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Topic: Treaty of Amiens

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  Treaty of Amiens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Treaty of Amiens was signed on March 25, 1802 (Germinal 4, year X in the French Revolutionary Calendar) by Joseph Bonaparte and the Marquis Cornwallis as a "Definitive Treaty of Peace" between France and the United Kingdom.
Together with the Treaty of Lunéville (1801) the treaty of Amiens marked the end of the Second Coalition.
The Treaty was made possible by William Pitt's loss of power in London — Addington replaced him.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Treaty_of_Amiens   (649 words)

 Amiens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Amiens, the Roman Samarobriva, was the central settlement of the Ambiani, one of the principal tribes of Gaul, who were issuing coinage, probably from Amiens, in the 1st century BC.
Amiens is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation, the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal facade and in the south transept, and the labyrinth and other inlays of its floor.
Amiens was the birthplace of Peter the Hermit and Odette Sansom (1912-1995), a heroic member of the French Resistance.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Amiens   (430 words)

 The Treaty of Amiens 1802
In all cases of restitution, agreed upon by the present treaty, the fortifications shall be restored in the condition they were in at the time of signing the preliminiaries; and all the works which shall have been constructed since their occupation shall remain untouched.
The present definitive treaty of Peace is declared common to the sublime Ottoman Porte, the ally, of his Britannic majesty; and the sublime Porte shall be invited to transmit its act of accession as soon as possible.
The contracting parties promise to observe sincerely and faithfully all the articles contained in the present treaty, and will not suffer any sort of counteraction, direct or indirect, to be made to it by their citizens, or respective subjects; and the contracting parties guaranty, generally and reciprocally, all the stipulations of the present treaty.
www.napoleon-series.org /research/government/diplomatic/c_amiens.html   (1867 words)

 The Treaty of Amiens 1801
The Treaty of Amiens between Britain the last protagonist of the revolutionary wars, and Napoleon Bonaparte the leader of France's new government, was a time of peace both for temporary restoration and for the consolidation of a new order.
It was presumed that this was encapsulated in the provisions of the Treaty of Luneville.
He had negotiated the Treaty of Luneville on his brother's behalf, but as before, the degree that he was able to influence matters must always be mitigated by the presumptive actions of Napoleon and by the machinations of Talleyrand.
www.napoleon-series.org /research/government/diplomatic/c_peace.html   (12442 words)

 Encyclopedia: Treaty of Amiens   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
FACTOID # 77: Moldova has one of the smallest artillery forces in Europe, and the highest rate in the world of death by powered lawnmower.
The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on February 9, 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Empire by Joseph Bonaparte and Louis, Count Cobentzel, respectively.
However, William Pitt came back to power on 16 March, 1803, and when the time came for the implementation of the treaty, the UK balked at implementing certain terms, such as evacuating their military presence from Malta, under the pretext of French refusal to respect other terms of the treaty.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Treaty-of-Amiens   (1598 words)

 Breakdown of the Peace, 18 May 1803   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Is majesty had manifested, from the moment of the signature of the definitive treaty, an anxious disposition to carry into full effect the stipulations of the treaty of Amiens relative to that island.
It must be observed, however, that this article forms a part only of a treaty of peace, the whole of which is connected together, and the stipulations of which must, upon a principle common to all treaties, be construed as having a reference to each other.
His majesty was induced by the treaty of peace, to consent to abandon, and to restore to the order of St. John the island of Malta, on condition of its independence and neutrality.
www.utc.edu /Faculty/Anthony-Steinhoff/317/BreakdownPeace.html   (1808 words)

 Amiens, Picardie, Pictures
Amiens is the seat of the University of Picardy (1965).
For centuries Amiens was a major fortress, guarding Paris from attack from the north.
An Anglo-French truce was agreed to here in 1264, and the Treaty of Amiens, resulting in a brief respite in fighting between Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars, was signed in the city in 1802.
www.greatestcities.com /Europe/France/Picardie/Amiens_city_Somme_Department_regional_capital.html   (244 words)

 Read about Treaty of Amiens at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Treaty of Amiens and learn about Treaty of Amiens ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The treaty, beyond confirming "peace, friendship, and good understanding" arranged for the restoration of prisoners and hostages; the UK gave up much of the West Indies to the
Ceylon; France withdrew from the Papal States; it fixed the borders of French Guiana; Malta, Gozo, and Comino were restored to the Order of St. John of Jerusalem and the islands were declared neutral.
When the time came for the implementation of the treaty, the UK balked at implementing certain terms, such as evacuating their military presence from Malta, because of French refusal to respect other terms of the treaty.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Treaty_of_Amiens   (270 words)

 Treaty of Amiens --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The river valley is a natural route both for trade and for invading armies; hence its largest city is a center of commerce and has been the scene of a number of decisive battles.
The Treaty of Washington, signed on May 8, 1871, dealt with the Alabama claims issue between the...
Details the Treaty of Amiens, the camp at Boulogne, and his imprisonment at St. Helene island.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9007177   (709 words)

 Treaty of Amiens : Napoleonic Wars : Napoleonic era :
The Treaty of Amiens was sought by Britain, following Austria's peace with France, and Napoleon Bonaparte, wanting a breathing space, agreed.
Under the treaty, Britain was to give up most of its islands in the West Indies, Egypt and Ceylon, while France would hand over the Papal States and the Two Sicilies.
Despite the good terms for France the treaty would last less than a year before the nations again went to war.
www.napoleonguide.com /treaty_amiens.htm   (149 words)

 Wikinfo | French Revolutionary Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The French Revolutionary Wars occurred between the outbreak of war between the French Revolutionary government and Austria in 1792 and the Treaty of Amiens in 1802.
It is usually divided between the First Coalition (1792-1797) and the Second Coalition (1798-1801), although France was at war with Britain continuously from 1793 to 1802.
Hostilities ceased with the Treaty of Amiens (1802).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=French_Revolutionary_Wars   (190 words)

 Emperor Napoleon and His Mistakes
The Treaty of Amiens left Europe with a balance of power of sorts, which Britain's leaders wished to maintain.
The British were not evacuating the island of Malta, as required by the Treaty of Amiens.
In the Treaty of Tilsit, Alexander recognized Napoleon's augmented Confederation of the Rhine.
www.fsmitha.com /h3/h34-np4.html   (5361 words)

 ipedia.com: Treaty of Amiens Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Treaty of Amiens was signed on March 25, 1802 by Joseph Bonaparte and the Marquis Cornwallis as a "Definitive Treaty of Peace" between France and Britain.
Various other minor issues were also resolved, such as that the British monarchs lay down their claims to the throne of France, and the style "King of France" as an additional title for British monarchs were dropped, after almost 475 years of usage.
When the time came for the implementation of the treaty, Great Britain balked at implementing certain terms, such as evacuating their military presence from Malta, because of French refusal to respect other terms of the treaty.
www.ipedia.com /treaty_of_amiens.html   (280 words)

 Search Results for "Amiens"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It is a rail hub and a large market for the truck...
...2 hundred archers; and by adventure he encountered a great number of burgesses of Amiens a-horseback, who were riding by the king s commandment to Paris.
...The Peace of Amiens, March 27, 1802, a treaty signed by Joseph Bonaparte, the Marquis of Cornwallis, Azara, and Schimmelpenninck, to settle the disputed points between...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Amiens   (297 words)

 Search Results for Amiens - Encyclopædia Britannica
Gothic cathedral located in the historic city of Amiens, France, in the Somme River valley north of Paris.
It is the largest of the three great Gothic cathedrals built in France during the 13th...
Amiens Cathedral: A Multimedia Project for the Columbia University Core Curriculum
www.britannica.com /search?query=Amiens   (397 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Spain, 1789-1808
In 1795 the Treaty of Basel was concluded in which Spain ceded Santo Domingo, today's Dominican Republic, to France; both sides withdrew to their own territory.
In 1802 the Treaty of Amiens was concluded, which restored Menorca to Spain, at the price of the cession of Trinidad to Britain.
Excerpts from Treaty of San Ildefonso 1796, from Treaty of Badajoz 1801, from Treaty of Fontainebleu 1807, in Engl.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/spain/spain17891808.html   (761 words)

 A Study of the Rise and Fall of the Napoleonic Empire
Although none of the treaty provisions were actually completely observed, clearly one can see that the spirit of the Treaty of Amiens was in accordance with the ideals of nationalism still going strong in revolutionary France.
However, where Headley (1861) claims it was the British, who "by perfidious violation" of the Treaty of Amiens, brought about war with France, Breunig is equally adamant that responsibility for the war’s renewal remains with the French.
Headley is correct in that Britain technically did infringe upon the terms of the Treaty of Amiens by not surrendering the island of Malta to the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem.
www.sfu.ca /~tchand/napoleonic_wars.html   (2609 words)

 History of THE NAPOLEONIC WARS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
His refusal to agree a commercial treaty means that British merchants are penalized by high tariffs in French and allied ports.
Meanwhile Napoleon alarms the British government by his expansionist behaviour in regions not covered by the treaty - for example in his annexation of Piedmont in 1802, to bridge the gap between France and the Cisalpine republic.
And Britain, remaining in possession of the island, is undoubtedly in violation of the treaty.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa13   (1115 words)

 Timeline of Napoleon's Empire (1798-1821)
This Treaty was a renewal of the earlier, Treaty of Campo Formio, which secured France's defeat of Austria and right to administer Italian lands independent of Austria's will.
This treaty was essentially a pact in which British and French forces agreed not to fight, and had no significant territorial provisions.
In this treaty the defeated Austrians surrender their Italian territory of the region of Veneto in Northern Italy to the French.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /imperialism/notes/napoleonchron.html   (1833 words)

 EelamWeb© - History of Tamil Eelam   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The island of Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, was ceded to the British Crown in 1802 by the Treaty of Amiens of that year.
The map of Ceylon attached to the Treaty of Amiens call the Arrow Smith Map of Ceylon depicts the Island of Ceylon as two (if not three) different countries- a Tamil country composed of the Northeast and a Sinhala country composed of the South West and central parts.
In the circumstances the insistence by certain sections of the international community on 'unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka' is untenable and works against the legitimate aspirations of the Eelam Tamil Nation.
www.eelamweb.com /history/fs/reversion.shtml   (1484 words)

 The Treaty of Amiens relative to the Order of St John of Jerusalem.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Treaty of Amiens relative to the Order of St John of Jerusalem.
The knights of the order whose language shall continue to subsist, after the exchange of the ratification of the present treaty, are invited to return to Malta as soon as the exchange shall take place.
They will there form a general chapter, and proceed to the election of a grand-master chosen from among the natives of the nation which preserve their language, unless the election has been already made since the exchange of the preliminaries.
www2.prestel.co.uk /church/oosj/amiens.htm   (552 words)

 Amiens, Treaty of on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
AMIENS, TREATY OF [Amiens, Treaty of] 1802, peace treaty signed by France, Spain, and the Batavian Republic on the one hand and Great Britain on the other.
Amiens 1802: the phoney peace: David Johnson reconsiders the nature of the peace treaty between Britain and France and the tarnished reputation of prime minister Addington.(Column)
The Peace of Amiens signed: March 25th, 1802.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/a/amiens-t1.asp   (342 words)

 Napoleon, France, and Europe
Napoleon encouraged his men to live off the land, rather than using costly time to provide adequate provisions through the maintenance of a supply line, something that made the French occupying army highly unpopular.
Through the Treaty of Amiens (1802), France was officially at peace with Great Britain.
He met with Napoleon on a raft on July 7, 1807, and the two signed the Treaty of Tilsit, with the Prussian King waiting on the shore to see what the two of them had done.
ap_history_online.tripod.com /apeh9a.htm   (471 words)

 Laskey's Napoleonic Medals XXVII
Victory mounted on a horse at full speed, holding out a laurel wreath with her right hand, her left is clasped round the neck of the horse.
At the formation of the definitive treaty at Amiens, we held Malta by conquest.
Had Malta been given up, it must of course have become the property of France, which would have been in direct opposition to the treaty; so that the calls upon Britain to fulfil the treaty of Amiens, were as futile as they were unjust.
www.napoleonicmedals.org /coins/l-27.htm   (468 words)

 Time traveller's guide to Napoleon's Empire
The Treaty of Amiens offers the hope of peace in Europe.
Britain – isolated after the Treaty of Lunéville signed between France and Austria last year – agrees to an end to hostilities with France.
On 18 May 1803, with Bonaparte having continued military operations in Italy, the Netherlands, Germany and Switzerland, the British formally revoke the treaty and again declare war on France.
www.channel4.com /history/microsites/H/history/guide18/timeline11.html   (139 words)

 Book 1, Chapter 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
When pressed to execute the terms of a solemn treaty she shuffled and procrastinated until at length the First Consul's interference in the affairs of Switzerland gave her a pretext for her refusal.
By that very article of the treaty of Luneville it was guaranteed "to the people the right to adopt whatever form of government they thought fit," and that right they exercised in choosing that of the French Empire.
Besides Napoleon offered to form a treaty of peace, and they could not suppose he could break it with more deliberate faithlessness than England had violated the treaty of Amiens, or Austria that of Presbourg, or both Austria and Prussia their plighted word after the disasters of the Russian campaign.
www.napoleonic-literature.com /Book_1/B1_C14.html   (6261 words)

 Amiens - OneLook Dictionary Search
Amiens : The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language [home, info]
Amiens : Columbia Encyclopedia, Six Edition [home, info]
Phrases that include Amiens: treaty of amiens, amiens treaty of, amiens diocese of, diocese of amiens, peace of amiens
www.onelook.com /?w=Amiens&ls=a   (117 words)

 Addington's ministry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
During this period, it was becoming increasingly clear that Pitt was dissatisfied as a mere MP and he began to turn against his friend Addington.
On 25 March 1802 the Peace of Amiens was signed, ending the war with France.
Between January and May 1803, Britain and France argued over the terms of the Peace of Amiens: neither side was keeping the terms of the treaty and it became clear that the war would be resumed.
www.dialspace.dial.pipex.com /town/terrace/adw03/c-eight/ministry/addmin.htm   (860 words)

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