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Topic: Tuberculosis treatment

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  NGC - NGC Summary
If the suspicion of tuberculosis is high or the patient is seriously ill with a disorder, either pulmonary or extrapulmonary, that is thought possibly to be tuberculosis, combination chemotherapy using one of the recommended regimens should be initiated promptly, often before AFB smear results are known and usually before mycobacterial culture results have been obtained.
During treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, a sputum specimen for microscopic examination and culture should be obtained at a minimum of monthly intervals until two consecutive specimens are negative on culture.
Treatment failure is defined as continued or recurrently positive cultures during the course of antituberculosis therapy.
www.guideline.gov /summary/summary.aspx?doc_id=3829&nbr=003054&string=   (7334 words)

 Tuberculosis Symptoms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis disease was once the leading cause of death in the United States and is still considered a highly dangerous and infectious condition.
Tuberculosis is classed as a granulomatous inflammatory condition, due to tubercles, or the aggregation of white blood cells evident to the naked eye.
www.supplementnews.org /tuberculosis   (773 words)

 Tuberculosis (TB): Infections: Merck Manual Home Edition
Tuberculosis is a contagious infection caused by an airborne bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Treatment must be continued long after the person feels completely well; otherwise, the disease tends to relapse because it was not fully eliminated.
Since tuberculosis is transmitted only by people with active disease, early recognition and treatment of active disease is one of the best ways to stop it from spreading.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec17/ch193/ch193a.html   (3382 words)

 Treatment of Tuberculosis American Thoracic Society, CDC, and Infectious Diseases Society of America
It is well established that appropriate treatment of tuberculosis rapidly renders the patient noninfectious, prevents drug resistance, minimizes the risk of disability or death from tuberculosis, and nearly eliminates the possibility of relapse.
The IOM committee had two main recommendations related to treatment of tuberculosis; first, that all U.S jurisdictions have health regulations that mandate completion of therapy (treatment until the patient is cured); and second, that all treatment be administered in the context of patient-centered programs that are based on individual patient characteristics and needs.
The responsibility of the health department in the control of tuberculosis is to ensure that all persons who are suspected of having tuberculosis are identified and evaluated promptly and that an appropriate course of treatment is prescribed and completed successfully (1,2).
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5211a1.htm   (17559 words)

 Tuberculosis treatment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Treatment for tuberculosis should be administered by a medical practitioner experienced and trained in the treatment of tuberculosis.
The standard "short" course treatment for tuberculosis where the sensitivities of the organism are not known, is isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol for two months, then isoniazid and rifampicin alone for a further four months.
Tuberculosis may affect the central nervous system (meninges, brain or spinal cord) in which case it is called TB meningitis, TB cerebritis, and TB myelitis respectively; the standard treatment is 12 months of drugs (2HREZ/10HR) and steroid are mandatory.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tuberculosis_treatment   (9691 words)

 Tuberculosis - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
Tuberculosis is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (and occasionally other variants of Mycobacterium).
Today, tuberculosis (TB) tends to be concentrated among inner city dwellers, ethnic minorities and recent immigrants from areas of the world where the disease is still common.
Also, treatment recommendations are subject to change depending upon both the characteristics of the particular organism being treated and newer advances in therapeutic agents.
www.healthscout.com /ency/68/123/main.html   (1327 words)

 Tuberculosis Treatment
Treatment for latent Tuberculosis is important in preventing the infection's progression to active Tuberculosis disease.
Patients with active Tuberculosis are monitored very closely, often to the point that individual medications for disease treatment are monitored by a public health agency.
The study involved newly diagnosed patients with Tuberculosis; at the conclusion of the study, it was determined that zinc supplementation improved the effectiveness of anti-tuberculosis treatment.
www.supplementnews.org /tuberculosis/tuberculosis-treatment.htm   (1088 words)

 MedlinePlus: Tuberculosis
Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI) (National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention)
Tuberculosis: The Connection between TB and HIV (the AIDS Virus) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Tuberculosis and Pregnancy (National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention)
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/tuberculosis.html   (456 words)

 Tuberculosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system, lymphatic system, circulatory system, genitourinary system, bones and joints.
Tuberculosis, or 'consumption' as it was commonly known, caused the most widespread public concern in the 19th and early 20th centuries as an endemic disease of the urban poor.
^ Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tuberculosis   (5136 words)

Tuberculosis (TB) describes an infectious disease that has plagued humans since the Neolithic times.
Robert Koch isolated the tubercle bacillus in 1882 and established TB as an infectious disease.
In the 19th century, patients were isolated in sanatoria and given treatments such as injecting air into the chest cavity.
www.emedicinehealth.com /tuberculosis/article_em.htm   (429 words)

 MSF-USA: Tuberculosis Information
Tuberculosis is one of the three main killer infectious diseases.
At the same time, it is crucial to follow the treatment to completion in order to make sure it is effective and to avoid the development of drug resistance.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria, myco-bacterium tuberculosis, that could, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), infect one third of the world population.
www.doctorswithoutborders.org /news/tuberculosis/index.cfm   (1594 words)

 Tuberculosis: Treatment of Tuberculosis Infection -- familydoctor.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Tuberculosis (say: too-burr-cue-low-sis), also called TB, is an infection caused by a bacteria (a germ).
Tuberculosis usually affects the lungs, but it can spread to the kidneys, bones, spine, brain and other parts of the body.
If you have active tuberculosis, you will have to get regular checkups and chest x-rays for the rest of your life to make sure you stay free of disease, even after you have taken tuberculosis medicine.
familydoctor.org /120.xml   (907 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Pulmonary tuberculosis
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis).
Treatment is typically continued for 6 months, but longer courses may be required for AIDS patients or those whose disease responds slowly.
Prompt treatment is extremely important in controlling the spread of tuberculosis for those who have already progressed to active TB disease.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000077.htm   (1187 words)

 Tuberculosis treatment definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Tuberculosis treatment: Treatment of tuberculosis (TB), depends upon the status of the infection and differs for dormant and active TB.
Nevertheless, treatment with an antibiotic may be recommended for this person to prevent the TB from turning into an active infection.
Treatment is with a combination of medications along with isoniazid (INH).
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=23026   (385 words)

 Brief History of TB
In the same year, he built an institution in Gorbersdorf where, in the midst of fir trees, and with good nutrition, patients were exposed on their balconies to continuous fresh air.
Relapses usually occur within six months of the end of treatment, and in most cases are due to poor patient compliance.
Patient compliance must be monitored throughout treatment; this is done at the National Tuberculosis Center through directly observed therapy.
www.umdnj.edu /~ntbcweb/history.htm   (1816 words)

 Division of Tuberculosis Elimination - TB Treatment Guidelines in PDA Format
A practical point-of-care reference tool for the Treatment of Tuberculosis guidelines is now available for download and use on Palm OS devices.
It is recommended that the clinician be thoroughly familiar with the Treatment of Tuberculosis guidelines prior to using this reference tool in patient care.
The TB treatment guidelines Palm OS program is in the public domain and may be freely reproduced and distributed.
www.cdc.gov /nchstp/tb/pubs/PDA_TBGuidelines/PDA_treatment_guidelines.htm   (330 words)

 Current medical treatment for tuberculosis -- Chan and Iseman 325 (7375): 1282 -- BMJ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Treatment using more than one drug is based on two principles: preventing acquired drug resistance and enhancing efficacy.
Treatment that uses a combination of drugs (table 1) has been shown to accelerate the response of the disease to treatment
Issues in the treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
www.bmj.com /cgi/content/full/325/7375/1282   (3255 words)

 Tuberculosis: 9. Treatment -- Hershfield 161 (4): 405 -- Canadian Medical Association Journal
Clinical trial of six-month and four-month regimens of chemotherapy in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.
A controlled study of rifabutin and an uncontrolled study of ofloxacin in the retreatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid, streptomycin, and rifampicin.
The clinical use of fluoroquinolones for the treatment of mycobacterial diseases.
www.cmaj.ca /cgi/content/full/161/4/405   (3200 words)

 eMedicine - Tuberculosis : Article by Thomas Herchline, MD
Treatment should include an injectable drug together with at least 3 more drugs to which the isolate is susceptible.
Streptomycin sulfate -- For treatment of susceptible mycobacterial infections.
Treatment regimens for active or latent TB in patients with HIV are similar to the treatment of individuals who are HIV negative.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2324.htm   (5837 words)

 Tuberculosis treatment - Better Health Channel.
Treatment of tuberculosis (TB) takes six to nine months and sometimes longer.
Your eyesight will be checked during treatment but you should stop taking the medication if your vision is affected and call your doctor straight away.
Medication must be taken for long enough to kill all of the tuberculosis bacteria – a minimum of six months.
www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au /bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Tuberculosis_treatment?OpenDocument   (650 words)

 eMedicine - Tuberculosis : Article by James Li, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Note that drug treatment can and should be initiated in the emergency department (ED) for anyone suspected of having active TB infection and that these patients should be isolated and hospitalized.
Useful in treatment of these groups of patients when administered with at least 1 of the second-line drugs that have not previously been administered to the patient and to which bacterial susceptibility has been shown.
Use in the treatment of TB is largely experimental.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic618.htm   (5316 words)

The updated genome sequence has been re-submitted to the public databases but is also available here.
tuberculosis using cosmids and BAC clones supplied by Dr. Stewart Cole and his colleagues at the Institut Pasteur
Philipp WJ, Poulet S, Eiglmeier K, Pascopella L, Balasubramanian V, Heym B, Bergh S, Bloom BR, Jacobs WR Jr, and Cole ST. An integrated map of the genome of the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, and comparison with Mycobacterium leprae Proc.
www.sanger.ac.uk /Projects/M_tuberculosis   (192 words)

 WHO | Tuberculosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This website describes the work of the Stop TB Department.
Tuberculosis (TB) is primarily an illness of the respiratory system, and is spread by coughing and sneezing.
Each year about 1.6 million people die from this curable disease.
www.who.int /tb/en   (492 words)

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