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Topic: Turfan Depression

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  Turfan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Turfan (Uyghur: تۇرپان; Uyghur latin: Turpan; Modern Chinese 吐魯番, Pinyin: Tǔlǔfán; Ancient Chinese 高昌, Pinyin Gāochāng, Wade-Giles: Kao-ch'ang; 42°59′ N 89°11′ E) is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.
Turfan has long been the centre of a fertile oasis and an important trade centre.
Turfan is the finding place of numerous fragments written in the Middle Iranian languages (Middle Persian, Parthian, Sogdian, Sakan and Bactrian) related to the Iranian religion of Manichaeism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Turfan   (367 words)

Freezing-point depression Freezing-point depression is the difference between the freezing points of a pure molal concen...
Tropical depression A tropical depression is a tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind speed (using...
Turfan Depression The Turfan Depression is located in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region in far western China.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/depression.html   (365 words)

 Turfan Depression
The Turfan Depression is located in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region in far western China.
The depression, at more than 150 meters below sea level, is the lowest point in China.
It is extremely dry, although local inhabitants for many centuries have maintained a complex system of underground aqueducts -— sourced from the rivers and mountains to the north -— to supply the region with water for drinking, cleaning, and irrigation.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/t/tu/turfan_depression.html   (125 words)

 Turfan Depression --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
The highest temperature recorded in China, 118° F (48° C), was at Turfan in the northern part of the basin, while the lowest recorded temperature, -62° F (-52° C), was at Fu-yun, not far from Turfan.
The main centres of population in the depression are the cities of Turfan to the north and T'o-k'o-sun (Toksun) at the western end.
Fleeting periods of sadness, pessimism, and lowered self-esteem are often popularly called depression.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9073828   (1401 words)

 Day 29
Turfan Outskirts leads us through some villages and therefore the Rally Organization was wise enough not to shorten the time requirements (as they have done before).
The Turfan area has an ancient irrigation system and is a fertile agricultural region.
Turfan is part of an autonomous Mongolian region within China.
www.team-busch.com /rally/day/29.html   (472 words)

 Turfan Depression --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Turfan Depression is a fault trough, descending at its lowest point to 505 feet (154 m) below sea level (the lowest elevation in China), whereas the neighbouring Tarim River and Lop Nor areas are between 2,000 and 3,000 feet (600 and 900 m) above sea level.
As previously noted, these depressions are similar to rift valleys, but they have been formed by the opposite process—crustal shortening.
Clinical depression, however, is a serious but treatable illness characterized by a dejected mood of longer duration or greater intensity.
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=9073828   (1079 words)

 Great Depression --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia Online Article
Depression of 1929 It began in the U.S. with the New York Stock Market Crash of 1929 and lasted until about 1939.
Before the Great Depression, governments relied on impersonal market forces to achieve economic correction; afterward, government action came to assume a principal role in ensuring economic stability.
It was the longest and most severe depression ever experienced by the industrialized Western world, sparking fundamental changes in economic institutions, macroeconomic policy, and economic theory.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article?tocId=9366031   (1081 words)

 Physiographic features of China
Coal, iron, lead, and zinc are mined in the region, and grains are the main crop in the valleys.
Turfan Depression: The Turfan Depression is a fault trough descending at its lowest point to 505 feet below sea level-the lowest point in China..
The depression, which lies between the Bogeduo Mountains to the north, and the Kuluke range to the south, is intensely farmed and especially famous for its grapes.
www.cbsd.org /Holicong/faculty/pkelly/physiographic_features_of_china.htm   (1059 words)

 depression --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
Unlike recessions, which may be limited to a single country, severe depressions such as the Great Depression encompass many nations.
A person who is depressed usually experiences one or more of the following symptoms: feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or pessimism; lowered self-esteem and heightened self-depreciation; a decrease or loss of ability to enjoy daily life; reduced energy...
During World War II, because it was impassable to military traffic, the depression formed a natural anchor at the southern end of the British defense lines at...
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9362551   (975 words)

 Chinain 1997 (15 Turfan)
The Han Dynasty built military outposts in the depression in 90 BC after decades of fighting for control of the oasis with the Hsiung-nu who remained a serious threat for two centuries.
A large garrison was maintained by the Han in the fortified town of Gaochang (known as Kiu-che by the Han and as Kara Khoja by the Tang) 45 kms east of Turfan.
In 840, the Turkic Uighur tribes centered on the Orkhon river (south of Baikal), who had adopted Manicheism and had become somewhat civilized as consequence of their century old alliance with the Tang, were overcome by the more primitive Kyrgyz tribes from the upper Ienissei.
berclo.net /page97/97en-china-15.html   (1084 words)

 Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism: Turfan
It lies on a fertile oasis at the foot of the southern slope of the Tien Shan range and on the northern side of the Turfan Depression, about 110 kilometers southeast of Urumchi, the capital of the Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region.
The present-day inhabitants of Turfan are mostly Uighur Muslims.
The Uighurs migrated to the Turfan region in the latter half of the ninth century and built their kingdom there.
www.sgi-usa.org /buddhism/library/sgdb/lexicon.cgi?tid=454   (305 words)

 Section 2 – Geographical Background   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The distance of 208 km matches that between Turfan and the region of Guchen on modern maps.
The portion of the route from Dunhuang to Turfan is not mentioned.
To reach this ground, which, like Turfan immediately to the south, had passed early under their control, the route via Hami would undoubtedly have been the easiest.
depts.washington.edu /~uwch/silkroad/texts/hhshu/notes2.html   (5259 words)

 The Hottest Place in China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The Turfan Depression is practically rainless, yet snow-melt irrigation has made it a major centre in China for the cultivation of grapes and melons.
The northern was slightly shorter, but the southern included the Turfan Depression and the well-known tourist rest-halt of Turfan with its wine and shady vines.
The gusty wind was blowing hot from the west as though it arose out of the heat of the Turfan Depression and was trying to blow the afternoon's cold gale back up to the mountains.
www.koopmann.lightup.net /crane/journey_11.html   (9272 words)

As we descend, the temperature rises, and we continue on the Turfan past ancient irrigation channels.
Turfan is one of the more remarkable of the Silk Road oases, lying about 150m below sea level (only the Dead Sea is lower) and irrigated by a series of underground channels which come down from the mountains.
Climbing out of the Turfan depression, the road passes through gobi (the word means flat, gravel desert) alternating with oases, which diminish in number as we gain height.
www.team-busch.com /rally/country/china.html   (1809 words)

 Travelogue Entries
Well, Turfan happens to be a relatively new town that is very close to a few very old towns.
Even though it is "hella hot" and in a place called the Turfan Depression, which is the second lowest place on earth after the Dead Sea, there are snow capped mountains not too far away.
As nice as Turfan is, it's too hot for me, so I'm off to the capitol city of Urumqi to buy a few last minute things before heading into the Kingata Shan mountains for three weeks of hiking and climbing.
www.travelpod.com /travel-blog-entries/therunningdog/xinjiang_2005/1118661780/ctravel.html   (447 words)

After ten months as motorcycle travellers, it felt quite strange to suddenly be back on the old-fashioned tourist track, with all its advantages and disadvantages.
It was very, very hot (45 C), the Turfan depression being the lowest spot in China and the second lowest in the world.
Nevertheless, around three o clock in the afternoon the locals head for the "beach", a sand dune just outside of town to bury themselves in sand so hot it can cook an egg in 20 minutes.
www.ontheroad.lu /new_rus.html   (1613 words)

 TARIM [X:302a]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
in the west and Turfan in the east [q.vv.
), and the kentum group in the north and northeast (Tocharian of Turfan).
In the latter case, a body of both lay and religious (Buddhist and Manichaean) literature had come into being, and is now a precious source for the study of pre-Islamic Turkic.
www.encislam.brill.nl /data/EncIslam/S5/SIM-7415.html   (493 words)

 SINKIANG , Sin-Kiang [IX:648b]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Sin-kiang is divided by the T'ien-shan range into two main regions, the Tarim Basin in the south and Dzungharia in the north, and two lesser regions of economic importance, the Ili Valley and the Turfan Depression.
The Ili Valley, isolated from the rest of the province, was cut off by the northern spur of the T'ien-shan, and is only accessible from the western fringes of the province, while the Turfan Depression is closely linked with Kansu province [q.v.
The eastern branch based on the Tarim Basin and the Turfan region survived under the protection of the Turkish
www.encislam.brill.nl /data/EncIslam/S2/SIM-7052.html   (1848 words)

 GlobeRiders® Silk Road Adventure 2005 Live!Journal - Week Six Chapter: 07 June ~ 12 June - China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
They'll descend from the high mountain passes of the Tien Shan Range, down into the Turfan Depression, which at 505 feet (or 154 meters) is the second lowest point in the world after the Dead Sea (which is 1,321 feet or 400 meters below sea level; Death Valley is 282 feet or 86 meters deep).
Although the Turfan Depression is inhospitably hot, it is also famous for its grapes and melons, due to an extensive system of deep well and irrigation channels called the "Karez", which were built over 2,000 years ago, and are still in use today.
It was one of the most intimate parts of the trip for me but I also felt like it would be too easy for me to romanticize their experience when the reality is that they didn’t have air-conditioned hotel rooms like we did and sleeping outside was probably a purely practical matter for them.
www.globeriders.com /gsr05_main_pages/gsr05_journal_week6.shtml   (5656 words)

 Turpan Article, Turpan Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Turfan (Modern Chinese 吐魯番; pinyin : Tulufan, ancient Chinese Gaochang,also: Kao-chang, Turpan) is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.
It was historically located along the Silk Road 's northern route, at which time it was adjacent to the kingdoms of Korla and Karashahr to the southwest.
We take no responsibility for the content, accuracy and use of this article.
www.anoca.org /turfan/oasis/turpan.html   (156 words)

 Manic Depression Songwriters
Manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder, ricochets the...
This list is only an illustration of some of the individuals that have contributed to society through their artistry and talent.
Manic Depression is a vicious rocker, stabbing guitar power down your...
www.instanthitsong.com /songwritingresources/73/manic-depression-songwriters.html   (523 words)

 Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism: Kao-ch'ang
An ancient kingdom of the Turfan region of what is now the eastern part of the Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region in northwestern China.
The Kao-ch'ang kingdom, which lasted from the fifth through the seventh century, was situated on the northern side of the Turfan Depression at the foot of the southern slope of the Tien Shan range.
Today a number of Buddhist temple ruins can be found in Karakhoja (also spelled Karakhojo) near the present-day city of Turfan.
www.sgi-usa.org /buddhism/library/sgdb/lexicon.cgi?tid=1003   (182 words)

 environment.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
This image shows the Turfan Depression in the Sinkiang Province of northwestern China.
It is in this area and in adjacent areas around the edges of the Takla Maklan Desert that the Tocharian mummies have been found.
Mean annual rainfall in this area is less than 25 cm.
geography.berkeley.edu:16080 /ProgramCourses/CoursePagesFA2002/geog148/Lectures/Lecture21/tocharians/environment.html   (177 words)

 Depression on the Silk Road   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Further on along the Silk Road was the Turfan Depression, which was below sea-level.
After Turfan it was a short hop over the Tien Shan mountains to the big city of Urumqi and somewhere north of that to our target in the Dsungarei Pendi, another desert, at the Centre of the Earth.
Mark Skinner had been sharply apprehended when he climbed off the truck which had brought him from the Turfan Depression.
www.koopmann.lightup.net /crane/journey_10.html   (9030 words)

 Canis Latrans's Desert Glossary Page
DESERT DEPRESSION - In many arid regions there are localities, called "Depressions," that are considerably lower in elevation than the surroundings.
Structural in origin, these localities can be lower than median sea level.
Examples are: the Quattara Depression and the Danikil Depression in Africa, Death Valley and the Imperial Valley in North America, the Dead Sea region on the Arabian Peninsula, the Caspian Sea in western Asia, and the Turfan Depression in western China.
desert.coyoteman.com /physio.html   (1225 words)

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