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Topic: Treaty of Bucharest

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 Bucharest - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bucharest (population 2.3 million, Romanian: Bucureşti) is the capital city and industrial and commercial centre of Romania, located in the southeast of the country, on the Dâmboviţa river.
During the 18th century the possession of Bucharest was frequently disputed by the Turks, Austrians and Russians.
Bucharest boasts the largest transport network in Romania, and one of the largest in the Central and Eastern Europe region.
www.kernersville.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Bucharest   (1928 words)

 Treaty of Bucharest - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Treaty of Bucharest, 1886 - March 3, 1886, at the end of the war between Serbia and Bulgaria
Treaty of Bucharest, 1916 - August 4, 1916, the treaty of alliance between Romania and Entente (France, England, Russia and Italy)
Treaty of Bucharest, 1918 - May 6, 1918, the treaty between Romania and the Central Powers, which was never ratified
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Treaty_of_Bucharest   (168 words)

 Bucharest - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bucharest (Romanian: Bucureşti) is the capital city and industrial and commercial centre of Romania, located in the southeast of the country, on the Dâmboviţa river.
Bucharest is first mentioned under its present name as a residence in 1459 of the Wallachian prince Vlad Ţepeş (Vlad the Impaler).
Treaty of August 4, 1916, the treaty of alliance between Romania and Entente (France, England, Russia and Italy)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bucharest   (1850 words)

 Treaty of Bucharest, 1913 -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
All important arrangements and concessions involving the rectification of the controverted international boundary lines were perfected in a series of committee meetings, incorporated in separate protocols, and formally ratified by subsequent action of the general assembly of delegates.
By the terms of the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania profited most in proportion to her sacrifices.
While Serbia, Greece, and Romania can not escape a large share of the blame for the character of the treaty, it should not be forgotten that their action at Bucharest was in large measure due to the settlement forced upon the Balkan States by the great powers at the London conferences.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/t/tr/treaty_of_bucharest,_1913.htm   (548 words)

 The Treaty of Bucharest, 7 May 1918
Roumania agrees that her frontier be given a rectification in favor of Austria-Hungary in such manner that the new frontier traced in red ink upon the map annexed to the treaty shall henceforth have the following course: the new frontier begins at the railway cutting to the west of Turn-Severin, south of Dudasu.
From the date of the ratification of the peace treaty the maintenance of the army of occupation, inclusive of requisitions made to that end, is at the expense of Roumania.
The same applies to the reestablishment of public and private legal relations, the settlement of military and civil damages, the exchange of war prisoners and interned civilians, the decree of amnesties as well as the treatment of river boats and other means of traffic that have come into the power of the opponent.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/routreat.html   (3423 words)

 Court rejects appeal against Romania-Ukraine treaty (07/27/97)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
BUCHAREST - Romania's Constitutional Court on July 18 rejected an appeal against a friendship treaty with Ukraine submitted by half of the judges of the Supreme Court.
The court said the appeal was made after President Constantinescu had promulgated the law on the treaty previously ratified by the Romanian Parliament and that it fell in line with the Romanian Constitution of 1991.
Romania's Chamber of Deputies, its lower house, ratified the treaty on June 26 by a vote of 165-92.
www.ukrweekly.com /Archive/1997/309706.shtml   (237 words)

 The Treaty of Bucharest, August 10, 1913.
The Treaty of Bucharest was concluded on August 10, 1913, by the delegates of Bulgaria, Roumania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece.
By the terms of the Treaty of Bucharest, Roumania profited most in proportion to her sacrifices.
While Serbia, Greece, and Roumania can not escape a large share of the blame for the character of the treaty, it should not be forgotten that their action at Bucharest was in large measure due to the settlement forced upon the Balkan States by the great powers at the London conferences.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/boshtml/bos149.htm   (603 words)

 EASTERN QUESTION - LoveToKnow Article on EASTERN QUESTION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The compact between Napoleon and the emperor Alexander I. at Tilsit (1807) marked a new phase, which culminated in 1812 in the treaty of Bucharest, in which Russia definitely appeared as the protector of the Christian nationalities subject to the Ottoman sultan.
The Crimean War followed and in 1856 the treaty of Paris, by which the powers hoped to stem the tide of Russian advance and establish the integrity of a reformed Ottoman state.
The RussoTurkish War of 187778 followed, concluded by the treaty of San Stefano, the terms of which were modified in Turkeys favor by the congress of Berlin (1878), which marks the beginning of the later phase of the Eastern Question.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /E/EA/EASTERN_QUESTION.htm   (2419 words)

 Macedonian Heritage - Consequences of Demographic and Social Re-arrangements...
In a treaty supplement it was mentioned that Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia were obliged to provide educational and church autonomy to the pro-Romanian Koutsovlachs[2] who lived within their states and to accept sponsorship from Romania towards the Romanian Church and educational foundations[3].
The committee was puzzled on their return from Bucharest because the land was marshy, it was on the Bulgarian borders and they had no certainty to the commitment of the Romanian government for further assistance in the matter of settling[53].
It was obvious that Romania had the intention to settle friendly towards Bucharest populations at the new territories and to use the immigrants as border guards for the protection of the area from the expected attacks of the Bulgarian comitadjis.
www.macedonian-heritage.gr /Contributions/20010705_Vlasidis.html   (6888 words)

 FOREIGN POLICY [1897-1922]
Bulgaria demanded the implementation of the terms of the Treaty of San Stephano, the annexation that is of the whole area of Macedonia as far as Monastir.
On this basis the borders of the two countries have been defined similar to the present ones, recognizing essentially the faits accomplis caused by the occupation of territories by the two armies, whereas commercial facilities were provided to the Serbs in the port of Thessaloniki.
The Treaty contributed to the exacerbation of the crisis.
www.fhw.gr /chronos/13/en/foreign_policy/facts/06.html   (370 words)

 First World War.com - Primary Documents - Treaty of Bucharest, 7 May 1918: Articles 29-31
The economic relations between the Allied Powers and Roumania will be regulated in special treaties which form an essential part of the peace treaty, and, in so far as it is not therein stipulated to the contrary, will enter into force simultaneously with the latter.
This peace treaty shall be ratified and ratifications exchanged in Vienna as soon as possible.
In so far as it is not otherwise stated herein, the peace treaty goes into force at the time of its ratification.
www.firstworldwar.com /source/bucharest1918ch8.htm   (213 words)

 MAHMUD II. - LoveToKnow Article on MAHMUD II.
Not till 1812 was the war with Russia closed by the treaty of Bucharest, which restored Moldavia and the greater part of Wallachia to the Ottoman government.
But though the war was ended, the terms of the treaty left a number of burning questions, both internal and external, unsettled.
This was notably the case with the claim of Russia to Poti and the valley of the Rion (Phasis), which was still outstanding at the time of the congress of vienna (1814 I815) and prevented the question of a European guarantee of the integrity of Turkey from being considered.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /M/MA/MAHMUD_II_.htm   (1582 words)

 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The legend says that Bucharest was founded by a shepherd named Bucur, another variant, more likely, is that it was established by Mircea cel Bătrân in the 14th century after a victory won over the Turks (bucurie means joy in Romanian, for this reason Bucharest is often called "The City of Joy.").
In 1595 it was burned by the Turks; but, after its restoration, continued to grow in size and prosperity, until, in 1698, Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu chose it for his capital and of the united provinces of Walachia and Moldavia from February 1859 (renamed Romania in December 1861 while still nominally subject to the Ottoman Empire).
The population greatly increased in the last two centuries with Bucharest growing importance, partialy due to urbanization of Romanians, who, until the 19th century were mostly farmers, predominantly living in rural areas.
www.hostingciamca.com /index.php?title=Bucharest   (1532 words)

 Bucharest. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In 1698 the city became the capital of Walachia under Constantine Brancovan; after the union (1859) of Walachia and Moldavia it was made (1861) the capital of Romania.
The Treaty of Bucharest (1913) stripped Bulgaria of its conquests in the Second Balkan War (see Balkan Wars).
Bucharest served as headquarters of the Cominform from 1948 to 1956.
www.bartleby.com /65/bu/Buchares.html   (373 words)

 First World War.com - Primary Documents - Treaty of Bucharest, 7 May 1918
The resulting Treaty of Bucharest, between Romania and the Central Powers, was initially ratified by the following bodies upon the given dates:
The treaty never completed ratification in Romania and was denounced in October 1918 by the Romanian government, which then re-entered the war on the Allied side.
With the Allied-German armistice of 11 November 1918 the treaty was declared void (along with the Russian Brest-Litovsk treaty).
www.firstworldwar.com /source/bucharest1918.htm   (229 words)

 Russo-Turkish Wars on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji (1774) declared the Crimean khanate independent of the sultan, gave Russia considerable territorial gains, conceded to Russia the role of protector of the sultan's Greek Orthodox subjects, and allowed Russian shipping to navigate the Black Sea and pass through the Straits.
A general partition of the Ottoman Empire was contemplated in the treaty of alliance (1781) between Catherine II and Emperor Joseph II ; the fate of the Ottoman Empire thus became a major concern of the Western powers and created the explosive Eastern Question.
This was brought to a close by Kutuzov's lightning campaign of 1811-12 and resulted in the gain of Bessarabia by Russia in the Treaty of Bucharest (1812).
www.encyclopedia.com /html/r/russot1ur.asp   (907 words)

 The Balkans in WWI   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In the Treaty of Lausanne of July 1923 the 1913 border with Turkey is restored and populations are exchanged, contributing to the 1,300,000 million immigrants Greece must absorb in the 1920s.
In the Treaty of Bucharest of May 1918 Romania cedes to Austria the control of the Carpathian passes between Romania and Transylvania.
On the north, the border with Austria is favorably drawn in the Treaty of Saint-Germain of Sept. 1919, though Yugoslav claims to the Klagenfurt area are defeated in a plebiscite of Oct. 1920.
dmorgan.web.wesleyan.edu /balkans/wwone.htm   (4013 words)

 Bucharest, Treaty of --  Encyclopædia Britannica
In the last quarter of the 18th century, success seemed near, as Russia, in the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca of 1774, gained the right to protect the Orthodox Christians of the Ottoman Empire.
The Treaty of Washington, signed on May 8, 1871, dealt with the Alabama claims issue between the...
According to modern diplomatic usage, the term treaty is confined to particularly significant international agreements.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9017870?tocId=9017870   (858 words)

 History of Modern Bulgaria
By the Treaty of Bucharest (1913), Bulgaria lost South Dobrudja and a large part of Macedonia.
Neuilly, Treaty of) Bulgaria was forced to pay reparations and lost its outlet to the Aegean Sea to Greece and some territory to Yugoslavia; S Dobrudja was confirmed in Romanian possession.
The treaty limited the post war Bulgarian Army to a small volunteer force; Yugoslavia, Romania, and Greece were to receive reparations in industrial and agricultural goods; and the victorious Allies were to receive monetary reparations for the next thirty-seven years.
www.geocities.com /nbulgaria/bulgaria/history3.htm   (1852 words)

 Bucharest, Romania - Reviews on RateItAll   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bucharest is the capital of Romania and is also the commercial/industrial center of the country.
Bucharest survived a fire in 1847 that destroyed 1/3 of its buildings.
Bucharest is also the site of many treaty signings including the Treaty of Bucharest in 1913, at the end of the Second Balkan War.
www.rateitall.com /i-7979-bucharest-romania.aspx   (232 words)

 Macedonia for the Macedonians
The victorious Balkan kingdoms convened in Bucharest in August 1913 to divide the spoils.
The Treaty between Serbia and Bulgaria signed on March 12th 1912 (with a secret annexe) included a possibility for the transformation of Macedonia into an autonomous region and anticipated the arbitration of the Russian Tsar.
The partition was carried out by force of arms and sanctioned by the Bucharest Peace Treaty signed on August 10th, 1913 according to which all the Balkan states expanded their territories.
www.makedonija.info /partition.html   (1209 words)

 Search Tuna Report for Bucharest Treaty 1913   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Description: Treaty of London, 1913 The Treaty of London was convened in May 1913 to deal with territorial adjustments arising out of the conclusion of the First....
August 10, 1913 The Treaty of Bucharest officially establishes the borders of the Balkan nations in Macedonia....
The Treaty of London 30 May 1913 ceded to the Balkan allies all territories est of a line drawn from Enos on the Aegean Sea to Midia on the Black Sea, with the exception of Albania....
www.searchtuna.com /ftlive2/3765.html   (1694 words)

 History - THE BALKAN WARS AND CREATION OF INDEPENDENT ALBANIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This solution, as detailed in the Treaty of London, was abandoned in the summer of 1913 when it became obvious that the Ottoman Empire would, in the Second Balkan War, lose Macedonia and hence its overland connection with the Albanian-inhabited lands.
The August 1913 Treaty of Bucharest established that independent Albania was a country with borders that gave the new state about 28,000 square kilometers of territory and a population of 800,000.
The treaty, however, left large areas with majority Albanian populations, notably Kosovo and western Macedonia, outside the new state and failed to solve the region's nationality problems.
home1.gte.net /vze7b2yg/id65.html   (851 words)

 PSM Data Bank for the Preparation of History Class (Survey Primary Sources: 20th Century, International, Rumania)
Trade Treaty, including the Petroleum Agreement, the Economic Agreement, and the Navigation Agreement additional to the Treaty of Peace between Roumania and the Central Powers.
Economic Treaty, provided for in Article XXIX of the Treaty of Peace between Roumania and the Central Powers.
Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Hungary.
www.zum.de /psm/div/rumaenien/primaer.php3   (516 words)

 [No title]
Experts are to meet in Budapest next week to work on the "technical finalization." Radio Bucharest reported that the breakthrough came after a change in the position of Budapest, which is now agreed on a joint interpretation of Council of Europe Recommendation 1201.
Previously, Bucharest had been opposed to having the recommendation mentioned in the text of the treaty.
The PUNR said the treaty should be put to a referendum on 3 November, when presidential and parliamentary elections are scheduled.
www.b-info.com /places/Bulgaria/news/96-08/aug15.omri   (2522 words)

 World History 1810- 1820
Under the terms of the treaty the Russians gained the province of Bessarabia and parts of Moldavia.
In September the Austrians, Russians and Prussians signed the Treaty of Teplitz which formalized the alliances between them, and guaranteed that none of the participants would sign a separate treaty with France.
From October 16th-19th the allies and the French fought the Battle of Leipzig otherwise known as the Battle of the Nations.
www.multied.com /dates/1810ad.html   (1670 words)

Adding to the tension was the hasty signing of a bilateral treaty between Romania and the Soviet Union in 1991, which Romanians saw at the time as an extension of the Soviet-era relationship.
The treaty was nullified by the evaporation of the Soviet Union the same year.
After several years of difficult negotiations, a first attempt to conclude a new treaty failed in 1996, when Bucharest insisted on changing the text of the document.
www.rferl.org /features/2003/05/06052003153923.asp   (1182 words)

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