutic touch and has been explaining her healing techniques on radio and television throughout the country, in workshops, and in many published articles.
Krieger severely limits her potential because Therapeutic touch is taught to direct this energy to the recepient a few inches away.
Well this is the concept that therapeutic touch on the whole is based on.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/067176537X?v=glance   (1218 words)

  
 St. Rita's Medical Center - Therapeutic Recreational Therapist
A therapeutic recreational therapist (also known as a recreational therapist) provides treatment and recreational services to individuals with mental, physical, and emotional disabilities and/or illnesses.
The overall goal of a therapeutic recreational therapist is to reduce or eliminate the effects of a disability.
After the education process is complete, individuals may become nationally certified in therapeutic recreation by passing a national examination given by the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification.
www.stritas.org /ccgEmploymentHRBody.cfm?id=1466   (283 words)

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