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Topic: Transculturation


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In the News (Tue 20 Aug 19)

  
  Transculturation - Biocrawler
Transculturation is a term coined by Fernando Ortiz in 1947 to describe the phenomenon of merging and converging cultures.
In one general sense, transculturation covers war, ethnic conflict, racism, multiculturalism, interracial marriage, and any other of a number of contexts that deal with more than one culture.
The general processes of transculturation are extremely complex -- steered by powerful forces at the macrosocial level, yet ultimately resolved at the interpersonal level.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Transculturation   (1109 words)

  
 THE TUMBAS FRANCESAS SOCIETIES IN CUBA
This first transculturation between French and Haitians was essential for the formation of the tumbas francesas in Cuba since these societies and their ceremonies were highly influenced by the French culture of the 18th century.
This transculturation between Afro-Haitian groups and French-Haitian culture is important to mention because it explains the origin of the tumba francesa in Cuba and its artistic and religious manifestations.
The first transculturation that gave most of the aesthetic components of the tumbas francesas occurred in Saint Domingue when the African slaves who were originating from diverse regions of Africa met the cultural and artistic manifestations of their masters.
www.carleton.ca /califa/tumbas.htm   (14603 words)

  
  Chapter VI
Transculturation then can be understood as the process by which some kind of design innovation becomes adopted and diffused, and eventually, universally accepted by human populations in spite of cultural boundaries and symbolic differentials that might otherwise interfere with such transmission processes.
Transculturation can be seen to have had a social evolutionary consequence upon human cultural, social and psychological patterning, as it would have resulted in the creation of new niche relations and conditions within the surrounding framework of a natural environment.
Transculturation reflects a natural inclination both to achieve a maximum potential for development defined by the state of the art of a current technology, and to, in a disintegrative or negative form, to frustrate or limit such development.
www.lewismicropublishing.com /Publications/DiggingThePast/ChapterVI.htm   (11015 words)

  
 Acculturation
Transculturation, or individual foreign-origin acculturation, is on a smaller scale with less visible impact.
This most often occurs to first-generation immigrants, for whom transculturation is most difficult, due to the lack of precedents in the family.
The speed of transculturation varies, depending on the recipient's interest and the presence of a motivation.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ac/Acculturation.html   (426 words)

  
 Architecture and Identitiy Abstracts
Transculturation, a term coined by the Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz in the early 1940s, has become one of the most influential concepts in Latin American cultural studies.
Theoretically, transculturation could be considered as a subversive term for it refers to a multi-directional and endless interactive process between various cultural systems.
Based on this premise, the term transculturation is in opposition to unidirectional and hierarchical structures that are always associated with claims for cultural authority.
www.tu-berlin.de /fak6/urban-management/arch-id/conference_abstracts_hernandez.htm   (561 words)

  
 Table of Contents and Excerpt, Horswell, Decolonizing the Sodomite
Transculturated tropes of sexuality cross back to the peninsula in a venerable transatlantic text, one produced in Renaissance Spain by an Andean mestizo who would become one of the cultural mediators between his mother's Inca heritage and his father's Spanish ancestry.
This "queering" of the term "transculturation" is formulated from Andean philosophy and narrative practice; I wish to think from an Andean paradigm of cultural reproduction in order to reinvigorate a theoretical construct born in the Caribbean and used throughout the continent to its near exhaustion.
"Transculturation" as a critical term is useful insofar as it serves as "a principle to produce descriptions that changes the principle in which similar descriptions have been made up to the point of its introduction in cultures of scholarship's vocabulary" (ibid., 16).
www.utexas.edu /utpress/excerpts/exhordec.html   (9621 words)

  
 Transculturation
Transculturation is, however, always already torn apart by aporias, not the least of which plagues the authorship of Sarmiento’s epigraph.
Designed to found a nation by alienating, domesticating, and eventually transculturating that nation’s originary barbarism, the letrado’s civilizing gesture is from the beginning contaminated by a savage, barbaric relationship with its sources, emblematized in recurrent erroneous and second-hand attributions.
Transculturation is displaced from its terrain, that of economic interchange, for economy is here referred back to its roots: oikos-nomia, the managing of the house, which is, in María, the very image of a sameness which recoils from exchange, which will not tolerate any otherness, and thus linger on in the perpetual self-deferral of sterility.
www.tulane.edu /~avelar/transcult.html   (5279 words)

  
 BERGHAHN BOOKS ONLINE - JOURNALS - '+eval(jnl)[1]+'
The transcultural phenomenon, and the transculturation of architecture
Transculturation refers to a multidirectional and endless interactive process between various cultural systems that is in opposition to unidirectional and hierarchical structures determined by the principle of origin that is always associated with claims for cultural authority.
Moreover, transculturation is the antithesis of the notion of acculturation, which implies the supremacy of one cultural system over another, thence the ultimate elimination of non-dominant cultures.
www.berghahnbooksonline.com /journals/jrs/abs/2002/2-3/RS020301.html   (211 words)

  
 Jessica Wong's 1030 Research Project Page
The Chinese talk-story between the mothers and daughters serves as a transculturational bridge and "an effective resistance to the master discourse of assimilation that classifies immigrants as either happy 'model minorities' or deviant and inscrutable aliens" (369).
In terms of transculturation, Tseo also adds that the contrasting cultures between Chinese and American are not as different as they seem because they all "share a single human nature" (341).
In the beginning of the chapter, she states that acculturation is a "process by which an individual's behavior and a group's cultural knowledge, identity, and behavior styles change in the direction of those of the dominant group" (95).
jska7783.myweb.uga.edu /research_project.html   (1263 words)

  
 "Transculturation and State Discourse"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Reflection upon transculturation is a means by which Latin American writers have marked their distance from the existing powers of symbolic capital, and have attempted to constitute a sphere autonomous from existing systems of evaluating and accrediting symbolic value.
Transculturation, at least in its ideal form, is a free play of differences that is neither coerced by the threat of violence, nor measured in line with state accountancy.
Transculturation now becomes a principle of autonomy as, at the end of this mystic vision, life is envisaged as the practice of uncontained joy, in which we will be empowered: "to do our whim, not our duty; to follow the path of taste, not of appetite or syllogism; to live joy grounded on love" (29).
www.art.man.ac.uk /SPANISH/staff/Writings/transculturation.html   (8536 words)

  
 Stephanos Stephanides - Transculturating for Wordliness
As a disorderly flow of influences caught between state regulation and cultural desire, transculturation in itself is neither to be celebrated nor condemned.
While transculturation seems to have gained momentum in the era of postmodernity and in an age of globalization, it is worth recalling that the term was coined by Fernando Ortiz, the Cuban writer and anthropologist, in the 1940s.
While transculturation may have been a thorn in the side of the nation state and nationalism, in an age of global and trans-national economy and politics, one has to ask which State or state.
perso.orange.fr /tigredepapier/tt/SStephanides1EN.html   (844 words)

  
 Jessica Wong's 1030 Research Project Page
The Chinese talk-story between the mothers and daughters serves as a transculturational bridge and "an effective resistance to the master discourse of assimilation that classifies immigrants as either happy 'model minorities' or deviant and inscrutable aliens" (369).
In terms of transculturation, Tseo also adds that the contrasting cultures between Chinese and American are not as different as they seem because they all "share a single human nature" (341).
In the beginning of the chapter, she states that acculturation is a "process by which an individual's behavior and a group's cultural knowledge, identity, and behavior styles change in the direction of those of the dominant group" (95).
www.arches.uga.edu /~jska7783/research_project.html   (1263 words)

  
 Chris Lady's English 1030 Research Project
The biblographic essays explore the aspects of transculturation in her works and in literature as a whole.
The journal articles deal with the issue of transculturation of Anglo-American and Latin American cultures, perspectives of Chicano multicultural literature, and Pat Mora’s feelings on how her culture is displayed to the public and on her writings.
Transculturation allows different cultures to explore and read literary work of others thus spreading an understanding of other cultures.
www.arches.uga.edu /~pclady/research_project.html   (1467 words)

  
 TRANS Nr. 15: Maria Teresa Medeiros-Lichem (Vienna University): Amerindian Rhythms in Polylogues: From Transculturation ...
Transculturation is a concept that better expresses the "different phases of the transitive process from one culture to another," because it implies not only the acquisition of culture, but also its interaction with the new cultural phenomena, the native American.
This narrative reproduces the cosmic vision of the quechua spirit through the rituals of the death dance of the "dansak", the musician and chief of an indigenous community in the Andean mountains, who senses that his last hour is approaching and prepares himself to die in a dancing ceremony.
And last but not least, important transcultural elements in Arguedas work are his language innovation in the idioms and the subtle syntactic incoherences that translate the aboriginal mind.
www.inst.at /trans/15Nr/02_5/lichem15.htm   (1985 words)

  
 SVG1790.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Transculturation is the term I use for Trouillot's "nothing butcontact".
Transculturation has the advantage over alternatives such as hybridity ofbeing itself a Caribbean term, coined by the Cuban Fernando Ortiz.
He keeps the Caribs as savages, yellow as good,fl as dangerous: transculturation is recognised only in the form of theethnogenesis which has brought two savage races together to form a "doubly-savage"race.
svg.8m.net /SVG1790.html   (3462 words)

  
 Transculturation and Resistance in Lusophone African Narrative - a book from the University Press of Florida
She shows how these early optimistic experiments gave way, in the face of civil war, to more ironic, self-questioning works evoking an Angola too disparate to be imagined, too polarized to have an identity.
Transculturation and Resistance is also a wonderful critical companion to the works (many of them currently available in translation) of Angola’s most prominent writers.
Phyllis Peres is associate professor of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Maryland, College Park, and a regular contributor to various scholarly journals on African, Brazilian, and Portuguese literatures and colonial discourse.
www.upf.com /Spring1997/peres.html   (436 words)

  
 Art History 600   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
We will consider such theoretical work in what has come to be known as "postcolonial studies" that shakes up received notions of order in space and time between a postcolonial present and a colonial past, between new worlds and old, and between Latin America and el norte (the North).
"Transculturation" was coined as a way to think outside of the bind of colonial modes of history writing that intentionally or unwittingly maintain the imperial fiction that art, aesthetics, and technologies moved from a center to a periphery without transformation and not the other way round.
The concept of "transculturation" stirs up questions about how we understand the artifacts located as emerging from areas often marked off as zones of colonization and encounter within the Americas.
www.wisc.edu /arth/crsdsc600.1032.html   (337 words)

  
 American Passages - Unit 2. Exploring Borders: Glossary
transculturation - A term coined by Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz that refers to a process in which "members of subordinated or marginal groups select and invent from materials transmitted by a dominant culture." Transculturation emphasizes the agency involved in cultural change, as well as the loss that accompanies cultural acquisition.
In these ways, "transculturation" differs from the older terms "assimilation" and "acculturation," which emphasize a more one-way transmission of culture from the colonizer to the colonized, from the dominant to the marginalized.
For Ortiz, transculturation was a necessary concept for understanding Cuban and Spanish American culture more generally.
www.learner.org /amerpass/unit02/glossary.html   (1098 words)

  
 Department of Spanish and Latin American Studies
Antonio Cornejo Polar rejects the notion of 'mestizaje' because, despite being 'the most powerful and widespread conceptual device with which Latin America has interpreted itself', it is predicated on a 'salvational ideology'  which promotes a notion of a 'conciliating synthesis of the many mixtures that constitute the social and cultural Latin America corpus'.
This effectively provides the impression that the novel itself is evolving an act of transculturation, re-creating the Incan universe, before the eyes and ears of the Spanish-speaking audience.
In his novel Arguedas uses what may be called a tactics of sound, alluding to the music and song of Quechua songs as well as the sounds of the deep rivers which act as a type of cultural bedrock of Peruvian identity.
www.ucl.ac.uk /spanish-latinamerican/resources/hartperuviancultstud.htm   (4468 words)

  
 Chris Lady's English 1030 Research Project
The biblographic essays explore the aspects of transculturation in her works and in literature as a whole.
The journal articles deal with the issue of transculturation of Anglo-American and Latin American cultures, perspectives of Chicano multicultural literature, and Pat Mora’s feelings on how her culture is displayed to the public and on her writings.
Transculturation allows different cultures to explore and read literary work of others thus spreading an understanding of other cultures.
pclady.myweb.uga.edu /research_project.html   (1467 words)

  
 Modern Native American art: Angel DeCora's transcultural aesthetics Art Bulletin, The - Find Articles
Yet DeCora's work fits each of the definitions of modern Indian art given above: it was made for a mixed Native and non-Native audience, it uses Western media, and it shows a sophisticated engagement with the aesthetic issues of her day, including a nascent interest in abstraction.
Using key terms from postcolonial theory, including transculturation and hybridity, it is possible t o read DeCora's work as a challenge to the European-American view of Indians as members of a "vanishing race," presenting instead an image of survival and adaptation for the Native American members of her audience.
As Mary Louise Pratt has explained, transculturation allows critics to examine the cultural mixing--or hybridity--that characterizes the indigenous experience of colonialism.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0422/is_4_83/ai_84209194   (910 words)

  
 Literature Poem Africa Essays -- Transculturation
For example, the term transculturation was coined in the 1940s by sociologist Fernando Oritz to describe the process by which a conquered people choose and select what aspects of the dominant culture they will assume (Pratt 589).
In an essay entitled, "The Arts of the Contact Zone," author Mary Louise Pratt argues that transculturation does not have to be confined to the social spaces where disparate cultures intersect; it can be extended to everyday situations, such as the classroom.
However, though Pratt recognizes that transculturation can take place on a very personal level, she still fails to discuss the emotional nature of transculturation.
www.123helpme.com /preview.asp?id=26209   (2100 words)

  
 Glossary-t
Transculturation is adaptation of the message of the Bible so that that message can more easily communicate to people whose culture is different from the cultures of Bible times.
To be true to the biblical source text, Bible translators need to retain references to historical, cultural, and other aspects of the original contexts in which the Bible was written.
Transculturation: The Cultural Factor in Translation and Other Communication Tasks.
www.geocities.com /bible_translation/glosst.htm   (682 words)

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