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Topic: Fort Laramie Treaty


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  The Avalon Project : Treaties Between the United States and Native Americans
Treaty with the Cheyenne and Arapaho; October 14, 1865
Treaty with the Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho; October 17, 1865.
Treaty With the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache; October 21, 1867.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/ntreaty/ntreaty.htm   (77 words)

  
 The Treaty of Fort Laramie
The claim for the Black Hills is based on the Treaty of Fort Laramie signed in April of 1868 at the fort in Wyoming.
The treaty was a direct result of Red Cloud's War, which wreaked havoc on the forts along the Bozeman Trail, and which the United States government finally conceded - the only extended conflict ever won by the Indians.
The treaty called for closing the Bozeman Trail and the withdrawal of all troops (which actually occurred) and recognized the rights of the Sioux to hunt in the Powder River area of Wyoming.
www.exploretheoldwest.org /the_treaty_of_fort_laramie.htm   (1711 words)

  
  Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Treaty signing by William T. Sherman and the Sioux at Fort Laramie, Wyoming.
The Treaty of Fort Laramie was an agreement between the United States and the Lakota nation, signed in 1868 at Fort Laramie in the Wyoming Territory, guaranteeing to the Lakota ownership of the Black Hills, and further land and hunting rights in South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana.
The treaty included articles intended to "insure the civilisation" of the Lakota; financial incentives for them to farm land and become competitive - and stipulations that minors should be provided with an "English education" at a "mission building".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Treaty_of_Fort_Laramie_(1868)   (223 words)

  
 Fort Laramie, Wyoming - Crossroads to the West
Fort Laramie, the military post, was founded in 1849 when the army purchased the old Fort John for $4000, and began to build a military outpost along the Oregon Trail.
During the latter part of the 1860s, troops from Fort Laramie were involved in supplying and reinforcing the forts along the Bozeman Trail, until the Treaty of 1868 was signed.
Unfortunately, the Treaty of 1868 did not end the conflict between the United States and the Plains Indians and, by the 1870's, major campaigns were being mounted against the plains tribes.
www.legendsofamerica.com /WY-FortLaramie.html   (879 words)

  
 Fort Lairime   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The boundaries described in the treaty were the upper Missouri River to the east, the North Platte River on the south, the Teton and Rocky Mountains to the west, and Canada to the North.
The Fort Laramie Treaty brought together of the sword and the pipe, the 'Soldier's Law', and the law by which the people lived, the Law of the Pipe.' By its term, the Fort Laramie Treaty was to last forever, "for as long as the grass grows, and the rivers flow."
Although the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 was signed more than one hundred years ago, it is a relatively recent event in U.S. history, and within the world-view of contemporary Lakota people, only four generations removed from the names on the treaty.
www.indianyouth.org /fort_lairime.html   (682 words)

  
 Oregon Trail: Fort Laramie
Whatever the moniker, the fort was one of the few places along the entire Oregon Trail where travelers could restock their provisions, albeit at clip-joint prices.
Fort Laramie was now a safe haven for the emigrants, and also headquarters for various military campaigns.
This treaty was supposed to establish tribal grounds once and for all, along with the right for emigrants to travel unimpeded.
www.trailsandgrasslands.org /laramie.html   (790 words)

  
 Fort Berthold Community College   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Fort Berthold Reservation was established for the Arikara, Hidatsa and Mandan Tribes by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851.
The Fort Laramie Treaty established a vast area of land vaguely desscribed as the entire right bank of the Missouri River from the mouth of the Yellowstone River and from the mouth of the Powder River to the headwaters of the Heart River.
Between 1851, when the Fort Laramie Treaty was signed, and 1891, a succession of executive orders and congressional acts changed the size of the reservation from a maximum of roughly 13,500,000 acres to a gross area (including white-owned land) of approximately 930,000 acres.
bisnet.sus.edu /berthold/bert.htm   (1125 words)

  
 Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1868
In the spring of 1868 a conference was held at Fort Laramie, in present day Wyoming, that resulted in a treaty with the Sioux.
This treaty was to bring peace between the whites and the Sioux who agreed to settle within the Black Hills reservation in the Dakota Territory.
In the 1868 treaty, signed at Fort Laramie and other military posts in Sioux country, the United States recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux Reservation, set aside for exclusive use by the Sioux people.
www.classbrain.com /artteenst/publish/printer_126.shtml   (483 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : Fort Laramie Treaty, 1868
And it is hereby expressly stipulated that each Indian over the age of four years, who shall have removed to and settled permanently upon said reservation, one pound of meat and one pound of flour per day, provided the Indians cannot furnish their own subsistence at an earlier date.
But should such roads or other works be constructed on the lands of their reservation, the government will pay the tribe whatever amount of damage may be assessed by three disinterested commissioners to be appointed by the President for that purpose, one of the said commissioners to be a chief or headman of the tribe.
The United States hereby agrees and stipulates that the country north of the North Platte river and east of the summits of the Big Horn mountains shall be held and considered to be unceded.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/ntreaty/nt001.htm   (1262 words)

  
 Fort Laramie NHS: Park History (Part I)
Ratification of the Fort Laramie Treaty in 1869, coupled with the completion that year of the first transcontinental railroad, seemed to presage a new era of peace on the Plains, but it again proved to be a fragile peace.
The Fort Laramie Treaty was sabotaged by the discovery of gold in the Black Hills.
Escorted by Fort Laramie troops under Colonel I. Dodge, Professor W. Jenney of New York prospected the Hills and confirmed the presence of the glittering metal.
www.nps.gov /fola/history/part1-12.htm   (729 words)

  
 Fort Laramie NHS: Park History (Part I)
The treaty had a provision, not clearly explained, which permitted passage of whites over the Bozeman Trail, the new road from Fort Laramie northwestward to Virginia City and the recently discovered Montana gold mines.
However, it was not until the hated forts were totally evacuated in August, and then burned to the ground by the implacable Red Cloud, that he came in to Fort Laramie to affix the final Indian signature.
The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 gave the Sioux as a reservation all of what is now South Dakota west of the Missouri River.
www.nps.gov /fola/history/part1-11.htm   (803 words)

  
 Colorado History - Gratlan Affair/Massacre, Fort Laramie
They would meet at Fort Laramie, Wyoming This was called the Fort Laramie Treaty, also known as the Horse Creek Treaty (where the Indians camped), or the Fitzpatrick Treaty.
Interior of Fort Laramie painted by Alfred Jacob Miller in 1837.
The Indians made their mark and the treaty went to the Senate where it was amended to 15 years.
mr_sedivy.tripod.com /colorado2.html   (873 words)

  
 Fort Laramie, Wyoming - Crossroads to the West - Page 2
This treaty established territorial claims for the Blackfoot in north central Montana, for the Crow in the Yellowstone Valley, and for the Assiniboine in northeastern Montana.
Later forts were built along the Mullan Road, near the Bozeman Trail, and to the east of Helena.
The federal government attempted to negotiate with the Sioux at Fort Laramie in 1866, but the Sioux broke off the talks.
www.legendsofamerica.com /WY-FortLaramie2.html   (789 words)

  
 Fort Fetterman Photos
Fort Fetterman was established in 1867 high on the bluffs of the North Platte River, northwest of present day Douglas.
B eing on the southside of the Platte, the fort was excluded from the provisions of the Treaty of Fort Laramie which resulted in the abandonment of all forts further to the north.
The post commander of Fort Benton determined to send a messenger across the country during the winter for the purpose of notifying the commanding officers at Fort Laramie, because he thought the latter post could not stand in the dead of winter a heavy siege from the combined Indian nations.
www.wyomingtalesandtrails.com /fetterman.html   (1768 words)

  
 Tales of Old Fort Laramie
The Brulé band of the Teton Dakota frequented the area around Fort Laramie, and the teen-aged daughter of their chief, Spotted Tail, was reportedly entranced with the pageantry and pomp of the military.
The Fort Laramie Treaty Council of 1851 was attended by the largest gathering of Plains Indians ever acomplished on the high plains of North America.
The Fort Laramie Treaty Council benefited from the involvement of several men whose reputations among the Indians were as broad and sturdy as the high plains themselves!.
www.muskingum.edu /~rmunkres/military/Laramie/Tales.html   (7465 words)

  
 Treaty of Fort Laramie - 1851
The aforesaid nations, parties to this treaty, having assembled for the purpose of establishing and confirming peaceful relations amongst themselves, do hereby covenant and agree to abstain in future from all hostilities whatever against each other, to maintain good faith and friendship in all their mutual intercourse, and to make an effective and lasting peace.
The aforesaid Indian nations do hereby agree and bind themselves to make restitution or satisfaction for any wrongs committed, after the ratification of this treaty, by any band or individual of their people, on the people of the United States, whilst lawfully residing in or passing through their respective territories.
The parties to the second part of this treaty having selected principals or head-chiefs for their respective nations, through whom all national business will hereafter be conducted, do hereby bind themselves to sustain said chiefs and their successors during good behavior.
www.canku-luta.org /PineRidge/laramie_treaty.html   (486 words)

  
 FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
The Fort Laramie Treaty was concluded at the culmination of the Powder River War of 1866-1867, a series of military engagements in which the Sioux tribes, led by their great chief, Red Cloud, fought to protect the integrity of earlier-recognized treaty lands from the incursion of white settlers.
That treaty, like the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, included a provision that any future cession of reservation lands would be without validity or force "unless executed and signed by at least three fourths of all the adult male Indians occupying the same." Id., at 585.
[ Footnote 3 ] The treaty called for the construction of schools and the provision of teachers for the education of Indian children, the provision of seeds and agricultural instruments to be used in the first four years of planting, and the provision of flsmiths, carpenters, millers, and engineers to perform work on the reservation.
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=448&invol=371   (16185 words)

  
 Treaty People Gather to Reclaim Lands
Since the end of March, Lakota Treaty People have been gathering on La Framboise Island on the Missouri River to demand the return of lands that belong to them under the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868.
Article 5 of the 1851 Treaty set the boundaries as the Platte River on the south, the Big Horn Mountains on the west, the Yellowstone River on the northwest, and the Missouri River to the north and east.
From the beginning of treaty negotiations to 1909, the landholdings of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapahoe Nations were reduced from seven states to 5.3 million acres.
www.canku-luta.org /summer99/treaty.html   (633 words)

  
 Treaty with the Sioux, 1851, Institute of American Indian Studies, 1998
The aforesaid Indian nations do hereby agree and bind themselves to make restitution or satisfaction for any wrongs committed, after the ratification of this treaty, by any band or individual of their people, on the people of the United States, after the ratification of this treaty.
It is, however, understood that, in making this recognition and acknowledgement, the aforesaid Indian nations do not hereby abandon or prejudice any rights or claims they may have to other lands; and further, that they do not surrender the privilege of hunting, fishing, or passing over any of the tracts of country heretofore described.
{a}This treaty as signed was ratified by the Senate with an amendment changing the annuity in Article 7 from fifty to ten years, subject to acceptance by the tribes.
www.usd.edu /iais/siouxnation/treaty1851.html   (431 words)

  
 Wounded Hawk: Fort Laramie Treaty
After the Laramie treaty we at first received something, but it has grown less from year to year.
We have made a treaty with the Sioux, binding them to be friends who make peace with us; and if you refuse to treat with us they will come and fight you.
If we have no paper from you to give him we will be obliged to tell him you would make no treaty; and in the future you will get no goods, for the Laramie treaty is ended this year.
www.natureshift.org /Whawk/resource/treaty6.html   (1186 words)

  
 Tribute to Medicine Bear
The United States agrees further to cause to be erected on said reservation, near the other buildings herein authorized, a good steam circular saw-mill, with a grist-mill and shingle machine attached to the same, to cost not exceeding $8,000.
The President may, at any time, order a survey of the reservation, and, when so surveyed, Congress shall provide for protecting the rights of said settlers in their improvements, and may fix the character of the title held by each.
And it is hereby expressly stipulated that each Indian over the age of four years, who shall have removed to and settled permanently upon said reservation, one pound of meat and one pound of flour per day, provided the Indians cannot furnish their own subsistence at an earlier date.
www.communities.ninemsn.com /tributetomedicinebear/fortlaramietreaty1868.msnw   (593 words)

  
 Caravan for Justice in 1996   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The land mass promised to the Sioux in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851, which included parts of what are now five states in theU.S., must be returned.
This second treaty dictated that a 3/4 majority vote cast by all the adult males of the Sioux would be required before any of the reserved land could be sold or otherwise relinquished.
Both treaties were violated by the U.S. through attacks on the Sioux Nation in 1876 and 1890, attacks which were carried out by the U.S. Army.
www.prop1.org /caravan/coj06.htm   (533 words)

  
 Treaty of 1868 and Battle of Little Bighorn
Photograph of the signers of the Treaty of 1868.
The Treaty Participants - A short and to-the-point description of the Plains Indians who were involved in the Treaty of 1868 - the Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho.
Custer's Last Stand Treaty and Historical Manuscripts - After the Treaty of 1868 and Battle of the Little Bighorn (June 24, 1876) a new treaty (July 4, 1876) was created forcing the Plains Indians to give back the lands given to them by the Treaty of 1868.
www.geocities.com /RainForest/9637/treaty.htm   (1177 words)

  
 INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES. TREATIES BY TRIBE NAME.
Treaty With The Confederated Oto And Missouri, 1854
Treaty With The Sauk And Foxes Of Missouri, 1854
Treaty With The Sioux Of The Lakes, 1815
digital.library.okstate.edu /kappler/Vol2/toc.htm   (1140 words)

  
 FORT LARAMIE TREATY OF 1868
And the President, on advising with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, shall prescribe such rules and regulations for ascertaining damages under the provisions of this article as in his judgment may be proper.
But no one sustaining loss while violating the provisions of this treaty or the laws of the United States shall be re-imbursed therefor.
treaty, the United States shall have the privilege of withdrawing the
www.buffalosoldier.net /FortLaramieTreatyof1868.htm   (2796 words)

  
 Oceti Sakowin Camp on La Framboise Island, S.D. - Background Mar. - May 1999
This treaty essentially prohibited non-American Indians from entering reservation territories and diminished the amount of land available to a culture that was once nomadic.
The treaty reserves to the Lakota Nations all land in South Dakota west of the east bank of the Missouri and requires that three-fourths of all adult male Lakota must give their written consent to any further land cessions.
Under the terms of the 1868 Fort Laramie treaty, the 200,000 acres cannot be ceded without signatures of three quarters of all adult males of the seven signatory tribes.
www.alphacdc.com /treaty/island.html   (8371 words)

  
 The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Father DeSmet bicentennial, page 208
The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 promised the Sioux one large reservation.
And in order that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs may be able to estimate properly for the articles herein named, it shall be the duty of the agent each year to forward to him a full and exact census of the Indians, on which the estimate from year to year can be based.
In consideration of the advantages and benefits conferred by this treaty, and the many pledges of friendship by the United States, the tribes who are parties to this agreement hereby stipulate that they will relinquish all right to occupy permanently the territory outside their
users.skynet.be /pater.de.smet/pj-e/pagina208.htm   (2123 words)

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