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Topic: Totalitarianism


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  totalitarianism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
A totalitarian government seeks to control not only all economic and political matters but the attitudes, values, and beliefs of its population, erasing the distinction between state and society.
Despite the many differences among totalitarian states, they have several characteristics in common, of which the two most important are: the existence of an ideology that addresses all aspects of life and outlines means to attain the final goal, and a single mass party through which the people are mobilized to muster energy and support.
For example, the chaos that followed in the wake of World War I allowed or encouraged the establishment of totalitarian regimes in Russia, Italy, and Germany, while the sophistication of modern weapons and communications enabled them to extend and consolidate their power.
www.bartleby.com /65/to/totalita.html   (554 words)

  
  Lecture 10: The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler
The Age of Anxiety, the age of the lost generation, was also an age in which modern Fascism and Totalitarianism made their appearance on the historical stage.
The totalitarian state was based on boundless dynamism.
Totalitarian society was a fully mobilized society, a society constantly moving toward some goal.
www.historyguide.org /europe/lecture10.html   (5116 words)

  
  Totalitarianism - MSN Encarta
Totalitarianism, in political science, system of government and ideology in which all social, political, economic, intellectual, cultural, and spiritual activities are subordinated to the purposes of the rulers of a state.
In modern totalitarianism, however, people are made utterly dependent on the wishes and whims of a political party and its leaders.
Among the decisive, technologically conditioned features of totalitarian dictatorships are a monopoly of mass communications, a terroristic secret-police apparatus, a monopoly of all effective weapons of destruction, and a centrally controlled economy.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761574819   (465 words)

  
  Totalitarianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Totalitarianism is a typology employed by political scientists, especially those in the field of comparative politics, to describe modern regimes in which the state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior.
The political scientists Carl Friedrich and Zbigniew Brzezinski were primarily responsible for expanding the usage of the term in university social science and professional research, reformulating it as a paradigm for the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin as well as fascist regimes.
Any suggestions of the indefinite stability of states labeled totalitarian among proponents of the term were largely discredited when the Soviet Union fell by the wayside.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Totalitarianism   (964 words)

  
 Totalitarianism - Charles' George Orwell Links
The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology.
Totalitarian regimes maintain themselves in power through secret police, propaganda disseminated through the media, the elimination of open criticism of the regime, and use of terror tactics.
Totalitarian systems, however, may not be as monolithic as they appear, since they may hide a process in which several groups—the army, political leaders, industrialists, and others—compete for power and influence.
www.netcharles.com /orwell/articles/col-totalitarianism.htm   (1998 words)

  
 Catholic Culture : Document Library : Licensing of Parents: Totalitarianism Reaches For the Whole Human Race
Totalitarianism, as the word suggests, is the full control of the totality or of major facets of the lives of those subject to it.
Totalitarian control of unborn and birth-in-process human life was given to mothers and their doctors by the judicial process in the Supreme Court, manipulated by totalitarian-minded justices.
Totalitarian control of life was given to citizens of Oregon and their physicians when voters approved the legality of assisted suicide.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=662   (4042 words)

  
 TOTALITARIANISM. Free term papers for college, book reports and research papers. Welcome to Get Term Papers
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the definition of totalitarianism is a form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and that seeks to subordinate all aspects of the individual's life to the authority of the government (http://www.britannica.com/).
Totalitarian governments are often believed to be a solution to political or economic problems in a country.
Totalitarian governments often emerge from developing countries that are trying to build their economy.
www.gettermpapers.com /essay/018153.html   (1194 words)

  
 [No title]
Totalitarianism: An Essay in the Philosophy of History by Bryan Caplan Spring, 1994 1.
The totalitarianism of medieval Christian society therefore existed only partially on principled grounds (in the realm of intellectual, cultural, and personal matters), and partially from sheer inertia (in the economic realm).
Communists generally claimed that totalitarianism was merely a transition phase, whereas the fascists seemed to conceive of totalitarianism as permanent.
www.gmu.edu /departments/economics/bcaplan/total   (4412 words)

  
 The Fight Against Totalitarianism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Totalitarianism is like a specter which drinks the blood of the living and so achieves reality, while the victims go on existing as a mass of living corpses.
And when rudimentary totalitarian methods appear in a world that is still free, it is typical that men need fear no evil if they join a totalitarian movement, but do have to fear the consequences of free speech, of positions and associations displeasing to that movement.
In a totalitarian state, any accusation or complaint is almost the same as a conviction, for the objects of prosecution are not legally well-defined acts but states of mind.
www.whitecloud.com /fight_vs_totalitarianism.htm   (5046 words)

  
 The Origins of Totalitarianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Origins of Totalitarianism is a book by Hannah Arendt, dedicated to her husband Heinrich Bl├╝cher.
This book continues to be the definitive philosophical analysis of Totalitarianism, at least in its 20th century guise.
The book begins with the rise of Anti-Semitism in Central and Western Europe in the early and mid 19th century and continues with an examination of European colonial imperialism from 1884 to the outbreak of World War I.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Origins_of_Totalitarianism   (247 words)

  
 FT April 2004: Opinion: “Thinly Disguised Totalitarianism”   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Yet so advanced is the totalitarian impulse in Canada that advocates of the federal redefinition of marriage positively boast of how broad-minded they are in allowing churches to administer their own sacraments as they see fit.
But before totalitarianism triumphant, there is the totalitarian impulse, which may be understood as the ambition of the state to extend its authority to realms where it has no authority.
The totalitarian impulse is a threat to democracy because it seeks to overturn the democratic value of limited government.
www.firstthings.com /ftissues/ft0404/opinion/desouza.html   (2164 words)

  
 M. Djilas. Totalitarianism and Violence.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The fundamental fact of communist rule is that totalitarian authority and monopolistic privileges of ownership rest in the governing bureaucracy.
Because of its totalitarianism and monopolism, the new class finds itself unavoidably at war with everything which it does not administer or handle, and must deliberately aspire to destroy or conquer it.
In the same way, the monopolism and totalitarianism of the ruling class in the Communist system are imposed on all the aspects of social life, even though the political heads are not aiming at this.
www.cooper.edu /humanities/core/hss3/m_djilas.html   (10008 words)

  
 Demosophia: Totalitarianism 3.0
I'd argue that totalitarianism was actually far more prevalent prior to the 20th Century (Louis XIV of France, John I and Charles I of England, the so-called 'enlightened absolutism' of the Hapsburgs and Katherine the Great, ancient Japan, Asia, and China).
Strongly implied is that totalitarianism is a response to a rise in liberal democracies.
Essentially, totalitarianism is a form of government where individual freedoms are virtually nonexistant and that all aspects of an individual's life are subject to the desires/needs/whims of that government.
demosophia.typepad.com /demosophia/2003/10/totalitarianism.html   (3238 words)

  
 Swans Commentary: Totalitarianism Then And Now, by Michael Doliner - mdolin13
Totalitarianism is not a form of government, but a mass movement organized as a political party that hijacks the state and uses it as the tool to set in motion a whirlwind.
Totalitarian regimes don't have normal political goals, but under the guise of a utopian vision they let loose the apocalyptic urges of mass man. Those in power harbor dark longings for the end of the world.
Totalitarian propagandists organize masses through an appeal, not to their self-interests as one might with a social class, but to a selfless vision of some politically unattainable goal.
www.swans.com /library/art12/mdolin13.html   (3234 words)

  
 Operation Clambake present: Scientology and Totalitarianism - a Senior Thesis
Totalitarianism tends to stress this meaning of history because it legitimizes the movement’s aims and desires.
Totalitarianism’s desire for power is not so much about individual power as it is about the power of a uniform group to spread an embodied ideology.
She writes that the totalitarian regime could not be possible without the imperialist, expansionist mentality of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
www.xenu.net /archive/thesis/thesis3.html   (2205 words)

  
 WFF Totalitarianism Project
Totalitarianism is a political system where the state tries to control almost all aspects of society.
Totalitarianism generally justifies its huge centralization of power at the top in terms both the alleged severity of threats facing society and alleged utopian visions of the future that is supposed to be produced by the ruling regime.
Totalitarianism often uses religion to define itself as the manifestation of supernatural power on earth and very frequently creates a cult of personality around a supreme leader, who is either presented as a prophet of God or an actual living god on earth.
www.worldfuturefund.org /Projects/Total/wfftotalitarianismpproject.htm   (6201 words)

  
 totalitarianism today
To clear the record and my throat-- Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena led a totalitarian regime that oppressed its citizens and ethnic minorities on a systematic, intentional basis.
WFMU's archives contain multitudes- Paul Stanley / Terje Isungset / Thione Seck / Allen Oldies Band / don't make me go on here
check out the totalitarianism search engine swicki at eurekster.com
alina_stefanescu.typepad.com /totalitarianism_today   (5922 words)

  
 The New Totalitarianism
The new totalitarianism has absolutely no such concern; its only interest is imposing the diabolic policy of barabaric annihilation on the world, thereby reaping huge profits from its energy, financial, and "defense" industries and turning all countries into militarized police states whose peoples will be forced to become their "cannon fodder."
The new totalitarianism doesn't maintain even the pretense of democratic rule; it's established an unabashed dictatorship (think domestic spying, warrantless arrests, and seizure of all three branches of the federal government).
The new totalitarian regime has taken a page from the Roman handbook: to rule the world it's not enough to have overpowering military might--the rest of the world must be fully aware of that might and fear it.
www.hermes-press.com /barbaric_annihilation.htm   (5803 words)

  
 Totalitarianism
On a scale of 0 (=anarchy) to 10 (=totalitarianism) the Democrats occupy 6 and 7 and the Republicans occupy 8 and 9.
One of the definitive aspects of totalitarianism is the existence of a single political unity with so close an identity between each Party and their policies and the governmental policies of the country that the Parties and the government constitute an indistinguishable unit.
This totalitarianism is more invasive, more reliant on propaganda and on terror to gain the total assent of the populace for its ongoing warfare and right to rule society.
www.clarusbooks.us   (13939 words)

  
 Inverted Totalitarianism
We may have invaded Iraq to bring in democracy and bring down a totalitarian regime, but in the process our own system may be moving closer to the latter and further weakening the former.
With such instrumentalities for promoting uncertainty and dependence, it is almost overkill for inverted totalitarianism to employ a system of criminal justice that is punitive in the extreme, relishes the death penalty and is consistently biased against the powerless.
That scheme is abetted by a sycophantic and increasingly concentrated media; by the integration of universities with their corporate benefactors; by a propaganda machine institutionalized in well-funded think tanks and conservative foundations; by the increasingly closer cooperation between local police and national law enforcement agencies aimed at identifying terrorists, suspicious aliens and domestic dissidents.
www.thenation.com /doc/20030519/wolin   (1082 words)

  
 The Golden Road To Unlimited Totalitarianism
The embodiments of totalitarianism on earth have figured out how to manipulate, not merely a few groups of people, or a single nation or two, but vast numbers of human beings everywhere, into actively participating in the destruction of the human conscience.
Totalitarianism is on the verge of becoming unlimited for the first time.
Entertainment then is the best and brightest weapon of the forces of totalitarianism at this time, because it's the one which addicts us with the highest rate of compliance and complacency.
www.rense.com /general/golden.htm   (1308 words)

  
 totalitarianism on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
TOTALITARIANISM [totalitarianism], a modern autocratic government in which the state involves itself in all facets of society, including the daily life of its citizens.
The philosophical stakes in Arendt's genealogy of totalitarianism.
British modernism, history, and totalitarianism: the case of T.E. Hulme.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/totalita_Characteristics.asp   (1067 words)

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