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# Topic: Timeline of mathematics

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 Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Mathematics Nowadays mathematics is the investigation of axiomatically defined abstract structures using mathematical notation and symbolic logic. Mathematics is usually regarded as an important tool for science, even though the development of mathematics is not necessarily done with science in mind (See pure mathematics and applied mathematics.). Mathematics might accordingly be seen as an extension of spoken and written natural languages, with an extremely precisely defined vocabulary and grammar, for the purpose of describing and exploring physical and conceptual relationships. www.fact-archive.com /encyclopedia/Mathematics   (2298 words)

 Mathematics - Internet-Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11) Mathematics might be seen as a simple extension of spoken and written languages, with an extremely precisely defined vocabulary and grammar, for the purpose of describing and exploring physical and conceptual relationships. Although mathematics itself is not usually considered a natural science, the specific structures that are investigated by mathematicians often have their origin in the natural sciences, most commonly in physics. An important field in applied mathematics is statistics, which uses probability theory as a tool and allows the description, analysis and prediction of phenomena and is used in all sciences. www.internet-encyclopedia.com /ie/m/ma/mathematics.html   (2289 words)

 Mathematics - Crystalinks Experimental mathematics continues to grow in importance within mathematics, and computation and simulation are playing an increasing role in both the sciences and mathematics, weakening the objection that mathematics does not utilize the scientific method. Mathematical logic is concerned with setting mathematics on a rigid axiomatic framework, and studying the results of such a framework. Discrete mathematics is the common name for the fields of mathematics most generally useful in theoretical computer science. www.crystalinks.com /math.html   (3179 words)

 Mathematics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11) Mathematics is commonly defined as the study of patterns of structure, change, and space; more informally, one might say it is the study of "figures and numbers". In the formalist view, it is the investigation of axiomatically defined abstract structures using symbolic logic and mathematical notation; other views are described in the article on the philosophy of mathematics. Mathematics is not physics, despite the number of historical and philosophical relations between the two. www.gogoglo.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/m/ma/mathematics.html   (1722 words)

 A timeline of mathematics and theoretical physics As a glorious 2000 years of ancient Mediterranean mathematics and science comes to a close, Hypatia of Alexandria, a renowned teacher, mathematician, astronomer, and priestess of Isis, is kidnapped from a public religious procession and brutally murdered by a mob of angry Christian monks. Galileo observes that the period of a swinging pendulum is independent of the amplitude of the swing. English mathematics and theoretical physics go into decline because those loyal to Newton are hesitant to adopt Leibniz' infinitesimal and his clean, intuitively appealing notation. www.superstringtheory.com /history/history1.html   (1745 words)

 A timeline of mathematics and theoretical physics Mathematics graduate student Simon Donaldson discovers exotic 4-manifolds, using instanton techniques learned in part from Uhlenbeck. Susskind generalizes this idea and applies it to string theory in his paper The World as a Hologram, and the Holographic Principle is born. Timeline: –1500 to 1799 // 1800 to 1899 // 1900 to now // A brief history of string theory superstringtheory.com /history/history3.html   (2102 words)

 The Galileo Project | Chronology | Galileo Timeline Years are linked to the European Timeline, which provides a broad overview of concurrent events in Europe. Invents a "geometric and military compass," a sector ("a mathematical instrument consisting of two rulers connected at one end by a joint and marked with several scales"). Benedetto Castelli, professor of Mathematics as the University of Pisa, and a student of Galileo, defends the Copernican theory to the Grand Duchess Dowager Christina of Lorraine. es.rice.edu /ES/humsoc/Galileo/galileo_timeline.html   (4075 words)

 Mathematics Department History Timeline From 1831 to 1880 mathematics at Harvard was dominated by Benjamin Peirce (A.B. 1829), to whom is due the introduction on a lasting basis of the spirit of mathematical research. His great natural mathematical talent and originality of thought, combined with a total inability to put anything clearly, produced opon his contemporaries a feeling of awe that amounted almost to dread. The department of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy continued under the superindendence of Professor Farrar, until June 1831, when with the consent of the Corporation, he visited Europe for the restoration of his health; instruction in the mathematical branch of his department being transferred to the Tutor. www.math.harvard.edu /history/timeline/index.html   (1039 words)

 Timeline of mathematics - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography 1650 BC - Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, copy of a lost scroll from around 1850 BC, the scribe Ahmes presents one of the first known approximate values of π at 3.16, the first attempt at squaring the circle, earliest known use of a sort of cotangent, and knowledge of solving first order linear equations 1300s - Madhava is considered the father of mathematical analysis, who also worked on the power series for p and for sine and cosine functions, and along with other Kerala school mathematicians, founded the important concepts of Calculus Timeline of mathematics, Before 1000 BC, 1st millennium BC, 1st millennium, 1000 - 1499, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, 20th century, 21st century, Note, Articles with unsourced statements, History of mathematics and Mathematics timelines. www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Timeline_of_mathematics   (4480 words)

 Ohio Masters of Mathematics Taught mathematics at Wellesley College from 1879 to 1916 and was appointed head of the mathematics department in 1888. He was a pioneer in the American mathematical research community, and he founded the mathematics department at the University of Chicago and served as its head from 1896-1931. Professor of mathematics and director of secondary education at Miami University from 1928 to 1961. www.bgsu.edu /departments/math/Ohio-section/bicen/index.html   (2428 words)

 Ancient Greece Mathematics Timeline Thales of Miletus (Θαλής ο Μιλήσιος) He brings Babylonian mathematical knowledge to Greece and uses geometry to solve problems such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. Unable to account otherwise for this agreement, they were led to regard mathematics as the study of ultimate, eternal reality, immanent in nature and the universe, rather than as a branch of logic or a tool of science and technology" (Boyer 1949:1). Consequently, when the Pythagoreans developed the theory of geometric magnitudes, by which they were able to compare two surfaces' ratio, they were led, for lack of a system which could handle irrational numbers, to the 'incommensurability problem': Applying the side of a square to the diagonal, no common rational measure is discoverable. www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/TLMathematics.htm   (2103 words)

 Mathematics Program The Mathematics Program at Huntingdon College, through a combination of specifically required courses and a variety of electives, is designed to develop mathematical maturity by exposing you to both classical and contemporary mathematical theory and application. Mathematics careers abound in science and industry, finance and economics, and even in sports and entertainment. Mathematics is a fundamental tool for weather forecasting, industrial quality control, computer network traffic analysis (and automotive traffic analysis, as well), marketing, insurance, opinion polling, virtually every field of science (such as chemistry, archeology, astronomy, medical research, and geology), animation and special effects, communications, and logistics. www.huntingdon.edu /academic_programs/mathematics   (427 words)

 Investigating the Roots of Mathematics Mathematics has been vital to the development of civilization; from ancient to modern times math has been fundamental to advances in engineering, philosophy, and science. The historian will create a timeline with at least 20 to 30 events that have contributed to the development of mathematics throughout history. A historical timeline of 20-30 key events in the history of mathematics. www.kn.sbc.com /wired/fil/pages/webhistorysh.html   (1198 words)

 Timeline - SIMILE This page will be the entry point to the documentation of the Timeline project. The Historical Event Markup and Linking Project [1] generates SVG timelines, maps and animated maps from documents conforming to its XML markup language for historical events. LongView, a project of the The Long Now Foundation, is a server side python script for generating HTML timelines from simple datafiles of comma separated values. simile.mit.edu /wiki/Timeline   (422 words)

 Gale Schools - Lesson Plans - Secondary: Math - Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11) Timeline of Evolutionary History.  In pairs you will be creating a timeline that will include historical and biological data.  Please complete the following. Indicate the scale ___:___ at the bottom of the timeline in the appropriate spot. Students create 3-D timeline of the future.  They could pick a particular topic (to narrow the scope) like the evolution of music, automobiles or fashion. www.galeschools.com /lesson_plans/secondary/math/timeline.htm   (1649 words)

 History of mathematics - Gurupedia See Timeline of mathematics for a timeline of events in mathematics. The study of structure starts with numbers, firstly the familiar natural numbers and integers and their arithmetical operations, which are recorded in elementary algebra. Discrete mathematics is the common name for those fields of mathematics useful in computer science. www.gurupedia.com /h/hi/history_of_mathematics.htm   (585 words)

 History of mathematics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The most ancient mathematical texts available are from ancient Egypt in the Middle Kingdom period circa 1300-1200 BC (Berlin 6619), Mesopotamia circa 1800 BC (Plimpton 322), and ancient India circa 800-500 BC (Sulba Sutras). Even after European mathematics began to flourish during the Renaissance, European and Chinese mathematics were separate traditions, with significant Chinese mathematical output in decline, until the Jesuit missionaries carried mathematical ideas back and forth between the two cultures from the 16th to 18th centuries. Entire new areas of mathematics such as mathematical logic, the mathematics of computers, statistics, and game theory changed the kinds of questions that could be answered by mathematical methods. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_mathematics   (5229 words)

 HistoryMole: Mathematics (0190-) The study of mathematics that underpins all science. She was a professor of mathematics and philosophy at the University of Alexandria. This shows that a continuous function which is negative at one point and positive at another point must be zero for at least one point in between. www.historymole.com /cgi-bin/main/results.pl?type=theme&theme=Mathematics   (1994 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11) The Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Mathematics define a common foundation of mathematics to be learned by all students. The final draft of the Mathematics standards revision document will be posted in a few weeks, after they are presented to the Commissioner for approval. Map the courses in which the MN Academic Standards in Mathematics are taught for your school or district using this easy-to-use form. education.state.mn.us /mde/Academic_Excellence/Academic_Standards/Mathematics/index.html   (229 words)

 1205emscvesida4 The Mathematics Standards Committee recommended that new Regents examinations be developed and administered for each of the three new mathematics courses (Algebra, Geometry, and Algebra 2 and Trigonometry). · Based on discussions with mathematics educators and administrators and the survey results, there appears to be an uneven shift to the new mathematics standard and performance indicators in school districts and classrooms across the State. Implementation of this timeline will allow the transition from Mathematics A and B to the new Regents Examinations in Integrated Algebra, Geometry and Algebra 2 and Trigonometry and provide flexibility for districts who are at various levels of readiness in aligning curricula with the new Mathematics Standard and performance indicators. www.regents.nysed.gov /2005Meetings/December2005/1205emscvesida4.htm   (1978 words)

 Timeline of Mathematics Encyclopedia Article @ PSAMathe.net (PSA Mathe)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11) 1650 BC - Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, copy of a lost scroll from around 1850 BC, the scribe Ahmes presents one of the first known approximate values of π at 3.16, the first attempt at squaring the circle, earliest known use of a sort of cotangent, and knowledge of solving first order linear equations 400 BC - Jaina mathematicians in India write the "Surya Prajinapti", a mathematical text which classifies all numbers into three sets: enumerable, innumerable and infinite. 1300s - Madhava is considered the father of mathematical analysis, who also worked on the power series for p and for sine and cosine functions, and along with other Kerala school mathematicians, founded the important concepts of Calculus www.psamathe.net /encyclopedia/Timeline_of_mathematics   (4541 words)

 Psyche's Links: 15000++ Links to Esoteric Subjects on the Web: Timelines on every subject: Esoteric, Heretical ... Timeline of Trends and Events (1750 to 2100) Timeline of Wars and Conflict for the past 5000 years Timeline of Symmetry in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics www.psyche.com /psyche/links/timelines.html   (386 words)

 Mathematics Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11) In mathematics education today, it is considered of primary concern to involve along with the mathematics a history of this mathematics. The timeline has been divided into two different outlines: one shows the evolution of the subject areas -- geometry and algebra; the other shows an integration of these with world events. I intend to involve my students not only in the resource this timeline provides, but also in the additions to it. jwilson.coe.uga.edu /emt668/emt668.student.folders/Hix/EMT635/Timeline.html   (342 words)

 Timelines Math-- Science -- History -- Art World War II in Europe Starts in 1918 with the end of World War I. Timelines have photos and text. American History TimeLine - This is a list of links to American History Timelines from the Smithsonian Institution. Era and Timeline of Chinese History - This is an extensive timeline of Chinese History (most in chinese text) www.edinformatics.com /data/timelines.htm   (461 words)

 Timelines Thanksgiving Timeline - The story of the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag begins before the Thanksgiving feast. Strange Science timeline - This list chronicles some of the major events in the history of paleontology and biology. Make your own Timeline, thanks to Teachnology - (scroll down past the membership information) Their generator can be used to make time lines of up to 9 events of your choice. www.internet4classrooms.com /timelines.htm   (1058 words)

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