
 Turing Test 
  Turing conjectured that, initially, at least, computers might be suited to purely symbolic tasks, those presupposing no 'contact with the outside world,' like mathematics, cryptanalysis, and chessplaying (for which he himself worked out the first programs on paper). 
  The Turing test, in spite of its intuitive appeal, is vulnerable to a number of justifiable criticisms. 
  The authors, who consider Turing to be one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century, examine problems with the Turing Test and conclude that a goal of passing the test is harmful to the field of AI research. 
 www.aaai.org /AITopics/html/turing.html (3488 words) 
