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Topic: Ugaritic language


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In the News (Sat 20 Apr 19)

  
  Ugaritic language
Ugaritic was "the greatest literary discovery from antiquity since the deciphering of the Egyptian hieroglyphs and Mesopotamian cuneiform." Literary texts discovered at Ugarit include the "Legend of Keret", the "Aqhat Epic" (or "Legend of Danel"), the "Myth of Baal-Aliyan", and the "Death of Baal", all revealing a Canaanite mythology.
Ugaritic was a Semitic language written in cuneiform that was adapted for use as an Alphabet.
Ugaritic was used by a Canaanite culture, and the use of the term 'Canaanite' to refer to the Ugaritic language is sometimes found.
www.ufaqs.com /wiki/en/ug/Ugaritic%20language.htm   (311 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Ugaritic alphabet
The Ugaritic alphabet is a cuneiform version of the Levantine consonant alphabet (abjad), used from around 1300 BC for the Ugaritic language, an extinct Canaanite language discovered in Ugarit, Syria.
The Geez language (or Giiz language) is an ancient language that developed in the Ethiopian Highlands of the Horn of Africa as the language of the peasantry.
Because of Roman conquests and the spread of the Latin language, the Roman alphabet became the basic alphabet of all the languages of western Europe.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Ugaritic-alphabet   (1700 words)

  
 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Ugaritic
The Ugaritic language is known to us only in the form of writings found in the lost city of Ugarit since its discovery by French archaeologists in 1928.
Ugaritic is a Semitic language written with a cuneiform alphabet.
The Ugaritic language was used by a Canaanite culture, but is not regarded as a Canaanite language[?].
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/ug/Ugaritic   (173 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Ugarit
Ugarit was destroyed at the end of the Bronze Age.
Ugaritic texts have provided scholars with a wealth of material on the religion of the Canaanites and its connections with that of the Israelites.
Thus the relationship between Ugaritic and Israelite religion is not exclusive; rather, Ugarit was representative of a much larger Bronze Age Canaanite cultural complex that influenced the beliefs of the Iron Age cultures that succeeded it, among which Israel was one, but also included the Phoenicians, the Philistines, and the peoples of the trans-Jordan.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Ugarit   (5172 words)

  
 Ugaritic
Semitic language belonging to the ancient town of Ugarit (today in Syria), dating to 15th through the 12th centuries BCE.
Ugaritic used a cuneiform script, which was adapted to serve as an alphabet.
Ugaritic may sometimes be referred to as Canaanite, a reflection of the language being used throughout Canaan.
i-cias.com /e.o/ugaritic.htm   (247 words)

  
  Archaeology Wordsmith
DEFINITION: An extinct Semitic language spoken and written from at least the middle of 2nd millennium BC at Ugarit and the surrounding area.
Ugaritic was written from left to right; its 30 symbols included 3 syllabic signs for vowels.
Documents in Ugaritic are written on clay tablets with a wedge-shaped stylus and date from the 15th-14th century BC.
www.reference-wordsmith.com /cgi-bin/lookup.cgi?category=&where=headword&terms=Ugaritic   (110 words)

  
 Ugarit: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
By the 4th millennium Ugarit had reached a high stage of development and was part of the general civilization of ancient Syria.
Early in the 2d millennium, because of invasions from the north and east, Ugarit turned to an alliance with Egypt, and from this period Egyptian influence was strong in the city.
Ugaritic has been identified as a Semitic language, related to classical Hebrew, the language of the Old Testament, and these tablets, the first authentic specimens of pagan Canaanite literature, have been of great importance to students of language and of the Bible.
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/101275795   (1633 words)

  
 Ugarit
Most excavations of Ugarit were undertaken under extreme political conditions by archaeologist Claude Schaeffer from the Prehistoric and Gallo-Roman Museum of Strasbourg.
The tablets found at this cosmopolitan center are written in four languages: Sumerian, Akkadian (the language of diplomacy in the ancient Near East), Hurrian and Ugaritic -- of which nothing was known when the discoveries were made.
A cuneiform tablet found in 1986 shows that Ugarit was destroyed after the death of Merneptah, that is, before 1190, probably in 1195.
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3DUgarit%26type%3Den   (1445 words)

  
 Ugaritic Library (12 volumes)
Ugaritic is the ancient language of one of Israel’s closest neighbors, the city state of Ras Shamra, located in what is now Syria.
Ugaritic is also one of the most important languages used to help discern the meaning of difficult Hebrew words and phrases.
In addition, the Ugaritic materials in English translations previously published in Hallo's The Context of Scripture have been reworked to be integrated with the Ugaritic Library.
www.logos.com /products/details/2954   (1125 words)

  
 IBSS - Languages - Ugaritic
Ugaritic is the next important step in understanding the Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) texts and culture that relates to the Bible.
One of the Ugaritic texts has the verb gr meaning "to remain" followed by 'an which is the same as the Hebrew gwr also followed by 'anywt in Judges 5:17.
Comparison with other Semitic languages shows that the Akkadian "ta-infixed" basic stem is only used in a direct-reflexive function, not in an indirect-reflexive, and is not used to denote the passive, whereas other Semitic languages are not aware of the separative function of the Akkadian.
www.bibleandscience.com /languages/ugaritic.htm   (2038 words)

  
 Hebrew_language information. LANGUAGE SCHOOL EXPLORER
In Israel, it is the de facto language of the state and the people, as well as being one of the two official languages (together with Arabic), and it is spoken by the majority of the population.
The Canaanite languages are a group within Northwest Semitic, emerging in the 2nd millennium BCE in the Levant, gradually separating from Aramaic and Ugaritic.
The language of Jesus and the Neo-Babylonian Empire was a dialect of Aramaic.
language.school-explorer.com /Hebrew   (7158 words)

  
 What's Ugaritic Got to Do with Anything?
Ugaritic is important because of the fact that its vocabulary is so close to biblical Hebrew — many Ugaritic words are letter-for-letter the same as biblical Hebrew.
The Ugaritic texts showed that people in Canaan living during biblical days were quite literate, a realization that was important, since the oldest manuscript evidence for the Hebrew Bible at the time dated to roughly 1000 AD.
Throughout the Ugaritic texts, Baal is repeatedly called “the one who rides the clouds,” or “the one who mounts the clouds.” The description is recognized as an official title of Baal.
www.logos.com /ugaritic   (2512 words)

  
 Torah, Ugartic Bible
Several of the Psalms were simply adapted from Ugaritic sources; the story of the flood has a near mirror image in Ugaritic literature; and the language of the Bible is greatly illuminated by the language of Ugarit.
Ugaritic poetry is very similar to Biblical poetry and is therefore very useful in interpreting difficult poetic texts.
Worship at Ugarit was essentially a drunken orgy in which priests and worshippers indulged in excessive drinking and excessive sexuality.
phoenicia.org /ugarbibl.html   (3456 words)

  
 A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language - BRILL
A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language - BRILL
Ugaritic, discovered in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay tablets (about 1250 texts) and dated from the period between the 14th and the 12th centuries B.C.E. The documents are of various types: literary, administrative, lexicological.
Numerous Ugaritic tablets contain portions of a poetic cycle pertaining to the Ugaritic pantheon.
www.brill.nl /product.asp?ID=2846   (614 words)

  
 Cookbook Store @ iChef
Excavators have found in the city the scripts and languages of several of the cultures with which it had relations.
Akkadian, the language of the Assyrians and Babylonians, was the international language of the period and was used especially for communications between states, including Egypt.
But Ugarit also had its own native language, related to several Semitic languages, but generally classified as Northwest Semitic, reflecting its proximity to the hypothetical ancestor of the first-millennium languages of Syria-Palestine: Aramaic, Hebrew, Phoenician, and so on.
www.ichef.com /cookbookstore.cfm?SearchType=SearchByAuthor&SearchTerm=Simon%20B%2E%20Parker   (1040 words)

  
 IBSS - The Bible - Old Testament: Ugaritic
A number of Ugaritic words are the same as Hebrew.
Archaeologists were called in which led to the discovery of the near by ancient city of Ugarit, modern day Ras Shamra (Curtis 1985, 18; Craigie 1983, 7).
Many clay tablets were uncovered which were written in cuneiform (Latin for "wedge shaped", letters) in a language called "Ugaritic." There are a number of texts grouped together called the Baal Cycle.
www.bibleandscience.com /bible/sources/ugaritic.htm   (136 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
The excavations uncovered a royal palace of 90 rooms laid out around eight enclosed courtyards, many ambitious private dwellings, including two private libraries (one belonging to a diplomat named Rapanu) that contained diplomatic, legal, economic, administrative, scholastic, literary and religious texts.
Crowning the hill where the city was built were two main temples: one to Baal the "king", son of El, and one to Dagon, the chthonic god of fertility and wheat.
In 1973, an archive containing around 120 tablets was discovered during rescue excavations; in 1994 more than 300 further tablets were discovered on this site in a large ashlar building, covering the final years of the Bronze Age city's existence.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Ugarit   (1768 words)

  
 Development of Language and Writing in Africa
Omotic and Cushitic are spoken in the Horn of Africa, primarily Ethiopia and Somalia.
Writing originated in Ugarit, a Phoenician Afro-Asiatic speaking city in the cradle of civilization, whose prehistory dates to circa 6000 B.C. Discovered and excavated in Syria in 1928, Ugarit held the world's oldest alphabet as one of its primeval treasures.
The Ugaritic language is classified in the major group of Afro-Asiatic and the subfamily of Semitic.
www.hyperhistory.net /apwh/essays/cot/t1w03africanlanguages.htm   (1680 words)

  
 Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Three - Phonetics
By Phonetics I mean that natural development of a language which is evident in the evolution of nouns, verbs and the other parts of speech.
The development of the Ugaritic language is, however, a subject more suited to an advanced study and not the study of basic grammar.
The subject is merely broached here so that the student knows from the very beginning that Ugaritic underwent the same kind of changes common in every language.
www.theology.edu /ugaritic/ugram03.htm   (96 words)

  
 Ugaritic cuneiform
Ugaritic cuneiform was named after Ugarit, the city state where it was used.
Ugaritic cuneiform outwardly resembles other cuneiform scripts and has a sound system based on consonant alphabets such as Phoenician/Canaanite.
The city was rediscovered in 1928 by a peasant whose plow uncovered an ancient tomb near Ras Shamrah in northern Syria.
www.omniglot.com /writing/ugaritic.htm   (186 words)

  
 Ancient Near Eastern Language courses
The aim is to provide students of ancient history and culture from diverse disciplines with a good grounding in Sumerian culture, familiarity with the Sumerian language and cuneiform writing system and the requisite knowledge for critical assessment of published translations and of the secondary literature.
The two threads are united by taking examples in the language exercises, vocabulary assignments, etc., as far as possible from the domain of the week's cultural topics.
The language component of the course will be carried out in a combination of transliteration and cuneiform, with an expectation that all students will gain familiarity with at least the core 80 syllabic signs, and about 100 additional logographic signs.
www.upenn.edu /registrar/register/anel.html   (1440 words)

  
 A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF UGARITIC GRAMMAR AND BIBLICAL HEBREW GRAMMAR IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
At present, a beginning course on Ugaritic might use either D. Sivan, A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (HdO 1/28; Leiden: Brill, 1997), J. Cunchillos and J. Zamora, Gramática Ugaritica Elemental (Madrid: Ediciones Clásicas, 1995), or J. Tropper, Ugaritisch.
After all, Ugaritic is not the only West Semitic source to provide important information for the background of Hebrew (especially "archaic Hebrew" and "classical Hebrew").
Indeed, readers will note from the organization of section one that Ugaritic and Hebrew are preceded by -- and therefore located bibliographically within -- their larger context of general linguistics and Semitics.
oi.uchicago.edu /OI/DEPT/RA/bibs/BH-Ugaritic.html   (1814 words)

  
 Authorized Version Defence NONSENSE WITH UGARITIC
It is one of the many examples in which faulty use of the clay tablets that were written in the Ugaritic language.
After going through a number of Ugaritic dictionaries, glossaries and vocabulary lists, I was completely unable to locate any suggestion of an Ugaritic cognate that has this meaning, including de Olmo's recent dictionary, which was published a few years after Hoerth's book on biblical archaeology.
Gordon, in the glossary of his Ugaritic Textbook, even has the arrogance to state that it should be amended to spsg, which is alleged to mean "white glaze" in Ugaritic.
www.kjv-asia.com /authorized_version_defence_nonsense_with_ugaritic.htm   (2653 words)

  
 Less Commonly Taught Languages (Ugaritic to Uzbek) - Ugaritic
A Dictionary of the Ugaritic Language in th...
Ugarit in Retrospect: 50 Years of Ugarit an...
Less Commonly Taught Languages (Ugaritic to Uzbek)
astore.amazon.com /roy_lctl-u-20?_encoding=UTF8&node=1   (33 words)

  
 L641 -- Introduction to Ugaritic Grammar
This course is designed to give the student a basic understanding of the Ugaritic Language.
This course merely equips the student with the basics of the language.
One technical note -- Because most students will not have a Ugaritic font on their computer, the texts will be transliterated for the exercises.
www.theology.edu /ugraintr.htm   (216 words)

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