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Topic: Troff


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In the News (Wed 13 Dec 17)

  
  Troff - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It was dubbed troff, for typesetter 'roff', although many people have speculated that it actually means Times 'roff' because of the use of the Times Roman font family in troff by default.
With troff came nroff (they were actually almost the same program), which was for producing output for line printers and character terminals.
Use of troff and family was reduced somewhat in the 1990s, but it is still being used quite extensively.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Troff   (806 words)

  
 troff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Troff is a document processing system developed by AT&T; for the Unix operating system.
It was dubbed troff, for typesetter 'roff', although many people have speculated that it actually means Times 'roff' because of the use of the Times font family in troff by default.
With troff came nroff (they were actually almost the same program), which was for producing output for line printers and character terminalss.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Troff.html   (814 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Troff and nroff offer unusual freedom in document styling: arbitrary style headers and footers; arbitrary style footnotes; multiple automatic sequence numbering for paragraphs, sections, etc; multiple column output; dynamic font and point-size control; arbitrary horizontal and vertical local motions at any point; and a family of automatic overstriking, bracket construction, and line-drawing functions.
Troff produces its output in a device-independent form, although parameterized for a specific device; troff output must be processed by a driver for that device to produce printed output.
Troff produces its output in a language that is independent of any specific output device, except that the numbers in it have been computed on the basis of the resolution of the device, and the sizes, fonts, and characters that that device can print.
cm.bell-labs.com /sys/doc/troff.html   (11770 words)

  
 troff(1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
troff [ -a ] [ -f ] [ -Fdir ] [ -i ] [ -mname ] [ -nN ] [ -olist ] [ -raN ] [ -sN ] [ -Tdest ] [ -uN ] [ -z ] [ filename...
Input to troff is expected to consist of text interspersed with formatting requests and macros.
The output of troff is usually piped through dpost(1) to create a printable postscript file (see EXAMPLES).
www.getnet.com /cgi-bin/man.cgi?section=1&topic=troff   (642 words)

  
 Commands Reference, Volume 5, s - u - troff Command
These fonts are all provided in the standard 15 troff sizes: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 28, 20, 22, 24, 28, and 36 points.
The.tl request cannot be used before the first break-producing request in the input to the troff command.
The default is 7.2 ens for the troff command and 5 ens for the nroff command.
publib16.boulder.ibm.com /pseries/en_US/cmds/aixcmds5/troff.htm   (4567 words)

  
 TmP - troff(1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In Unix troff, the contents of filename is immediately copied through to the output regardless of whether there is a current diversion; this behaviour is so anomalous that it must be considered a bug.
In GNU troff, as in Unix troff, you should always follow a sentence with either a newline or two spaces.
In GNU troff there is a fundamental difference between unformatted, input characters, and formatted, output char- acters.
www.themanualpage.org /utils/imprime.php?page=/man/man1/troff.1.php   (5887 words)

  
 troff2html instructions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Without simulating the troff internals in their entirety, all I can do is fudge and make good guesses.
If you even suspect you're going to update the paper (troff) copy of your document, it's worth your while to make the translation automatic, so that in future turning out an up-to-date HTML version is as painless as possible.
Use conditional HTML and troff text (not implemented in v0.2) to tailor the output for the different formats.
www.cmpharm.ucsf.edu /~troyer/troff2html   (2315 words)

  
 [No title]
.PP.UC TROFF makes the assumption that there are four fonts, three of which are physically isomorphic (that is, the same characters appear in the same position in each) and one ``special'' font that is logically a part of each of the others.
When.UC TROFF is invoked, an argument of the form.UL -Txxx tells it to load the description file for typesetter.UL xxx from a standard directory.
Rather than drawing the shape in.UC TROFF, a command with the proper parameters is passed through to the device post-processor, which does whatever it can with the request.
www.mit.edu /afs/athena/system/usrdoc/ditroff/indep_troff   (4788 words)

  
 [No title]
If you are starting with a pre-existing boiler-plate, it sounds like it will be troff, so run with that if the lead author is comfy with it, and has the tools at hand to make it work, since it will be less hassle to get it together, and he can guide you along.
Troff is easy to learn, if all you are doing is a canned style of book.
It he is an old hand at troff, then you should not have any major problems, and he should pass you a few sample markups for study, so you can get the gist of what it is doing.
tex.loria.fr /divers/latex-vs-troff-bob-keys1999   (1143 words)

  
 TROFF
GNU troff does not allow the use of the escape sequences \\\^\and\}\{\(space)\’\‘\-\_\!\%\c in names of strings, macros, diversions, number registers, fonts or environments; Unix troff does.
In GNU troff there is a fundamental difference between unformatted, input characters, and formatted, output characters.
An output character does not behave like an input character for the purposes of macro processing; it does not inherit any of the special properties that the input character from which it was constructed might have had.
www.devdaily.com /unix/man/man1/troff.1.shtml   (5280 words)

  
 Home of Groff (GNU Troff).
GNU troff is released under the GNU Copyright License.
Also included is a modified version of the Berkeley −me macros, an enhanced version of the X11 xditview previewer, and an implementation of the −mm macros contributed by Jörgen Hägg.
The argument of the command line option ‘−I’ is now also passed to troff and grops, specifying a directory to search for files on the command line, files named in ‘so’ and ‘psbb’ requests, and files named in \X’ps: file’ and \X’ps: import’ escapes.
www.gnu.org /software/groff/groff.html   (5425 words)

  
 New Life for troff LG #98   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
I may be crazy because I still like working in troff but even for those of you who aren't crazy, here is something that will likely make you see troff in a new light.
troff is a program that was developed at ATandT Bell Labs that really made UNIX and, thus, Linux possible.
As you can see, troff commands start with a dot and are two letters long.
www.linuxgazette.com /issue98/hughes2.html   (1689 words)

  
 TROFF
In troff, one has a mixture of commands interspersed with text that control what happens on the printer.
Various postprocessors for the original troff were written whose job was to convert the C/A/T phototypesetter output to something that can be output on a laser printer.
The troff manual recommends that you put each phrase on a separate line so it is easy to move things around in your input.
www.wiu.edu /users/mflll/CS371/TROFF.html   (4128 words)

  
 troff
The line numbers given in the backtrace may not always be correct: troff's idea of line numbers gets confused by as or am requests.
Contrary to UNIX troff, GNU troff handles this request in nroff mode also; a given value is then rounded down to the nearest multiple of 12.
Miscellaneous found in the \n[.fp] register; although troff does not enforce this strictly, it will not allow a font to be mounted at a position whose number is much greater than that of any currently used position.
www.ctssn.com /man/man.cgi?troff   (5604 words)

  
 comp.text Frequently Asked Questions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CAT troff is useless without filters to convert the "CAT codes" to something else, especially since the C/A/T is as common as a California condor.
Thack is ideal for quick hacks with CAT troff for printers that have dynamically scalable fonts (aside from the fact that thack has no facilities for building width tables).
Psfig (comp.sources.unix archives) is a troff preprocessor which will permit this sort of automatic placement/scaling with an older version of ditroff (such as DWB 2.1) as long as the backend printer driver understands it.
www.faqs.org /faqs/text-faq   (4708 words)

  
 The History of troff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Troff was originally written by the late Joe Ossanna in about 1973, in assembly language for the PDP-11, to drive the Graphic Systems CAT typesetter.
In 1979, Brian Kernighan modified troff so that it would produce output for a variety of typesetters, while retaining its input specifications.
troff's lineage can be traced back to the CTSS operating system and its text processing system called `runoff' written by J. Saltzer.
www.troff.org /history.html   (521 words)

  
 Troff resources
Note that the raw troff input for the document set that came with the Seventh Edition release Unix (aka Unix Version 7, dated 1979) is now available.
This is the GNU troff package (groff), written by James J. Clark.
Troff User's Manual by Jospeh F. Ossanna and Brian W. Kernighan, revised November 1992.
www.kohala.com /start/troff/troff.html   (557 words)

  
 Brief Introduction to troff
In this note we describe troff and its use with the -ms macros; and the table layout mechanism tbl.
This document is only intended to describe sufficient of their capabilities to allow them to be used for basic text preparation: it is not intended as a substitute for the various user guides which fully document them.
troff directives occur in two forms: those which are indicated by source lines of the form `.x' or `.xy' where `x' and `y' are lower case Roman letters; and those directives which can occur within a line of the document text (we shall refer to the former as commands and the latter as in-line directives).
www.csc.liv.ac.uk /~ped/teachadmin/troff_intro.html   (3086 words)

  
 troff   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The line numbers given in the backtrace may not always be cor- rect, for troff’s idea of line numbers gets confused by as or am requests.
The name associated with each warning is used by the -w and -W options; the number is used by the warn request, and by the.warn register; it is always a power of 2 to allow bitwise composition.
troff will scan directories given in the -M option before these, and in standard directories (current directory if in unsafe mode, home directory, /usr/lib/groff/site-tmac, /usr/share/groff/site-tmac, /usr/share/groff/1.18.1/tmac) after these.
gd.tuwien.ac.at /linuxcommand.org/man_pages/troff1.html   (1186 words)

  
 Manpage of ROFF
The next milestone was to equip troff with a general interface to support more devices, the intermediate output format and the postprocessor system.
troff), which in turn generates intermediate output that is fed into a device postprocessor program for printing or final output.
Often, the name troff is used as a general term to refer to both formatters.
www.netadmintools.com /html/7roff.man.html   (3413 words)

  
 UNIX man pages : troff ()   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It is functionally compatible with UNIX troff, but has many extensions, see groff_diff(7).
This document was written by James Clark, with modifications from Werner Lemberg and Bernd Warken This document is part of groff, the GNU roff distribution.
From the command line, this is called by man 7 groff groff_diff(7) The differences of the groff language and the classical troff language.
unixhelp.ed.ac.uk /CGI/man-cgi?troff   (1196 words)

  
 Groff
Troff is very flexible and has been in existence (and use) for about 2 decades.
In Troff you can divert text into a named storage area, due to the similarity to defining macros it is sometimes said to be stored in a macro.
Troff is not easy to debug, but there are some useful features and strategies for debugging.
www.cs.pdx.edu /~trent/gnu/groff/groff.html   (13787 words)

  
 Internet Security Systems -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Troff supports a set of potentially dangerous macros: "open", "opena", "pso", "sy", and "pi", which provide the means to write to files and execute external commands.
Unless overridden by the -U (unsafe) flag, the groff program passes troff the flag "-msafer", which instructs troff to process the tmac.safer macro before the input file.
Additional Information: The dangerous Troff macros were discussed on the BUGTRAQ mailing list in July, 1999 on a thread under the subject heading of "Troff dangerous".
xforce.iss.net /xforce/alerts/id/advise63   (1159 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
troff now supports a `default' color (which can't be changed).
This corresponds to the troff output commands `m' and `DF'.
groff and troff accept command line switch `-c' to disable color output (which is automatically disabled in compatibility mode).
jumbo.kfki.hu /doc/groff/changelog   (5783 words)

  
 UNIX Text Formatting Using the -ms Macros
Another method that produces italics in troff for more than one word-- whole sections of text if necessary-- is changing the font by using backslash-f with the letters I (for italic), B (for bold), and R (for roman).
In troff, em and en have their traditional meanings-- one em of distance is equal to two ens.
Paper charges for troff previewing on the Versatec are about one-sixth as much as for phototypesetting; processing charges, however, are a little higher.
www.cs.berkeley.edu /~janp/Help/textms.html   (10251 words)

  
 Manpages (1:troff)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Usually it should be invoked using the groff(1) command which will also run preprocessors and postprocessors in the appropriate order and with the appropriate options.
The name associated with each warning is used by the −w and −W options; the number is used by the warn request, and by the.warn register; it is always a power of 2 to allow bitwise composition.
troff will scan directories given in the −M option before these, and in standard directories (current directory if in unsafe mode, home directory, /usr/lib/groff/site-tmac, /usr/share/groff/site-tmac, /usr/share/groff/1.19.1/tmac) after these.
troff.1.man.c0d1ng.org   (1175 words)

  
 The Refer Format   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Refer is a program and a file format used by the troff document formatting package.
For the refer and troff program to work correctly, all accents must have two backslashes in all fields but the %X field, which only uses one.
The tie is troff is "\0", so the name "Valery Giscard d'Estaing" is entered, it should be "Valery Giscard\0d'Estaing".
www.ecst.csuchico.edu /~jacobsd/bib/formats/refer.html   (790 words)

  
 GNU Troff Info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
I am working on the GNU Troff Manual (texinfo source) it is far from finished, and it is uncertain as to when I will be able to resume work on it.
Unroff is a Scheme-based, programmable, extensible troff translator with a back-end for the Hypertext Markup Language.
Bell Labs has several Troff papers available via ftp (I also have local copies for those who can't ftp) It appears the Bell Labs urls no longer work, if you know where these papers have gone, please let me know.
www.cs.pdx.edu /~trent/gnu/groff   (364 words)

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