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Topic: UNIVAC I


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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: UNIVAC I
The first UNIVAC was delivered to the United States Census Bureau on March 31, 1951 and was dedicated on June 14th that year.
As such the UNIVAC competed directly against punch-card machines (mainly made by IBM), but oddly enough the UNIVAC originally had no means of either reading or punching cards (which initially hindered sales to some companies with large quantities of data on cards, due to potential manual conversion costs).
The UNIVAC and the Legacy of the ENIAC (http://www.library.upenn.edu/special/gallery/mauchly/jwm11.html)
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/UNIVAC-I   (2995 words)

  
 K. Ryan Weston - CS3604 Assignment #2 - 1997
While UNIVAC was still a dinosuar compared to today's pentiums and workstations, it was the next best thing since sliced bread in 1951, when it was used to tally part of the 1950 U.S. population census, drastically reducing the workload of the human tabulators usually required to work excrutiatingly long hours on the job.
The notoriously famous original UNIVAC I of the Census Bureau was moved to the Smithsonian Institute to preserve as a forefather of the computer revolution.
UNIVAC was to the technological advancement of our society what ships were to the seafarers of the fifteenth century, and much like them, we press forever onward, taking what those before us have learned and striving to go further and farther than our predecessors.
ei.cs.vt.edu /~history/UNIVAC.Weston.html   (2101 words)

  
  UNIVAC I
The fifth UNIVAC I (built for the Atomic Energy Commission) was used by CBS to predict the 1952 presidential election.
The eighth UNIVAC I, the first sale for business applications, was installed at the General Electric Appliance Division, to do payroll, in January, 1954.
The UNIVAC and the Legacy of the ENIAC (http://www.library.upenn.edu/special/gallery/mauchly/jwm11.html)
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/un/UNIVAC_I.html   (633 words)

  
  UNIVAC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The UNIVAC division of Remington Rand was renamed the Univac division of Sperry Rand.
The UNIVAC 1103 was a successor to the UNIVAC 1101 introduced in 1953.
The UNIVAC 1105 was the successor to the 1103A, and was introduced in 1958.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/UNIVAC   (2143 words)

  
 UNIVAC I - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The first UNIVAC was delivered to the United States Census Bureau on March 31, 1951 and was dedicated on June 14th that year.
As such the UNIVAC competed directly against punch-card machines (mainly made by IBM), but oddly enough the UNIVAC originally had no means of either reading or punching cards (which initially hindered sales to some companies with large quantities of data on cards, due to potential manual conversion costs).
The UNIVAC and the Legacy of the ENIAC – From the University of Pennsylvania Library (PENN UNIVERSITY/exhibitions)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/UNIVAC_I   (1254 words)

  
 UNIVAC
The UNIVAC I was unique in that it separated the complex problems of input and output from the actual computation facility.
The UNIVAC was used for general purpose computing with large amounts of input and output.
Each Univac I was equipped with ten magnetic tape drives each and all were compatible, that is, tapes generated on one drive could be used on any drive.
www.thocp.net /hardware/univac.htm   (802 words)

  
 UNIVAC I
The first UNIVAC was delivered to the United States Census Bureau on March 30, 1951 and was dedicated on June 14th that year.
The UNIVAC I computers were built by Remington Rand's Univac-division (successor of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC), bought by Rand in 1950).
UNIVAC I used 5,200 vacuum tubes, weighed 29,000 pounds (13 metric tons), consumed 125 kW, and could perform about 1,905 operations per second running on a 2.25 MHz clock.
www.abacci.com /wikipedia/topic.aspx?cur_title=UNIVAC_I   (801 words)

  
 Kids.net.au - Encyclopedia UNIVAC I -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The fifth UNIVAC I (built for the Atomic Energy Commission) was used by CBS to predict the 1952 presidential election.
After the first three UNIVAC I systems, two were sold to the Atomic Energy Commission, and one to the United States Navy.
The UNIVAC and the Legacy of the ENIAC (http://www.library.upenn.edu/special/gallery/mauchly/jwm11)
www.kidsseek.com /encyclopedia-wiki/un/UNIVAC_I   (683 words)

  
 ICMI/Call Center Magazine Network   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In 1952, it predicted Eisenhower's victory over Stevenson, and UNIVAC became synonymous with computer (for a while).
UNIVAC I's were in use up until the early 1960s.
The UNIVAC I made history in 1952 when it predicted Eisenhower's victory.
www.callcentermagazine.com /encyclopedia/defineterm.jhtml?term=UNIVACI   (107 words)

  
 UNIVAC at AllExperts
UNIVAC was first intended for the Bureau of the Census, which paid for much of the development, and then was put in production.
Unlike the UNIVAC I and UNIVAC II, however, it was a binary machine as well as maintaining support for all UNIVAC I and UNIVAC II decimal and alphanumeric data formats for backward compatibility.
The UNIVAC 1108 was the second member of Sperry Univac's UNIVAC 1100 series of computers, introduced in 1964.
en.allexperts.com /e/u/un/univac.htm   (2175 words)

  
 [No title]
The UNIVAC I was delivered to its first customer, the U.S. Census Bureau, in 1951, and the third computer went to the Army in 1952.
The original UNIVAC I from the U.S. Census Bureau is now at the Smithsonian Institution preserved as a forefather of the computer revolution.
UNIVAC’s place in history was set on election night in 1952, when, based on early returns in the presidential vote, a UNIVAC stamped with serial number “5” correctly predicted Dwight D. Eisenhower's landslide electoral victory over Adlai E. Stevenson.
www.iwar.org.uk /news-archive/2002/military/02-01-02.htm   (1093 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - UNIVAC I
The UNIVAC division of Remington Rand was renamed Sperry UNIVAC.
UNIVAC was one of the eight major computer companies (with IBM - the largest, Burroughs, Scientific Data Systems, Control Data Corporation, General Electric, RCA and Honeywell) through most of the 1960s.
UNIVAC® has been, over the years, a registered trademark of Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, Remington Rand Corporation, Sperry Rand Corporation, Sperry Corporation, and Unisys Corporation.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/UNIVAC   (409 words)

  
 UNIVAC I
The first UNIVAC passed its formal acceptance test on March 29-30, 1951 and was turned over to the Census Bureau, which operated it in the factory for nearly a year.
The UNIVAC had the ability to store the control counter value in memory, making it possible for the flow of a program to go to a subprogram and then return to where it was in the main program.
Early in the design of the UNIVAC system, Eckert and Mauchly had recognized that for the computer to be useful in handling the large volumes of data used in many business applications, such as payroll of inventory control, it would need to have a high speed input/output system.
www.ed-thelen.org /comp-hist/UNIVAC-I.html   (1493 words)

  
 Unisys History Newsletter v1n1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
UNIVAC had a strong start in Pittsburgh with the three UNIVAC I installations, but the company was not very good at supporting us with technical help and program products.
UNIVAC 1005: The 1005 went to war: at least one was used in South Vietnam, and another was in the Pentagon.
UNIVAC 418: It is said that a few 418s remained in operation until the early 1990s California is still running 418 emulation on its 1100--there's an interesting USE paper on that.
www-static.cc.gatech.edu /gvu/people/randy.carpenter/folklore/v1n1.html   (2027 words)

  
 UNIVAC Summary
UNIVAC was the first commercial computer to use stored programs, in which the computer reads the program from storage into its memory and follows its instructions to process data.
The UNIVAC division of Remington Rand was renamed the Univac division of Sperry Rand.
The UNIVAC 1105 was the successor to the 1103A, and was introduced in 1958.
www.bookrags.com /UNIVAC   (3635 words)

  
 UNIVAC Memories
The first computer I ever used was a UNIVAC 1107, and for more than a decade stretching from 1967 through 1978, most of my programming was oriented toward those machines, spanning four generations of hardware: the 1107, 1108, 1110, and 1100/80 (which I used briefly to develop microprocessor software).
UNIVAC 1100 machines used one's complement representation of negative numbers, as opposed to the two's complement form almost universal today.
Programmers of UNIVAC 1100 mainframes in the 1960's through the mid 1970's exalted in discovering clever ways to squeeze the most out of machines which, by today's standards, would be considered hopelessly slow and short of memory.
www.fourmilab.ch /documents/univac   (920 words)

  
 UNIVAC Computer System - Picture - MSN Encarta
The first commercially available electronic computer, UNIVAC I, was also the first computer to handle both numeric and textual information.
The central computer is in the background, and in the foreground is the supervisory control panel.
Remington Rand delivered the first UNIVAC machine to the U.S. Bureau of Census in 1951.
encarta.msn.com /media_461537301_761563087_-1_1/UNIVAC_Computer_System.html   (95 words)

  
 Electrical and Computer Engineering - Drexel University
Then when the Univac I was under construction, he studied the logic and wrote a program that tested that every gate worked as it should.
The Univac I used vacuum tube technology with a delay line memory through mercury and magnetic tape for storage (it was designed for business applications and so did decimal arithmetic and handled alphabetic information).
Univac Larc used transister technology with overlapping modules of ferrite core memory for faster access and a programmable I/O handler.
www.ece.drexel.edu /faculty/tonik.html   (291 words)

  
 Fifties Web Pop History - Univac 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Eckert and Mauchly Computer Co. of Philadelphia (which was soon purchased by Remington Rand) sells the first commercial computer, the UNIVAC 1, to the U.S. Census Bureau.
But the UNIVAC I was the first computer to be widely used for commercial purposes - 46 machines were built, for about $1 million each.
UNIVAC I came to the public's attention in 1952, when CBS used one to predict the outcome of the presidential election.
www.fiftiesweb.com /pop/univac.htm   (229 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The UNIVAC I computers were built by Remington Rand's UNIVAC-division (successor of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, bought by Rand in 1950).
The vacuum tubes used in the UNIVAC I were mostly of type 25L6, but the machine also used tubes of type 6AK5, 7AK7, 6AU6, 6BE6, 6SN7, 6X5, 28D7, 807, 829B, 2050, 5545, 5651, 5687, 6AL5, 6AN5, 6AH6, 5V4, 5R4, 4D32, 3C23, and 8008.
But with the exception of one or two machine instructions, UNIVAC was considered by programmers to be a decimal machine, not a binary machine, and the binary representation of the characters was irrelevant.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=UNIVAC_I   (1481 words)

  
 The First Commercial Univac I
The Univac I made a big splash in the 1952 election by predicting an Eisenhower landslide even before the polls closed in California; statistical sampling techniques related to results from previous elections were used.
The first commercial sale of the Univac I was in 1954 to the General Electric Co. to use in its brand new Major Appliance Division plant in Louisville, Kentucky.
The Univac I was also hooked up with speakers, and the operator had the machine playing classical music each evening.
www.softwarehistory.org /history/Grad1.html   (833 words)

  
 UNIVAC-discription   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
UNIVAC I had a character set designed around the typewriter keyboard with a lower case alphabet, a shift character, the decimal digits, and the usual typewriter symbols.
There were no bit manipulation instructions in UNIVAC I, and only by using tricks was it possible to change an individual bit.
The values for operators chosen for the UNIVAC I versions for SHORT CODE were selected to correspond to the top row of keys on the console typewriter.
www.palosverdes.com /lasthurrah/UNIVAC-discription.html   (277 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - In '52, huge computer called Univac changed election night   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In summer 1952, a Remington Rand executive approached CBS News chief Sig Mickelson and said the Univac might be able to plot early election-night returns against past voting patterns and spit out a predicted winner.
As polls began to close, clerks typed the data into the Univac using three Unityper machines, which punched holes in a paper tape that would be fed into the computer.
In the public's mind, the Univac was the new leader in computing.
usatoday.com /money/industries/technology/maney/2004-10-26-univac_x.htm   (969 words)

  
 UNIVAC Biblestory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
And after a time Univac saw that the core of the system had become rotten with hung runids and was overflowing, and there was only one operator who found favor with Univac, and his runid was ZZNOAH.
But BTO replied, "Lord Univac I have fear of the backup tape, for I may be cleaned and tested.
And Univac rained down upon MARYLAND 1 bits, one per word of main and mass storage, so that there was a plague of parity errors, and none have ever booted that evil system.
www.transsys.com /~louie/univac/biblestory.html   (1666 words)

  
 Computers: The 70s   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Univac maintains that this low visibility is all part of the plan.
Univac attributes this dissatisfaction to the long hard time for delivery in 1978, a problem that it now claims to have solved.
Univac is now training its worldwide force of 8,000 customer engineers to service minis as well as mainframes.
www.krsaborio.net /research/1970s/790917.htm   (1523 words)

  
 UNIVAC- Hook Suspended Vacuum Lifters
UNIVAC® Vacuum Lifters are designed for efficient one-person operation in lifts of semi-porous and non-porous material.
UNIVAC® engineers its standard horizontal units to an industry leading 2 to 1 vacuum safety factor (5 to 1 on the structural components).
On UNIVAC® upenders / downenders the vacuum safety factor is 4 to 1 in the horizontal position and 2 to 1 in the vertical position.
www.caldwellinc.com /vl4.html   (474 words)

  
 Today in Technology History - Jun 14
The result of their labors, the UNIVAC, was a room-sized machine: 14 feet long, 8 feet deep and 8.5 feet high.
After months of testing, the first UNIVAC was purchased by the U.S. Census Bureau; it was officially dedicated exactly 50 years ago in Washington, D.C. UNIVAC was the first computer that was not one of a kind.
The first few UNIVACs were sold to the U.S. government and military, and after 1953 some were sold to businesses.
www.tecsoc.org /pubs/history/2001/jun14.htm   (271 words)

  
 UNIVAC I: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The american company univac began as the "business" computer division of remington rand formed by the purchase of the eckert-mauchly computer corporation (emcc)...
The univac 1102 or era 1102 was designed by engineering research associates for the united states air forces arnold engineering development center...
The univac 1107 was the first member of sperry rands univac 1100/2200 seriesunivac 1100 series of computers, EHandler: no quick summary.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/u/un/univac_i5.htm   (2303 words)

  
 UNIVAC I
The first UNIVAC was delivered to the United States Census Bureau on March 30, 1951.
The fifth (built for the Atomic Energy Commission) was used by CBS to predict the 1952 presidential election.
The UNIVAC and the Legacy of the ENIAC
www.fact-index.com /u/un/univac_i.html   (731 words)

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