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Topic: Toluene

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In the News (Sun 17 Dec 17)

 EPA - Air Toxics Website - Toluene
Toluene is also used to produce benzene and as a solvent in paints, coatings, synthetic fragrances, adhesives, inks, and cleaning agents.
Toluene exposure may also occur in the workplace, especially in occupations such as printing or painting, where toluene is frequently used as a solvent.
Toluene occurs as a colorless, flammable, refractive liquid, that is slightly soluble in water.
www.epa.gov /ttn/atw/hlthef/toluene.html   (1635 words)

Toluene is often used in the manufacturing of other products, although it may not be found in the finished product.
Toluene is on the State of California's Prop 65 list of chemicals known to harm the developing fetus.
However, toluene is quickly eliminated from your body, so these tests are only useful if they are done very soon after exposure (generally at the end of a workshift), and the tests only provide useful information about that day's exposure.
www.dhs.ca.gov /ohb/HESIS/toluene.htm   (1840 words)

 Toluene Lawsuit - Detailed Toluene Information from Toluene Attorneys   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Toluene is isolated by distillation of reformed or pyrolized petroleum and coal tar; however, most of the toluene produced remains as a benzene-toluene-xylene (BTX) mixture for use in gasoline.
Toluene is readily absorbed from the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and, to a lesser extent, through the skin.
Toluene is primarily excreted in the urine as the metabolite, hippuric acid, which accounts for 60-70% of absorbed toluene.
www.weitzlux.com /toluenelawsuit/tolueneattorney/toluenedetailedinfo_117941.html   (5274 words)

 Toluene   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
One percent of toluene is used in solvents in paints, inks, adhesives, and cleaning agents, and in chemical extractions.
Synonyms for toluene are phenyl methane, methyl benzol, toluol, and methyl benzene.
In 1998, 1,898,004,733 pounds of Toluene waste were managed; 1,092,551,852 pounds were recycled on-site; 27,725,082 pounds were recycled off-site; 222,844,719 pounds were used for energy recovery on-site; 153,673,018 pounds were used for energy recovery off-site; 262,075,260 pounds were treated on-site; 34,980,159 pounds were treated off-site; and 104,154,643 pounds were released on-and off-site.
www.nsc.org /ehc/chemical/toluene.htm   (1084 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Toluene is used for the synthesis of other chemical products, such as benzene; as a solvent in products such as paints, varnishes, cleaning agents, pesticides, explosives, and adhesives; and as a cleaner and degreaser of mettle.
Toluene is exempted from the requirement of a tolerance when used as a solvent or cosolvent in accordance with good agriculture practice as inert ingredients in pesticide formulations applied to growing crops only, of pharmaceuticals, dyes, and cosmetic nail products.
Toluene spills are a threats to groundwater depending on the depth of the ground water and the condition of the soil.
wey238ab.ch.iup.edu /olccii/student/read.html   (709 words)

 EPA Ground Water & Drinking Water > breadcrumb? > Consumer Factsheet on: TOLUENE
Toluene is an organic liquid with a sweet, benzene-like odor.
Toluene released to soil will be lost by evaporation from near-surface soil and by leaching to the groundwater.
Toluene evaporates within a few hours when released to water, and it has little tendency to accumulate in aquatic life.
www.epa.gov /safewater/contaminants/dw_contamfs/toluene.html   (869 words)

 Drugs and Human Performance FACT SHEETS - Toluene
Toluene has numerous commercial and industrial applications and is a solvent in paints, lacquers, thinners, glues, correction fluid and nail polish remover, and is used in the printing and leather tanning processes.
In 136 toluene abusers hospitalized or arrested while intoxicated, blood toluene concentrations ranged from 0.3-30 mg/L. Three fatalities from acute toluene inhalation had blood concentrations of 50, 60, and 79 mg/L. In 8 fatal cases of accidental or intentional acute exposure of toluene, blood concentrations ranged from 10-48 mg/L (mean 22 mg/L).
Toluene has the potential to produce physical and psychological dependence, and its abuse liability is significant.
www.nhtsa.dot.gov /people/injury/research/job185drugs/toluene.htm   (1790 words)

 eMedicine - Toxicity, Toluene : Article by Kevin A Martin, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Toluene is found in gasoline, acrylic paints, varnishes, lacquers, paint thinners, adhesives, glues, rubber cement, airplane glue, and shoe polish.
Toluene is commonly abused by saturating or soaking a sock or rag with spray paint, placing it over the nose and mouth, and inhaling to get a sensation of euphoria, buzz, or high.
Toluene is not significantly adsorbed by activated charcoal.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic594.htm   (4026 words)

 Toluene (EHC 52, 1986)
The general population is exposed to toluene mainly through inhalation of vapour in ambient air, cigarette smoking, and, to a minor extent, by ingestion of food or water contaminated with toluene.
Toluene is a common name for the chemical formed when one hydrogen atom of the benzene molecule is replaced with a methyl group.
Toluene in the blood increased rapidly within 1 h to a concentration of 1.3 mg/litre, and then decreased, in spite of continuing exposure, to a plateau concentration of 0.5 mg/litre after 6 h.
www.inchem.org /documents/ehc/ehc/ehc52.htm   (15619 words)

 Toluene source in diester compressor oil? - Topic Powered by Groupee Community
Toluene vapor in the air pulled through the compressor may concentrate in the oil sump because the toluene is very soluble in the oil.
Toluene and water form an azeotrope, allowing the water to be easily removed from the reaction mixture by distillation.
Toluene and water are easily separated after distillation by decanting the toluene off the top of the water layer allowing the toluene to be recycled back into the reaction mixture.
forums.noria.com /eve/ubb.x/a/tpc/f/826604995/m/336104218/r/105103498   (1733 words)

 Rocket fuel FAQ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Mindful of the evil reputation of octane boosters in general, toluene is a very safe choice because it is one of the main octane boosters used by oil companies in producing ordinary gasoline of all grades.
Toluene has a RON octane rating of 121 and a MON rating of 107, leading to a (R+M)/2 rating of 114.
Toluene is more toxic than gasoline but it is certainly not agent orange or cyanide.
patriot.net /~jonroq/Tech/octane2.html   (3330 words)

 ATSDR - ToxFAQs™: Toluene
Toluene is a clear, colorless liquid with a distinctive smell.
Toluene occurs naturally in crude oil and in the tolu tree.
Toluene is used in making paints, paint thinners, fingernail polish, lacquers, adhesives, and rubber and in some printing and leather tanning processes.
www.atsdr.cdc.gov /tfacts56.html   (771 words)

 Toluene Price Report - Chemical pricing information - ICIS Pricing
ICIS pricing's Toluene price reports are an unbeatable and essential source of price and market information for clients involved in toluene and related industries.
Toluene production issues, cargo movements and other relevant market dynamics are presented in a concise weekly summary for quick reference.
Because toluene is produced primarily through naphtha cracking, energy values generally are believed to impact pricing and value-added information on significant issues related to naphtha, gasoline and benzene are included in the weekly toluene price reports.
www.icislor.com /il_shared/Chemicals/SubPage392.asp   (183 words)

 Toluene (Methylbenzene) Degradation Pathway   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The biodegradation of toluene has been well-studied at the molecular level and it, thus, serves as one of the principal models for understanding the mechanisms of bacterial benzene ring metabolism.
The anaerobic degradation of toluene is documented elsewhere in the UM-BBD.
The enzyme that starts one branch of this pathway, toluene 1,2-dioxygenase, has many other catalytic abilities, which are documented in a table of the Reactions of Toluene 1,2-Dioxygenase.
umbbd.ahc.umn.edu /tol/tol_map.html   (244 words)

 Carcinogenic Potential of Benzene and Toluene When Evaluated Using Cyclin-dependent Kinase Activation and p53-DNA ...
Since benzene and toluene both appear to have adverse effects on molecular mechanisms that control cell growth and prevent the duplication of genetic errors, these effects do not explain the apparent differences in the ability of the two solvents to cause cancer.
Benzene and toluene were added to the medium at a concentration of 2% (v/v) and incubated with the cells for 2 hr.
Since benzene and toluene have been previously shown to be potent PKC-activating promoters, it is likely that the hyperphosphorylation of p53 is mediated through effects on PKC as has been previously demonstrated for phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) (1-4).
www.ehponline.org /docs/1996/Suppl-6/dees.html   (2877 words)

 toluene   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The chemical structure of toluene is shown at the right.
This is a graph of the molar extinction coefficient of toluene dissolved in cyclohexane.
This is the fluorescence emission spectrum of toluene dissolved in cyclohexane.
omlc.ogi.edu /spectra/PhotochemCAD/html/toluene.html   (192 words)

 Toluene - Shell Chemicals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Toluene is used to make isocyanates which are, in turn, used in combination with polyols to manufacture polyurethanes.
Toluene is used to make phenol, particularly in Europe, and it is also an important solvent.
While the majority of toluene is used today in the blending of gasoline or for conversion to benzene, around 8% of toluene output is used to make toluene-diisocyanate (TDI), a precursor of polyurethanes.
www.shellchemicals.com /toluene/1,1098,277,00.html   (238 words)

A TWA of 100 ppm (375 mg/m3) and a STEL of 150 ppm (560 mg/m3) for Toluene.
DOT SHIPPING DESCRIPTION:  Toluene, 3, UN 1294, II This product is listed on the TSCA Inventory as a UVCB (Unknown, Variable Composition or Biological) Chemical at CAS Registry Number 108-88-3.
If the reportable quantity of this product is accidentally spilled, the incident is subject to the provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and must be reported to the National Response Center by calling 800-424-8802.
www.cumberlandproductsinc.com /webmsdsToluene.htm   (1189 words)

 Champion-Expanding Encyclopedia
ABSTRACT: Lead chromate, toluene and methylene chloride aerosols in embalming/restorative art are discussed as serious and unnecessary hazardous exposures for embalmers.
The hazard of toluene in old-fashioned oil-based cosmetics is discussed.
The general reluctance of the embalming industry to seek reduced exposure alternatives to traditional embalming chemicals is remarked upon.
www.champion-newera.com /encyclo.html   (2975 words)

When the exposed subjects were divided into two groups, one with TWA exposures of less than 40 ppm and the other with exposures greater than or equal to 40 ppm, the incidence of headache and sore throat, but not dizziness, showed a dose-response pattern.
In the medulla oblongata, the concentrations of norepinephrine, vanillylmandelic acid, and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid were significantly increased at the 22 mg/kg/day dose, but not at the other doses, while the levels of serotonin were significantly increased at the 22 and 105 mg/kg/day doses.
The skin absorption rate for the 300 ppm concentration was 0.0009 mg/sq cm/hr; for the 1000 ppm concentration, it was 0.0046 mg/sq cm/hr; and for the 3000 ppm concentration, it was 0.0144 mg/sq cm/hr.
www.frankmckinnon.com /toluene.htm   (14228 words)

 Spectrum Laboratories : Chemical Fact Sheet - Cas # 108883
Toluene is released into the atmosphere principally from the volatilization of petroleum
If toluene is released to soil, it will be lost by evaporation from
of toluene with molecular oxygen has been shown to absorb light at wavelengths >290 nm(6).
www.speclab.com /compound/c108883.htm   (764 words)

 Documentation for Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLHs)
After 20 minutes, exposures to concentrations at 300, 500, or 700 ppm resulted in significant increases in reaction times; a significant decrease in perceptual speed resulted after a 20­minute exposure to 700 ppm [Gamberale and Hultengren 1972].
Basis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for toluene is 500 ppm based on acute inhalation toxicity data in humans [Gamberale and Hultengren 1972; von Oettingen et al.
The toxicity and potential dangers of toluene: preliminary report.
www.cdc.gov /niosh/idlh/108883.html   (352 words)

Exposure to toluene may affect the developing fetus.
Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or impaired liver or kidney function may be more susceptible to the effects of this substance.
When released into the soil, this material may evaporate to a moderate extent.
www.ertco.com /msds_toluene.html   (1349 words)

 NIOSH Topic: Toluene | CDC/NIOSH
Presents a standard to prevent the adverse effects of exposure to toluene over a working lifetime.
This guideline summarizes pertinent information about toluene for workers and employers as well as for physicians, industrial hygienists to conduct effective occupational safety and health programs.
This is a factsheet about a chemical that may be found in some public or private drinking water supplies.
www.cdc.gov /niosh/topics/toluene   (327 words)

 Encyclopedia of American Industries - Chemicals & Allied
This industry covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cyclic organic crudes and intermediates and organic dyes and pigments.
Important products of this industry include (1) aromatic chemicals such as benzene, toluene, mixed xylenes, and naphthalene;(2) synthetic organic dyes; and (3) synthetic organic pigments.
SIC 2869 Industrial Organic Chemicals, Not Elsewhere Classified
www.referenceforbusiness.com /industries/Chemicals-Allied/index.html   (1406 words)

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