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Topic: Turkish language

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  Turkish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In particular, Turkish is used in countries that formerly (in whole or part) belonged to the Ottoman Empire, such as Bulgaria, Romania, the former Yugoslavia (specifically in Kosovo and Metohija), the Republic of Macedonia, Syria, Greece (especially in Western Thrace) and Israel (by Turkish Jews).
Turkish is the official language of Turkey, and is one of the official languages of Cyprus.
Turkish is written using a modified version of the Latin alphabet, which was introduced in 1928 by Kemal Atatürk as part of his efforts to secularise Turkey.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Turkish_language   (2616 words)

 Turkish Language
Turkish is written with the Latin alphabet and is the language of 90 percent of the population in Turkey.
The Turkish language is spread over a large geographical area in Europe and Asia; it is spoken in the Azeri, the Turkmen, the Tartar, the Uzbek, the Baskurti; the Hogay, the Kyrgyz, the Kazakh, the Yakuti, the Guvas, and other dialects.
The most important result of the positive studies made up until the present related to the Turkish language is the fact that the ratio of the use of Turkish words in the written language, which was 35-40 percent prior to 1932, has reached around 75-80 percent at the present.
www.enjoyturkey.com /info/facts/Language.htm   (465 words)

 Turkish language - All About Turkey
Turkish is also the language spoken at home by people who live in the areas that were governed by the Ottoman Empire.
The history of the language is divided into three main groups, old Turkish (from the 7th to the 13th centuries), mid-Turkish (from the 13th to the 20th) and new Turkish from the 20th century onwards.
Ottoman Turkish co-existed with spoken Turkish, with the latter being considered a "gutter language" and not worthy of study.
www.allaboutturkey.com /dil.htm   (924 words)

 Turkish Language
Accordingly, the Turkish alphabet is designed for the easiest phonetic description: For instance, to describe the sound of "ch" as in "chalk", in Turkish alphabet there is the letter of "c" with a cedilla, a dot under the letter "c".
Turkish is an agglutinative language, meaning a fairly large number of affixes in Turkish may be added to the root; each affix has one meaning or grammatical function and retains its form more or less unaffected by the morphemes surrounding it.
Turkish belongs to the Turkic branch of the Altaic language family.The earliest Turkic inscriptions date from the 7th century C.E. and Islamic texts written in Turkic appear in the 11th century.
www.bigglook.com /biggtraveleng/infotips/language.asp   (1330 words)

 Ottoman Turkish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ottoman Turkish (Turkish: Osmanlıca or Osmanlı Türkçesi, Ottoman Turkish: لسان عثمانی - lisân-i Osmânî) is the variant of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire.
That Ottoman Turkish's Arabic borrowings were not the result of the direct exposure of the language to Arabic is evidenced by the typically Persian phonological mutation of the words of Arabic origin.
The changes were meant to encourage the growth of a new variety of written Turkish that more closely reflected the spoken vernacular, as well as to foster a new variety of spoken Turkish that more explicitly reflected Turkey's new national identity as being a post-Ottoman state.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ottoman_Turkish_language   (838 words)

 Turkish language at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Turkish is a Turkic language, which serves as a national language for 70 million speakers in Turkey and over 80 million speakers world-wide.
Turkish is a member of the Turkish family of languages, which includes Balkan Gagauz Turkish, Gagauz, and Khorosani Turkish in addition to Turkish.
The Turkish family is a subgroup of the Southern Turkic languages, which is a member of the Altaic language family.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Turkish_language.html   (458 words)

 Dept. of Turkish Language and Literature
In the field of language, the structure of Turkish and the changes that the language experienced throughout history are examined in depth.
Turkish literature, folk literature, world literature, literatures of the newly established Turkic States and Republics, as well as that of the Turkish Cypriots are taught as part of the curriculum.
As language is an indispensable part of life, graduates have the opportunity to work in many sectors that focus on language.
www.emu.edu.tr /english/academics/facultiesdepartments/artsscience/turlanguageliterature   (909 words)

 Discover Turkey: LANGUAGE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Arabic was the primary language of religion and religious law, while Persian was the language of art, literature.
Ottoman Turkish, on the other hand, was the language of the educated elite, in both written and oral communications.
The two basic elements of this language reform were the adoption of a new alphabet and the purification of the language.
www.turkishnews.com /DiscoverTurkey/culture/language   (481 words)

 Turkish Language Encyclopedia Articles @ LaunchBase.net (Launch Base)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Turkish (Türkçe) is a Turkic language spoken natively in Turkey, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece and other countries of the former Ottoman Empire, as well as by several million emigrants in the European Union.
The figure of 60 million used here assumes that Turkish is the mother tongue of 80% of the Turkish population, with Kurdish making up most of the remainder.
More than two million Turkish speaking people live in Germany, and significant Turkish speaking communities in Austria, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
www.launchbase.net /encyclopedia/Turkish_language   (2142 words)

 The Turkish Language,over a large geographical area in Eurupe and Asia
Turkish belongs to the Altaic branch of the Ural-Altaic family of languages, and thus is closely related to Mongolian, Manchu-Tungus, Korean, and perhaps Japanese.
Turkish is a very ancient language, with a flawless phonetic, morphological and syntactic structure, and at the same time possesses a wealth of vocabulary.
The Turkish of Turkey that developed in Anatolia and across the Bosphorus in the times of the Seljuks and Ottomans was used in several valuable literary works prior to the 13th century.
www.hotelsinturkey.net /yeni/the_turkish_language.html   (1858 words)

 Turkish Literature
Turkish belongs to the Altay branch of the Uralo-Altay linguistic family.
The Turkish Language Institute was established in 1932 to carry out linguistic research and contribute to the natural development of the language.
The history of Turkish Literature may be divided into three periods, reflecting the history of Turkish civilization as follows: the period up to the adoption of Islam, the Islamic period and the period under western influence.
www.searchturkey.com /TURKEY/turkish_literature.htm   (1569 words)

 Turkish alphabets and pronunciation
Turkish is a Turkic language with about 70 million speakers in Turkey and in 35 other countries, including Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Iraq and Israel.
Until 1928, Turkish was written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script known as the Ottoman Turkish script.
The letters Q (qu), X (iks) and W (we) are not included in the official Turkish alphabet, but are used in foreign names and loanwords.
www.omniglot.com /writing/turkish.htm   (299 words)

 Dept. of Turkish Language and Literature - Course Description
It aims at going a brief explanation of structure of Turkish Language defining the languages and dialects in the Turkish Language family, providing some information about the territories where these languages and dialects are spoken and about the people who speak them: discussing the classification attempts of Turkish languages and dialects.
The main topics are; 'language and communication', ' oral language - written language, standard language - dialect'; common mistakes about spelling and pronunciation; classify in references; conjunctions and their semantic significance; selecting and limiting a topic and issues related to purpose, content and text formation.
The aim of the study Turkish Poetry during 1950 - 1980, and the evaluate the place of the poets in the literature of the period having a textual analysis of the poetry.
www.emu.edu.tr /english/academics/facultiesdepartments/artsscience/turlanguageliterature/coursedescription.htm   (1589 words)

 Turkish Language and the Native Americans
Similarly, a proto-Altaic language spoken by the members of an Altaic community who became separated from each other, in time by thousands of years and in space by thousands of kilometres, would definitely develop independently of each other in a way that when examined at present, they would appear alien to each other.
However as the language develops in time, the vowels in a word may change into other vowels such as "a" into "e", "o", "u" while consonants of the words, in general, would tend to maintain their identity in the word through time.
Turkish and Mongolian are related to each other because they are both Altaic languages and their speakers have interacted with each other throughout the history.
ireland.iol.ie /~afifi/Articles/turkic.htm   (4848 words)

 Overview of the Turkish Language to Help You Learn Turkish
Turkish is an important member of the Turkic language group which includes Gagauz, Azerbaijani, Turkmen, and Khorasan Turkic.
The Turkic language group is a branch of the Altaic language family which includes the Mongolian and Tungusic languages.
One of the most distinctive characteristics of the Turkish language is agglutination: the practice of adding on multiple suffixes to word stems to indicate grammatical functions such as number, gender, or tense.
www.transparent.com /languagepages/turkish/overview.htm   (530 words)

 Turkish language. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Turkish was written in the Arabic script following the conversion of the Turks to Islam, but in 1928 the Turkish president, Kemal Atatürk, ordered a change to a modified version of the Roman alphabet.
The reform was designed to introduce an alphabet better suited to Turkish than the Arabic script and also to lessen the hold of Islam on Turkey.
In the 1930s the Turks attempted to purify their language by eliminating words of foreign, especially Persian and Arabic, origin and to simplify the literary style of the language, making it more similar to colloquial Turkish.
www.bartleby.com /65/tu/Turkishl.html   (290 words)

 Turkish Sign Language
According to historical texts, in the period between the 16th and 18th centuries a large group of deaf people was kept in the Ottoman palace for diplomatic and official reasons such as to help officials in secret gatherings.
However, according to Miles, there is not enough evidence to prove that this was a fully grammatical sign language or that it was transmitted to new generations born within the same community.
The Turkish Federation of the Deaf was founded in 1964 and since then there have been several deaf clubs associated with the Federation that promote communication among the deaf population throughout the country.
turkisaretdili.ku.edu.tr /en/tid.aspx   (797 words)

The major language belonging to the Turkic family, a subfamily of the Altaic languages; official and dominating language of Turkey.
Hence, old Turkish texts can be found in alphabets as different as the Nestorian, Sogd, Uighur, Pali, Manichean, Brahman and through most of its literal period, in Arabic.
Another reform introduced to the older forms of Turkish were the purifying of the vocabulary, which had become greatly influence by Arabic and Persian words.
lexicorient.com /e.o/turkish.htm   (459 words)

 Tarkan DeLuxe: Theories of Relativity
Just for completeness, the name Tarkan does not merely come from a Turkish 'Conan the Babarian' type fictional character, even though it is rumoured that Tarkan's father named him after his favourite comic book hero.
Turkish Language Class This is a good basic introduction to Turkish.
Distance Turkish learning Center This is a professional and highly recommended site for those considering Turkish as a comprehensive foreign language to learn.
tarkandeluxe.blogspot.com /2005/12/theories-of-relativity.html   (1066 words)

 InfoHub - Turkish language - clue to a major touristic country!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Turkish is the most beautiful language I have ever heard.
Turkish is spoken only in Turkey and Nothern Cyprus, not to mention minorities in the Balkans and immigrants mainly in Europe.
There are many other Turkic languages but it is not easy to understand all of them with the knowledge of Turkish although there are striking similarities-of course-.
www.infohub.com /forums/showthread.php?t=1898   (1508 words)

 Turkish Sign Language
She was then invited to the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics (the Netherlands) where she conducted various studies on the relationship between language and co-speech gestures as a window into the relation between language and thought.
In her research Özyürek attempts to understand the grammar of TID and its relation to other sign languages of the world and to explore the relationship between TID and the hand movements hearing Turkish people use while speaking.
The German researcher Dr.Ulrike Zeshan conducts her studies on 15 different sign languages from various parts of the world, but her main interest is on the Middle Eastern sign languages.
turkisaretdili.ku.edu.tr /en/researchers.aspx   (697 words)

 Turkish Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Turkish is the dominant language in the Turkic language group which aiso includes such less - than - famous tongues as Kirghiz, Kazakh and Azerbaijani.
The result is a logical, systematic and expressive language which has only one irregular noun ("su", water), one irregular verb ("etmek", to be) and no genders.
It is sological, in fact, that Turkish grammar formed the basis for the development of Esperanto.
web.deu.edu.tr /atiksu/turkiye/24ani.html   (275 words)

 OnlineTurkish.com - History of Turkish Language
Turkish is a very ancient language and belongs to the Altaic branch of the Ural-Altaic family of languages.
As one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, it is spoken by almost 65 million people in Turkey and over a large geographical area in Europe and Asia.
Furthermore, over a million speakers are found in Bulgaria, Macedonia and Greece, more than 1.5 million speakers live in Germany and nearly half a million live in other European countries.
www.onlineturkish.com /history.asp   (142 words)

 Turkish Translation by Turkish Translator - Immigration, legal, financial translation
Documents: Turkish to English translation of your documents for U.S. Immigration service, universities, colleges, and other public and private agencies: your birth certificate (nufus cuzdani), marriage license, divorce decree, police record, driver's license, title deed, diploma, transcript, and any other documents.
Turkish translation of your "personal" messages and documents: We complete Turkish translation of your personal letters, email messages, and other correspondence in a highly confidential manner.
Our Turkish translators have advanced degrees in their areas of specialization and make extensive use of Turkish English and English Turkish dictionaries, glossaries, and translation tools to reflect the most recent financial, legal, and technical terms used in Turkey and in the United States.
www.turkishlanguagetranslator.com   (833 words)

 Seattle Language Academy, Study Turkish Seattle, Learn Turkish, Turkish Language classes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
From the first day of instruction, students are immersed in the sounds and structures of the language.
Turkish is spoken by approximately 60 million people, most of whom reside in Turkey.
Turkish is the most widely spoken language of the Altaic family, a non-Indo-European language group which...
www.sealang.com /flp/flp_turkishmain.asp   (246 words)

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