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Topic: Tuvan language

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Tuvans (or Tuvinians) are a group of Turkic people who make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva.
The Tuvan language belongs to the Northern or Siberian branch of the Turkic language family.
Tuvans in China, who live mostly in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region are included under the Mongol nationality.
www.oobdoo.com /wikipedia/?title=Tuvans   (339 words)

Tuvans (or Tuvinians), a group of Turkic people, make up about two thirds of the population, and Russians (who live primarily in urban areas) the rest.
Tuvan language belongs to the Turkic language group.
It was annexed by the USSR in 1944 as an autonomous region and became an autonomous republic in 1961.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/tu/Tuva.html   (276 words)

 Tuvan language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tuvan (Tuvan: Тыва дыл Tyva dyl), also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan, or Tuvin, is one of the Turkic languages.
The original Tuvan orthography was devised in the early 1930s by a Tuvan Buddhist monk, Lopsan-Chimit, who was later repressed in Stalinist purges.
Tuvan marks nouns with six cases: genitive, accusative, dative, ablative, locative, and allative.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tuvan_language   (440 words)

 Tuvinskii iazyk
According to this model, adopted for this study, the central criterion of language vitality is the rate of intergenerational transmission of the language and the spheres of use, or domains, of language use.
With the adoption of the new alphabet, the Tuvan literary language, based on the central Tuvan dialect, was born.
The written language began to be used for public administration in local government and the Tuvan language was introduced as a compulsory subject in secondary schools in the 1940s.
www.unc.edu /~lajanda/chevaliertuva.doc   (7372 words)

 The School of Russian and Asian Studies: Regions & Cities: Eastern Siberia: Tuva
As one would expect of a Russian republic, the working language in the capital and other larger centers is Russian, but in the countryside and in less formal situations the working language is Tuvan.
The Tuvan language is closely related to certain ancient languages (Old Oghuz and Old Uighuer) and modern ones (Karagas and Yakut).
Tuvan throat singing is not just an exotic novelty but a part of a rich tradition.
www.sras.org /cities.phtml?m=148   (643 words)

 East Asian Studies 210 Notes: The Tuvans
In the 19th century the Tuvans were sometimes known as the Uryankhai (pronounced "oo-rin-HIGH"), which meant "distant forest people." Because of their proximity to and long historic interaction with their eastern neighbors, the Mongols, the Tuvans speak a Turkic language that is heavily influenced by Mongol.
Nearly all Tuvans retain their native language (such a high percentage is unusual for the native peoples of Siberia).
Some of the semi-sedentary Tuvans planted millet and barely (which has recently been replaced by winter wheat.) Tuvan dwellings include both the portable felt yurt of all the steppe poeples, as well as the conical pole and bark tent of the taiga hunters; finally, some Tuvans lived in Russian-style wooden cabins.
pandora.cii.wwu.edu /vajda/ea210/Tuva.htm   (1199 words)

 Blind U.S. bluesman masters throat-singing of Tuva
He had spent years teaching himself throat-singing and the Tuvan language by translating each letter from Tuvan to Russian and then into English using an electronic device that scans letters, then raises a series of pins to shape the letter.
On the first night of the competition in the Tuvan capital Kyzyl, Pena was told he could not perform the song he had prepared because its composer was dishonoured and in jail.
The film also shows how readily the Tuvans, Asian descendants of Genghis Khan, accepted the large American with wild, curly hair -- a far cry from America, where Pena, whose parents came from the Cape Verde Islands, is often judged on the colour of his skin and his blindness.
www.genghisblues.com /articles/reuters.html   (1014 words)

 Linguist List - Book Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
This dictionary consists of approximately 5-6,000 basic vocabulary itens of= Tuvan, a Turkic language of south central Siberia.The lexicon of Tuvan is charcterized by a larger number of Mongolianloans t= han in other Turkic languages of southern Siberia.Modern Tuvan has also borrowed extensively from Russian, though less than n= eighboring Altai-Sa yan Turkic languages.
Thus, the lexico= n of Tuvan reflects the diverse and complex history of socio-cultural contacts of the Tuvan people.Tuvan (aka Tuvan/Tuvinian) is spoken by 150-200,000 people in the Republic = of Tuva in south centra Siberia.
Tuvan (along with the closely related Tofalar) stand out among the Turkic languages in s= everal ways.=20Tuvan has three sets of phonemic vowels: plain, long, and creaky voice.
linguistlist.org /pubs/books/get-book.cfm?BookID=4038   (200 words)

 LINGUIST items on the Tuvan language.
And yes, some have linked diphonic singing, at least among the Tuvans and Mongolians, with shamanism (the singing is said to imitate the sounds of various natural phenomena associated with certain spirits or something of the sort), but more than this I cannot tell you with any reliability.
I list the 7 Tuvan ones first, followed by 3 Mongolian ones, and then one that is a miscellany of throat-singers from various parts of central Asia (including some Tuvans).
In general, I think the Tuvans deserve their reputation as the best throat-singers, but the others are interesting to me too.
www.fotuva.org /misc/linguist_list.html   (3510 words)

 Okinsky Tuvan National Rayon
Now that Okinsky Rayon is officially recognized as being a Tuvan region it is now required that Tuvan be taught to children in the schools from the first grade onward.
The primary spoken language among all is Buryat and schools are bilingual Buryat-Russian.
The Tofa language is moribund, and as far as Tofa language teaching materials go, there is only a small children's dictionary, a sketchy Russian-Tofa dictionary, and a children's reader in the Tofa language, all of which we (our project team) have.
www.fotuva.org /history/okinsky_tuvan_national_rayon.html   (1311 words)

 GeoNative - Tuva - Tofalar
Tuvans speak a Turkic language (Tuvan) and are mainly Buddhists, culturally linked to the Mongols.
There are also Tuvan minorities in Mongolia (24,700 or 1.3% of the total population in 1985) and around 400 people in China (1990).
It is linguistically and geographically close to Tuvan, spoken north of Tuva, in the northern side of the Sayan mountains.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/9860/tuva.html   (358 words)

 K. David Harrison, Ph.D.
In 2005, I began fieldwork on three Munda languages of Northeast India, and in 2006 on the Siletz Dee-ni language of Oregon.
As a field linguist, I adopt the position that languages exist solely within a cultural matrix, and must be studied holistically and in their natural context.
Two of the languages I am currently investigating, Tofa and Ös, have fewer than 40 fluent speakers each.
www.swarthmore.edu /SocSci/dharris2   (335 words)

 The Poetry of Galsan Tschinag -- An Introduction
The Tuvans, consisting of some four thousand native speakers of an oral Turkic language, are an endangered people.
This people is mainly known in the West for their “throat-singing,” a type of laryngeal drone with simultaneous overtone that hauntingly evokes the wide steppes and background peaks of the Altai Range.
Following one year of Mongolian language and literature studies at the university in Ulan Bator, Tschinag experienced the great fortune of being selected in 1962 to travel to the far-off sister-socialist country of the German Democratic Republic (GDR: East Germany) to attend classes at the University of Leipzig.
webpub.byu.net /rdh7/tschinag/intro.htm   (2104 words)

 alt.culture.tuva FAQ Version 1.38 [1 of 1]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
As one would expect of a Russian republic, the working language in the capital and other larger centres is Russian, but in the countryside and in less formal situations the working language is Tuvan.
The African and Tuvan musical elements are not as disparate as one might expect; this is more a testimony to the talents and to the calibre of the musicians than to any similarities inherent in the cultures.
Tuvans Invade America Alt.culture.tuva's own Jeff Cook had a large hand in this informal documentary on the visit of 3 extraordinary Tuvan performers to California for the Rose Bowl Parade on January 1, 1993.
omicron.felk.cvut.cz /FAQ/articles/a3648.html   (8113 words)

 Octave Alliance Transformance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Founded in 1996, the group brings together the cream of the younger generation of Tuvan throat-singers and showcases five styles of throat singing: the khoomey (general), the kargyraa (deep tones), the sygyt (high tones), the borbannadyr (staccato-like whistle), the ezengiler (sound originating from clashing horse spurs) and the chilandyk (kargyraa and sygyt).
Tuvan throat-singing is based on a scale similar to American blues and uses sustained notes that branch into overtones with slight pitch fluctuations, creating a buoyant yet meditative quality.
Sung in their native language, the group plays little known instruments, including the dospuluur (lute), the igil (two-stringed violin), and the dungar (rattle drum used by Tuvan shamans).
www.octavealliance.org /tunnel   (760 words)

 Upcoming.org: Solstice Concert with Laurie Anderson and Tuvan Throat-singing champions at Rubin Musem of Art ...
The group of four represents the cream of the younger generation of Tuvan musicians and was brought together by Alexander Bapa, the founder of the popular throat-singing group Huun-Huur-Tu who have successfully toured the nation many times.
As the fundamental tone remains constant, melodies are sung with the highest overtone, resembling the sound of a flute.
All of Chirgilchin?s songs are in the Tuvan language, and the group plays instruments such as the doshpuluur (a variation on a lute, with three strings), and the igil (a violincello with two strings).
upcoming.org /event/84746   (316 words)

 Tuva Books
This grammar represents the first in-depth, technical description of the Tuvan (also Tyvan, Tuvinian) language written in English and based on data collected directly from speakers of the language.
This book presents a guide to Tuvan culture and people, Tuvan grammar and glossary, a "Tuvan Reader" to practice your new language skills with, and an annotated bibliography of books on or about Tuva.
The transcript is presented with each language in a column so you can see a person's dialog in all three languages at once.
www.scs-intl.com /trader/tuva_books.htm   (1237 words)

 Hyannis-born musician taught himself exotic voice technique: 9/ 12/ 2004
Tuvan throat singing is a technique in which a singer produces two or three tones simultaneously.
After locating a recording of Tuvan throat music, Pena taught himself the technique that includes three styles of throat singing: khoomei, sygyt and kargyra.
He taught himself the Tuvan language using an Opticon, a device that translated an English-Russian dictionary and a Russian-Tuvan dictionary into sensations.
www.southcoasttoday.com /daily/09-04/09-12-04/b06lo586.htm   (830 words)

 Genghis Blues Movie: Genghis Blues DVD is available from Bestprices.com
Pena had become fascinated with the Tuvan practice of harmonic throat singing, in which singers are able to make incredible, almost magical sounds flow from deep in their throats.
Pena's tour of the country leads him to the 1995 Throat singing Competition and Symposium, in which he competes in the kargyaa section, and the crowd is thrilled to see an American blues musician throat singing and talking to them in the Tuvan language.
Brothers Adrian and Roko Belic document the trip, alternating between scenes of Pena's experiences with the people and shots of the beautiful Tuvan landscape and culture, from lush fields, stunning mountains, and hot deserts to dancing, a form of sumo-like wrestling, and a brutal sheep slaughtering ceremony.
www.bestprices.com /cgi-bin/vlink/767685947234.html?associate=122484   (335 words)

 TuvaOnline | Latest News From Tuva   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Here is an introduction to it from the part of the Elliott Bay Book Company: "We have had many translated programs before, but never one where the writer's native tongue is Tuvan and the language most translated here will be from the German to English, as his writing language is German.
Galsan Tschinag, known in his native Tuvan as Irgit Schynykbajoglu Dshueukuwaa, is a Tuvan chief, a singer, storyteller, poet, and novelist—the author of over thirty books.   [full story]
Among Tuvan groups and performers who would take part in it are 'Saradak', Khogzhum', Kheimer-ool Khovalyg, Khakassian singer Yulia Charkova, and an ensemble of authentic music from Irkutsk.   [full story]
tuvaonline.ru /eng/?...&id=1139049118&archive=&start_from=&ucat=   (1210 words)

 Capital University News, California State University, Sacramento   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Tuvan throat singers, Russian Old Believers, Kamchatkan folk dancers and others will perform as “Ancestors of Siberia”; at California State University, Sacramento at 8 p.m., Saturday, Sept. 27 at the Music Recital Hall inside Capistrano Hall.
Tuvan throat singers train from early childhood to produce two vocalizations at once, usually a low-pitched drone overlaid with a lilting, flute-like singing.
Chirgilchin, meaning mirage or miracle in the Tuvan language, also includes a female performer, a rarity in throat singing.
www.csus.edu /news/091703throatSingersInc.stm   (270 words)

 Movie Review: 'Genghis Blues'
Music is the universal language yet Tuvan throatsinging would seem to defy translation.
When Tuvan throatsinger Kongar-ol Ondar played a concert in San Francisco in 1993, Pena astonished him by performing for him in the lobby.
He connects with the Tuvans in a way that eludes him in the United States, where he is isolated, vulnerable and virtually homebound.
www.post-gazette.com /magazine/20000303genghis4.asp   (389 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
And incredibly, he taught himself how to do it, and also learned the rudiments of the Tuvan language by translating texts from Tuvan into Russian, Russian to English, and then into the raised-dot system he uses to read English.
In 1993, Tuvan singer Kanger-ol Ondar toured the U.S., and when he sang in San Francisco, Pena introduced himself by singing a well-known Tuvan song to him.
Some claim that the blues is a universal language, and if the footage in this film is any indication, it certainly is. Pena, playing his resonator slide guitar, immediately draws a crowd wherever he goes, singing a combination of delta blues and Tuvan throat-singing styles.
www.greenmanreview.com /film/film_genghis_blues.html   (563 words)

 Call of God keeps missionaries to Russia committed to the task - (BP)
Language training involves long hours of study and interaction with the Russian people in the bustling capital city.
The goal of Rose’s mission is to increase the Gospel witness among the Tuvan people —- a culture dominated by Buddhists and Shamanists.
In language studies since August 2004, the Roses hope to reach the level of fluency in the Russian language needed to move to the field by August.
www.bpnews.net /bpnews.asp?Id=21257   (1195 words)

 dOc DVD Review: Genghis Blues (1999)
Painstaking Braille translations of Tuvan into Russian, since there is no English equivalent of Tuvan, and then into English, turned Pena, over a period of twelve years, into a skilled throat-singer in his own right.
In 1993, a group of Tuvan throat-singers visited the United States on a concert tour, and it was there that Pena approached them after a show and sang a traditional Tuvan song.
The Tuvans were impressed by Pena's seemingly natural ability to master their native art form, and they dubbed him "Chershemjer", which translates as "Earthquake." Pena was personally invited to attend triennial throat-singing contest to be held in Tuva in 1995.
www.digitallyobsessed.com /showreview.php3?ID=1915   (1077 words)

 Alash Ensemble - Links and Webring to other Tuva related sites
Throat singing is a particular type of vocalizing that, in the West, was known almost exclusively by scholars, until quite recently.
There is debate as to the exact number of styles or techniques the Tuvans use in their throat singing....
The Tuvan language (Tyva dyl), also known as Tuvinian language, is one of the Turkic languages (A subfamily of Altaic languages).
www.alashensemble.com /links.htm   (1098 words)

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