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Topic: Transjordan


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In the News (Fri 24 Nov 17)

  
  Transjordan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect.
Under the Ottoman empire, Transjordan did not correspond precisely to a political division, though most of it belonged to the Vilayet of Syria and a small southern section came from the Vilayet of Hejaz.
In March 1946, under the Treaty of London, Transjordan became a kingdom and on May 25, 1946, the parliament of Transjordan proclaimed the emir king, and formally changed the name of the country from the Emirate of Transjordan to the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Transjordan   (675 words)

  
 Transjordan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Corresponding geographically to today's Kingdom of Jordan, the Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political subdivision of the Middle East carved out of the former Ottoman Empire after World War I, and was administered by the British under the nominal auspices of the League of Nations until its independence in 1946.
Previously a part of the territory covered by the planned League of Nations mandate for Palestine, Transjordan was created as a separate administrative entity on April 11, 1921 to provide a throne of sorts (albeit one under British control) for the Hashemite Emir Abdullah, elder son of Britain's wartime Arab ally Sharif Hussein of Mecca.
Britain recognized Transjordan as a state on May 15, 1923 and gradually relinquished control, limiting its oversight to financial and foreign policy matters.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Transjordan   (448 words)

  
 1948 Arab-Israeli War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Transjordan, under the Hashemite ruler Abdullah, gained independence from Britain in 1946, but it remained under heavy British influence.
Iraq and Transjordan coordinated policies closely, signing a mutual defense treaty, while Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia feared that Transjordan would annex part or all of Palestine, and use it as a basis to attack or undermine Syria, Lebanon, and the Hijaz.
In December 1948, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 194 which declared (amongst other things) that "refugees wishing to return to their homes and live in peace with their neighbors should be permitted to do so" and that "compensation should be paid for the property of those choosing not to return." It was never implemented.
www.uncover.us /en/wikipedia/1/19/1948_arab_israeli_war.html   (2968 words)

  
 Jordan - TRANSJORDAN
Britain and Transjordan took a further step in the direction of self-government in 1928, when they agreed to a new treaty that relaxed British controls while still providing for Britain to oversee financial matters and foreign policy.
In March 1946, Transjordan and Britain concluded the Treaty of London, under which another major step was taken toward full sovereignty for the Arab state.
Transjordan was proclaimed a kingdom, and a new constitution replaced the obsolete 1928 Organic Law.
countrystudies.us /jordan/9.htm   (1293 words)

  
 Iraq - MSN Encarta
This time he suggested that Transjordan (present-day Jordan) and Iraq be united, and he began negotiations with the king of Transjordan regarding this proposal.
In September Iraq joined Abdullah ibn Hussein, king of Transjordan, in denouncing the establishment of an Arab government in Palestine as being “tantamount to recognizing the partition of Palestine” into Jewish and Arab states, which Iraq had consistently opposed.
In July 1956 Jordan (as Transjordan had been renamed) accused Israel of deploying an invasion army near Jerusalem, whereupon Iraq moved forces to the Jordanian border.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761567303_13/Iraq.html   (871 words)

  
 Jordan Introduction - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International ...
At its creation, Jordan was an artificial entity because inhabitants of northern Jordan have traditionally associated with Syria, those of southern Jordan have associated with the Arabian Peninsula, and those of western Jordan have identified with Palestinians in the West Bank (see Glossary).
Transjordan's creation reflected in large measure a compromise settlement by the Allied Powers after World War I that attempted to reconcile Zionist and Arab aspirations in the area.
Moreover, in contrast to the strong rural element in Jordan's early history, according to the World Bank (see Glossary) in the late 1980s about 70 percent of the population was urban, one-third of the total residing in the capital of Amman (see fig.
workmall.com /wfb2001/jordan/jordan_history_introduction.html   (4240 words)

  
 A short history of Jordan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Transjordan gets its own non-partisan prime minister and on behalf of Britain a British resident is appointed.
Transjordan takes part in the warfare between the Arab states and the newly founded State of Israel.
The armistice agreements of 1949 leave Jordan in control of the Westbank and provide that the armistice demarcation lines are without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines.
www.electionworld.org /history/jordan.htm   (586 words)

  
 Armistice Agreements with Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan
Although Syrian troops had operated during the war from Lebanese territory, it was decided to separate the two, and the IDF evacuated the Lebanese villages captured in the course of the fighting at the end of October without insisting on the reciprocal withdrawal of Syrian troops from the Mishmar Hayarden salient.
Transjordan, which is far less independent than Egypt (from the floor: Not Transjordan--the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan), as well as England, to which it is subservient to some extent, demanded important sections of the Negev.
Transjordan's military border near Hebron, where there will be free passage, will be slightly more to the west than it was before.
www.jcpa.org /art/knesset2.htm   (9152 words)

  
 Mandate for Palestine - Minutes of the Permanent Mandates Commission/LoN 12th session (11 November 1927)
It most cases the laws promulgated in Transjordan corresponded with those of Palestine, but they were promulgated in Arabic, and the local translation staff was a very small one.
The fact that it was mainly employed in Transjordan and served under rather unpleasant conditions from the European point of view limited the number of Jews who could, or who desired to, join it.
Without a subsidy, the revenue of Transjordan was not sufficient for the maintenance of a large force of gendarmerie.
domino.un.org /unispal.NSF/fd807e46661e3689852570d00069e918/e211072996e780b9052565f000651656!OpenDocument   (14478 words)

  
 Search Results for "Transjordan"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Transjordan (See 1913-14) 1920 The best available estimates have put the population at around a quarter of a million inhabitants, 90 percent of whom were Muslim....
Jordan (See 1931-32) 1946, March 22 A treaty between Britain and Transjordan ensured the continued dependence of Transjordan on Britain.
It was the Promised Land of the Israelites, and after their delivery...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Transjordan   (281 words)

  
 British Empire: The Map Room: Middle East: Transjordan
The eastern portion, called Transjordan, was to have a separate Arab administration operating under the general supervision of the commissioner for Palestine and with Jewish immigration specifically avoided.
Transjordan was a small nation of only 400,000 people and of these most of them were farmers or nomads.
Transjordan was first and foremost a strategic outpost of the British empire.
www.britishempire.co.uk /maproom/transjordan.htm   (2606 words)

  
 Historical Flags (Jordan)
In 1921 Abdullah adopted for Transjordan a variation of the Sharifian flag, changing the order of the stripes to fl-white-green, and adding a white star in the red triangle.
The timing may be coincidental, but the British decision to slice Transjordan off from the rest of the Palestine Mandate was made in February 1921 and the Cairo Conference, at which the British decided to place Sharif Hussein's sons Abdallah and Feisal on the thrones of Transjordan and Iraq respectively took place in March 1921.
The height of the triangle is equal to 1/3 of flag-length, the diameter of the star is equal to 1/24 of flag-length (i.e.
www.fotw.net /flags/jo_his.html   (658 words)

  
 Britain's Partition 1946
In spite of this action, however, Transjordan remained in every way part of the Palestine Mandate.
The Mandate laws remained in effect in Transjordan, and Palestine Mandate currency was the legal tender.
It was only 24 years later, in 1946, that Britain unilaterally granted Transjordan its independence.
www.jafi.org.il /education/100/maps/bpart.html   (154 words)

  
 Israel and the Arab Coalition in 1948
With the collapse of Palestinian resistance, the Arab governments, and especially that of Transjordan, were subjected to mounting popular pressure to send their armies to Palestine to check the Jewish military offensive.
Under pressure from Transjordan and Iraq, King ‘Abdullah was appointed as commander-in-chief of the invading forces.
Jerusalem was the most likely area for misunderstandings to arise both because of its symbolic and strategic importance, and because the fact that it was to form a separate enclave under an international regime permitted both sides to keep their fears and their hopes to themselves.
www.fathom.com /course/72810001/session3.html   (3353 words)

  
 Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of
Transjordan was placed under the nominal rule of Abdullah ibn Husein in 1921.
The government of Transjordan cooperated with Great Britain during World War II (1939-1945), making its territory available as a base of British operations against pro-Axis forces, which had gained control of the government of Iraq.
In 1945 Transjordan became a member of the Arab League, an organization created for the purpose of coordinating Arab policy in international affairs and curbing Jewish national aspirations in Palestine.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/GeogHist/histories/history/hiscountries/J/jordan.html   (2000 words)

  
 Jordan - History - The Making of Transjordan
The northern region of ‘Ajloun had its administrative center in Irbid, the central region of Balqa was based in Salt, and the southern region was run by the “Moabite Arab Government,” based in Karak.
On May 15, 1923, Britain formally recognized the Emirate of Transjordan as a state under the leadership of Emir Abdullah.
The treaty stipulated that Transjordan would be prepared for independence under the general supervision of the British high commissioner in Jerusalem, and recognized Emir Abdullah as head of state.
www.kinghussein.gov.jo /his_transjordan.html   (918 words)

  
 Scholastic News In-depth: Rebuilding Iraq
The name Transjordan (meaning across or beyond the Jordan) was later changed to Jordan.
Abdullah ibn Hussein, an ally of Britain, became the emir, or prince, of Transjordan.
Transjordan and other Arab nations opposed the creation of Israel from part of the British mandate of Palestine.
teacher.scholastic.com /scholasticnews/indepth/war-iraq/troubled_region/index.asp?article=jordan   (1532 words)

  
 Jerusalem Archives - 1922 — Map of Palestine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Transjordan is heavily subsidized by the British, including an army trained and commanded by Brits to protect the flank of the Suez Canal.
Transjordan is granted autonomy by Britain on May 14, 1923.
Between 1931 and 1939, the Jewish population in Jerusalem increased by 26,000 and the Arab population by 15,000.
www.jerusalem-archives.org /period3/3-5.html   (398 words)

  
 The Peace Encyclopedia: Jordan, Transjordan
They and their brothers, the sons of Transjordan, constitute the members of one family who are equal in everything, in rights and duties." (Quoted by BBC Monitoring Service)
I maintain that the matter of Transjordan is an artificial one, and that Palestine is the basic problem.
Transjordan being to the east of the River Jordan, it formed in a sense, the interior of Palestine."
www.yahoodi.com /peace/jordan.html   (1551 words)

  
 The Cities of Refuge
This strongly indicates that the transJordan territories of Israel had retained their essential shape in the period between the conquest and the time of Jephthah.
The entire transJordan area became debatable and from time to time large parts of this were lost.
TransJordan does not feature in the Amarna archive - the furthest east location being Pella, in the Jordan valley - but the general picture of the coastal region and north supports the OT picture of these regions in late Judges and the books of Samuel.
www.oldtestamentstudies.net /judges/citiesofrefuge.asp?item=8&variant=0   (3557 words)

  
 Palestine and Transjordan Administration Reports 1918-1948 Archive Editions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Essential research source for information on British administration in Palestine and Transjordan, on the continuous tensions of the period between the Arab and Jewish populations, on civil disorders and the eventual unworkability of the Mandate.
It was agreed that the Balfour declaration should not apply to Transjordan, and that there should be a separate High Commissioner for Jordan although he should be the same person as the High Commissioner for Palestine.
The Mandate was to remain in force from 29th September 1923 until 15th May 1948, but the whole period was bedevilled by the incompatibility of the aspirations of the Jewish settlers and the rights of the Arab inhabitants.
www.archiveeditions.co.uk /Leafcopy/557-0.htm   (1635 words)

  
 boys clothing: Asian royalty -- Jordan
The Amirate of Transjordan under Abdullah of the Hashimite was created in 1921.
The British in forming Transjordan, divided their League of Nation's Palestine Mandate by dividing it along the Jordan River-Gulf of Aqaba line.
The mandate, confirmed by the League of Nations in July 1922, gave the British virtually a free hand in administering the territory, although in September 1922 it was explicitly excluded from the clauses regarding the establishment of "a Jewish national home" and was closed to Jewish immigration.
histclo.com /royal/jor/royal-jor.htm   (1949 words)

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