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Topic: Timbre


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In the News (Mon 17 Jun 19)

  
  Timbre: The Color of Music
Timbre describes all of the aspects of a musical sound that do not have anything to do with the sound's pitch, loudness, or length.
Timbre is caused by the fact that each note from a musical instrument is a complex wave containing more than one frequency.
Variations in timbre between specific instruments - two different trombones, for example, or two different trombone players, or the same trombone player using different types of sound in different pieces - may be called differences in timbre or color, or may be called differences in tone or in tone quality.
cnx.org /content/m11059/latest   (535 words)

  
  Relating Tuning and Timbre
Given an arbitrary timbre T (perhaps one whose spectrum does not consist of a standard harmonic series), it is straightforward to draw the dissonance curve generated by T. The local minima of this curve occur at values which are good candidates for notes of a scale, since they are local points of minimum dissonance (i.e.
Such a timbre is said to be induced by the m-tone equal tempered scale.
For example, harmonic timbres are induced timbres for the justly intoned scale.
eceserv0.ece.wisc.edu /~sethares/consemi.html   (4740 words)

  
  Timbre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The physical characteristics of sound which are used in the determination of timbre are spectrum and envelope; psychoacoustics or human perception describe the perceived quality of a sound as the "sound color".
For example, timbre is what, with a little practice, people use to recognise the saxophone from the trumpet in a jazz group, even if they are playing notes at the same pitch and amplitude.
Timbre is often cited as one of the fundamental aspects of music.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Timbre   (1028 words)

  
 Timbre - One Language   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In music, timbre is the quality of a musical note which distinguishes different types of musical instrument.
Though the phrase tone color is often used as a synonym for timbre, colors of the optical spectrum are not generally explicitly associated with particular sounds.
The physical characteristics of sound which are used in the determination of timbre are spectrum and envelope, but psychoacoustics also plays an important and little-understood part.
www.onelang.com /encyclopedia/index.php/Timbre   (222 words)

  
 Talk:Timbre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One might define timbre as "that characteristic of sensation which enables the listeners to recognize the kind of musical instrumnet producing the tone, that is, whether it is a cornet, a flute or a violin." (p.
Physically the timbre of the tone is a cross section of the tone quality for the moment represented by the duration of one vibration in the sound." (p.
Timbre is that attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which a listener can judge that two sounds similarly presented and having the same loudness and pitch are dissimilar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Timbre   (5058 words)

  
 Sound Quality or Timbre
Timbre is then a general term for the distinguishable characteristics of a tone.
Timbre is mainly determined by the harmonic content of a sound and the dynamic characteristics of the sound such as vibrato and the attack-decay envelope of the sound.
The primary contributers to the quality or timbre of the sound of a musical instrument are harmonic content, attack and decay, and vibrato.
hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/sound/timbre.html   (749 words)

  
 [No title]
Timbre G (representing the tuba and sousaphone) was the next most preferred timbre (27.2%), this result supporting the findings of previous gender-stereotyping research by Griswold and Crookback (1981).
Timbre A (representing the flute) was the most frequently preferred timbre, preferred by 39.6% of the girls, while Timbres F and G (representing the low brass) were the least frequently preferred.
Timbre D (representing the oboe, English horn, and bassoon) rated high with 24.8% of the girls demonstrating a preference for that timbre.
www.rider.edu /~vrme/articles5/kuhlman   (3484 words)

  
 Pitch and Timbre: Definition, Meaning and Use
Timbres or timbre transitions, on the other hand, enable us to identify phonemes or phoneme clusters, resulting in understanding of what is being said.
A question is whether timbre recognition is synonymous with the recognition of a sound source, Le., a particular musical instrument, or whether timbre represents a separate perceptual space which mediates in the recognition of musical objects.
The timbre of a speech sound, although not commonly named this way in the speech literature, is different for each phoneme and depends physically on the shape of the glottal air flow pulse and the instantaneous shape and length of the vocal tract (throat, oral and nasal cavities).
www.zainea.com /pitchtimbre.htm   (3283 words)

  
 Shaku Timbre
Timbre is the resultant sound envelope of the combination of various sine waves (figure 3).
A timbre which is 'woody' is so called because it's identified with wooden instruments of lower aspect ratio which could have just as well be made of brass.
The biggest difference in timbre between shakuhachi and hochiku, for instance, is simply a matter of aspect ratio.
www.navaching.com /shaku/timbre.html   (1450 words)

  
 The Match of Perceptual and Acoustic Features of Timbre over Time: "Heaviness" in the Perception of Heavy Metal Guitar ...
Studies in timbre perception have historically proceeded in two directions: either they have attempted to identify salient features of an acoustic signal that translate into the perception of a specific instrumental tone quality; or they have attempted to connect verbal descriptions of instrumental timbre with some feature(s) of the acoustic signal.
That is, timbre does not progress in regular perceptual increments, with all possible timbres arranged along a single trajectory, as pitch moves by regular intervals through an octave, or as loudness moves from soft to loud by perceived increments.
The utility of such a delineation of timbre development for the present study is that it not only provides a consensual description of a timbral quality in a genre for which timbre is primary, but also specifies that this quality heightens or intensifies over the course of the genre's history.
www.indiana.edu /~savail/workingpapers/heavy.html   (2765 words)

  
 Timbral Analysis & Orchestration
Timbre like pitch is tied to human perception, thus it is inherently subjective in nature.
Timbre is often determined by the harmonic content and dynamic character of the sound; it is a psychoacoustic property.
The speech counterpart of musical timbre is the phoneme, which often carries some of the same ambiguity as the term timbre.
ccrma-www.stanford.edu /~jmccarty/255.htm   (402 words)

  
 Puterbaugh: Timbre Timeline
Timbre is that characteristic of a tone which depends upon its harmonic struc-ture.
Timbre is perceived in terms of the actions required to generate the event.
Timbre is perceived in terms of the acoustic properties and that the connection
silvertone.princeton.edu /~john/timbretimeline.htm   (2211 words)

  
 David L. Wessel: Timbre Space as a Musical Control Structure. Médiathèque de l'Ircam © Ircam, 1996-2003 - Institut ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Timbre refers to the "color" or quality of sounds, and is typically divorced conceptually from pitch and loudness.
If we choose eight distinctively percussive timbres and eight distinctively non-percussion timbres but provide no linking elements between the two domains, then it is likely that all the subjective dissimilarities that are made for pairs that cut across the two classes of sounds are larger than all the intra-class dissimilarities.
With the previous examples we have further verified the interpretation of the timbre space and have demonstrated that to sonic extent the properties of the space retain their validity in richer musical situations.
mediatheque.ircam.fr /articles/textes/Wessel78a   (6307 words)

  
 timbre - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Timbre, quality of a sound that distinguishes it from others of the same pitch or volume.
Timbre can be considered the texture or color of a sound.
Before mass media made it possible to share music worldwide, most musical cultures could be identified through several practices.
ca.encarta.msn.com /timbre.html   (101 words)

  
 timbre - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about timbre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Different instruments playing a note at the same pitch have different sound qualities, and it is the timbre that enables the listener to distinguish the sound of, for example, a trumpet from that of a violin.
The two principal parameters of sound – frequency and amplitude – are used in the analysis of timbre to describe the presence and relative strength of the harmonics that make up the sound in its ‘steady state’, that is, when playing a sustained note.
There may also be slight variations in frequency in some notes, particularly when some form of vibrato forms an important part of the timbre.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /timbre   (701 words)

  
 MySpace.com - Timbre - HERMITAGE, US - Experimental / Ambient / Acoustic - www.myspace.com/timbre
The music of Timbre immediately strikes the listener as something quite unique, combining the uncommon sound of the harp with an almost classical or Celtic voice.
Drawing from a wealth of classical education and modern influences such as Sigur Rós and Radiohead, Timbre has brought together genres in an ambient and innovational fusion.
Timbre’s first album, a self-titled solo EP, was released independently in the fall of 2004 and has been met with much enthusiasm.
www.myspace.com /timbre   (1248 words)

  
 Timbre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Often qualities of timbre are described by analogy to colour or texture (e.g.
bright, dark, rough, smooth), since timbre is perceived and understood as a 'gestalt' impression reflective of the entire sound, seldom as a function of its analytic components.
The same applies with speech, where timbre is the basic quality which allows one to distinguish between different voices, just as between different instruments or other sounds.
www.sfu.ca /sonic-studio/handbook/Timbre.html   (133 words)

  
 Improving Timbre Similarity: How high's the sky?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Such measures of timbre similarity have seen a growing interest lately, and every contribution (including ours) is yet another instantiation of the same basic pattern recognition architecture, only with different algorithm variants and parameters.
Subjective evaluations are somewhat unreliable and not practical in a systematic way: in the context of timbre similarity, we have observed that the conditions of experiment influence the estimated precision a lot.
While it is clear that the perception of timbre results from an integration of some sort (individual frames cannot be labelled independently, and may “come” from very different textures), other important aspects of timbre perception are not covered by this approach.
journal.speech.cs.cmu.edu /articles/2004/3   (7521 words)

  
 Timbre
Helmholtz, [8], was the first person to describe musical timbre as a property of the spectral components of the sound.
Our goal is to provide the framework for extending the notion of timbre to account for many of the findings in experimental literature, such as the use of physical models of sound and articulatory estimates of coarse physical parameters.
A theory of timbre must be constrained by issues of perceptual plausiblility; we propose some goals for our research: a) The representation should be based on physical models of sound with instruments of the same family being generated from the same model.
xenia.media.mit.edu /~mkc/mitpress/node2.html   (633 words)

  
 Timbre at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The physical characteristics of sound which are used in the determination of timbre are spectrum and envelope, but psychoacoustics also plays an important and poorly understood part.
The timbre of a sound is also greatly effected by the following factors: attack, decay, sustain, release, and transients.
It is possible to add artificial 'subharmonics' to the sound using electronic effects but, again, this does not affect the naming of the note.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Timbre.html   (671 words)

  
 Timbre Wolves
The Timbre Wolves provided the sound track for the Buxton Inn Documentary on DVD and VHS tape.
* please note the spelling and pronunciation of timbre: TAM-BER.
Timbre is a musical term, "the quality given to a sound by its overtones"
www.timbrewolves.carl-yaffey.com   (60 words)

  
 Relating Tuning and Timbre
If this timbre is sounded at various intervals, the dissonance of the intervals can be calculated by adding up all of the dissonances between all pairs of partials.
A timbre and a scale are said to be related if the timbre generates a dissonance curve whose local minima occur at scale positions.
Given an arbitrary timbre T (perhaps one whose spectrum does not consist of a standard harmonic series), it is straightforward to draw the dissonance curve generated by T. The local minima of this curve occur at values which are good candidates for notes of a scale, since they are local points of minimum dissonance (i.e.
psdyn.ece.wisc.edu /~sethares/consemi.html   (4740 words)

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