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Topic: Thomas a Becket

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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  Thomas à Becket - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Becket denied the right of the assembly to judge him, appealed to the Pope, and, feeling that his life was too valuable to the Church to be risked, went into voluntary exile on November 2, embarking in a fishing-boat which landed him in France.
The absence of nightingales in Otford is also ascribed to Becket, who is said to have been so disturbed in his devotions by the song of a nightingale that he commanded that none should sing in the town ever again.
In the town of Strood, also in Kent, Becket is said to have caused that the inhabitants of the town –and their descendants- be born with tails.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Thomas_Becket   (1736 words)

 Thomas a Becket, Saint. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Becket himself, foreseeing the conflict that lay ahead, was reluctant to accept, but the king insisted, and, in 1162, Becket was ordained priest and consecrated archbishop of Canterbury.
Becket rejected this claim and also persuaded the other bishops to attach the qualification “saving our order” to their assent to the king’s demand that they swear obedience to the (unspecified) “ancient customs” of the realm.
In exile for the next six years, Becket did not receive the active support from Pope Alexander III for which he had hoped; the pope was too enmeshed in difficulties of his own to alienate the English king further.
www.bartleby.com /65/th/ThomasaB.html   (935 words)

 Saint Thomas Becket
Becket was a skillful administrator who have absolute support to Henry II's policy of 'unifying' Church and State largely by seeking to deprive the Church of the many concessions granted to it by his predecessor, King Stephen.
Becket's determination to achieve martyrdom had borne fruit; for on Ash Wednesday 1173, at a church council at Westminster, the slain Archbishop was canonized and 29 December was designed a feast day in the liturgical calendar.
Thomas returned to Canterbury (December 2) and was received with enthusiasm, but further excommunications of the hostile royal servants, refusal to lift the excommunication of Roger of York and Foliot, as well as his ready acceptance of tumultuous acclaim by the crowds infuriated Henry in Normandy.
www.jcanu.hpg.ig.com.br /history/h4dec/29becket.html   (8221 words)

 St. Thomas of Canterbury St. Thomas a Becket (1118-1170)
The issue was clouded for contemporaries by the mistakes and even the faults of the archbishop, by the ability and plausibility of the king, who had in some respects a strong case, and by the unwillingness of the pope to go to extremities with a powerful monarch.
Thomas met them with dignified argument, but refused to budge from what he declared was justice and obedience to the pope.
That Thomas gave his life for the freedom of the church is certain; more than four centuries later, another Henry, another St Thomas, and another archbishop of Canterbury drew the moral in their different ways.
www.cin.org /saints/becket.html   (1086 words)

Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was killed in December 1170.
Becket's death remains one of the most famous stories associated with Medieval England.
Becket’s body was still on the cathedral floor when people from Canterbury came in and tore off pieces of his clothes and then dipped these pieces in his blood.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /becket.htm   (998 words)

Thomas was born of parents who, coming from Normandy, had settled in England some years previously.
He took "Thomas of London", as Becket was then most commonly called, for his chancellor, and in that office Thomas at the age of thirty-six became, with the possible exception of the justiciar, the most powerful subject in Henry's wide dominions.
Thomas seems all along to have suspected Henry of a design to strike at the independence of what the king regarded as a too powerful Church.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14676a.htm   (2173 words)

 St. Thomas Becket   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Thomas was born in the city of London in 1118.
Thomas returned to Canterbury in 1170 under a tentative peaceful accord reached with the King while he was in France.
Thomas was canonized by the Pope two years later and King Henry II in 1174 did public penance at the Shrine of St. Thomas of Canterbury.
www.monksofadoration.org /becket.html   (586 words)

 Medieval Times   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Becket was educated at the Merton Priory Church in Surrey.
Becket's birth date was the 21/12/1118 and supposedly he lived to the 1170's.
Becket told Henry that he must find a new chancellor because he had to devote all his work and time to taking care of the Church.
www.schools.ash.org.au /elanorah/Medbeck.htm   (363 words)

 Thomas Becket - Earthlore Explorations Gothic Era Foundation Stone of Learning
Thomas was schooled in Surrey at the Merton Priory.
Becket stood firm in his condemnation, which enraged the king further.
Thomas was murdered upon the altar of Canterbury cathedral by several of Henry's knights, acting either on their own outrage or a ill guided sense of duty.
www.elore.com /Gothic/Learning/becket.htm   (629 words)

 The Ecole Glossary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In 1154, Becket was made archdeacon of Canterbury, a post h e refused to resign when he became Henry II's chancellor in 1155.
Becket reversed his pos ition when in 1162, he became Archbishop of Canterbury.
Becket was murdered in December, 1170, possibly at the king's command.
www2.evansville.edu /ecoleweb/glossary/becket.html   (181 words)

 Catholic Online - Saints & Angels - St. Thomas Becket
Thomas, now forty-four years old, rode to Canterbury and was first ordained priest by Walter, bishop of Rochester, and then on the octave of Pentecost was consecrated archbishop by the bishop of Winchester.
Thomas was now full of remorse for having weakened, thus setting a bad example to the bishops, but at the same time he did not wish to widen the breach between himself and the King.
Thomas was named by the Pope as his legate for all England except York, whereupon Thomas excommunicated several of his adversaries; yet at times he showed himself conciliatory towards the King.
www.catholic.org /saints/saint.php?saint_id=12   (3366 words)

 Henry II and Thomas a Becket
Henry II (1154-89) was the son of Queen Maud and Geoffrey of Anjou.
Henry's carousing chum and chief administrator was a cleric by the name of Thomas a Becket.
Becket arguing with Henry II Henry, of course, assumed that his friend would be sympathetic to the royal cause in the escalating battle between church and state.
www.britainexpress.com /History/Henry_II_and_Thomas_a_Becket.htm   (671 words)

 Medieval Church.org.uk: Thomas Becket (?1120 - 70)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Becket was cited to appeal before it to answer the suit of John the Marshal, who had charged him with injustice, and had the case removed from the archbishop’s to the king’s court.
Becket denied the authority of the council over him, appealed to the Pope, refused to make any explanation, fled in disguise, and after hiding in England, at last, with two companions, crossed the Channel from Sandwich to Graveliries, Nov. 2, 1164.
Becket was the first Ultramontane of his day, bent upon the upholding of papal privileges, more eager than the Pope about them.
www.medievalchurch.org.uk /p_becket.html   (1650 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Noticing that Thomas was an excellent speaker and could solve complicated problems, he felt that Thomas would be a good match for the King of England, Henry II.
Thomas, who was only a deacon at the time, was quickly ordained to the priesthood.
Thomas was very quickly considered a Martyr for the Faith and was Canonized at Rome in the year 1173 A.D..
www.rc.net /arlington/st_thomas_a_becket/SAINT.HTM   (371 words)

 Thomas Beckett
Thomas Becket, the son of a wealthy Norman merchant living in London, was born in 1118.
Becket's job was an important one as it involved the distribution of royal charters, writs and letters.
Thomas Becket: It is true that I am not of royal lineage; but then, neither was St Peter.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /NORbeckett.htm   (2054 words)

 GiGiBeads - St. Thomas Becket Chaplet
Thomas Becket was born in London, on the 21st of December, around 1118.
Thomas was canonized by the Pope two years later and King Henry II in 1174 did public penance in reparation at the Shrine of St. Thomas of Canterbury.
Thomas saw himself as the Shepherd of his flock, and his flock was the entire church in England.
gigibeads.net /prayerbeads/saints/thomasbecket.html   (1934 words)

 Saints of December 29
As Thomas put it, he changed from being "a patron of play-actors and a follower of hounds, to being a shepherd of souls." Now that he was a priest he lived as one, putting aside all the costly robes he used as Chancellor; he wore the habit of a monk.
Thomas was not flawless; he was imperious and obstinate, ambitious and violent.
Thomas is generally portrayed as an archbishop killed at the altar by three knights, his crucifer by him.
www.saintpatrickdc.org /ss/1229.htm   (4206 words)

 The Murder of Thomas Becket, 1170   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Becket was born in 1118, in Normandy the son of an English merchant.
Becket's allegiance shifted from the court to the Church inspiring him to take a stand against his king.
St. Thomas continued as a popular cultist figure for the remainder of the Middle Ages.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /becket.htm   (1269 words)

 Canterbury Cathedral- A Virtual Tour
Canonization of Thomas à Becket and reconstruction of the cathedral
The monks had become quite jealous of their privileged position as guardians of the relics of Becket and, although Church practice dictated that the archbishop be elected by bishops, the monks had long functioned as the sole electors of the archbishop.
Roger of Hoveden: The Chronicle: On the Disputes between Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury and King Henry II of England
faculty.de.gcsu.edu /~dvess/ids/medieval/canterbury/canterbury.shtml   (3185 words)

 The Martyrdom of Saint Thomas Becket (Getty Museum)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Thomas Becket (about 1118-1170), chancellor of England and Archbishop of Canterbury, devoutly prays before the altar in Canterbury Cathedral while three knights approach him from behind, one with his sword raised menacingly.
Becket had been a trusted friend of Henry II, King of England, but they became entangled in a quarrel over the rights of the Church.
Becket was officially proclaimed a saint within three years, and was heralded as a hero who had defied a tyrant for the Church.
www.getty.edu /art/collections/objects/o3927.html   (197 words)

 The Murder of Becket, St. Thomas a Becket, St. Thomas of Canterbury, Alfred Duggan
The murder of St. Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, in his own cathedral on December 29, 1170, shocked contemporaries in an age that was relatively used to deeds of violence.
Thomas permitted himself to be led to the cloister door, half pushed by the eager throng.
Thomas felt the blood hammering in his temples, and his hand groped for the sword-hilt which once had rested on his hip.
www.cin.org /saints/becketm.html   (2718 words)

 Becket, Saint Thomas --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Murder of Thomas Becket, illustration from an English psalter, c.
His first move was the appointment in 1162 of Thomas Becket as archbishop of Canterbury.
In the cathedral of Canterbury, England, is a chapel where once stood the shrine of the murdered archbishop Thomas à Becket.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9014041?tocId=9014041   (888 words)

 Edward Grim’s Account of the Murder of Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury was murdered on December 29, 1170 in Canterbury Cathedral.
Although the great struggles of Church and State in the middle ages were played out between the pope and German emperors, or the popes and French kings, the conflict between Henry II and Becket is a witness of the widespread and localized impact of the conflict.
Once dead, Becket was hailed as a saint, and his shrine became one of the most celebrated pilgrimage sites of western Europe, and the destination of Geoffrey Chaucer's pilgrims in the Canterbury Tales.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/grim-becket.html   (692 words)

 BBC - History - Becket, the Church and Henry II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The murder of Thomas Becket and his subsequent martyrdom has so overshadowed the reign of Henry II that it is often as difficult to see behind to what caused it as it is to see beyond to the rest of the reign.
Becket came to prominence at the start of Henry's reign when Henry asked Archbishop Theobald of Canterbury to recommend a candidate for the office of Chancellor.
Theobald put forward his archdeacon, Thomas Becket, the son of a London merchant, who had demonstrated the brilliance of his mind in Theobald's service.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/state/church_reformation/becket_01.shtml   (357 words)

 ORB: Becket Bibliography
Interpretations of the great clash between Thomas Becket and Henry II of England have varied enormously.
At the other extreme, visitors to Canterbury itself are treated to a film version of Becket's life story in which even the fleas living in Becket's hair shirt sprout tiny wings and haloes after sipping from his saintly blood.
The Quest for Becket's Bones: The Mystery of the Relics of St. Thomas Becket of Canterbury.
www.the-orb.net /bibliographies/becket.html   (533 words)

 St. Thomas Becket - Saint of the Day - American Catholic
Because Thomas refused to remit censures he had placed upon bishops favored by the king, Henry cried out in a rage, “Will no one rid me of this troublesome priest!” Four knights, taking his words as his wish, slew Thomas in the Canterbury cathedral.
Within three years Thomas was a saint of the Church and his tomb a shrine of pilgrimage.
Thomas knew he must stand firm in defense of truth and right, even at the cost of his life.
www.americancatholic.org /Features/SaintOfDay?id=1244   (454 words)

 Becket Texts
The Constitutions of Clarendon, 1164 (Internet Medieval Sourcebook): the key document in the dispute between the king and the archbishop; Henry wanted Thomas to assent to the Constitutions as a statement of the rights of the king over the English Church; Thomas initially assented, then refused.
Edward Grim’s Account of the Murder of Thomas Becket (Internet Medieval Sourcebook) : Edward Grim stayed with Thomas in the Cathedral through the martyrdom; he was wounded by one of the murderers.
Pope Alexander III: Bull announcing Canonization of St Thomas Becket (1173) : Alexander III's formal announcement of the status of Thomas as a saint
www.loyno.edu /~letchie/becket/texts.htm   (430 words)

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