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Topic: Transparency humanities


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  Transparency (humanities) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Transparency, as used in the humanities, implies openness, communication, and accountability.
When liberal democracies, like USA or the Philippines, are developing their democracy one step further transparency is introduced as a means of holding public officials accountable and fighting corruption.
When government meetings are open to the press and the public, when budgets and financial statements may be reviewed by anyone, when laws, rules and decisions are open to discussion, they are seen as transparent and there is less opportunity for the authorities to abuse the system in their own interest.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Transparency_%28humanities%29   (541 words)

  
 Radical transparency - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Moreover, given the logical and linguistic complexity of typical national laws, public participation is difficult despite the radical transparency at the formal parliamentary level.
It requires decision making to be transparent right from the beginning of the decision making process, while accountability is a process of verifying the quality of decisions or actions after they have been taken.
The potential of radical transparency to allow corrections and improvements to decision making is likely to be higher when the decision making method is either a consensus decision making method or a democratic decision making method.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Radical_transparency   (449 words)

  
 Market transparency - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
In economics, a market is transparent if much is known by many about what products and/or services are available at what price and where.
This is a special case of the topic at transparency (humanities).
Transparency is important since it is one of the theoretical conditions required for a free market to be efficient.
wikipedia.lotsofinformation.com /wiki/index.php/Market_transparency   (82 words)

  
 Transparency (computing)
In human-computer interaction, computer transparency is an aspect of user friendliness which prevents the user from worrying about technical details (like installation, updating, downloading or device drivers).
In object-oriented programming, transparency is facilitated through the use of interfaces or header files with different implementations.
Transparency means that any form distributed system should hide its distributed nature from its users, appearing and functioning as a normal centralized system.
www.kiwipedia.com /en/transparency--computing-.html   (468 words)

  
 Transparency (humanities) - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
In the physical sciences, specifically in optics, a transparent physical object is one that can be seen through.
Thus when courts of law admit the public, when fluctuating prices in financial markets are published in newspapers, those processes are transparent; when military authorities classify their plans as secret, transparency is absent.
This can be seen as either positive or negative; positive, because it can increase national security, negative, because it can lead to secrecy and even a military dictatorship.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /transparency_(humanities).htm   (212 words)

  
 Transparency (humanities) -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
In the physical sciences, specifically in (The branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light) optics, a transparent physical object is one that can be seen through.
This is known as (Click link for more info and facts about radical transparency) radical transparency.
This means that the Constition Treaty which has been signed in (Capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire) Rome and
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/t/tr/transparency_(humanities).htm   (517 words)

  
 Transparency (humanities)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The basic meaning of the word transparency is in the physical sciences — in optics : a physical object is transparent if one can see through it; transparency (optics).
In sociology politics ethics law economics business management etc. transparency is the opposite of privacy; an is transparent if all information about it is available.
Elisa Peimer is a ferocious talent and Transparent promises to be the album that will earn her music new fans around the country.
www.freeglossary.com /Transparency_(humanities)   (399 words)

  
 Transparency - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
A transparent object is one that can be seen through.
Thus, the meaning of transparency in optics is the one from which the others senses evolved.
Transparency International is an organization working for transparency, i.e., accountability, in governance.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Transparent   (123 words)

  
 British Academy News and Reports: New Rights To Access, But For Most Transparency Is Still As Clear As Mud   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Transparency is now at the heart of developments in such fields as law, economics, accountancy, political science and public administration, and has become important in other areas such as the information sciences.
The one-day workshop 'Transparency: the term and doctrines', is cosponsored by the British Academy and the Economic and Social Research Council.
The British Academy is the national academy for the humanities and the social sciences.
www.britac.ac.uk /news/release.asp?NewsId=159   (866 words)

  
 Opacity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A substance or object that is opaque is neither transparent nor translucent.
In the humanities, "opacity" is a metaphor used in describing written or spoken language.
In politics, governmental decision-making that is not conducted publicly may be called opaque.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Opacity   (159 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Transparency (humanities)
Transparency in the EU The drafting of the EU Constitution allowed for an opportunity to make the Council of the European Union more transparent.
While the Constitution treaty orders that all official Council meetings discussing new EU laws, have to be public, this has already been decided at European Council of Seville, so in reality, the Consitution fails to seek for any improvement.
This means that the Constition Treaty which has bee signed in Rome and is now in the ratification process will not bring more transparency to the hundreds of law-making committees which prepare decisions to the point of adoption.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Transparency_%28humanities%29   (543 words)

  
 Read about Transparency (humanities) at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Transparency (humanities) and learn about ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
management, etc., transparency is the opposite of privacy; an activity is transparent if all information about it is freely available.
Transparency in the EU The drafting of the
This means that the Constition Treaty which has been signed in Rome and is now in the ratification process will not bring more transparency to the hundreds of law-making committees which prepare decisions to the point of adoption.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Transparency_%28humanities%29   (365 words)

  
 Marcelo Dascal: TRANSPARENCY IN SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION
For what is transparent for one audience (e.g., a linguistically and scientifically competent audience) in a given context may not be transparent for another (e.g., a linguistically and artistically competent one) and vice-versa.
As a human activity science is plagued by all the foibles of human action.
Although transparent understanding is unlikely to ever be maximal, it is a regulative idea worth striving for, not because it is achievable, but because of the intrinsic cognitive (and also human) value of such a striving.
www.tau.ac.il /humanities/philos/dascal/papers/transparency-in-scientific-communication.html   (7490 words)

  
 Market transparency -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
This is a special case of the topic at (Click link for more info and facts about transparency (humanities)) transparency (humanities).
A high degree of market transparency can result in (Click link for more info and facts about disintermediation) disintermediation due to the buyer's increased knowledge of supply pricing.
Transparency is important since it is one of the theoretical conditions required for a (Click link for more info and facts about free market) free market to be efficient
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/M/Ma/Market_transparency.htm   (179 words)

  
 Market transparency   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
In economics a market is transparent if much is known by many about what products and/or are available at what price and where.
This is a special of the topic at transparency (humanities).
Competition and transparency in the financial marketplace of the future: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Securities of the Committee on Banking, Ho...
www.freeglossary.com /Market_transparency   (155 words)

  
 Market transparency - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Transparency and Fragmentation: Financial Market Regulation in a Dynamic Environment
Transparency Key In Tighter Re Market.(reinsurance market) : An article from: National Underwriter Property & Casualty-Risk & Benefits Management
The global promotion of transparency in emerging markets.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /market_transparency.htm   (202 words)

  
 Gasperini v. Center For Humanities, Inc., 517 U.S. 1102 (1996).
Petitioner Gasperini, a journalist and occasional photographer, loaned 300 original slide transparencies to respondent Center for Humanities, Inc. When the Center lost the transparencies, Gasperini commenced suit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, invoking the court's diversity jurisdiction.
The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, observing that New York law governed the controversy, endeavored to apply CPLR §5501(c) to evaluate the Center's contention that the verdict was excessive.
Guided by New York Appellate Division decisions reviewing damage awards for lost transparencies, the Second Circuit held that the $450,000 verdict "materially deviates from what is reasonable compensation." The court vacated the judgment entered on the jury verdict and ordered a new trial, unless Gasperini agreed to an award of $100,000.
supct.law.cornell.edu /supct/html/95-719.ZS.html   (1243 words)

  
 Humanities Center selects 26 fellows from pool of nearly 350 applicants
The Stanford Humanities Center has selected 26 fellows for the 2005-06 academic year from a pool of nearly 350 applicants.
The center supports interdisciplinary research in the humanities by bringing a diverse group of scholars to campus each year to write, conduct research and give presentations and lectures to the Stanford community.
A joint effort of the Humanities Center and the Stanford Institute for International Studies, the fellowships are open to non-U.S. nationals whose work focuses on themes of international studies compatible with one of the five major research centers at SIIS.
news-service.stanford.edu /news/2005/april27/fellows-042005.html   (811 words)

  
 Educom Review
In the humanities, you are more likely to find one isolated scholar working on the prints of William Blake in North Carolina, another in California, and another in New York State.
Given the state of travel budgets in the humanities, scholars are eager candidates for testing and using shared work and conferencing environments.
Still, humanities scholars should be aware of the power and freedom that the new communications technologies will confer, in the same way that the director is aware of the possibilities - and the limitations - of each theater.
www.educause.edu /pub/er/review/reviewArticles/32126.html   (1535 words)

  
 Freedom of information legislation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Unfortunately, these courts are overbooked, and citizens must often wait several years to have their rights examined in a fair trial.
The Executive Order 13233, drafted by Alberto R. Gonzales and issued by George W. Bush on November 1, 2001 shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, is used to limit the FOIA by restricting access to the records of former presidents.
Transparency (humanities) (Metaphor name, also related to politics)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/FOIA   (1291 words)

  
 Market transparency   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The drive for more transparency: issuers that provide a wealth of data on collateral underpinning their securities are b...
Perhaps only one issue is settled: Transparency is important but...
Since the effects of transparency on market liquidity are of paramount...
hallencyclopedia.com /Market_transparency   (286 words)

  
 Transparency - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Transparency International, an organization working for governance accountability
Transparency in graphic files, for overlay and translucency in PNG, GIF, and TIFF files
This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Transparency   (162 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Transparency   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Through their exploration of the common basis of modern art and architecture they identified and elaborated on the concept of transparency as a fundamental principle of spatial organisation, beyond the curtain wall.
Their essay titled Transparency, first published in 1964, provided the theoretical and didactical fundament, exemplified and illustrated by 2 of Le Corbusier's buildings.
In the typical fashion of upper-level humanities academia, however, Rowe hides his point behind impossibly twisted sentences and an onslaught of outside references that seems designed more to impress the reader with Rowe's own wide-ranging knowledge than to enlighten.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/3764356154?v=glance   (741 words)

  
 The HUMlab blog: Report from ICT and the Humanities Summer School   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
I had been hoping to post more often from the summer school here in Hanninge in the south of metropolitan Stockholm, but the pace of engagement has been intense with sessions beginning at 9am and often not finishing until 7pm every day.
I will not recount here the details of this and other papers, but as I understand it it developed a critique around digital artefacts based upon Walter Benjamin's concept of Aura as found in both "A Short History of Photography" (1931) and “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” (1935-1939).
Yet a nearness to it produces a more transparent experience in that it reproduces an image of the viewer, as a mirror does.
blog.humlab.umu.se /archives/001011.html   (754 words)

  
 [No title]
It is now recognised by many decision-makers and public leaders in Russia that the participation in budget process may essentially increase the effectiveness of budget policy and firstly social policy.
The budget reform seriously focuses on budget process and budget information transparency, which the participation is an integral part of.
The greater spaces for citizens to participate in local governance could be claimed when besides the social technology “Transparent Budget” the new forms of intersectoral interactions: social order (analogue of the social contracting), community foundations, social project’s fairs etc. will be introduced into practice.
www.ids.ac.uk /logolink/resources/downloads/PPcase_studies/Russia-STRATEGY.doc   (905 words)

  
 Cronyism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Governments are particularly susceptible to accusations of cronyism as they spend public money.
This is why democratic governments are encouraged to have transparency in their accounting and contracting processes.
Virtually all Presidents of the United States have been accused of cronyism by someone at some time.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cronyism   (298 words)

  
 Art Transparencies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Although today the word art usually refers to the visualarts, the concept of what Arf is has continuously changed over centuries.
Perhaps the most concise definition is itsbroadest—art refers to all creative human endeavors, excluding actions directly related to survival and reproduction.
From a wide perspective, Adt is simply a generic term for any product of the creative impulse, out of which sprang all other human pursuits — suchas science via alchemy, and religion via shamanism.
www.bodawg.com /point/20711-art-transparencies.html   (389 words)

  
 Scanner Transparency   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
In radio, a scanner is a device for searching for and receiving radio broadcasts.
In stage lighting, a scanner is a spotlight which can move its beam with help of a mirror.
2) " Transparency" -- In the context of Scanner Transparency
www.lottery-news.net /dust3380-scanner_transparency.html   (173 words)

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