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Topic: Turkmen

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  Turkmen language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Turkmen (Latin script: Türkmen, Cyrillic: Түркмен, ISO 639-1: tk, ISO 639-2: tuk) is the name of the national language of Turkmenistan.
Turkmen is in the Turkic family; sometimes grouped in the larger, but disputed Altaic language family.
Officially, Turkmen currently is rendered in the Latin alphabet, but the old "Soviet" Cyrillic alphabet is still in wide use.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Turkmen_language   (286 words)

 Turkmen people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Turkmen is not a literary language in Iran and Afganistan, where many Turkmen tend towards bilingualism, usually conversant in the local dialects of Persian.
The Turkmen were mainly a nomadic people for most of their history and they were not settled in cities and towns until the advent of the Soviet system of government, which severely restricted freedom of movement and collectivized nomadic herdsmen by the 1930s.
In addition, an estimated 1,200 Turkmen refugees from northern Afghanistan currently reside in Turkmenistan due to the ravages of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and factional fighting in Afghanistan which saw the rise and fall of the Taliban.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Turkmen_people   (1683 words)

 EurasiaNet Eurasia Insight - Turkmen-Uzbek Tension Easing, But Ethnic Minorities in Both Countries Continue to Suffer
To a certain extent, the Soviet collapse and the consequent economic chaos meant that an educational crisis was unavoidable.
This virtually eliminates the ability of ethic Turkmen in Uzbekistan from studying at a higher educational institution in Turkmenistan, and vice versa.
The few Turkmen who have gained admission to higher educational institutions in Uzbekistan say surmounting the language barrier was the most difficult aspect of the admissions process.
www.eurasianet.org /departments/insight/articles/eav051503.shtml   (843 words)

 Turkmen Adat
Turkmen people going to marry never directly participate in matchmaking; this is undertaken through a third person, usually by a relative or an honorable old man. A matchmaker goes to the bride’s relatives and in the case of their consent to marriage, they discuss the conditions of kalym and the wedding day.
In this respect, the Turkmen custom differs from shariat: according to shariat a woman who is going to marry uses the kalym; this is her inalienable right, therefore she can refuse it before her marriage, or having taken part of it before marriage, freed her husband from paying the other part of kalym.
In a Turkmen family, the mother cannot be the trustee only in case when she is not able to manage her children’s property because of her illness.
faculty.philau.edu /kleinbachr/turkmen_adat.htm   (9661 words)

 Introduction to Turkmen Trappings
Turkmen weavings, like the Turkmen themselves, are as little understood today as they were at the end of the last century.
The Turkmen weaving tradition is believed to have begun more than 1000 years ago and the oldest known cut-pile weaving, the Pazyryk carpet was discovered in neighboring southwest Siberia.
The lack of any early Turkmen kelim is not surprising, as weavings with slits (separations at each color join) had no utilitarian function: they did not fit the nomadic lifestyle.
www.weavingartmuseum.org /ex3_trappings.htm   (2655 words)

 Turkmen SSR Encyclopedia @ Encyclopedia.LocalColorArt.com (Local Color Encyclopedia)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The Turkmen SSR was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union until 1991 when it declared independence as Turkmenistan.
It was initially established on August 7, 1921 as Turkmen Oblast of the Turkestan ASSR.
On May 13, 1925 it was transformed into Turkmen SSR and became a separate republic of the USSR.
encyclopedia.localcolorart.com /encyclopedia/Turkmen_SSR   (258 words)

 The Tribal Gol in Turkmen Carpets-VG Moshkova   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Turkmen carpet are, so closely bound to the life of the people, is not only a most valuable memorial to their creative skill.
The live gol are the gol of those Turkmen tribes, which in the recent past had not lost their importance and among these can be numbered, the Ersari, Yomut, Saryk and Tekke tribes, all of which have preserved their tribal gol.
Moreover, there is every reason to suppose that the primitive representations of birds, especially of the eagle family, on carpets reproduced in the paintings of 14th century artists, were the most ancient versions of the carpets of the Oghuz which carried tribal gol in the form of the totems of the tribes.
www.tcoletribalrugs.com /article35Moshkova.html   (8306 words)

 The Southern Azeri-Iraqi Turkmen Connection   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Turkmen were able to lobby successfully for inclusion in the Turkish regional security plan, and then Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit presented a "revised security plan," updating his original security plan presented in 1995.
It stipulated that the Turkmen play a role in a post-Saddam, or new Iraqi government, and that "the world should be reminded of the Turkmen presence in Iraq.
It should be noted that the Turkmen living in Iraqi Kurdistan north of the 36th parallel are not exposed to Baghdad's efforts to destroy their identity.
www.tribun.com /700/779.htm   (1422 words)

Turkmen are mainly a nomadic people, known for their prowess with horses.
The Turkmen were part of the wave of migrations from the area north of the Great Wall of China that started more than two millenniums ago.
The Turkmen are represented by a group called the Iraqi Turkmen Front (ITF), which is comprised of four Turkmen political parties: the Iraq National Turkmen Party, the Turkmen National Party, the Turkmen Independence Movement, and the Turkmen People's Foundation.
www.rferl.org /features/2003/03/10032003160949.asp   (982 words)

 Lebanonwire.com | Long-oppressed Turkmen demand a say in future of Iraq
Turkmen, who are concentrated mainly in the northern and central regions of Iraq, are the third-largest ethnic group in the country after Arabs and Kurds.
The exact number of Turkmen is a matter of dispute with Iraqi Kurds, who claim that Kirkuk and its environs are a Kurdish region.
Turkmen and Kurds especially were victims of a policy to Arabize oil-rich regions where they are a majority.
www.lebanonwire.com /0307/03071519DS.asp   (863 words)

 Turkmen Carpets :: Home Page
The Afghan Turkmen are responsible for the best and most of the weaving that was and still produced in country for centuries.
Turkmens have inhabited a narrow band of territory around the Murghab River, stretching east to Mazar-e-sharif, KUNDUZ, JAWZJAN, and ANDKHOY etc.
This art has been transferred to Pakistan and Turkmen refugees are using this art for their living purposes.
www.turkmencarpets.com   (399 words)

 Turkmen language, alphabets and pronunciation
Turkmen is a Turkic language spoken by about 6.4 million people in Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), USA and Uzbekistan.
Turkmen only started to appear in writing at the beginning of the 20th century, when it was written with the Arabic script.
Azerbaijani, Chuvash, Evenki, Gagauz, Kazak, Kyrghyz, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uyghur, Uzbek, Yakut
www.omniglot.com /writing/turkmen.htm   (207 words)

 Turkmen, Arab, Kurd and the new constitution
The Turkmen, in their long history in Iraq have been downgraded from being masters and rulers of entire regions to an underrepresented and forgotten minority that is under constant pressure these days.
The Turkmen of Iraq are protesting and are refusing to accept this new constitution as the basis for which to implement the new Iraqi government.
Turkmen asked who would be in charge of the administration of the town after the U.S. operation, therefore it is clear who will be in charge of the security and administration of the town.
www.iraq4u.com /forum/m_6144/mpage_1/key_/tm.htm#6144   (1941 words)

 turkmen rugs TURKMEN carpets TURKAMEN Persain rugs Oldcarpet.com Information about oriental rugs and carpets persian ...
TURKMEN rugs come in different sizes, but the majority are small (2 x 3 to 4 x 6 feet).
TURKMEN rugs are among the finest quality tribal rugs, so expect to pay $4-$17 Per Square Foot (PSF) for a TURKMEN rug.
TURKMEN are not only famous for their beautiful rugs, but also for their famous Akhal-teke horses.
www.oldcarpet.com /turkamen.htm   (402 words)

The magical beauty and longevity of Turkmen rugs come from the traditions of carpet-weaving, that reached high perfectness and artistic expressiveness of gel during the many centuries of its existense.
By its technical fulfilment and aesthetic contents, the Turkmen rug may be concern to antiquariate.
The fame of beauty and high quality of Turkmen rugs is known in tens of countries of all continents of our planet.
www.turkmens.com /Carpet.html   (761 words)

 In Search of the Turkmen Carpet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
An account of a diplomatic mission by Riza Quoly Khan is similarly useful for a picture of the fractious and independent Turkmen of the 1830s.2 This literature, however, tends to be descriptively weak concerning ordinary artifacts.
Roughly, the Western and Eastern Turkmens occupied the then Transcaspian district, now the Turkmen S.S.R., and the Ersaris were located to the north along the southeastern rim of what was the Bokhara Khanate and is now the Uzbek S.S.R. Plate 3.
Given the existence of an active Turkmen weaving for regional and subsequently international commerce during the late l9th/early 20th centuries, there should be some good reason (or at least some reasons) to look elsewhere for the origins of the many Turkmen rugs surviving today.
www.tcoletribalrugs.com /article26InSearchofTurkmen.html   (4101 words)

 Guide to Turkmen Rugs & Carpets by Oriental Rug Notes by Barry O'Connell, Spongobongoo.com
We use Turkmen rug because the weavers are Turkmen who speak one of the dialects of the Turkmen language.
If a woman's primary language is the Teke dialect of Turkmen then we call her a Teke Turkmen and if she weaves a rug then it is a Tekke Turkmen Rug.
Turkmen as a language is a branch of the Oguz language.
www.spongobongo.com /Turkoman.htm   (1054 words)

 Altas HG
Specifically, Turkmen is included in the sub-group of Southern Turkic languages, along with Turkish and Azeri.
The greatest difficulty for beginning Turkmen speakers will probably be adapting to Turkmen's elaborate system of grammatical suffixes, or "tag words" and learning to re-order their speech so that the predicate (verb) is the last thing spoken.
The "harmony" lies in the fact that all Turkmen words of Turkic origin are pronounced either entirely with front vowels, like kädi (pumpkin) or köwüş (shoes), or with back vowels, like doganlyk (brotherhood) or mugallym (teacher).
www.altynasyr.8m.com /portal/ta1.htm   (812 words)

 New Iraqi Constitution Undemocratic: Iraqi Turkmen
According to the letter of the Iraqi government to the League of Nations on 30th May 1932, the Turkmen language was used as official language in the courts and became the language of study in the Turkmen regions, principally Kerkuk province and Kifri region.
The Turkmen are scattered in different provinces: In a 4 million populated Mosul province, an almost half million Turkmen cannot win the majority.
Under the occupation circumstances with the Kurdish hegemony in Turkmen regions, it is almost impossible to achieve a decent referendum.
www.aina.org /news/20050816104347.htm   (573 words)

 Bristol University | News | Department of Sociology
The aim of the study, led by Dr Ibrahim Sirkeci in the Department of Sociology, was to outline the characteristics of the Iraqi Turkmen population and the patterns of their international migration.
Turkmen is a well-educated population and is a valuable human resource, which is going to be very helpful in Iraq’s reconstruction.
Dr Sirkeci, commenting on the findings, said: “Turkmen have been suffering from the Arabisation policies of the Saddam regime as they were forced to resign their ethnic identities in favour of Arab identity.
www.bris.ac.uk /news/2005/624   (488 words)

 [No title]
The Iraqi Turkmen are the descendants of the Turkic OGUZ TRIBES who migrated “in several and successive waves between the 7th and the 13th century to the west of their territories up to Anatolia and Mesopotamia where they settled.
Political Situation Iraqi Turkmen have been exposed to intensive assimilation policies, forced emigration and cultural erosion; this policy reached its peak during the Baath regime, in effect, Under the 1925 Constitution, the Kurds and the Turkmen had the right to use their own languages in schools, government offices and to have their own language press.
By neglecting the Turkmen political parties and by ignoring their leaders and activists in appointing only one Turkmen lady from the civil society, with no political background to the Governing Council to represent the 13% of the Iraqi Turkmen, while 5 Kurds were appointed to represent the 17% of the Iraqi Kurds.
www.ohchr.org /english/issues/minorities/docs/11/SOITM_3a.doc   (1408 words)

 BBC NEWS | Middle East | Turkmen fears of Iraqi conflict
A number of Turkmen families live in almost mediaeval conditions up in the ancient citadel which towers over Irbil, among them Qani'a Qader Mohammad, her husband Abdullah and their daughter.
So says Jawdat Najjar, a Turkmen who is minister for his community's affairs in the Kurdish-dominated regional government which runs this part of northern Iraq.
That is certainly not the view taken by Turkmen merchants at the Qayseria bazaar in Irbil, where many of the shops are run by Turkmen.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/middle_east/2835683.stm   (898 words)

 Afghanistan - Turkmen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The Afghan Turkmen population in the 1990s is estimated at around 200,000.
The original Turkmen groups came from east of the Caspian Sea into northwestern Afghanistan at various periods, particularly after the end of the nineteenth century when the Russians moved into their territory.
Turkmen tribes, of which there are twelve major groups in Afghanistan, base their structure on genealogies traced through the male line.
www.countrystudies.us /afghanistan/42.htm   (177 words)

 Amazon.com: Among the 'Others': Encounters with the Forgotten Turkmen of Iraq: Books: Scott Taylor   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Turkmen complaints about the 1957 census persist to the present, made more urgent by demographic disputes in the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
The Kurds are busily trying to ethnically cleanse the Turkmens (close relatives of the Turks of neighboring Turkey) from their ancestral city of Kirkuk, which the Kurds also claim, and desire because of its large oil/gas deposits.
There are more than 2 million Turkmen in Northern Iraq, principally around Kirkuk and Tal Afar, a city of 400,000 where US forces have an increasingly difficult insurrection on their hands -the Turkmen fear the US has embraced the Kurds at their expense.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1895896266?v=glance   (2314 words)

 Iraqi Turkmen Complain of Kurdish Attacks
The ING raided the Turkmen houses and killed two Turkmen civilians in front of their families.
It is strongly believed that the raid was revenge on the Turkmen in Yengija who had voted for the ITC list [630 votes] during the last Iraqi elections of Dec. 15, 2005.
The ITC, an umbrella group for various Iraqi Turkmen groups, was actually not able to achieve success in the Dec. 15 polls in Iraq and managed to win only one seat in Iraq's 275-member National Assembly.
www.aina.org /news/20060314085753.htm   (280 words)

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