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Topic: Treaty of Windsor 1386

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  Treaty of Windsor 1386 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance was renewed in 1386 with the Treaty of Windsor and the marriage of King John I of Portugal (House of Aviz) with Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt.
With the victory at the Battle of Aljubarrota, John I was recognized as the undisputed King of Portugal, putting an end to the interregnum and anarchy of the 1383–1385 Crisis.
The treaty, which remains valid at the present time, established a pact of mutual support between the countries.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Treaty_of_Windsor_1386   (184 words)

 Treaty of Windsor 1522 at AllExperts (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab3.cs.columbia.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The Treaty of Windsor signed on 16 June 1522 was made between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Henry VIII of England.
An earlier Treaty of Windsor was agreed with Portugal in 1386 and the previous one with the High King of Ireland in 1175.
Because Henry was still unconvinced of the wisdom of this treaty he deferred all actions to the summer of 1524 although a few months later, when it became clear that Charles was having significant military success, Henry enthusistically recommended the immediate invasion of France.
experts.about.com.cob-web.org:8888 /e/t/tr/Treaty_of_Windsor_1522.htm   (638 words)

 History of Portugal (1279-1415) information - Search.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Hostilities between Portugal and the reunited kingdoms of Leon and Castile were terminated in 1297 by a treaty of alliance, in accordance with which Ferdinand IV of Castile married Constance, daughter of Diniz, while Alphonso, son of Diniz, married Beatrice of Castile, daughter of Ferdinand.
By the treaty of Salvaterra it was agreed that Beatrice should marry John I. Six months later Ferdinand died, and in accordance with the terms of the treaty Leonora became regent until the eldest son of John I and Beatrice should be of age.
In October the "Holy Constable" won another victory at Valverde; early in 1386 5000 English soldiers, under John of Gaunt, reinforced the Portuguese; and by the treaty of Windsor (May 9, 1386), the alliance between Portugal and England was confirmed and extended.
c10-ss-1-lb.cnet.com /reference/History_of_Portugal_(1279-1415)   (1913 words)

Afonso IV (ruled 1325–57) was chiefly occupied in wars with the Castilians and Moors, while his successor Pedro I, the Justicer (ruled 1357–67), endeavoured to lessen the power of the nobility and clergy.
The Anglo-Portuguese alliance was confirmed by the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, and John cemented the friendship between the two countries in 1387 by marrying Philippa, daughter of John of Gaunt (son of Edward III of England).
The Anglo-Portuguese alliance was renewed by the Methuen Treaty (1703), and Portugal became involved in the War of the Spanish Succession as Britain's ally.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0019843.html   (3664 words)

 Warsaw Voice - Portugal-Did You Know?
Portugal and England signed the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, the oldest formal alliance between two countries in the world.
Portuguese is the sixth most spoken language in the world (after Chinese, Hindi, Spanish, English and Bengali), with around 200 million official speakers in eight countries.
The custom of drinking tea was introduced to the British court by a Portuguese princess, Catarina de Braganca, who married King Charles II in 1662.
www.warsawvoice.pl /view/5195   (234 words)

 Foreign Relations and Military | Lisbon Guide
This English–Portuguese alliance was renewed in 1386 with the Treaty of Windsor.
The treaty established a pact of mutual support between the countries.
This alliance was used in the successive expulsion of the Spanish kings and break England's isolation from continental Europe during Napoleon's era.
www.lisbon-guide.info /portugal/foreign-relations-and-military   (317 words)

 Discover the Wisdom of Mankind on HACKED BY TURK-SOPHİA
Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (en)
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space (en)
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (en)
www.blinkbits.com /wikifeeds/TR?from=7200   (269 words)

 History of Portugal
With the ascension of Philip II of Spain, all of the Iberian Peninsula was brought under Spanish rule.
Portugal entered into the Treaty of Windsor in 1386 which promoted trade between the two countries and created a useful alliance to counterbalance France's power.
For a long time the treaties signed Portugal signed worked primarily in Britains favour by giving them cheap access to Portuguese cloth and Port wine, however it proved essential for Portugal when Napoleon invaded in 1807.
www.enterportugal.com /history.html   (1258 words)

 World Homes Network - Portugal
Afonso IV (ruled 1325-57) was chiefly occupied in wars with the Castilians and Moors, while his successor Pedro I, the Justicer (ruled 1357-67), endeavoured to lessen the power of the nobility and clergy.
The Anglo-Portuguese alliance was confirmed by the Treaty of Windsor (1386), and John cemented the friendship between the two countries in 1387 by marrying Philippa, daughter of John of Gaunt (son of Edward III of England).
The Anglo-Portuguese alliance was renewed by the Methuen Treaty (1703), and Portugal became involved in the War of the Spanish Succession as Britain's ally.
www.world-homes.net /atlas/europe/western/Portugal/portugal.htm   (3321 words)

 Portugalia - Portuguese Restaurant and Pub in San Diego
These policies were retained as high priorities of the Kingdom of Portugal, notably under the House of Aviz, the new royal line that ascended to the Portuguese throne with the help of England in 1385.
This treaty was a pact of continuous friendship between the two countries.
Being a balance-of-power arrangement, the treaty alienated both Spain and France, the governments of which viewed with apprehension the implications of the treaty and their respective powers.
www.sdportugalia.com /portugal3.html   (1550 words)

 Henry the Navigator
In 1294 he signed a commercial treaty with England, beginning a sequence of alliances between the two countries.
In 1386 England and Portugal allied themselves permanently by the Treaty of Windsor.
After Christopher Columbus's voyage to America in 1492, Portugal and Spain concluded the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), allocating to Portugal all undiscovered lands east of a line 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands.
www.blackstudies.ucsb.edu /antillians/henry.html   (1893 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
This treaty was further reinforced in 1662 when Charles II married Catherine of Bragança.
The Methuen Treaty was signed in 1703 confirming that England would defend Portugal in the war of Spanish succession.
However, the Port trade was safeguarded due to a second commercial treaty signed between the UK and Portugal in 1916, prohibiting the importation of Port unless it came from Portugal.
home.datacomm.ch /baerchen/Portweine/Dokumente/hersteller/Warres.doc   (2452 words)

 SOS Children's Villages - Country Information on Portugal
Alfonso III succeeded in conquering the southernmost province of Algarve in 1249 and moved the capital from Coimbra to Lisbon.
The House of Avis was finally recognized (Treaty of Windsor, 1386) after Nuno Alvares Pereira's victory at Aljubarrota (1385).
After Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, Portugal and Castilia signed the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), by which all newly discovered land would have to be divided into two zones of influence.
www.sos-childrensvillages.org /html/country_information_portugal.html   (1186 words)

 Portugal - Ports, Marinas and Anchorages
Under the treaty of Windsor of 1386, the fighting was carried on by British Generals, including Beresford and Wellington, who finally threw him out 3 years later.
This treaty was strengthened by the marriage in 1661 between Charles II and Catherine of Braganca.
When you drink your next cup of tea, please pause a moment and drink a toast to the Treaty of Windsor which is the longest standing international friendship treaty.
www.manorhouses.com /common/portinfo.htm   (3904 words)

 History of the Algarve, Lagos, Luz and Sagres, Portugal (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab3.cs.columbia.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The oldest surviving treaty between nations was signed between Britain and Portugal on 16th June 1373 (The Treaty of London) and we've been drinking their port with relish ever since.
The Age of the Great Discoveries is a popular term for the golden period in Portuguese history that followed victory over the Castilians at the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385.
Treaty of Windsor signed with England - just confirming the first treaty but with a provision for more Port wine please.
www.lagos-luz-sagres.com.cob-web.org:8888 /history.htm   (1121 words)

 History: May 9   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
England and Portugal sign the Treaty of Windsor, pledging permanent alliance and friendship.
The bullet-riddled body of Aldo Moro, Italy's former prime minister who had been abducted by Red Brigade terrorists, is found in an automobile in the center of Rome.
The United States and Soviet Union reach a basic accord on the SALT 2 nuclear arms treaty.
members.tripod.com /~historiation/daysmay/may09.html   (2200 words)

 Paradox Interactive Forums - Royal Court of Portugal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The house of Avis was soon recognized by Burgundy and by England in a political alliance (Treaty of Windsor, 1386) still in force.
Manuel was sent to Pskov and Bremen to negotiate timber treaties with both states as a part of Portugal's naval expansion.
This treaty shall last for ten years and may be renewed with agreement of both kingdoms.
www.europa-universalis.com /forum/showthread.php?t=171090   (9334 words)

 2-1 down - England FC Board
As for Portugal,did you know Britain and Portugal have had a Treaty of Alliance since 1373 when the English fought alongside the Portuguese Royal House of Avis at the battle of Aljubarrota against Spain.
The two nations signed the Treaty of Windsor in May 1386 formally confirming the alliance which has been the cornerstone of their bilateral foreign policy for more than 600 years.
In 1807 when Napoleon marched into Lisbon and the royal family fled to Brazil, Portugal invoked the Treaty of Windsor of 1386.
www.englandfc.com /vbulletin/showthread.php?t=591   (1177 words)

 France at War - Portugal in the Great War
The alleged reason for Portugal's entry in the Great War was its historical alliance with England and later Great Britain, which dates back to 1386.
This alliance (the Treaty of Windsor) was the cornerstone of Portuguese foreign policy until Portugal's admission into NATO after World War II, but, as is perhaps to be expected, always meant much more for Portugal than for Britain.
Two secret treaties between Great Britain and Germany, signed in 1898 and confirmed in 1912, contemplated the partition of Angola and Mozambique between the former.
www.worldwar1.com /france/portugal.htm   (3075 words)

 Portugal - Government and Politics
According to agreement between Lisbon and People's Republic of China, Macau to become part of the PRC in 1999, but to retain its free market economic system.
Foreign Relations: Historically aloof from European affairs except for 1386 Treaty of Windsor with Britain.
Most notably: a founding member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, joined the United Nations (UN) in 1955, European Free Trade Association (EFTA) in 1960, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1961, Council of Europe in 1976, European Community (EC) in 1986, and Western European Union (WEU) in 1988.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-10833.html   (500 words)

To better understand the political context of John I's policy, it should be noted that he sought closer diplomatic
relations between Portugal and England through the signing of the Treaty of Windsor in 1386 and his marriage to the English princess Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster.
This marriage gave rise to the "ínclita geração" (illustrious generation), a group of important figures who played a fundamental role in the history of the Portuguese Discoveries, particularly King Duarte (John I's successor)and princes Pedro and Henry.
www.projetomemoria.art.br /PedroAlvaresCabral/revista3/pais1_3i.htm   (796 words)

Prior to the liberation of the Algarve, independence for the rest of Portugal had been secured when she separated from the Spanish kingdom of León.
Wars with the kingdom of Castile long continued in the south, however, and these gave rise in 1373 to an alliance with England, which was strengthened in 1386 by the most enduring of all alliances, the Treaty of Windsor.
This treaty, which is still in existance today, was cemented by help from English troops in the vital Battle of Aljubarrota between Portugal and Castile, and solidified by King João I's marriage to John of Gaunt's daughter, Philippa of Lancaster.
www.nexus-pt.com /alg/history.htm   (2353 words)

 Portugal - Western Europe
As a means of tempering disputes, a treaty of 1977 set up a Luso-Iberian Council to promote cooperation.
Portuguese ties with Britain, also an Atlantic power, dated from the signing in 1386 of the Treaty of Windsor, the longestlasting alliance in the Western world.
Portugal sought British protection against Spain and later France; Britain saw Portugal as its point of access on the European continent when other avenues were closed.
countrystudies.us /portugal/93.htm   (744 words)

 PGATOUR.com - The Algarve's pioneer course just improves with age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The close ties that exist between Portugal and Great Britain, reach back to the 13th century and an alliance of friendship and trading that was established between the two countries in 1294.
Ratified by the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, this is the world’s oldest existing international alliance and explains in part, why Portugal has become such an important force in the British game of golf.
The British have long sought out holiday destinations that offer an escape from the cool, damp weather of home.
www.pgatour.com /print/story/9045134   (887 words)

 Destination - Portugal in the spring - Oman Today - June 2006
Relations with those premier tea sippers the English were always good – not only was Catherine of Braganza the Portuguese bride who brought Bombay as her bridal gift to King Charles II England, but Henry the Navigator was half-English – his mother was that very English fellow John of Gaunt's daughter.
This dalliance goes back to 1386, when the Treaty of Windsor was penned and sealed by Henry's parents' royal marriage.
The English have known the place for a long time, and typically anglicised its name to Lisbon, but it's really Lisboa, with the 's' like the 'z' in 'azure'.
www.apexstuff.com /ot/200606/destination.asp   (1718 words)

It was to be "an inviolable, eternal, solid, perpetual and true league of friendship" and is still in existence today.
The Treaty of Windsor is the longest standing international friendship treaty.
In 1809, Canning had promised to send more troops to the Duke of Wellington, who was fighting in Portugal, but Secretary of War Lord Castlereagh sent the troops to Holland instead.
www.galleryofhistory.com /archive/12_2000/leaders/KING_GEORGE_IV.htm   (277 words)

 Long lasting political alliances - The Guild   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
We both signed the Treaty of Windsor in 1386 after fighting alongside each other against the Spanish.
It resulted in the destruction of the Scottish nobility at the Battle of Flodden, but brought Scotland trade with the Continent.
Surely the Treaty of Union between Scotland and England is worth a mention.
forums.totalwar.org /vb/showthread.php?t=53985   (1131 words)

 St. Mihiel Trip-Wire: November 2004
Located about 133 km north of Lisbon, the town earned its name in the 14th century when the Portuguese (aided by a small band of English archers) defeated the greatly superior army of King John I of Castile, thus establishing Portugal's independence.
The help provided by the English resulted in the 1386 treaty of Windsor formalizing the Anglo-Portuguese alliance which ultimately led to Portugal's entry into the First World War.
A magnificent monastery was built in Batalha to commemorate the Portuguese victory.
www.worldwar1.com /tgws/smtw1104.htm   (1839 words)

 DPIR - Events - Events Diary
(10:00) The Treaty of Windsor (1386) and 620 Years of Anglo-Portuguese Relations
The Instituto Camões Centre for Portuguese Language is holding a workshop entitled, The Treaty of Windsor (1386) and 620 Years of Anglo-Portuguese Relations.
It will be held in the Dorfman Room, St Peter´s College.
www.politics.ox.ac.uk /events/diary.asp?e=587   (81 words)

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