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Topic: Trireme

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  Trireme - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Triremes were the dominant warship in the Mediterranean from the 7th to the 4th century BC.
Triremes had to be made stable (this was two centuries before Archimedes' investigation of the physics of buoyancy and ship stability), which imposed severe limits on their possible height.
Triremes fought in the naval battles of the Peloponnesian War, including the Battle of Aegospotami, which sealed the defeat of the Athenian Empire by Sparta and her allies.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Trireme   (2059 words)

 Facts about topic: (Trireme)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Triremes were ancient war galley (The area for food preparation on a ship) s with three rows of oars on each side.
Triremes were the dominant warship (A government ship that is available for waging war) in the Mediterranean (The largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia) from the 7th (additional info and facts about 7th) to the 4th century BC.
Triremes had to be made stable (this was two centuries before Archimedes (Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)) ' investigation of the physics of buoyancy (Cheerfulness that bubbles to the surface) and ship stability), which imposed severe limits on their possible height.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/t/tr/trireme.htm   (1864 words)

 Wikinfo | Trireme
Triremes were ancient war galleys, originating with the Phoenicians and best known from the fleets of Ancient Greece.
Triremes were expensive to build and maintain (on the order of a talent), which together with the need for specialized crew meant that only a very few of the powers at the time could afford large fleets.
Instead it was centered around triremes, very similar to those used by the Athenians, and even lighter Liburnians, which had only one or two banks of oars but were different in construction than earlier pentekonters and biremes.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Trireme   (1170 words)

 Greek Trireme   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The crew of the trireme (excluding rowers in a number of 170 on board the ship) consisted of 20 sailors and 12 soldiers.
Trireme became famous under the command of Phemistocle in the Salamin battle (480 B. C.) where they destroyed the Persian fleet in spite of their superiority.
High speeds of triremes and a destroying force of their metal rams were justified.
www.grinda.navy.ru:8101 /sailship/ship/grtrierae.htm   (424 words)

 The Greeks - The first triremes built   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Triremes derived their name from having three banks of rowers who sat almost on top of each other on each side of the ship.
Once the trireme had engaged with the enemy ship, either by ramming it or running along side it, these soldiers would attempt to board the enemy and fight in hand-to-hand combat.
Maintaining triremes was an expensive, and richer aristocrats would usually pay the costs for one or more ships as both a form of tax and a way of increasing their prestige in the political arena.
www.pbs.org /empires/thegreeks/keyevents/700_c.html   (224 words)

 Trireme Partners LLP - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Trireme Partners LLP is a limited partnership venture capital company that invests in technology, goods, and services related to Homeland Security and defense, with particular emphasis on Information technology.
Trireme Partners is a Delaware Corporation registered in November 2001, two months after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.
The name "Trireme" is taken from a Greek warship with three banks of rowers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Trireme_Partners_LLP   (276 words)

 HELLAS:NET - Warfare   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This ship was the trireme, a superfast galley which could be seen for the first time in the Mediterranean during the sixth century BC The trireme completely changed war at sea.
For this the trireme had a battering-ram, or rather, the trireme was a battering-ram with around it a ship with oarsmen.
Because of this a trireme of 37 x 5,5 metres was big enough for 170 oarsmen, who rowed the ship to the astonishing speed of 10 knots (around 18 kilometres per hour).
monolith.dnsalias.org /~marsares/warfare/army/g_trirem.html   (1388 words)

 Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia - - Olympias   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is estimated that the trireme was as much as 30 percent faster than a pentecontor, which remained the standard vessel for smaller city-states lacking the resources to build, much less man, triremes.
Triremes had three banks or files of oars, each pulled by one man. On the uppermost bank were 62 oarsmen, called thranites, 31 on either side, while the lower two tiers held 54 zygians and 54 thalamians, respectively.
Although triremes carried two masts, sails were probably not used when the vessel was being rowed because if the wind were coming from anywhere but dead astern, the vessel would heel too much for the oars to work.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/ships/html/sh_066900_olympias.htm   (990 words)

 Roman Trireme   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The main weapon of trireme was battering ram - a prolongation of a keel beam.
The rate of movement of a trireme on oars came to 7 - 8 knots, but all three ranks of oars worked only during the fight.
During the battle triremes were aimed to advance a maximum speed, to attack with a battering ram a side of an enemy ship, to deprive its movement, having broken its oars and to board.
www.barca.fsnet.co.uk /roman-trireme.htm   (228 words)

Initially, the trireme was used as part of an experimental archeological project, in order for scientists to determine the sailing characteristics (speed, etc.) and her strength.
Due to trireme's often use, when she was transported in Britain in 1993, in order to be presented in events about the 2,500 years since the beginning of Democracy and the way the trireme was designed and constructed, several damages were caused to her craft.
Trireme was launched in May 14 2004 and remained in Elefsis Shipyards for 10 days for waterproof test.
www.hellenicnavy.gr /trihrhs_en.asp   (392 words)

 Trireme Partners LP - SourceWatch
Trireme Partners LP is a limited partnership venture capital company that invests in technology, goods, and services related to homeland security and defense.
Trireme Partners LP was registered in Delaware in November 2001, two months after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.
Trireme also has Hollinger's Conrad Black on the board of directors, and was set up by Perle's Defense Policy Board pal Gerald Hillman (CDT, Cambridge Display Technologies), which Hollinger also invested highly in.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=Trireme_Partners_LP   (471 words)

 The Trireme (1/2)
It seems strange to reduce the number of warriors but the bireme and trireme were faster than the pentekonter and with their ram (a bronze tipped projection from the bow (front) of the ship) it was much easier to destroy a pentekonter even if it had much more warriors.
The invention of the trireme could be around 700 BC by Ameinocles the Corinthian, who made the Samians acquainted with it (Thucyd.
However, the triremes were very fast and maneuverable which gave them a critical advantage in the close-in battles that were typical of ancient naval engagements.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/war/Trireme.htm   (1474 words)

 Trireme White Papers & Case Studies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the spring of 1998, Trireme Limited started to work with one of the world's leading media content providers to develop a new Rights Management system.
Trireme personnel worked closely with the project sponsor and the UK Rights Management team to gain an understanding of the process of Rights Management.
This project was a great success and Trireme would like to thank all those people around the world that worked with us to make this happen.
www.trireme.co.uk /WHITErights.htm   (660 words)

 054 TRIREME RECONSTRUCTION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Coates J.F., 1991, The 1990 sea-trials of the reconstructed Greek trireme Olympias.
Lloyd A.B., 1972, Triremes in the Saite Navy.
Morrison J.S., 1985, The re-creation of the Trireme.
cma.soton.ac.uk /HistShip/flrf054.htm   (1702 words)

 The Classics Pages - the Trireme
The Trireme (Greek trieres) was the "state of the art" fighting ship designed to be able to cover long distances quickly under oar and sail, and in battle to ram enemy ships with devastating effect.
A full-scale replica of a trireme was launched in 1987, painstakingly reconstructed, using all available ancient evidence (especially the Lenormant relief).
Before the invention of the trireme the standard warship was a single-banked ship with a crew of 50 rowers (25 a side), called a pentekonter.
www.users.globalnet.co.uk /~loxias/trireme.htm   (834 words)

 The New Yorker: Fact   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Trireme’s main business, according to a two-page letter that one of its representatives sent to Khashoggi last November, is to invest in companies dealing in technology, goods, and services that are of value to homeland security and defense.
Perle’s association with Trireme was not his first exposure to the link between high finance and high-level politics.
When Perle was asked whether his dealings with Trireme might present the appearance of a conflict of interest, he said that anyone who saw such a conflict would be thinking “maliciously.” But Perle, in crisscrossing between the public and the private sectors, has put himself in a difficult position—one not uncommon to public men.
www.newyorker.com /fact/content?030317fa_fact   (3435 words)

 The Trireme Olympias   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Triremes were the predominant warship in the time of the Golden Age of Greece, including the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.
The word trireme is an English word derived from the Latin triremis which is Latin for trieris, a Greek word meaning, approximately, "three-er", in the same way that a 74-gun ship-of-the-line in the time of Napoleon would simply be called a "74." However, we know what the number 74 refers to--guns.
The result is the first trireme to sail the Mediterranean in over 1500 years.
members.aol.com /crossbow42/trireme.htm   (377 words)

Basch, L., "The Eleusis Museum Trireme and the Athenian Trireme," MM 74 (1988) 163-197.
Lloyd, A., "Were Necho's Triremes Phoenician?" JHS 95 (1975) 45- 61.
Morrison, J.S., "The Greek Triremes," MM 27 (1941).
nautarch.tamu.edu /bibliography/Triremes.htm   (478 words)

 II. a   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Trireme’s total length was 118 feet long, around a third of a football field long.
As I mentioned earlier, the main weapon on the Trireme was a wooden, bronze plated ram (not to be confused with the animal).
The sides of the Trireme were wide open; three rows of rowers looked like three levels of small rowboats, which also left the rowers very vulnerable to attack.
create.nuevaschool.org /~four/greece/max/IIa.html   (514 words)

 Consulting and Policy Overlap - Global Policy Forum - UN Security Council
He serves on the board of several defense contractors and is a lead player in Trireme Partners, a venture capital fund seeking investments in the defense and homeland security industries.
Berel Rodal, a former Canadian government official and defense consultant who now serves as a Trireme advisor, described the RMA as one of the areas of interest to the investment fund.
A letter sent to Khashoggi by a Trireme representative highlighted Perle's position on the Defense Policy Board in selling the fund and predicted that fear of terrorism would improve the prospects of the defense and homeland security firms the fund was looking to invest in.
www.globalpolicy.org /security/issues/iraq/after/2003/0507overlap.htm   (1878 words)

 The Galley in Combat
Of a fundamentally different design than its early modern successor, the classical trireme was a thin wooden shell encasing 170 oarsmen, working on three superimposed levels, whose job it was to drive a bronze underwater ram into the hull of an enemy ship.
But not all galleys were triremes, and not all triremes were single-purpose ramming vessels, for the excellent reason that few polities could muster adequate numbers of oarsmen with the skill and stamina essential to ramming tactics.
Like the classical trireme, their tactical power was concentrated at the bow, but in the form of fighting men and, later, cannon.
www.angelfire.com /ga4/guilmartin.com/Galley.html   (1603 words)

 The Trireme
Triremes were bigger and faster than two older types, the triakonteros (thirty, probably with single rows of oarsmen) and the pentèkonteros (fifty, probably with double rows, so four oarsmen in each row across).
In a trireme there were three kinds of rowers, which we shall call A, B and C here: 62 A's (red), 54 B's (green) an 54 C's (yellow).
According to some, the trireme was invented by the Phoenicians and according to Thucydides there were already triremes in the 8th century, more than 200 years before the battle of Salamis.
home-3.tiscali.nl /~meester7/engtrireme.html   (1701 words)

 Ancient Ships: The Ships of Antiquity - War Ships of the Greeks   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The "trireme" was the standard warship of most Greek city-states.
While a "trireme" still had a quite narrow hull, the outrigger had to be wider than on a "bireme".
Shown in the picture is Olympias, a reconstruction of an Athenian Trireme of the 5th and 4th centuries BC, built in Greece to a design worked out by John Coates, a naval architect, taking into consideration ancient evidence researched by John Morrison, former President of Wolfson College, Cambridge.
www.artsales.com /ARTistory/Ancient_Ships/10_greek_war_ships.html   (738 words)

 Greek Triremes vs. Roman Quinqueremes
Romans were not at all seafarers, and would have been devastated by the Carthaginian Empire’s navy in the First Punic War, had they not made use of their land battle experience at sea.
Carthaginian captains preferred to ram enemy ships, a standard naval tactic until the event of naval artillery, so Rome countered their seafaring advantage with the ‘corvus’, a gangplank that effectively turned a sea battle into a land battle with a boarding party of soldiers.
This tactic was known as ‘diekplous’ (break formation and ram!) So effective was the trireme at this that Stephan Schulz stated: "The trireme was probably the most formidable ship ever designed for fighting with a ram."(Ancient Galleys, Internet source) Romans, on the other hand, were poor seafarers but expert soldiers.
www.geocities.com /Area51/Shire/6423/Ships/essay.html   (942 words)

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