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Topic: Theravada Buddhism


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  Theravada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism.
Theravada is the longest surviving of the twenty schools, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka and continental Southeast Asia (parts of southwest China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand).
However, supporters of Theravada emphasize that their religion does not recognize a self at all—famously, as noted in the canonical Dhammapada, verse 279, sometimes translated as "all phenomena are not-self".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Theravada   (2106 words)

  
 Buddhism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE.
Theravada Buddhism: parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (where it is imposed as the state religion),Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam (along the Mekong Delta frontier with Cambodia, the so-called "Khmer Krom" region), and parts of China (in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Sichuan).
Buddhism has the characteristics of what would be expected in a cosmic religion for the future: It transcends a personal God, avoids dogmas and theology; it covers both the natural and the spiritual, and it is based on a religious sense aspiring from the experience of all things, natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Buddhism   (8517 words)

  
 Buddhism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Buddhism has largely disappeared from its country of origin, India, except for the presence there of many refugees from the Tibet region of China and a small number of converts from the lower castes of Hinduism.
With this distinctive view of cause and effect, Buddhism accepts the pan-Indian presupposition of samsara, in which living beings are trapped in a continual cycle of birth-and-death, with the momentum to rebirth provided by one’s previous physical and mental actions (see karma).
Buddhism, which denied both the efficacy of Vedic ritual and the validity of the caste system, and which spread its teachings using vernacular languages rather than Brahmanical Sanskrit, was by far the most successful of the heterodox or non-Vedic systems.
www.bartleby.com /65/bu/Buddhism.html   (1608 words)

  
 Buddhism Glossary
Theravada Buddhism, which is in the area of the monsoons, still keeps the rain retreats, even though its monks have long ago ceased to wander.
Theravada Buddhism in which the mind is concentrated on a single object and gradually calmed until only the object is known.
In Tibeten Buddhism, or Vajrayana Buddhism, this is the symbol of the male and female sexual union--usually a union of a god or a bodhisattva and his consort--which represents the completeness of the cosmos.
uwacadweb.uwyo.edu /religionet/er/buddhism/BGLOSSRY.HTM   (4126 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism
Theravada has been reestablished in India in the modern era by the mass conversion to Theravada Buddhism of Harijans (the so-called Untouchables, who fall outside the traditional class divisions of Hindu society), who are attracted by Buddhism's indifference to Hindu concepts of caste.
Theravada organization is in principle based on the original instructions of the Buddha as laid down in the Vinaya Pitaka, the compendium of 227 rules for monastic discipline that forms part of the Tipitaka.
Theravada monks were traditionally criticized by Mahayana believers for being too concerned with their own salvation and for indifference to the lay community.
mb-soft.com /believe/txh/theravad.htm   (1325 words)

  
 Theravada - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Theravada is the longest surviving of the twenty schools, and for many centuries Theravada has been the predominant religion of continental Southeast Asia (parts of southwest China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand) and Sri Lanka.
One of the most common critiques of Theravada made by Mahayana Buddhists is that Theravada monks are selfish, having the aim of winning enlightenment only for themselves.
However, supporters of Theravada argue instead that they are following the example of the Buddha's immediate disciples, who trained for their own enlightenment in the hopes that they could then use this experience to guide others on the path of dhamma.
open-encyclopedia.com /Theravada   (1050 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism
Theravada Buddhism dominates the culture of Sri Lanka, but is also very prominent in Thailand and Burma.
Theravada Buddhism is based on the Four Noble Truths and the idea that all of physical reality is a chain of causation; this includes the cycle of birth and rebirth.
Theravada Buddhism, however, focussed primarily on meditation and concentration, the eighth of the Eightfold Noble Path; as a result, it emphasized a monastic life removed from the hustle and bustle of society and required an extreme expenditure of time in meditating.
www.meta-religion.com /World_Religions/Buddhism/theravada_buddhists.htm   (492 words)

  
 What is Theravada?
Theravada (pronounced -- more or less -- "terraVAHduh"), the "Doctrine of the Elders," is the school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the texts of the Pali Canon, or Tipitaka, which scholars generally accept as containing the earliest surviving record of the Buddha's teachings.
The language of the Theravada canonical texts is known as Pali (lit., "text"), which is based on a dialect of Middle Indo-Aryan that was probably spoken in central India during the Buddha's time.[5] Most of the sermons (suttas) the Buddha delivered were memorized by Ven.
Buddhism is sometimes naïvely criticized as a "negative" or "pessimistic" religion and philosophy.
www.cambodianbuddhist.org /english/website/theravada.html   (2526 words)

  
 BuddhaNet Magazine Article: Homosexuality and Theravada Buddhism
Buddhism teaches to, and expects from, its followers a certain level of ethical behaviour.
In Buddhism we could say that it is not the object of one's sexual desire that determines whether a sexual act is unskillful or not, but rather the quality of the emotions and intentions involved.
Theravada Buddhist countries like Sri Lanka and Burma had no legal statutes against homosexuality between consenting adults until the colonial era when they were introduced by the British.
www.buddhanet.net /homosexu.htm   (2488 words)

  
 Theravada   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Theravada school of Buddhism is the oldest and most orthodox segment of the Buddhist population.
Unlike Mahayana Buddhists, the Theravada school maintains that enlightenment is reserved for a select group of religious figures and scholars.
Borrowing heavily from the Hindu caste system, Theravada monks believe that the status that a person is born to is highly indicative of the state of that person's soul.
mcel.pacificu.edu /as/students/vb/Therava.HTM   (214 words)

  
 What is Theravada Buddhism?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Theravada (pronounced — more or less — "terra-VAH-dah"), the "Doctrine of the Elders," is the school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the Tipitaka, or Pali Canon, which scholars generally agree contains the earliest surviving record of the Buddha's teachings.
The language of the Theravada canonical texts is Pali (lit., "text"), which is based on a dialect of Middle Indo-Aryan that was probably spoken in central India during the Buddha's time.
Until the late 19th century, the teachings of Theravada were little known outside of southern Asia, where they had flourished for some two and one-half millennia.
www.accesstoinsight.org /lib/authors/bullitt/theravada.html   (3160 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism
Theravada (Pali: thera "elders" + vada "word, doctrine"), the "Doctrine of the Elders," is the name for the school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the Pali Canon, or Tipitaka, which scholars generally accept as the oldest record of the Buddha's teachings.
Theravada is often equated with "Hinayana" (the "Lesser Vehicle"), in contrast to "Mahayana" (the "Greater Vehicle"), which is usually a synonym for Zen, Ch'an, and other expressions of Northern Buddhism.
The language of the Theravada canonical texts is Pali, a relative of Magadhi, which was probably spoken in central India during the Buddha's time.
www.ottawabuddhistsociety.com /Theravadabuddhism/theravadabuddhism.html   (1746 words)

  
 Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism
The paradoxical metaphysics of Buddhism could be assimilated to the similar paradoxical doctrines of the native Chinese philosophical school of Taoism.
As Buddhism was persecuted, conversions to Islâm increased, and Buddhism declined.
In the first 500 years of Buddhism (sometimes put at 1000 years, however), the teaching, the practice, and the proof of Buddhism are all evident and effective.
www.friesian.com /buddhism.htm   (4856 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism Equipped for the Future?
The mainstay of the Buddhist way of life, the Sangha, is influential in the mass perception and continues to effect the social, economic, and political life of its adherents.
In Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos, official support of Buddhism is substantial, and in Burma, (although Buddhism is not officially sanctioned), the central government unofficially accords special status and support to the Buddha- Sasana.
Theravada patterns of belief and practice are fundamentally attuned to village environment, an agrarian society with relatively simple patterns of social, economic, and political interaction.
www.trincoll.edu /zines/tj/tj04.03.97/articles/cover.html   (2079 words)

  
 Society Religion and Spirituality Buddhism Lineages Theravada   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Buddhism - Perspectives on Buddhism from Dr B B Ambedkar, the Indian social activist, and his followers.
Buddhism for the Lay Practitioner - For those who are interested in discovering Theravada Buddhism from a lay perspective.
Sinhala Buddhism - A bibliography of the Sri Lankan form of Theravada, from the Journal of Buddhist Ethics.
www.iper1.com /iper1-odp/scat/id/Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Buddhism/Lineages/Theravada   (672 words)

  
 "Women In Theravada Buddhism" by Karen Andrews
Theravada is the oldest and most traditional of the various sects of Buddhism being imported to the United States.
Although we cannot definitively say that Buddhism would not have survived that period without the help of the queens, it is certain that Buddhism would not have prospered nearly as much as it did.
Although Theravada Buddhism as traditionally practiced may not survive in the melange that will probably become American Buddhism, I have a feeling that the most important pieces of the Theravada tradition will be preserved.
www.enabling.org /ia/vipassana/Archive/A/Andrews/womenTheraBudAndrews.html   (4345 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism in Vietnam   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In 1957, the Vietnamese Theravada Buddhist Sangha Congregation (Giao Hoi Tang Gia Nguyen Thuy Viet Nam) was formally established and recognised by the government, and the Theravada Sangha elected Venerable Ho-Tong as its first President, or Sangharaja.
From Saigon, the Theravada movement spread to other provinces, and soon, a number of Theravada temples for ethnic Viet Buddhists were established in many areas in the South and Central parts of Vietnam.
In summary, although Buddhism in Vietnam is predominantly of the Mahayana form, the Theravada tradition is well recognised and is experiencing a growing interest especially in the practice of meditation, in Nikaya-Agama literature and in Abhidhamma studies.
www.saigon.com /~anson/ebud/vn_thera.htm   (1177 words)

  
 BuddhaNets Buddhist Web Links: Theravada Buddhism.
Bodhinyanarama is a monastic residence of the Theravada tradition of Buddhism 29 kms from Wellington, New Zealand.
Amaravati is a monastery in the Theravada tradition of Buddhism and a centre of teaching and practice.
The purpose of this web-page is to document the continuing drama, as Bhikkhus of the Theravada lineage continue this mission of bringing the Dhamma to new lands.
www.buddhanet.net /l_thera.htm   (2738 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Theravada Buddhism and modernization: Anagarika Dhammapala and B.R. Ambedkar.(leaders of Buddhist revival in Sri Lanka and India)
The Theravada Buddhist engagement with modernity in Southeast Asia: whither the social paradigm of the galactic polity?
The bodhisattva ideal in Theravada Buddhist theory and practice: a reevaluation of the bodhisattva-sravaka opposition.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/X/X-T1heravad.asp   (301 words)

  
 Theravada & Mahayana   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
To see things in their proper perspective, let us turn to the history of Buddhism and trace the emergence and development of Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism.
The Buddha was born in the 6th Century B.C. After attaining Enlightenment at the age of 35 until his Mahaparinibbana at the age of 80, he spent his life preaching and teaching.
Theravada Buddhism went to Sri Lanka during the 3rd Century B.C. when there was no Mahayana at all.
www.saigon.com /~anson/ebud/ebdha125.htm   (1501 words)

  
 Mahayana Buddhism
   Theravada Buddhism focused primarily on meditation and concentration, the eighth of the Eightfold Noble Path; as a result, it centered on a monastic life and an extreme expenditure of time in meditating.
Therevada Buddhism holds that Buddha was a historical person who, on his death, ceased to exist.
The Buddha was not a human being, as he was in Theravada Buddhism, but the manifestation of a universal, spiritual being.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/BUDDHISM/MAHAYANA.HTM   (817 words)

  
 DharmaNet - Theravada Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The first, "Buddhism and Christianity", offers a good comparative study, refreshingly free of personal biases and judgements, and will serve the followers of both religions as a useful source of information about each other's beliefs.
This booklet sketches the history of Buddhism in Myanmar from its origins until the beginning of the colonial period in the late 19th century.
The Dhammapada is an anthology of verses, belonging to the part of the Theravada Pali Canon of scriptures known as the Khuddaka Nikaya, and consists of 423 verses.
www.dharmanet.org /files-tt.html   (2705 words)

  
 BUDDHISM Main Asia Buddhism Buddha Theravada Mahayana Zen Nirvana   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Theravada is most common in Sri Lanka, Myanmar (aka Burma), Thailand, and Indochina.
Theravada is sometimes called Hinayana (The "Small Group" or "Small Vehicle"), though that name is often considered pejorative.
Although these minorities are sometimes viewed as digressing and deviating from the actual teachings of the Buddha, others hold that they do represent the thoughts and philosophy of a considerable amount of Buddhists, particularly the Buddhist youths living in Asia.
www.asia-handicrafts.com /buddhism-teaching/buddhism.htm   (550 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism in America by Wendy Cadge
The origin of Theravada Buddhism in America can be traced to a speech made by Anagarika Dharmapala at the World Parliament of Religions meeting in 1893.
While the Thais and Sri Lankans forming temples were looking to import Theravada Buddhism as it was practiced in their home countries, Kornfield, Goldstein, Salzberg, and other early teachers were not interested in Theravada as practiced popularly in Thailand or Burma.
Immigration from Theravada Buddhist countries continued in the 1980s, particularly from Cambodia and Laos, and the number of temples in each of the five Asian groups continued to increase.
www.press.uchicago.edu /Misc/Chicago/089002.html   (7004 words)

  
 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Theravada conserves the earlier traditions of Buddhism, with an emphasis on the classic scriptures and the monastic values that support the "arhant" (saint) in the pursuit of "nirvana" (individual enlightenment).
Theravada societies are predominantly in Sri Lanka (an island off the Southeast coast of India), and in Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand).
Buddhism transmitted by Padmasambhava to Tibet in the Eighth Century where it mixed with indigenous Bon religion, combing Tantric (shamanistic) Buddhism, Hindu/Buddhist deities, and indigenous Arts.
www.uwec.edu /greider/WorldReligions/Buddhism/three.yanas.overview.htm   (535 words)

  
 Nibbana.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
His Original Teaching, known as Theravada Buddhism, is practised by 46 million Myanmar (Burmese) people, and is presented here for the benefits of 'interested' citizens of the World, regardless of age, colour, faith, intelligence, sex and wealth.
The aim is to make available to all international readers the vast treasures of Theravada Buddhist Teaching as understood, practised and taught by the continuous lines of eminent Sayadaws and lay teachers from Myanmar (Burma).
Theravada Buddhism is also practised in other countries and you are welcome to visit the
web.ukonline.co.uk /buddhism   (401 words)

  
 Theravada Buddhism
Theravada is one of the three major vehicles or divisions of Buddhism.
Of the earliest sects of Buddhism formed in the four centuries after the Buddha's death, only Theravada, 'School of the Elders,' still remains in practice.
Theravada emphasizes attaining enlightenment on one's own with the Dharma as the guide.
mcel.pacificu.edu /mcel/omm/B1411.htm   (448 words)

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