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Topic: Unix wars

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  Origins and History of Unix, 1969-1995
Unix was very close to being the first system under which a programmer could sit down directly at a machine and compose programs on the fly, exploring possibilities and testing while composing.
By this time Unix was in use for operations support all through the Bell System [Hauben], and had spread to universities as far away as Australia, where John Lions's 1976 notes [Lions] on the Version 6 source code became the first serious documentation of the Unix kernel internals.
Unix research had begun there in 1974, and was given a substantial impetus when Ken Thompson taught at the University during a 1975-76 sabbatical.
library.n0i.net /linux-unix/art-unix-programming/ch02s01.html   (5866 words)

 Unix Operating System
Most of them are engaged in applications such as computer science education, the preparation and formatting of documents and other textual material, the collection and processing of trouble data from various switching machines within the Bell System, and recording and checking telephone service orders.
Unix caused the creation of the popular C programming language, and helped establish Internet networking in academic environments.
After spawning a number of somewhat incompatible varieties over the years, the Unix operating system family now shows signs of standardization on an open source version called Linux.
www.livinginternet.com /i/iw_unix.htm   (189 words)

 Draft SEL Materials
Unix detractors invariably talk about the fracturing of Unix and refer disparagingly to what they call the "Unix wars" of the nineteen eighties but in reality even the most widely divergent Unix products generally differed in implementation detail and hardware support, not in concept.
Unix doesn't have Microsoft's surface consistency, but theory drives change to build a record of continuity as ideas are tested, accepted, and implemented.
Look at Unix as it is today, as it was ten years ago, or as it started in the seventies and that's what you see: out of many one: many developers, many agendas, many skillsets, many variants, one continuously developing and expanding set of ideas.
www.winface.com /collections/unix_unity.html   (1341 words)

 Unix wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the mid-1980s, the two common versions of Unix were BSD, from the University of California, Berkeley, and System V, from ATandT.
COSE work such as the Single UNIX Specification, the current standard for branded Unix, is now the responsibility of the Open Group.
Since then, occasional bursts of Unix factionalism have broken out, such as the 1996 HP/SCO "3DA" alliance, and Project Monterey in 1998, a teaming of IBM, SCO, Sequent and Intel which was in turn followed by litigation (SCO v.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Unix_wars   (504 words)

 One more battle in the Unix wars - smh.com.au
SCO claims that Big Blue is using parts of Unix code, which it licenses for its AIX version of Unix, in its input into Linux, the open-source version of Unix that is fast becoming popular as a server operating system.
Unix was invented in 1969 by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie, two software engineers at Bell Labs, the research division of US communications giant AT&T. They wanted an easy-to-use operating system for a PDP-7, one of the first minicomputers.
One of the main reasons for Unix's popularity was that it freed new suppliers from developing their own operating system from scratch.
www.smh.com.au /articles/2003/03/31/1048962684863.html?from=storyrhs   (641 words)

 The Unix Guardian--Who's Ahead in the Unix Wars?
The Unix segment is an important part of the overall industry; it's one of the largest market segments, maybe not in units anymore, but certainly when measured by revenue.
Sun was the undisputed Unix market leader from the mid-1990s through 2000, but have been struggling to grow both revenue and market share in the wake of the dot-com crash.
Given that Unix is Sun's bread and butter and that the probability of Sun intentionally leaving Unix is very slim, Sun's score could be interpreted as a comment on the viability of Sun as a system vendor.
www.itjungle.com /tug/tug011206-story01.html   (2754 words)

 Unix Wars, Redux | Linux Journal
For years, Unix vendors fought each other for market share by each implementing their own proprietary extensions to Unix, each trying to use their own extensions to sell their version of Unix--usually on their own hardware.
Last fall, at Unix Expo, HP and SCO announced that they were working together to buy Unix development rights from Novell, and that they were going to develop the new standard 64-bit Unix.
While several versions of Unix have been more or less 64-bit in the past, the Single Unix Specification (SUS) does not explicitly address 64-bit issues, and SCO and HP (especially HP) were going to supply the Unix world with 64-bit Unix.
www.linuxjournal.com /article/1272   (867 words)

 UnixSecur.com - Unix
Unix or UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of ATandT Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy.
Today's Unix systems are split into various branches, developed over time by ATandT, several other commercial vendors, as well as several non-profit organizations, such as contributors to the GNU project.
Unix is written in C. Both Unix and C were developed by ATandT and distributed to government and academic institutions, causing it to be ported to a wider variety of machine families than any other operating system.
www.unixsecur.com /unix   (4590 words)

 Unix Wars
In 1987, ATandT entered an alliance to develop a standard Unix version with Sun Microsystems, the leading vendor of the BSD Unix variant.
Fabry requested a copy of the system, received Unix edition 4 in January, 1974, and a group of UCB computer scientists and mathematicians began working with the system.
Several efforts were made in the in 1980's to develop open Unix specifications and standards, such as by the IEEE POSIX group and a European group of companies called X/Open, with some limited success.
www.livinginternet.com /i/iw_unix_war.htm   (1286 words)

 Divide And Conquer Yourself
Back in the UNIX wars, the vendors had two primary axes on which they could compete: hardware speed, and features of their flavor of UNIX.
Through the exacting lens of 20/20 hindsight, it is clear that the UNIX vendors were short-sighted losers arguing over what to watch on the television and fighting for the remote control while the house burned down around them.
The early days of the Linux movement was heralded with grand pronouncements of war to the death with Microsoft - war from the desktop to the data center, and a free, compatible high performance alternative to Windows.
www.ranum.com /editorials/divide-conquer/index.html   (1506 words)

 The Creation of the UNIX* Operating System: The UNIX wars
While many applauded this decision, one group of UNIX licensees expressed the fear that Sun would have a commercial advantage over the rest of the licensees.
Soon several large companies -- who at the time were promoting their own proprietary operating systems in competition to UNIX -- also joined the OSF.
Media wags soon noted the dispute could be viewed two ways: positively, since the number of UNIX versions were now reduced to two; or negatively, since there now were two more versions of UNIX to add to the pile.
www.bell-labs.com /history/unix/wars.html   (221 words)

 UNIX: A Practical Definition
Some of the drift in the meaning of UNIX is due to legal quandaries; some of it is the result of various commercial "UNIX wars" that have been waged over the years; some of it results from battles of wit and mind, with superior but unorthodox technologies winning over inferior authorized ones.
I might add that UNIX provides a consistent approach to multitasking, with built-in operations for the creation, synchronization, and termination of processes.
Official UNIX systems and unofficial UNIX systems are commonly treated as belonging to a single category -- in books, in media coverage, on the net, and by general social consensus.
www.albion.com /security/intro-1.html   (475 words)

 OS News: Features: Small Operating Systems
Currently, there are four projected Unix variants making their case to be the "official" Unix of the next millennium.
Compaq might be interested in serving as a partner, as Sequent's departure left a hole in their strategies for incorporating NUMA into Digital Unix; Compaq already has relations with SGI due to SGI's use of the Alpha processor in some of its Cray supercomputers.
GCOS is not a Unix, but is still the operating system "closest" to Multics in terms of the number of utilities existing to port software from the latter.
old.osnews.com /features/03.99/unixwars.html   (2604 words)

 Breaking News--Latest Dispatch from the Unix Server Wars
So the Unix market can be described as essentially a zero-sum game; any gains made by one vendor will come out of the hide of one (or both) of the other vendors.
Just as the Cold War fueled much of the technological revolution from the 1950s through 1990, the Unix wars are driving much of the innovation in server technology and vendor marketing.
While the raw scores favor Sun, the normalized score (which is simply the number of votes divided by the number of respondents who have standardized on that brand) shows that HP is the winner of this beauty contest.
www.itjungle.com /breaking/bn121206-story01.html   (2746 words)

 IT-Director.com - UNIX Wars Heat Up
This week has witnessed a fresh outbreak of marketing wars between many of the major UNIX server suppliers that may help answer this question.
Many of these moves have occurred several months in advance of the original road map targets for these machines and indicate that IBM is targeting the UNIX market, and is looking to continue the expansion in its market share that has taken place over the last year or so.
It is clear that the vendors of UNIX systems are becoming very aggressive despite the effects of world's economic gloom.
www.it-director.com /content.php?id=2776   (625 words)

 The unity of Unix | Tech News on ZDNet
Unix detractors invariably talk about the fracturing of Unix and refer disparagingly to what they call the "Unix wars" of the 1980s, but in reality even the most widely divergent Unix products generally differed in implementation detail and hardware support, not in concept.
The computer science side of the turf wars that took place at MIT during the early 1960s run up to the Multics development decision wanted the system to act as a focal point for the development of a community of users with openly published source code.
The unity of Unix Loverock Davidson -- 07/27/05
news.zdnet.com /2100-9590_22-5806608.html   (1123 words)

 UNIX(R) Magic Poster Competition
The brief for the poster design is to feature images based on UNIX system interfaces, utilities, languages, related projects, key people and organizations who have shaped the UNIX system and related open systems.
In many ways the poster is a puzzle, in that folks look at the images and have to work out the connection to the UNIX system, for example the original series had images of boot (for booting the system), a fl cat, piping on the roof (for UNIX pipes), a large shell.
The classic UNIX magic poster by Overacre was distributed at past USENIX conferences and featured a white bearded wizard with UNIX related things around him, for example a spool of thread, a fl cat, a boot, a fork, pipes, buckets, a number of containers, labelled with things like tar, null, awk, uucp.
www.unix.org /uposter.html   (391 words)

 Steve Jackson Games Forums - UNIX Car Wars
My thought being, if SJG isn't doing anything with Car Wars for a bit, what's to prevent the rabid fans from seeing what progress can be made on their own (in a totally freely distributed sort of way so as to not step on anyone's rights)?
First off, I'm not associated with SJG, so don't think I speak for them, but as I understand it, even an "open source", free, and freely distributed Car Wars project would violate their copyright, and they'd be forced to come after you or they'd lose some of their own rights to CW.
They do license game aids, etc. if you get their approval, fill out a form or two, and include the right language saying that SJG has all the copyrights to the game.
forums.sjgames.com /showthread.php?t=1196   (454 words)

 Windows Beat Unix, But It Won't Beat Linux
You see, while there were many attempts to create software development standards for Unix they were too general to do much good—POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface)—or they became mired in the business consortium fights between the Open Systems Foundation and Unix International, which became known as the Unix wars.
While the Unix companies were busy ripping each other to shreds, Microsoft was smiling all the way to the bank.
Because the Unix businesses couldn't settle on software development standards, ISVs (independent software vendors) had to write not a single application to get the whole Unix market, they had to write up to a half-dozen different versions.
www.eweek.com /article2/0,1895,1861272,00.asp   (1307 words)

 Unix Wars, Redux
While a few Unix versions have extra features that Linux does not (yet), such as journaling file systems, process migration, and fail-over server capability (See Huh?
Linux has more complete hardware support, especially for legacy hardware, than most (all?) versions of Unix for Intel x86 computers.
What Linux provides that Unix does not is a unified feature set across all the supported machines.
www.linuxjournal.com /node/1272/print   (860 words)

 The Creation of the UNIX* Operating System: Early versions of the UNIX system
The Creation of the UNIX* Operating System: Early versions of the UNIX system
At Berkeley, as elsewhere, computer scientists started "improving" UNIX, adding new features and applications, revising code, trying to push this versatile operating system to its limits.
Over time, a number of versions of UNIX were floating around, including Bell Labs official versions.
www.bell-labs.com /history/unix/versions.html   (92 words)

 [admin] [OT] Unix Wars
On Thu, 1 Aug 2002, Wm.G.McGrath wrote: > Ask yourself this, what exactly did the unix community learn from the > Unix Wars?
It told all the Unix types what to avoid when moving into Linux.
It why all the main Unix players that have embraced open source (with the notable exception of Sun) have played nicely by the Linux community, tend to use GPL rather than BSD type licenses for their projects, and (in the case of IBM and HP) don't even make their own distributions.
www.mail-archive.com /admin@linux.ca/msg00363.html   (118 words)

If anyone knows who wrote the original 'DEC Wars', please tell me...
It is a time of intra-system war, as forces of the User Alliance struggle to break the iron grip of the evil Admin Empire.
Now, striking from a hidden directory, they win their first victory.
www.insecure.org /stf/unixwars.html   (3209 words)

 [No title]
Article 1952 of misc.wanted: >From: eric@snark.UUCP (Eric S. Raymond) Newsgroups: comp.unix.questions,misc.wanted,rec.arts.sf-lovers,rec.humor Subject: UNIX Wars!
(was: Re: Wanted - DEC WARS) Summary: Here's an 'enhanced version' I came up with once Message-ID:
Date: 18 Sep 87 18:08:20 GMT Organization: Network 23 AI Research Group If anyone knows who wrote the original 'DEC Wars', please tell me...I'd like to try to publish this thing, properly giving credit to the originator.
www.insecure.org /stf/unixwars.txt   (3497 words)

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