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Topic: Tripolitan War

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  Tripoli - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the early part of the 19th century the regency at Tripoli, owing to its piratical practices, was twice involved in war with the United States.
The most picturesque incident in the war was the expedition undertaken by William Eaton with the object of replacing the pasha with an elder brother living in exile, who had promised to accede to all the wishes of the United States.
In 1835 the Turks took advantage of a local civil war to reassert their direct authority, and after that date Tripoli was under the direct control of the Sublime Porte, rebellions in 1842 and 1844 being unsuccessful.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tripoli   (913 words)

 First Barbary War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The First Barbary War (1801–1805, also known as the Barbary Coast War or the Tripolitan War) was one of two wars fought between the United States of America and the semiautonomous North African city-states of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, known collectively as the Barbary States.
With the recommissioning of the American navy in 1794 and increased firepower on the seas, it became more and more possible for America to say no, although by now the long-standing habit of tribute was hard to overturn.
A largely successful undeclared war with French privateers in the late 1790s showed that American naval power was sufficient to protect the nation's interests.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_Barbary_War   (1217 words)

 Tripolitan War
Tripolitan War, 1800–1815, conflict between the United States and the
During the later Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812, the pirates increased their raids on American commerce.
This Day in History: June 10 - June 10 1801 The Tripolitan War, between the United States and the Barbary States, began.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0849443.html   (500 words)

 Encyclopedia: Tripolitan War
Tripoli declared war on United States on 14 May 1801, not through any formal written documents, but by cutting down the flagstaff in front of the US Consulate.
In fact, part of the treaty of 1805 was an agreement to pay ransom for sailors taken hostage by Algiers—part of the reason it took so long for the Senate to ratify.
For them, the First Barbary War was one in a series of punitive wars that signalled their weakened status and foreshadowed eventual colonialization by France, starting in the 1830s.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Tripolitan-War   (1235 words)

 U.S. war with Tripoli and war on Terrorism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Tripolitan War was not a Moslem holy war.
During the Tripolitan War, American leaders supported the ruling Bashaw's brother, a rival for the throne, in an attempt to persuade the Bashaw to negotiate.
In short, the similarities between the Tripolitan War and the war on terrorism have little to do with the religion of the enemy, and everything to do with the problems of waging a campaign in a forbidding environment far from the United States' own borders.
www.history.navy.mil /faqs/faq116-1.htm   (624 words)

 Tripolitan War --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The victory united the country behind the war effort and destroyed the legend of British naval invincibility.
In practice, war crimes are offenses charged against the losers by the victor.
During World War II three types of offenses against the law of nations were stated by the Allied powers.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9073422   (648 words)

 Bainbridge, William. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The dey forced him to proceed under the Ottoman flag to Constantinople—an insult that contributed to the American decision to declare war against the Barbary States.
He was freed at the end of the Tripolitan War.
In the war of 1812, as commander of the Constitution, Bainbridge captured the British frigate Java off the Brazilian coast in Dec., 1812.
www.bartleby.com /65/ba/BainbridW.html   (234 words)

 Tripolitan War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
1801- Yusuf Karamanli, pasha of Tripoli, opened the Tripolitan War (1801-1805) by the symbolic act of ordering his soldiers to cut down the flagpole at the U.S. consulate.
1803- In the Tripolitan War (1801-1805), Commodore Edward Preble was commissioned as commander of a U.S. Navy squadron to be sent against Tripoli.
1805- In the Tripolitan War, the U.S. achieved its major victory when William Eton, a special U.S. naval agent, led a small force of Marines and Arab mercenaries in capturing the Tripolitan port city of Derna.
www.usahistory.com /wars/tripolit.htm   (265 words)

 1912, Feb. 8. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Serious negotiations were initiated in Oct. 1911, in view of the Tripolitan War, but were delayed by the insistence of the Bulgarians that the alliance be directed against the Ottoman Empire rather than Austria and that Macedonia should receive autonomy.
Such a war was not provided for in the treaty, and the definition of claims in Macedonia was postponed.
Bulgaria and Serbia decided for war against the Ottoman Empire, using the demand for reform merely as a blind.
www.bartelby.com /67/1136.html   (541 words)

 ninemsn Encarta - Search Results - Tripolitan War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Tripolitan War (1801-1805), conflict between the United States and the North African state of Tripoli (now in Libya).
War, in international law, armed conflict between two or more governments or states.
When such conflicts assume global proportions, they are known as...
au.encarta.msn.com /Tripolitan_War.html   (92 words)

 Tripolitan War (1800-1815) - Reviews on RateItAll
The Tripolitan or Barbary Coast Wars were fought along the coast of North Africa.
This war proved to the world that the US was able to execute a war from far away and that our forces were cohesive enough to fight for one country as opposed to the individual states.
Many will say that this war we're in now in the 21st Century is without precedent, but history is replete with other wars against terrorism.
www.rateitall.com /i-46068-tripolitan-war-1800-1815.aspx   (638 words)

 Encyclopedia: Derna
The First Barbary War (1801–1805, also known as the Barbary Coast War or the Tripolitan War) was one of two wars...
First Barbary War, after leading a mixed force of 500 Greek, Arab and Turkish mercenaries along with the help of U.S. marines and navy, William Eaton (23 February 1764 - 1 June 1811) was an American Army officer, involved with the First Barbary War.
This was the culminating action of the Burning of the frigate Philadelphia in the harbor of Tripoli, February 16, 1804, by Edward Moran, painted 1897, depicts a naval action of the First Barbary War.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Derna   (467 words)

 Stephen Decatur   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In command of the schooner Enterprise at the outbreak of the Tripolitan War, he captured the bomb ketch Mastico on 23 December 1803.
He negotiated with the Bey of Tunis at the close of the Tripolitan War, and returned to the United States in September 1805 with the Tunisian envoy.
During the War of 1812 he commanded United States, capturing HMS Macedonian in one of the greatest single ship actions of naval history.
www.destroyers.org /ShipList/Namesake/n-Decatur.htm   (309 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
But since war had not been declared and the President's orders were to act only on the defensive, the crew of the Enterprise dismantled the captured vessel and let her go.
The plan was this: to use the Intrepid, a captured Tripolitan ketch, as the instrument of destruction, equipping her with combustibles and ammunition, and if possible to burn the Philadelphia and other ships in the harbor while raking the Pasha's castle with the frigate's eighteen-pounders.
Spain had now declared war upon England and might reasonably be supposed to prefer a solid accommodation with the United States, as Madison intimated, rather than add to the number of her foes.
www.jamesgoulding.com /americanhistoryebooks/Early_Republic/Jefferson/jefferson_and_his_colleagues.txt   (19168 words)

Below is a free term papers summary of the paper "THE TRIPOLITAN WAR: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY." If you sign up, you can be reading the rest of this term papers in under two minutes.
While other books attribute tribute payments to be the cause of the war, this source goes beyond explaining the cause of the war to explain the religious fervor that drove the war (Christianity v.
Specifically written about the wars of America, this source provides information on not only the technical planning of the war, but also the political planning involved in the war.
www.midtermpapers.com /14387.htm   (429 words)

 Tobias Lear Papers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
He negotiated a treaty ending the Tripolitan War (1801-1805), which, although favorable to the United States, required payment of ransom for Americans held prisoner.
Lear continued in his post until the outbreak of the War of 1812.
He took an accountant's position in the War Department, and in 1814 was commissioned to ratify an exchange of prisoners.
www.clements.umich.edu /Webguides/Arlenes/L/Lear.html   (218 words)

 Terrorism In Early America   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
And, a time when war would be fought, not with large concentrations of military might, but by small bands peopled with individuals of indomitable spirit.
Since there had been no declaration of war by the United States, the Barbary cruiser could not be taken as a prize.
Congress still refused to declare war against Tripoli, but did levy a light war tax and proclaimed "protection of commerce" by the navy.
www.bvml.org /webmaster/terrorism/index.html   (3641 words)

 Tripolitan War
The Italians declared war on Turkey in September.
All of the European powers opposed the action, but none were sufficiently motivated to take any action.
The Italians expected the war to be brief but it took them over a year to achieve victory against stiff opposition.
www.multied.com /Europe/TripolitanWar.html   (60 words)

 Tripolitan War 1800   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Jefferson's plan for an international coalition foundered on the shoals of indifference and a belief that it was cheaper to pay the tribute than fight a war.
The pasha of Tripoli then declared war on the United States.
Tripoli, the least considerable of the Barbary States, had come forward with demands unfounded either in right or in compact, and had permitted itself to denounce war, on our failure to comply before a given day.
www.roebuckclasses.com /201/republic/tripolitanwar.htm   (1287 words)

 Tripolitan War
This Day in History: June 10 - June 10 Yesterday Tomorrow 1801 The Tripolitan War, between the United States and the Barbary...
JGL Eye: Why Kerry has the edge; War as an instrument for re-election now a thing of the past (Filipino Express, The)
The War on Terrorism and the modern relevance of the congressional power to "declare war".
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0849443.html   (580 words)

 Charles Morris Papers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
He entered the navy in 1799 and served in the Tripolitan War.
At the outbreak of the War of 1812 he was made first lieutenant under Hull on the Constitution and later was given command of the Adams and the Congress.
This collection contains some items relating to Morris' activities in the War of 1812, but is primarily concerned with his command at the Portsmouth and Boston navy yards.
www.clements.umich.edu /webguides/arlenes/m/morrisC.html   (147 words)

 vixen1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Designed especially for operations in the shoal waters off the coast of Tripoli, Vixen joined Commodore Edward Preble's squadron for duty in the Tripolitan War of 1801 to 1805 immediately upon her commissioning.
She continued this duty until the outbreak of the War of 1812, at which time she sailed along the southern coast under Master Commandant Christopher Gadsden, Jr., and, after his death on 28 August 1812, under Lt. George Washington Read.
During one of her war cruises among the West Indies, Vixen was chased, intercepted and captured by the 32-gun British frigate HMS Southhampton on 22 November 1812.
www.hazegray.org /danfs/sail/vixen1.htm   (421 words)

 1909, Dec. 2. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The Ottomans capitulated under the threat of the Balkan Wars.
The general election gave the Liberals a majority but increased the number of seats occupied by Socialists (78 instead of 41) and Catholics (35 instead of 14).
A general strike was proclaimed at Rome, which demonstrated popular resistance to tax increases necessitated by the Tripolitan War.
www.bartelby.com /67/1225.html   (345 words)

 America's Wars 3 CD-ROM Set (Jewel Case) - ReviewFocus
From the Revolutionary War to World War II, this three CD-ROM collection tells the story of all the wars in which the U.S. has fought.
Containing thousands of photos and hundreds of videos and multimedia presentations, the Complete History of America's Wars, Express Edition is an in-depth, comprehensive software set putting users on the front line.
However, the truly unique feature of this fascinating collection is how it delves into all of the lesser-known conflicts: Lebanon, Somalia, the Mexican-American War, the Boxer Rebellion, the Tripolitan War, Panama, and several others.
www.reviewfocus.com /cat627/prod77173/info.html   (192 words)

 Tripolitan War
In 1804, naval Lieutenant Stephen Decatur led a raid in the harbor at Tripoli, which was highlighted by the destruction of the Philadelphia, a captured U.S. ship in Tripolitan hands.
Hostilities with Tripoli were concluded by treaty in 1805, but problems with the other Barbary States remained until the end of the War of 1812.
The exploits of the American forces in the Tripolitan War were widely reported in the newspapers and brought increased prestige to the emerging navy.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h473.html   (275 words)

 Reader's Companion to American History - -BARBARY WARS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The latter agreements held until 1815, but in 1801 the pasha of Tripoli increased his demands and, being refused, declared war against the United States on May 14.
An extended blockade ended the Tripolitan War, and the peace treaty (June 4, 1805) stipulated no further tribute payments.
During the War of 1812, the dey of Algiers declared war on the United States, claiming insufficient tribute.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_007900_barbarywars.htm   (356 words)

 Stephen Decatur   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
He spent his early years in the navy in the Mediterranean Sea capturing and recapturing ships in the Tripolitan War.
At the early age of 25, he was promoted to captain in 1804, and to the rank of Commodore in 1807.
During the War of 1812, he distinguished himself by sailing his frigate, the President, through a long-standing blockade of British Ships in Long Island Sound.
www.intercom.net /local/school/sdms/global/decatur.html   (157 words)

 Tripolitan War --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
Tripolitan War --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
The U.S. refused to continue paying tribute to the rulers of the North African Barbary Coast states, which had bought immunity from pirate attacks in the Mediterranean.
The pasha of Tripoli demanded greater tribute and then declared war on the U.S. naval squadron was sent to Tripolitan waters and fought several skirmishes, including a raid by Stephen Decatur.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9381179?tocId=9381179   (744 words)

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