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Topic: Tuberculosis

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It has been claimed that the high tuberculosis mortality rate in Norrland during the latter part of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century was caused by railway labourers, miners, sawmill labourers etc., who came to Norrland with industrialisation, brought tuberculosis with them and spread the disease among the original virgin population.
By studying the occurrence of tuberculosis in different areas during periods of low and periods of high mortality for various epidemic diseases, an attempt is made to measure the impact of other diseases on TB mortality.
The tuberculosis level of a social group in a particular region at a given period of time is the result of a complicated pattern of causes, which may not be statistically documented or verifiable.
www.bikupan.se /tuberculosis/tuberc.html   (7570 words)

 Tuberculosis Control
The Tuberculosis Control program, located in the Public Health Division of the NC Department of Health and Human Services, is the lead agency in combating tuberculosis in the state.
Tuberculosis is a communicable, potentially deadly disease that usually affects the lungs but can attack other parts of the body as well.
Now, the goal of the TB Control program is to reduce tuberculosis disease in North Carolina by the year 2010 to under one case per one million persons, virtually eliminating TB in the state.
www.epi.state.nc.us /epi/tb   (352 words)

  Treatment of Tuberculosis American Thoracic Society, CDC, and Infectious Diseases Society of America
If the suspicion of tuberculosis is high or the patient is seriously ill with a disorder, either pulmonary or extrapulmonary, that is thought possibly to be tuberculosis, combination chemotherapy using one of the recommended regimens should be initiated promptly, often before AFB smear results are known and usually before mycobacterial culture results have been obtained.
tuberculosis from a child with pulmonary tuberculosis, it is frequently necessary to rely on the results of drug susceptibility tests of the organisms isolated from the presumed source case to guide the choice of drugs for the child.
The responsibility of the health department in the control of tuberculosis is to ensure that all persons who are suspected of having tuberculosis are identified and evaluated promptly and that an appropriate course of treatment is prescribed and completed successfully (1,2).
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5211a1.htm   (17559 words)

Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs (pulmonary TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis infection is determined by a significant reaction to the Mantoux skin test with no symptoms of tuberculosis, and no TB bacteria found in the sputum.
Tuberculosis disease is characterized by the appearance of symptoms, a significant reaction to a Mantoux skin test and TB bacteria found in the sputum.
healthlink.mcw.edu /article/955158529.html   (620 words)

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Tuberculosis should be suspected when a persistent respiratory illness in an otherwise healthy individual does not respond to regular antibiotics (such as penicillin or amoxicillin).
Developed from attenuated bovine strain tuberculosis by Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin in 1906 was BCG (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin).
Tuberculosis caused the most widespread public concern in the 19th and early 20th centuries as the endemic disease of the urban poor.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/t/tu/tuberculosis.html   (2130 words)

 Tuberculosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tuberculosis (commonly abbreviated as TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (Miliary tuberculosis), genitourinary system, bones and joints.
Tuberculosis is the world's greatest infectious killer of women of reproductive age and the leading cause of death among people with HIV/AIDS.
Tuberculosis patients were frequent characters in 19th century Russian literature, and even inspired a character type; the consumptive nihilist, examples of which include Bazarov from Ivan Turgenev's Fathers and Sons, Katerina Ivanovna from Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment, Kirillov from Dostoevsky's Demons (aka The Possessed), and Ippolit and Marie from Dostoevsky's The Idiot.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tuberculosis   (6131 words)

 Tuberculosis - Medical Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Chances of tuberculosis reactivating in the body are increased in cases of acquired immunodeficiency - whether due to AIDS, drugs, or other causes.
tuberculosis bacteria; thus a patient who has been exposed to the bacteria is expected to mount an immune response in the skin containing the bacterial proteins.
Koch did not believe that bovine (cattle) and human tuberculosis were similar, which held back the recognition of infected milk as a source of infection.
www.nursingstudy.com /encyclopedia/Tuberculosis.html   (2142 words)

 Tuberculosis: Encyclopedia of Medicine
Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal contagious disease that can affect almost any part of the body but is mainly an infection of the lungs.
It is caused by a bacterial microorganism, the tubercle bacillus or Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis is TB that affects the lungs.
health.enotes.com /medicine-encyclopedia/tuberculosis   (3823 words)

 Dr. Koop - Tuberculosis- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Tuberculosis is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (and occasionally other variants of Mycobacterium).
Today, tuberculosis (TB) tends to be concentrated among inner city dwellers, ethnic minorities and recent immigrants from areas of the world where the disease is still common.
It means that the germs causing tuberculosis have been or are present in the body, and unless other symptoms are evident, the germs are probably not active.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/93/123.html   (1381 words)

 Tuberculosis (TB): Infections: Merck Manual Home Edition
Tuberculosis is a contagious infection caused by an airborne bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Because tuberculosis has existed in Europe longer than anywhere else, people of European descent are somewhat more resistant to the disease than people whose ancestors lived in parts of the world where tuberculosis was introduced more recently.
People who have latent disease or tuberculosis that is not in their lungs do not spread bacteria into the air and cannot transmit the infection.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec17/ch193/ch193a.html   (3382 words)

 Tuberculosis Facts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious, re-emerging bacterial illness that usually affects the lungs.
Tuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs but that can attack other parts of the body.
Tuberculosis is spread from person to person through the air.
www.astdhpphe.org /infect/tb.html   (1446 words)

 Tuberculosis - WrongDiagnosis.com
Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacteria that usually causes disease in the lung.
Tuberculosis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Prevention information for Tuberculosis has been compiled from various data sources and may be inaccurate or incomplete.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /t/tuberculosis/intro.htm   (506 words)

 Tuberculosis News
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the microbe responsible for TB Mutations that allow the bacteria that cause tuberculosis to resist key drugs do not necessarily limit their ability to compete with non-resistant...
Tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic infection in HIV-infected adults in developing countries.
Tuberculosis or TB is an infectious disease which is spread from person to person through the air.
www.topix.net /health/tuberculosis   (637 words)

 Brief History of TB
Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been present in the human population since antiquity - fragments of the spinal column from Egyptian mummies from 2400 BCE show definite pathological signs of tubercular decay.
In the same year, he built an institution in Gorbersdorf where, in the midst of fir trees, and with good nutrition, patients were exposed on their balconies to continuous fresh air.
tuberculosis was no longer a bacteriological exception, it could be assailed and beaten into retreat within the human body.
www.umdnj.edu /~ntbcweb/history.htm   (1816 words)

Koch showed tissue dissections from guinea pigs which were infected with tuberculous material from the lungs of infected apes, from the brains and lungs of humans who had died from blood-borne tuberculosis, from the cheesy masses in lungs of chronically infected patients and from the abdominal cavities of cattle infected with TB.
Even after the identification of the TB bacterium and the establishment of tuberculosis as an infectious disease, the standard medical therapy for decades to come was based on rest, the sanatorium, and a good climate with lots of fresh cold air.
Tuberculosis, once called "consumption" and "white plague," is an ancient disease that may have always been with us.
nobelprize.org /educational_games/medicine/tuberculosis/readmore.html   (1386 words)

Tuberculosis (popularly known as "TB") is a disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis in older children and adults may be of this type.
Tuberculosis is a chronic disease that can persist for years if it isn't treated.
www.kidshealth.org /parent/infections/lung/tuberculosis.html   (698 words)

 Tuberculosis in Children - Keep Kids Healthy
Treatment for tuberculosis disease is with a long-term use of a combinations of antibiotics, depending on whether or not it is resistant to commonly used drugs.
Tuberculosis Fact Sheet: Tuberculosis information and answers to common questions, including the difference between tuberculosis infection and disease, how it is spread, symptoms, and treatments.
Tuberculosis Overview: An overview of tuberculosis from the NIAID, a component of the National Institutes of Health, supports research on AIDS, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases as well as allergies and immunology.
www.keepkidshealthy.com /welcome/infectionsguide/tuberculosis.html   (1162 words)

 Tuberculosis - Encyclopedia
The tuberculosis is subject to the obligation to registration in Germany as well as in many other countries.
The pathogenes of the tuberculosis are bacteria of the so-called Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex with the named giving and most important kind of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Medicine resistant tuberculosis tribes (multi-resistance) are also worldwide always more frequently the cause of the illness.
www.gif-bilder.de /sprache-englisch/health-tuberculosis.html   (465 words)

Tuberculosis was once a leading cause of death in the United States, but after the discovery in the 1940s of drugs to treat it, the number of tuberculosis cases declined.
Touching someone with tuberculosis or sharing his or her utensils will not lead to infection, because the bacteria infect the lungs only when they are inhaled into the lungs.
Tuberculosis that is not resistant to medication can almost always be cured if the person complies with the treatment regimens and antibiotics are started before major parts of the lung are destroyed.
www.intelihealth.com /IH/ihtIH/WSIHW000/9339/10604.html   (1805 words)

 Tuberculosis - MayoClinic.com
Tuberculosis (TB) is a life-threatening infection that primarily affects your lungs.
Tuberculosis spreads through airborne droplets when a person with the infection coughs, talks or sneezes.
With proper care, however, most cases of tuberculosis can be treated, even those resistant to the drugs commonly used against the disease.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/tuberculosis/DS00372   (266 words)

 Safety and Health Topics: Tuberculosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Protection: prohibition on enforcement of annual fit testing requirements during fiscal year 2006.
OSHA withdrew its 1997 proposed standard on Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis (TB) because it is unlikely to result in a meaningful reduction of disease transmission caused by contact with the most significant remaining source of occupational risk: exposure to individuals with undiagnosed and unsuspected TB.
OSHA announced it is extending the same high level of respiratory protection to workers exposed to tuberculosis that is provided to workers throughout general industry.
www.osha-slc.gov /SLTC/tuberculosis/index.html   (519 words)

 Tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs (pulmonary TB).
Tuberculosis is spread through the air when a person with untreated pulmonary TB coughs or sneezes.
Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) means the person has the TB germ in their body (usually lungs), but has yet to develop obvious symptoms.
www.health.state.ny.us /diseases/communicable/tuberculosis/fact_sheet.htm   (736 words)

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