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Topic: Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt

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In the News (Sun 18 Aug 19)

 Egypt: History - Dynasty XXII (Twenty-second Dynasty)
Towards the end of the dynasty the Serapeum material begins to be of real assistance, the inscriptions mentioning the dates of birth and death of several Apis bulls, together with the length of their lives.
In Middle Egypt, not far north of Oxyrhynchos, a fortress with a temple in which Shoshenk I and Osorkon I had a hand seems to have served as a sort of boundary or barrier between north and south.
The Bubastite Portal, as it is generally called, was squeezed in between the Second Pylon and a small temple of Ramesses III standing in the way of a huge first court which Shoshenk undoubtedly planned front he start, but which he did not live to accomplish. /hdyn22.htm

 Pami - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was a member of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt of Meshwesh Libyans which had been living in Egypt since the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt and who began to rule the country by the mid-940s BC.
Other Dynasty 22 kings who held the title 'Great Chief of the Ma' before ascending the throne include Shoshenq I, founder of the Dynasty.
The block is an Annal document that postdates Pami's reign and catalogues the deeds of various Dynasty 22 Pharaohs. /wiki/Pami

 History of Ethiopia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Under the Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt the arts as well as the enterprise of the Greeks entered Ethiopia, and led to the establishment of Greek colonies.
One of the lights of this dynasty was the reign of, in whose reign the stone churches of Lalibela were carved.
On a second expedition of his own he proved to his own satisfaction that the river originated some 40 miles southwest of the lake at a place called Geesh (November 4, 1770). /project/wikipedia/index.php/History_of_Ethiopia

 Egypt (WebBible Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net
One of the later kings of the dynasty, Amenophis IV., or Khu-n-Aten, endeavoured to supplant the ancient state religion of Egypt by a new faith derived from Asia, which was a sort of pantheistic monotheism, the one supreme god being adored under the image of the solar disk.
Egypt is the land of the Nile and the pyramids.
The Fayyum was rescued for agriculture by the kings of the Twelfth Dynasty; and two obelisks were erected in front of the temple of the sun-god at On or Heliopolis (near Cairo), one of which is still standing. /dictionary/egypt.html

From Khafre, the second king of the fourth dynasty, to the end of the sixth dynasty, the name Re is a part of the name of almost every one of those kings, and the monuments show that during that period numerous temples were erected to the chief of the Heliopolitan Ennead in the neighbouring nomes.
-- The second period is chiefly characterized by the Asiatic victories of the pharaohs when it opens, and by the repeated invasions of Egyptian territory by Asiatic powers, which was the reaction of those victories.
In ancient Egypt the tuft of papyrus was the coat of arms or symbol of the Northern Kingdom. /cathen/05329b.htm

 Egypt: History - Dynasty XIX (Nineteenth Dynasty)
Twenty miles further on, described as 'town of Canaan', is the Philistine Gaza a short distance within the Palestine border.
This he showed by means of the phrase 'Repetition of Births' appended to dating of his first and second regnal years, and by inserting the corresponding epithet in his Two-Ladies name and sometimes in his Horus-name, as had been done by Ammenemes I at the beginning of Dyn.
At Abydos his temple stands, as a not unworthy second, side by side with that of his father, which he finished. /egypt/hdyn19a.htm

If you migrated to Egypt, you did not become an Egyptian, but became a "sojourner" or "foreigner." The life of a foreigner in Egypt and elsewhere occupied a range of possibilities: sometimes foreigners had fewer privileges and rights, but more often they were allowed to form their own communities with their own leaders and laws.
Of all the kings of Egypt, Narmer is among the most legendary; for according to Egyptians, he united the two parts of Egypt and became the first king of the Two Lands, Upper and Lower Egypt.
The symbol of this unification are the two crowns of Egypt, the white crown (Upper Egypt) and the red crown (Lower Egypt); these crowns would be combined to form the single crown of the king. /~dee/TEXT/egypt.rtf

 Egyptian History: Dynasties 21 to 31, the Late Period
Egypt regained its independence in 656 BCE under Psammetic I (656-609 BCE) of Libyan origin, founder of the 26th dynasty.
The Persians ruled Egypt as a satrapy from 525 to 404 BCE, and again from 341 to 333 BCE (31st Dynasty).
Many of the best soldiers of Egypt's army deserted to the Ethiopian king at Meroe, and Ahmose was forced to use Libyan and Greek mercenaries against foreign invaders. /history21-31.htm

 870s BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
874 BC - Osorkon II succeeds as king of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt.
879 BC - Death of Zhou yi wang, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
878 BC - Zhou li wang becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China. /project/wikipedia/index.php/870s_BC

 King Osorkon II
Last major ruler of the dynasty: after his reign the country became divided into smaller kingdoms, perhaps under the nominal overlordship of the remaining kings of the Twenty-second Dynasty at Tanis. /wysinger/OsorkonII.html

Because of the importance of Egypt as the Empire's breadbasket, by law the governor of Egypt could not be of the Senatorial class (it was feared that consolidating too much power in a Senator invited revolt).
To put this in a certain perspective, Pharaonic Egypt encompasses some 2575 years, or about 50% of Egyptian history.
Egypt was an Augustan province so the governors were appointed directly by the Emperor rather than by the traditional Senatorial lottery. /egypt.html

 Dynasty 18 - Ahmose I, Amenhotep I
The expulsion of the Hyksos, began during the late 17th Dynasty by Seqenenre II or by Kamose and completed by 18th Dynasty monarch Ahmose in 1522, was the start of a series of conquests that would bring Egypt prosperity.
Egypt's stability was briefly ruptured when the late 18th Dynasty king Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten, changed the Egyptian religion and had most temples closed, favouring one new god, the solar-deity Aton.
Various scholars attribute different dates to his reign, but he probably became ruler of Egypt around 1550 BC at the age of 10, and ruled for a period of around 25 years before his death (examination of his well preserved mummy suggest he was about 35 when he died). /dynasty18.html

 The Pharaoh Egyptian
The Pharaoh Cheops, or Khufu, was the second ruler in the fourth dynasty of ancient Egypt.
The second branch was headed by the mother of DjedefRe, who ruled eight years after Cheops’ death.
Lastly the third was ruled by the mother of Khafre, or Chephren, who also ruled Egypt for awhile and built a pyramid at Giza. /pharaohegyptian_rdph.htm

 Bast, Egyptian Cat Goddess, Goddess of Love, Life and Sex
Although, as patron of the kings of Bubastis, Bast had already become one of the great divinities of Egypt, it was in the fourth century BC that she achieved her greatest popularity.
Herodotus, a Greek historian of the 5th century BC, described in his second book of his Histories the annual festival of Bast, whom he equated with the Greek goddess Artemis.
Though in origin a lioness-goddess, personifying the fertilising warmth of the sun, her sacred animal later became the cat, and she is represented as a cat-headed woman holding in her right hand either a sistrum or an aegis, composed of a semi-circular breastplate surmounted with the head of a lioness. /~bard_angel/goddess/bast.html

 Dynasty 18 - Tuthmosis I, Tuthmosis II, Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis III
Third King of Egypt's 18th Dynasty was a commoner by birth and a military man by training.
He was responsible for a number of building projects within Egypt proper, where he left indications of structures at Elephantine, Armant, Ombos (near the late 17th to early 18th Dynasty palace center at Deir el-Ballas), el-Hiba, Memphis and probably at Edfu.
This is obvious to most visitors of Egypt because one of the most effected monuments was her temple at Deir el-Bahari. /dynasty18a.html

 Seleucid dynasty
In the treaty of Apamea in 188 BC Scipio imposed the same conditions, demanded twenty hostages including his son Antiochus, a reduction of ships to twelve, and payment to Rome for the cost of the war totaling 15,000 talents over the next twelve years.
Antiochus III took advantage of a dynastic succession in Egypt to attack Palestine; but after regaining Seleucia Pieria he was eventually defeated at Raphia in 217 BC.
However, he had to withdraw before Roman power in Egypt, and his taking of the treasury from the temple at Jerusalem and his Hellenistic religious reforms brought on a Judean revolt. /seleucid-dynasty.htm

 ArtLex's P-Par page
From the second and third centuries, pagodas were constructed of wood.
dynasty of the tenth century, Chinese pagodas were built on a tetragonal plan.
The date of the Laocoön is controversial, some scholars arguing for the late second century BCE, others for c. /ArtLex/P.html

 The Libyans in Egypt
Now to bring Shoshenk Hedjkheperre to the head of the Libyan Dynasty is unnecessary; actually he will be shown to belong to the end of the period of Libyan domination in Egypt, and to be the Pharaoh So of the Scriptures.
The beginning of the Libyan Dynasty was dated to -945 because a synchronical link was claimed to exist between the Biblical references to Pharaoh Shishak who conquered Palestine in the fifth year after Solomon, and Shoshenk Hedjkheperre of the Libyan dynasty.
This did not, however, produce a lowering of the absolute date for the beginnning of the Dynasty, which is still held to be firmly tied to the supposed synchronism between Shoshenk Hedjkheperre and Rehoboam. /tac/libyans.htm

 Encyclopedia of the Rulers of Egypt
924-909 B.C. Osorkon I is in the second king of the Twenty-second Dynasty.
It is possible that the transition from the Twenty-first to the Twenty-second Dynasty was a peaceful one.
Egypt's borders did not extend as far as they once had and tried to resist the increasing pressures from the east by joining the states of Palestine and Syria. /rulers/html/en22p.htm

 Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Twenty-fifth dynasty of Ancient Egypt originated in Kush at the city-state of Napata, from whence they invaded and took control of Egypt under Piye (spelled Pinakhi in older works).
Starting with the reign of Taharqa, they were ultimately driven back into Nubia, at first by the Assyrians, then by the kings of the Twenty-sixth dynasty, where they established a kingdom at Napata (656 - 590 BC), and, later, at Meroë (590 BC - 4th century AD).
Manetho does not mention either the first king Piye, or the last king Tantamani, although inscriptions exist to attest to the existence of both. /project/wikipedia/index.php/Twenty-fifth_dynasty_of_Egypt

 Twenty-fourth dynasty of Egypt Information
Egypt is famous for its Ancient Egyptancient civilisation and some of the world's most stunning ancient monuments, including the PyramidGiza Pyramids, the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings.
The last native dynasty, known as the Thirtieth Dynasty, fell to the IranPersians in 341 BC who dug the predecessor of the Suez canal and connected the Red Sea to the Mediterranean.
Egypt also has a strong Christian heritage as evidenced by the existence of the Coptic ChristianityCoptic Orthodox Church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria, which claims a following of 50 million Christians worldwide (one of the famous Coptic Orthodox Churches is Saint Takla Haimanot Church in Alexandria /index.php?title=Twenty-fourth_dynasty_of_Egypt&action=edit

Reisner believed that during the rule of the Twenty-second (Libyan) Dynasty in Egypt (945-730 B.C.) Nubia remained a province of that land ruled by one of the king's sons.
Takeloth III, a renegade king of the 23rd dynasty, who along with his father Osorkon III had led Egypt in its earlier opposition to Assyria and who had apparently been banished from Egypt during the 671 B.C. invasion, immediately seized the opportunity to reassert his influence in Egypt.
In such circumstances Egypt was evidently too weak to command respect abroad, and the conversations of Wenamun with the princes whom he met afford a revelation of the contemporary world unequaled in the entire literature of the Nearer East. /DisplacedDynasties/20th-25th_Dynasty_Transition.html

 Egypt: History - Dynasty XXVIII (Twenty-eighth Dynasty)
He makes his TWENTY-EIGHTH DYNASTY consist of a single king Amyrtaeus of Sais, presumably a kinsman of the Amyrtaeus who carried on the struggle of Inaros after the latter's capture by his enemies.
The forty years ending with the death of Darius II in 404 BC are a complete blank so far as Egypt is concerned.
Apart from a letter from the same source quoting his name in close proximity to that of Nepherites, his immediate successor, there exists no further reference to him, and he has left no monuments. /egypt/hdyn28.htm

 Rebuttals to Islamic Awareness : Al-`Azîz & Potiphar
The early kings are always mentioned under the general title Pharao, or Pharao the King of Egypt; but personal names begin to appear with the twenty-second dynasty, though the older designation is still used, especially when contemporary rulers are spoken of.
The same is true of the use of the title Pharao for kings earlier than the eighteenth dynasty, which is quite in keeping with Egyptian usage at the time of the nineteenth dynasty.
Since it is "incorrect" to call the King of Egypt "Pharaoh", both the Bible and the Qur'an would be in error according to Saifullah's argument. /Responses/Saifullah/aziz.htm

 Untitled Document
Some of the Hebrews expelled from Egypt in the exodus were “thrown into the sea” and sailed north across the Mediterranean to found the earliest civilization in Greece, while Moses led the rest of Israel eastward “helpless into the desert” of the Wilderness.
William Ridgeway’s Early Age of Greece (p.220) dated the Danaan exodus from Egypt as 1450 B.C. This is virtually identical to the date of the Hebrew exodus, which is dated to 1447 B.C. by Dr. Stephen E. Jones and 1453 B.C. in Dr. Adam Rutherford’s Bible Chronology (p.120).
The Egyptians, therefore, were of opinion that they would obtain no alleviation of the evil unless they removed the people of foreign extraction. /biblestudiesMCOGfolder/a09OtherExodus/OtherExodus2.htm

 Tuesday, January 15, 2002
Scott’s square is placed in the second court of the temple, in front of the platform of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty building.
Today we removed the baulk, or soil wall we left in place in front of the temple, so that we could see how many stones made up the foundations of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty temple and also see, in the profile under that temple, whether indications of the earlier temple’s foundations appear.
We have been looking for foundation remains of the front court and square pillars from that 18th Dynasty temple and have found a number of indications so far. /neareast/2002/pages/11502.html

 Articles - Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt
778-740 BC Osorkon IV The so-called Twenty-Third Dynasty obviously was an offshoot of this dynasty.
The Twenty-Second Dynasty ruled between 945 BC or 943 BC and 720 BC.
Their kings were Meshwesh Libyans, who had settled in Egypt since the Twentieth Dynasty. /articles/Twenty-second_dynasty_of_Egypt?mySession=7b59d20bd402c3a940700f3d50310ecc

 The 21st Dynasty of Egypt
But despite the changes in Egypt the Egyptian priesthood continued to enjoy the patronage of the kings; temples were built in Kom Ombo, in Esneh, and in other places that in architectural style did not look different from the temples of the 20th Dynasty.
The throne of Egypt was ceased by Nectanebo I, who claimed to be of the parentage of Nepherites, but who was a son of a military man and an officer himself.
Ramses VI/Nectanebo II With the defeat of the Sea Peoples campaign against Egypt in the days of Ramses III there were found signs in Palestine that Ramses III actually did occupy or enter into the defenseless regions of Palestine. /dyn21b.html Books: From Slave to Pharaoh : The Black Experience of Ancient Egypt
Lower Egypt, Twenty-fifth Dynasty, New Kingdom, First Cataract, East Karnak, Twenty-second Dynasty, Middle Egypt, Middle Kingdom, Eighteenth Dynasty, Twentieth Dynasty, Lower Nubia, Twenty-third Dynasty, Late Period, Divine Worshiper, Nile Valley, Two Lands, Second Cataract, Medinet Habu, Twelfth Dynasty, Perfect God, Temple of Osiris-Ruler-of-Eternity, Amun of Napata, Wady Tumilat, Mound of Djéme
The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt: A Genealogical Sourcebook of the Pharaohs by Aidan Dodson
Gods and Men in Egypt: 3000 BCE to 395 BCE by Francoise Dunand /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0801878144?v=glance

 710s BC
715 BC - Osorkon IV dies, ending the Twenty-second Dynasty of Egypt
716 BC - Shabaka succeeds his father Piye as king of the Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt
715 BC - Shabaka kills Bakenrenef (Bocchoris), ending the Twenty-fourth Dynasty of Egypt /wiki/7/710s-BC.htm

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