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Topic: Tolerances versus preferences


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  Tolerances versus preferences - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The tolerances versus preferences dilemma emerges in many problems in ethics, particularly in politics and economics.
Microsoft case, where Microsoft argues preferences of users drive the market, and the US Department of Justice takes the position that they are forced into a situation they tolerate, and will accept, but that requires some intervention to correct.
A more abstract debate where tolerances versus preferences is invoked is one between approval voting (based on tolerances) and preferential voting, although voters in either form of election may vote tactically if they consider themselves to be facing an unusally risky or rewarding choice of candidates.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tolerances_versus_preferences   (637 words)

  
 Disapproval voting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
However, the psychology of vetoing, protesting, excluding individuals or options, or removing an incumbent, triggers a very different cognitive bias and mode of risk aversion on the part of voters, legislators, or board members - thus it is an over-simplification to think of disapproval as simply 'negative approval'.
Similar asymmetries apply in economics, where they are studied in behavioral finance, and in social sciences and ethics, as the expression of tolerances versus preferences, e.g.
Advocating disapproval or approval voting may be seen as taking a position on the tolerances versus preferences problem.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Disapproval_voting   (1358 words)

  
 Tolerance - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Tolerance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerance is a social, cultural and religious term applied to the collective and individual practice of not persecuting those who may believe, behave or act in ways of which one may not approve.
While people deemed undesirable may be disapproved of, "tolerance" would require that the party or group in question be left undisturbed, physically or otherwise, and that criticism directed toward them be free of inflammatory or inciteful efforts.
Historically, religious tolerance has been the most important aspect of tolerance, since religions tend to be intolerant of each other, and religious intolerance has led to innumerable wars, purges and other atrocities.
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Tolerance.html   (450 words)

  
 Tolerance (engineering) - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Tolerance (engineering)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerance in engineering is an allowance made for imperfections in a manufactured object.
It would not be reasonable to specify a resistor with a value of exactly 100 ohms, because such a resistor cannot be made.
It is good practice to specify the largest possible tolerance, to make manufacturing easier and to keep costs down.
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Tolerance-engineering.html   (176 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Disapproval voting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
If used to select candidates for an office, or for continuation to a next round of voting or play, it is either single- or multi-winner, as everyone who is not disapproved of is in effect a winner, for that round.
A referendum or a recall election may be said to be minimal forms of disapproval voting.
The term preferential voting (or preference voting) has several different meanings: A ranked ballot or preferential voting system is a type of voting system in which each voter casts their vote by ranking candidates in order of preference.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Disapproval-voting   (2176 words)

  
 Talk:Tolerances versus preferences - Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In summary, he says that the left sees the role of the government as to expand preference expression (like yer mama), and the right sees it as an imposition of limits based on social tolerances (like yer papa).
I have heard the issue raised in the context of instant runoff voting versus approval voting, by advocates of these approaches in US elections, each of which has their own advocacy group.
Other possible names may be approval versus preference (although that may skew it very much towards the voting issue only) and permission versus preference, either of which get rid of the troublesome plurals.
www.book-spot.co.uk /index.php/Talk:Tolerances_versus_preferences   (1052 words)

  
 Preferential voting - TheBestLinks.com - Preference voting, Australia, Borda count, Dublin, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is a voting system giving a voter an option to vote for one of the party lists and then also express a preference for one of the candidates of this list.
Ballot design or voting machine instructions are particularly important in such systems, as each voter is expected to express a rather complex set of tolerances or preferences in each vote.
Touch screen: A slightly different category of voting is a computer Touch screen could also be used, asking voters their first, second, etc preferences, and showing the selections so far and remaining choices, allowing selections to be removed if the voter makes a mistake or changes her mind during voting.
www.thebestlinks.com /Preference_voting.html   (500 words)

  
 Urban secession   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Modern theorists of local civic economies, including Robert J. Oakerson and Jane Jacobs, argue that cities reflect a clash of values, especially of tolerances versus preferences, with views of the city varying from a pure community to that of a pure marketplace.
Suburbanites have a strong tendency to view the city as a marketplace since they do not participate in its street life voluntarily, nor do they consider the city to be a safe and comfortable place to live in.
By contrast, those who choose downtown living tend to see it as more of a community, but must pay careful attention to their tolerances (for smog, noise pollution, crime, taxation and etc.).
www.factsite.co.uk /en/wikipedia/u/ur/urban_secession.html   (910 words)

  
 Tolerances versus preferences - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Tolerances versus preferences   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerances versus preferences - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Tolerances versus preferences.
Here you will find more informations about Tolerances versus preferences.
The orginal Tolerances versus preferences article can be editet
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Tolerances-versus-preferences.html   (678 words)

  
 Tolerate - Definition of Tolerate by Webster's Online Dictionary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
To suffer to be, or to be done, without prohibition or hindrance; to allow or permit negatively, by not preventing; not to restrain; to put up with; as, to tolerate doubtful practices.
We tolerate them because property and liberty, to a degree, require that toleration.
tolerate - put up with something or somebody unpleasant; "I cannot bear his constant criticism"; "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"; "he learned to tolerate the heat"; "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"
www.webster-dictionary.org /definition/tolerate   (193 words)

  
 Tolerances Versus Preferences Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Looking For tolerances versus preferences - Find tolerances versus preferences and more at Lycos Search.
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www.artisticnudity.com /search/encyclopedia/Tolerances_versus_preferences   (812 words)

  
 Vote   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A vote''', or a '''ballot, is an individual's act of voting, by which he or she express support or preference for a certain motion (democracy)motion (e.g.
Those who feel unable to express their limits or boundaries of tolerance in a voting system may be more likely to resist or fight or fail to support decisions made through it (more of an issue with political partyparties or policies).
Those who feel unable to express their real preferences may lack all enthusiasm for the choices or for the eventually chosen representative or leader/.
www.infothis.com /find/Vote   (1240 words)

  
 Tolerances versus preferences - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Nonetheless, the tolerances versus preferences issue underlies a good many debates regarding monopoly, including the Microsoft antitrust case, where Microsoft argues preferences of users drive the market, and the US Department of Justice takes the position that they are forced into a situation they tolerate, and will accept, but that requires some intervention to correct.
A more abstract debate where tolerances versus preferences is invoked is one between approval voting (based on tolerances) and preference voting (usually called instant runoff voting although technically approval voting is just as instant and likewise runs off the least-approved candidates, negatively).
See also: antitrust, monopoly, voting system, approval voting, cognitive bias, Guardian Ethic
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Tolerances_versus_preferences   (643 words)

  
 Tolerance (disambiguation) - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Tolerance (disambiguation)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerance (disambiguation) - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Tolerance (disambiguation).
Here you will find more informations about Tolerance (disambiguation).
You got here because tolerance has more than one meaning.
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Tolerance-disambiguation.html   (110 words)

  
 Learn more about Political philosophy in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the Ottoman Empire, these reforms did not take place and these views did not spread until much later.
Through the 19th and early 20th centuries, political philosophy was dominated by debates about capitalism versus socialism, and religion versus science.
After World War I came an emerging concern with peace and war, as conflict grew increasingly destructive.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /p/po/political_philosophy.html   (1086 words)

  
 Ballot   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The so-called butterfly ballot used in Florida in the U.S. presidential election, 2000 led to widespread allegations of mismarked ballots.
Some political scientists prefer a more explicit statement of the voter's tolerances versus preferencesactual tolerances and preferences, and believe that failure to reflect these in ballot design and voting system alternatives actually causes many problems and leads for calls for electoral reform.
For instance, a non-binding referendum or poll, carried out on a ballot, carries much more weight than one carried out with only a public sampling in a less politically committed event than an election.
www.infothis.com /find/Ballot   (744 words)

  
 Anticipatory democracy - Wikpedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Deliberative, anticipatory and bioregional approaches can all be considered variants of participatory democracy with different thresholds of ease of participation, burden of proof, concern for non-human life or future generations, and reflection of participants' tolerances versus preferences or ideals of truth.
Sometimes a deliberative model is described as more "left" and an anticipatory model as more "right".
Greens, usually prefer the generic term "participatory democracy." This term has become fundamental to green politics itself.
www.bostoncoop.net /~tpryor/wiki/index.php?title=Anticipatory_democracy   (352 words)

  
 Tolerances versus preferences - The Jiggies Reference Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerances versus preferences - The Jiggies Reference Guide
Pollsters, politicians, advocates of referendum measures, are all well aware of this potential and often exploit their powers heavily to influence the outcome and 'frame the debate' so as to achieve their ends.
A more abstract debate where tolerances versus preferences is invoked is one between approval voting (based on tolerances) and preference voting.
www.jiggies.com /reference/Tolerances_versus_preferences   (170 words)

  
 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - SourceWatch
However, it seems that the campaign finance and candidate selection process and campaign media access in North American democracy has deeper flaws than this, and that leaders capable of dealing with such crises as SARS will not in general emerge from these processes without more substantial reforms.
One major issue is that the public is trained to express 'preferences' as in a market, not 'tolerances' in choosing a leader, viewing the leader as a defender against competition by outsiders, and not as a reflection of their common values and reinforcer against inside threat.
These characteristics may be diametrically opposite of what is required to deal with a public health crisis, in particular an infectious disease spread by almost-casual contact, where political leadership plays the key role in shaping behavior.
www.sourcewatch.org /wiki.phtml?title=Severe_Acute_Respiratory_Syndrome   (1582 words)

  
 Democracy - Questionz.net , answers to all your questions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Some modern political entities are closest to direct democracies, such as Switzerland or some U.S. States, where frequent use is made of referenda, and means are provided for referenda to be initiated by petition instead of by members of the legislature or the government.
According to most political scientists today (and most common English speakers), the term "democracy" refers to a government chosen by the people, whether it be direct or representative.
Some of these debates overlap with those about truth, anarchism, and th role of tolerances versus preferences in making major public decisions.
www.questionz.net /War/Cold_War/Democratic.html   (1988 words)

  
 Bbw boob fat Sexy Babes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
She ended her day with a bang and a swim with the fishes after we made her walk the plank and left her at sea.
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 Vote . Australia . Kenneth Arrow . 2003 . Referendum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
If Alice and Charlie are eliminated, then I ll vote for Bob.
In such a circumstance I am not willing to compromise on Emily to avoid the election of Daniel." Complex voting systems that may allow for such statements attempt to deal with the need to accommodate expressions of both tolerances versus preferences tolerances and preferences in voting.
List of democracy and elections-related topics Initiative Proportional representation Referendum Suffrage Vote-rigging Voter turnout Voting rights Voting system
www.uk.fraquisanto.net /Vote   (373 words)

  
 Tolerances versus preferences   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerances versus preferences
Tolerances versus preferences
article at Free Euro Online Encyclopedia
It uses material from the wikipedia article Tolerances versus preferences.
www.eurofreehost.com /to/Tolerances_versus_preferences.html   (344 words)

  
 Tolerances versus preferences : Preferences versus tolerances   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tolerances versus preferences : Preferences versus tolerances
Tolerances versus preferences : Preferences versus tolerances
article at Free Euro Online Encyclopedia
It uses material from the wikipedia article Tolerances versus preferences : Preferences versus tolerances.
www.eurofreehost.com /pr/Preferences_versus_tolerances_3.html   (153 words)

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