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Topic: US civil rights movement

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  Civil rights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Civil rights are distinguished from "human rights" or "natural rights"; civil rights are rights that persons do have, while natural or human rights are rights that many scholars think that people should have.
In the U.S., for example, laws protecting civil rights appear in the Constitution, in the amendments to the Constitution (particularly the 13th and 14th Amendments), in federal statues, in state constitutions and statues, and even in the ordinances of counties and cities.
Civil rights can in one sense refer to the equal treatment of all citizens irrespective of race, sex, or other class, or it can refer to laws which invoke claims of positive liberty.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Civil_rights_history   (3733 words)

 American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Board of Education, 347 U.S. (1954) was a key turning point in United States history: after years of campaigning against Jim Crow laws and racial oppression, the Civil Rights Movement had obtained a unanimous decision from the Supreme Court reversing the "separate but equal" doctrine that had justified official racism for the past half century.
Up through 1955 the civil rights movement in the South had largely been fought in courtrooms: while the NAACP had chapters throughout the South that attempted to register voters and protested discrimination, those efforts were often uncoordinated, while local authorities regularly harassed those organizations and the activists in them.
Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/US_civil_rights_movement   (5668 words)

 MSN Encarta - Civil Rights Movement in the United States
Civil Rights Movement in the United States, political, legal, and social struggle by fl Americans to gain full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality.
The civil rights movement was first and foremost a challenge to segregation, the system of laws and customs separating fls and whites that whites used to control fls after slavery was abolished in the 1860s.
During the civil rights movement, individuals and civil rights organizations challenged segregation and discrimination with a variety of activities, including protest marches, boycotts, and refusal to abide by segregation laws.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761580647   (1286 words)

 Encyclopedia: American civil rights movement
The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States.
The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also...
John Lewis (on right in trench coat) and Hosea Williams (on the left) lead marchers across the Edmund Pettus Bridge,March 7, 1965 The Selma to Montgomery marches, which included Bloody Sunday, were three marches that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/American-civil-rights-movement   (10269 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Civil Rights Movement
But by 1965, sweeping federal civil rights legislation prohibited segregation and discrimination, and this new phase of race relations was first officially welcomed into Georgia by Governor Jimmy Carter in 1971.
civil rights leaders sought to effectively mobilize fl voters and also oppose the gerrymandering of political districts that decreased the power of the fl vote.
Such were the pernicious consequences of slavery and white supremacy that civil rights leaders still faced a struggle for racial equality at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2716   (2277 words)

 H102 Lecture 26: Civil Rights in an Uncivil Society
Compare the tactics pursued by women's rights leaders in the early twentieth century with the tactics pursued by civil rights leaders in the latter half of the twentieth century.
Civil Rights from the 1920s to World War II In the decades after Washington, Du Bois, and Garvey had fought for racial justice, civil rights became a national issue.
As the civil rights movement grew from a regional to a national concern in the 1930s and 1940s, the NAACP stood out as the leading representative of fls in the nation.
us.history.wisc.edu /hist102/lectures/lecture26.html   (2841 words)

 MSN Encarta - People and Events in the American Civil Rights Movement
Major events and names of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States are familiar to most of us.
One of the best-known proponents of civil disobedience (refusal to obey civil laws or decrees), Martin Luther King, Jr., advocated nonviolent protest in the fight for civil rights.
The Civil Rights Memorial, which honors 40 people who gave their lives between 1954 and 1968 in the fight for racial equality, was dedicated in 1989.
encarta.msn.com /quiz_38/The_American_Civil_Rights_Movement.html   (555 words)

 Civil Rights Movement
According to Bob Moses and other civil rights activists, they hoped and often prayed that television and newspaper reporters would show the world that the primary reason Blacks remained in such a subordinate position in the South was because of widespread violence directed against them.
Civil rights workers throughout the state set up around-the-clock surveillance of some of the churches and homes they used as meeting places.
He said civil rights activists “were guarding all of our houses” and “we formed a little group that was patrolling the community and keeping an eye on our community center.” McLaurin noted that there was still plenty of fear because they received threats on their lives every day.
mshistory.k12.ms.us /features/feature24/ms_civil_rights.html   (1760 words)

 US Civil Rights Movement Boosts Tourism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The growing interest in the civil rights movement is boosting tourism in communities where it took place.
They were not even born during the civil rights movement but wanted to walk the same path Dr. King did years ago.
Now other cities across the south have built or are building new civil rights museums and memorials to cash in on the interest in civil rights history and the tourism dollars it is generating.
www.voanews.com /english/2005-02-16-voa8.cfm?textmode=1   (916 words)

 African American Odyssey: The Civil Rights Era (Part 1)
While there is more to achieve in ending discrimination, major milestones in civil rights laws are on the books for the purpose of regulating equal access to public accommodations, equal justice before the law, and equal employment, education, and housing opportunities.
Civil rights leaders rallied to the cause and came to continue the march from the point at which Meredith fell.
In this photograph she is singing at the 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom at the Lincoln Memorial--a civil rights rally, held on the third anniversary of the Brown decision.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart9.html   (1810 words)

 US civil rights movement : Civil rights era   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Many of the issues of civil rights are very complex and most difficult.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which required equal access to public places and outlawed discrimination in employment, was a major victory of the fl freedom struggle, but the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was its crowning achievement.
It uses material from the wikipedia article US civil rights movement : Civil rights era.
www.eurofreehost.com /ci/Civil_rights_era_8.html   (956 words)

 civil rights movement --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Civil disobedience has been a major tactic and philosophy of nationalist movements in Africa and India, in the civil rights movement of U.S. fls, and...
The Niagara Movement was the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement...
Contains a glossary of civil rights terms, a timeline of the civil rights era, and photographs of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singers.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9082763?tocId=9082763   (870 words)

 How The Civil Rights Movement Affected US Immigration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The Civil Rights Movement was essentially a struggle for the establishment of basic human rights for African-Americans in the United States.
The oppression culminated in the Civil Rights Movement.
The fight for rights was deadly and violent, but it resulted in concrete gains that pushed through laws banning racial discrimination in almost all walks of life.
www.soundvision.com /info/history/black/civilrights.asp   (1377 words)

 Fader History: US Civil Rights Movement
The story of the modern civil rights movement is one of the most powerful and significant of 20th century American experience.
In From Jim Crow to Civil Rights, Michael J. Klarman examines the social and political impact of the Supreme Court's decisions involving race relations from Plessy, the Progressive Era, and the Interwar Period to World Wars I and II, Brown and the Civil Rights Movement.
Truman sustained his human rights record throughout his seven-year presidency, naming the first African American to the federal bench, ending segregation in the armed forces and the federal civil service, opening the capital's public swimming pools to fl families in 1950, and delivering the 1953 Howard University commencement address.
www.fader.com /uscivilrightsmovementbooks.html   (6576 words)

 The US Civil Rights Movement
As long as the civil rights movement was confined to the South it had, in general, Northern white support.
And, as the U.S. Civil Rights Commission reported in 1965: "The quality of education afford Negroes has been so poor that any test of educational skill as a prerequisite to voting would necessarily discriminate against them." In 1964, only 6% of Mississippi’s eligible fls were registered to vote.
The Civil Rights Commission reported in 1963, "Citizens of the United States have been shot, set upon by vicious dogs, beaten and otherwise terrorized because they sought to vote." Less dramatic than violence, but even more effective, was economic intimidation.
www.somsd.k12.nj.us /~chssocst/Civil%20Rights%20History.htm   (3641 words)

 CIVIL RIGHTS WEBQUEST   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The Civil Rights movement is an important part of the study of United States History.
The sacrifices of many people in the movement may be largely unnoticed and to a certain extent the movement continues today.
Assume that you are on the staff of a new museum devoted to the Civil Rights movement.
www.milton.k12.vt.us /WebQuests/GFurlong/civil_rights_webquest.htm   (1927 words)

 civil rights: Civil Rights in the United States
The fourth Civil Rights Act attempted to guarantee to the African Americans those social rights that were still withheld.
After the Civil Rights Act of 1875 there was no more federal legislation in this field until the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, although several states passed their own civil-rights laws.
Guarding America's first right: freedom from bondage: the civil rights community must respond to the disturbing rise in cases of involuntary servitude in the United States.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/society/A0857363.html   (666 words)

 [No title]
Below is a summary of the "Quest" for African Americans to gain equal rights during the 1960's Civil Rights Movement.
The Civil Rights Movement challenged segregation, which was the attempt by whites to separate the different races.
Some argue that the movement is not yet over because the goal of full equality has not been achieved.
pblmm.k12.ca.us /projects/discrimination/AfricanAmerican/cvrights.html   (485 words)

 Civil Rights - Law and History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
At the conclusion of the Civil War, much remained to be done to ensure the rights and privileges of citizenship to all Americans.
The Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice is responsible for enforcing the civil rights laws passed by the Congress.
These pages describe the federal civil rights laws and give examples from history that led to their passage.
www.usdoj.gov /kidspage/crt/crtmenu.htm   (165 words)

 Civil Rights Movement Timeline
According to King, it is essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists and hatemongers who oppose them: "We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline," he urges.
Asserting that civil rights laws alone are not enough to remedy discrimination, President Johnson issues Executive Order 11246, which enforces affirmative action for the first time.
After two years of debates, vetoes, and threatened vetoes, President Bush reverses himself and signs the Civil Rights Act of 1991, strengthening existing civil rights laws and providing for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.
www.infoplease.com /spot/civilrightstimeline1.html   (1552 words)

 Glossary of Events: Ci
The civil rights movement itself came out of the abolitionist struggles during the U.S. civil war; and was predominantly made up of Afro-Americans.
The National Liberation Movement, which was spreading like a bushfire across Asia and Africa at this time, was a source of inspiration for many in the Civil Rights Movement, and would play a role in transforming the movement into a revolutionary one.
After a decade of massive pressure from Afro-American struggles, the Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964, forbidding discrimination in public accommodation and in 1965 by the Voting Rights Act, outlawing the tactics used in the South to disenfranchise fl voters.
www.marx.org /glossary/events/c/i.htm   (1041 words)

 Africana Lesson Plans: U. S. Civil Rights Movement #16. "On the Books": An Analysis of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
In the mid-1960s, however, strong legislation was finally passed to solidify fl political and social enfranchisement: the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Group brainstorm should emphasize a continual theme in the Civil Rights Movement: lack of government action on the national level, given the extent of activism and counter protests occurring in the Deep South.
Johnson invoked the language of the civil rights movement in a speech calling for change and passage of voting reform legislation.
www.africana.com /blackboard/bb_his_000155.htm   (775 words)

 CNN -The Civil Rights Movement
Three civil rights workers disappear in Mississippi after being stopped for speeding; found buried six weeks later.
The history of the civil rights movement in the United States actually begins with the early efforts of the fledgling democracy.
Civil rights leaders mark 40th anniversary of bus boycott
www.cnn.com /EVENTS/1997/mlk/links.html   (965 words)

 The Civil Rights Movement--U.S. History lesson plan (grades 6-8)--DiscoverySchool.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Definition: The nonpolitical rights of a citizen; the rights of personal liberty guaranteed to U.S. citizens by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the Constitution and by acts of Congress.
Context: The civil rights movement was an effort to establish citizenship rights for fls—rights that whites took for granted, such as voting and freely using public facilities.
Understands individual and institutional influences on the civil rights movement (e.g., the origins of the postwar civil rights movement; the role of the NAACP in the legal assault on segregation; the leadership and ideologies of Martin Luther King Jr.
school.discovery.com /lessonplans/programs/freeatlast   (2515 words)

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