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Topic: Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh


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 Euphrates - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A 550-mile canal links the Euphrates to the Tigris to serve as a route for river barges.
Tigris, to form from the river flowing out of the garden.
The river Euphrates is one of the four rivers that flow from the Garden of Eden according to Book of Genesis 2:14.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Euphrates

  
 Terrestrial Ecoregions -- Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh (PA0906)
The ecoregion is a complex of shallow freshwater lakes, swamps, marshes, and seasonally inundated plains between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The vast deltaic plain of the Euphrates, Tigris and Karun rivers is located at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, in extreme eastern Iraq and southwestern Iran.
This complex of shallow freshwater lakes, swamps, marshes, and seasonally inundated plains is among the most important wintering areas for migratory birds in Eurasia.
www.worldwildlife.org /wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/pa/pa0906_full.html

  
 Marsh Arabs at opensource encyclopedia
Marsh Arabs participated in a rebellion against Saddam Hussein immediately following the First Gulf War.
The Marsh Arabs are the inhabitants of the lowlands of southern Iraq, the former Mesopotamia, whose families have lived in the area for thousands of years.
The marshes are showing signs of revivification, as water is restored to the former desert, but the restoration of the ecosystem may take far longer to rebuild than it took to destroy.
wiki.tatet.com /Marsh_Arab.html

  
 Freshwater Fishes of Iran, Introduction - Drainage Basins - Tigris River
Marshes and ponds as well as seasonally flooded arable land along the Karun River in the lowlands of Khuzestan provide temporary and permanent habitats for fishes.
Marsh temperatures range from 15C in January to 31C in August and fish may retreat to deeper areas or move upriver at the higher temperatures.
Some marsh will survive in Iran because it is fed from wholly Iranian rivers but Iran News (19 February 1995) reports that draining of Iraqi marshes will lead to desertification inside Iran.
www.briancoad.com /introduction/tigrisriverbasin.htm

  
 Iraq Terrain
Iraq can be divided into four major geographical zones or regions: the desert in the west and southwest, the rolling upland between the upper Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the mountains in north and northeast region, and the alluvial plan through which the Tigris and Euphrates river flow.
Both the Tigris and the Euphrates break into a number of channels in the marshland area, and the flow of the rivers is substantially reduced by the time they come together at Al Qurnah.
Because the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates above their confluence are heavily silt laden, irrigation and fairly frequent flooding deposit large quantities of silty loam in much of the delta area.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/iraq/terrain.htm

  
 Encyclopedia: Tigris Euphrates alluvial salt marsh
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www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Tigris-Euphrates-alluvial-salt-marsh

  
 TIMELINE 4th MILLENIUM B.C. page of ULTIMATE SCIENCE FICTION WEB GUIDE
Under such unstable conditions, a large storm in the Zagros mountains could trigger a diversion of the Karun in an upstream direction, resulting in a flood filling of the lower Tigris-Euphrates alluvial plain, similar to the filling of the Salton Sea in the early part of this [20th] century.
Stanford "3000 BC" notes 3500 BC: Mesopotamia; Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plain At about 3500 BC the lower Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plain was under extreme pressure from both rapidly rising sea and buildup of the Karun delta.
Sumerians have moved from Eastern Anatolia bringing a new language and advanced culture to the existing Ubaidian peoples who have already started developing population centres in the lower Tigris Euphrates.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline4KBC.html

  
 The Star Online: Flashpoint IRAQ
It said the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was an alluvial salt marsh important to migratory birds, and was among the most important wintering areas for migratory birds in Eurasia.
Other species in Iraq considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild included the Euphrates softshell turtle, blue whale, white-headed duck, cheetah, wild goat, sea cow or dugong, common otter, smooth-coated otter, humpback whale, long-fingered bat, spotted eagle, imperial eagle, and marbled duck.
It said 300km of the Kuwait and Saudi Arabia coastline was covered in oil, affecting wetlands and marshes, adding that between 15,000 and 30,000 birds were thought to have died as a direct result of the war, with numbers of migratory birds also dying later.
thestar.com.my /iraq/story.asp?file=/2003/4/3/iraq/jqwwf&sec=iraq

  
 Iraqmarsh
Saddam Hussein reduced the 'Garden of Eden' on the Tigris and Euphrates to salt-encrusted wasteland.
High-resolution satellite images of the Iraqi marshes, including animation showing how the marshes shrank in extent between 1973 and 2000.
Includes 1973 and 2000 maps that clearly show former vegetation zones and the precise location of the marshes within southern Iraq.
www.public.iastate.edu /~mariposa/iraqmarsh.htm

  
 A Directory of Wetlands in the Middle East
Physical and ecological features: Tharthar Lake was formerly a vast salt lake in a shallow depression between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
The Euphrates does not receive any tributaries within Iraq, while the Tigris receives four main tributaries, the Khabour, Great Zab, Little Zab and Diyala, which rise in the mountains of eastern Turkey and northwestern Iran and flow in a southwesterly direction until they meet the Tigris River.
Initially, the lake was used to store floodwaters from the Tigris River, which entered via an inlet canal from the Samarra Dam, but in 1975 a canal was constructed to the lake from Felluja on the Euphrates.
www.wetlands.org /inventory&/MiddleEastDir/IRAQ1.htm

  
 Iraq
Topography: Mostly an alluvial plain, including the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, descending from mountains in the north to desert in the southwest.
It is surprisingly diverse ecologically, with habitats as varied as dry montane forest in the northeastern Kurdish area and the alluvial Mesopotamian marshes of southern Iraq.
Even the desert areas, which cover about 60% of Iraq, vary considerably between different parts of the country in vegetation, rainfall, and elevation.
www.public.iastate.edu /~mariposa/iraq.htm

  
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open-encyclopedia.com /Euphrates

  
 Terrestrial Ecoregions -- Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh (PA0906)
At the northern end of the Persian Gulf is the vast floodplain of the Euphrates, Tigris, and Karun Rivers.
Changing the rivers’ flow with canals, dikes, and dams has cut off the water flow to extensive marsh areas, causing them to dry up.
In addition, drainage canals flush salt from irrigated lands into the wetland system, increasing salt levels in the area.
www.nationalgeographic.com /wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/pa/pa0906.html   (475 words)

  
 Terrestrial Ecoregions -- Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh (PA0906)
The ecoregion is a complex of shallow freshwater lakes, swamps, marshes, and seasonally inundated plains between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The vast deltaic plain of the Euphrates, Tigris and Karun rivers is located at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, in extreme eastern Iraq and southwestern Iran.
This alluvial basin drains a large area of Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and the western Zagros Mountains of Iran, and the basin is covered in recent (Pleistocene and Holocene) alluvial sediments.
www.worldwildlife.org /wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/pa/pa0906_full.html   (975 words)

  
 Marsh Arabs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The marshlands, known as the Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh, were for some time considered a refuge for elements distrusted by the government of Saddam Hussein, and, in centuries past, refuges for escaped slaves and serfs.
The 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq and subsequent coalition and Iraqi efforts to restore the marshes have led to signs of their gradual revivification, as water is restored to the former desert, but the restoration of the ecosystem may take far longer to rebuild than it took to destroy.
For five thousand years the Marsh Arabs have inhabited the lowlands of southern Iraq in the former Mesopotamia, which represent the largest wetlands in the Middle East.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Marsh_Arabs   (499 words)

  
 Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh : Ecoregion PA0906
It uses material from the wikipedia article Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh : Ecoregion PA0906.
Ecoregion PA0906 article @ Euro Online Encyclopedia'>Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh : Ecoregion PA0906
article at Free Euro Online Encyclopedia
The ecoregion is characterized by shallow freshwater lakes, swamps, and marshes, all surrounded by desert.
www.eurofreehost.com /ec/Ecoregion_PA0906_2.html   (499 words)

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