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Topic: Ugo Cerletti


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In the News (Mon 1 Sep 14)

  
  Ugo Cerletti: A Brief Biography
go Cerletti was born in Conegliano, in the region of Veneto, Italy, on September 26th, 1877.
Cerletti came to the first use of electroshock for therapeutic purposes in human beings by way of his experiments with animals on the neuropathological consequences of repeated epilepsy attacks.
Cerletti first used ECT in a human patient, a diagnosed schizophrenic with dellusions, hallucinations and confusion, in April 1938, in collaboration with Lucio Bini.
www.cerebromente.org.br /n04/historia/cerletti_i.htm   (375 words)

  
  Ugo Cerletti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ugo Cerletti (September 26, 1877 - July 25, 1963) was an Italian neurologist who discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy in psychiatry.
Cerletti first used ECT in a human patient, a diagnosed schizophrenic with delusions, hallucinations and confusion, in April 1938, in collaboration with Lucio Bini.
Renato M.E. Sabbatini's Ugo Cerletti, a Brief Biography, in: The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ugo_Cerletti   (408 words)

  
 Ugo Cerletti (www.whonamedit.com)
Following medical studies in Rome and Turin, Ugo Cerletti specialised in neurology and neuropsychiatry, studying in Paris with Pierre Marie (1853-1940) and Ernest Dupré (1862-1921), in Munich with Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) and Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915), and in Heidelberg with Franz Nissl (1860-1919).
Cerletti was subsequently appointed head of the Neurobiological Institute, at the Mental Institute of Milan, and in 1924 received a lecturing post in Neuropsychiatry in Bari.
Ugo Cerletti demonstrated that electricity in the range of 100 volts and 200 milliampères is rarely fatal when the current path is confined to the head, but does evoke a grand mal seizure marked by a stereotyped succession of events.
www.whonamedit.com /doctor.cfm/511.html   (549 words)

  
 Ugo Cerletti - Wikipedia
Cerletti arrivò a utilizzare l'elettroshock terapeutico sull'uomo in conseguenza degli esperimenti da lui condotti sugli animali circa le conseguenze neurologiche di ripetute crisi epilettiche.
Cerletti usò per la prima volta la terapia elettroconvulsivante nell'aprile del 1938, in collaborazione con Lucio Bini, su un paziente affetto da schizofrenia con sintomi di delusione, allucinazione e confusione; una serie di elettroshock terapeutici permisero al paziente di tornare ad uno stato mentale di normalità.
Conseguentemente, negli anni successivi, Cerletti e i suoi collaboratori effettuarono regolarmente gli elettroshock terapeutici, sia su animali sia su pazienti neuropsichiatrici, arrivando a determinare l'affidabilità della terapia e la sua sicurezza e utilità nella pratica clinica, soprattutto per il trattamento della schizofrenia acuta, della psicosi maniaco-depressiva, e dei casi più gravi di depressione.
it.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ugo_Cerletti   (559 words)

  
 UGO CERLETTI : Italy imc   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ugo Cerletti (nasce a Conegliano Veneto il 26 settembre 1877 da genitori lombardi), studia a Roma e a Torino, per andar poi a Parigi a lavorare con Pierre Marie e Dubrit, e a Monaco e Heidelberg con Kraepelin, Nissl, Alzheimer.
Cerletti ottiene dall'allora direttore del mattatoio, il prof.
Cerletti ne conclude che se l'esposizione a quantità elettriche, sino allora ritenute mortali, non è in grado di provocare la morte negli animali, scariche di gran lunga inferiori, quali quelle richieste per provocare le convulsioni nell'essere umano, non possono ugualmente risultare mortali.
italy.indymedia.org /mail.php?id=414617   (672 words)

  
 Ugo Cerletti Summary
Ugo Cerletti (September 26, 1877 - July 25, 1963) was an Italian neurologist who discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy in psychiatry.
Cerletti first used ECT in a human patient, a diagnosed schizophrenic with delusions, hallucinations and confusion, in April 1938, in collaboration with Lucio Bini.
Renato M.E. Sabbatini's Ugo Cerletti, a Brief Biography, in: The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry.
www.bookrags.com /Ugo_Cerletti   (486 words)

  
 ECT Therapy: Science vs Perceptions
The first successful electroconvulsive treatment was described to the medical world in 1938 when two Italian psychiatrists, Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini, administered an electrical stimulus to induce convulsions in a human.
Cerletti and Bini's experiment with ECT was the only other circumstance in which loss of consciousness had been induced purposefully via electric current.
The description "electroconvulsive therapy" came to be used in place of Cerletti's more disturbing term, "electroshock treatment." In today's psychiatric practice, ECT typically involves a series of six to 12 treatments of electrically induced grand mal seizures administered under general anesthesia to a patient with a severe emotional disorder.
www.realmentalhealth.com /depression/ect_06.asp?view=print   (859 words)

  
 The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry
Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in Rome, in 1937.
Ugo Cerletti was convinced that metrazol-induced convulsions were useful for the treatment of schizophrenia, but far too dangerous and uncontrollable to be applied (there was no antidote to stop the convulsions at the time, as it happened with insulin).
Cerletti knew that an electric shock across the head produced convulsions, because as an specialist in epilepsy, he had done experiments with animals on the neuropathological consequences of repeated epilepsy attacks.
library.law.columbia.edu /urlmirror/CJAL/14CJAL1/shock_i.htm   (2968 words)

  
 Ugo_Cerletti   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ugo Cerletti Source Source Renato M.E. Sabbatini's Ugo Cerletti, a Brief Biography, in: The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry.
ECT was developed in the 1930’s by an Italian neurologist, Ugo Cerletti, who “tamed” difficult mental patients with electric shocks to the brain after noting that such shocks given to hogs before slaughter rendered them unconscious but...
Fu sviluppata nel 1930 da un neurologo italiano, Ugo Cerletti, e somministrata a pazienti svegli, causando loro la perdita di coscienza e l’esperienza di violenti e incontrollati movimenti muscolari che qualche volta fratturavano le...
tax-relief.rubylq2.com /Ugo_Cerletti   (855 words)

  
 Ugo Cerletti: ZoomInfo Business People Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Ugo Cerletti, a neurologist at the Neuropsychiatric Clinic in Genoa, believed that metrazol's side effects (including severe vomiting and confusion) were unacceptable despite its efficacy.
Cerletti thought that electricity might be a more consistent stimulus than metrazol for seizure induction, and he began its use on a trial basis.
Having perfected the technique, Cerletti and his colleague Lucino Bini were the first to actually administer ECT to a human.
www.zoominfo.com /directory/Cerletti_Ugo_194438250.htm   (329 words)

  
 ECT, Electroconvulsive Shock Treatment, Brain Damage - Psychiatry's Legacy
In Cerletti's own words, "As soon as the hogs were clamped by the [electric] tongs, they fell unconscious, stiffened, then after a few seconds they were shaken by convulsions....
Cerletti's first victim was provided by the local police - a man described by Cerletti as "lucid and well-oriented." After surviving the first blast without losing consciousness, the victim overheard Cerletti discussing a second application with a higher voltage.
With the "successful" electrically induced convulsion of his victim, Ugo Cerletti brought about the application of hog-slaughtering skills to humans, creating one of the most brutal techniques of psychiatry.
www.sntp.net /ect/ect3.htm   (3415 words)

  
 A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: Electroshock therapy introduced
In 1936, Cerletti (a neuropathologist and psychiatrist) and Bini (an excellent clinician and Cerletti's assistant) were researching this very idea.
They were conducting animal experiments to investigate epilepsy, and realized that electricity could cause a shock or seizure as well as, and more easily than, chemicals.
Cerletti hoped to find a way to use the brain substance from animals that had undergone shock to alter the human patient's brain chemistry favorably.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/aso/databank/entries/dh38el.html   (414 words)

  
 What is Electroshock Therapy?
Electroshock therapy was discovered in 1938 by Italian neurologist Ugo Cerletti.
Cerletti observed that pigs about to be slaughtered were electrocuted into unconsciousness in order to make the process easier.
Cerletti concluded that this procedure could be applied to patients who suffered from mental illness.
www.wisegeek.com /what-is-electroshock-therapy.htm   (456 words)

  
 Vital Signs - - science news articles online technology magazine articles Vital Signs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Two doctors in Italy—Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini—developed a means of safely and reliably inducing seizures in dogs by attaching electrodes to their scalps.
He was clearly insane—disoriented and delusional, with periods of incomprehensible speech alternating with periods of mutism.
Cerletti and Bini administered a single shock of 110 volts for a fraction of a second and produced a grand mal seizure.
www.discover.com /issues/jul-04/departments/vital-signs/?page=2   (841 words)

  
 Psychiatrists use hog-slaughtering methods :: SearchGuild.com
Cerletti visited a Rome slaughterhouse to see what could be learned from the
Cerletti's first victim was provided by the local police - a man described by
Ignoring the objections of his assistants, Cerletti increased the voltage and
www.searchguild.com /tpage9412-0.html   (712 words)

  
 © POL.it 2001 STORIA ED EPISTEMOLOGIA IN PSICHIATRIA / DOCUMENTO
Ugo Cerletti, the son of an agricultural engineer, was born in Veneto, at Conegliano, on September 26th, 1877.
Cerletti devoted himself to research and technological innovation, inventing before the First World War, the white, camouflage winter suits that were used by the Italian Army.
He became the Head of the Neurobiological Institute, which is attached to the mental Institute of Milan.
www.priory.com /ital/cerl.htm   (2136 words)

  
 Psychiatry's electric evolution / A new shock therapy or the same old charges?
Shock's authors are on a mission to rescue this therapy from stigma that haunts it to this day, even as psychiatry has embraced it as a mainstream therapy and some 100,000 patients are said to undergo it each year in the United States.
It was an Italian neurologist, Ugo Cerletti, who determined that electric shocks could be used to "tame" mental patients by causing convulsions.
Cerletti first determined the amount of electricity needed to induce a seizure, but not kill, a pig or a dog in a series of experiments that would give a PETA member a lifetime of nightmares.
sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/12/24/INGGHN3UT41.DTL&...   (1508 words)

  
 Amazon.com: "Archivio Generale": Key Phrase page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Italian clinicians Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini, and first described by them in a report (entitled "L'Elettroshock") to the journal Archivio Generale di Neurologa, Psichiatria, e Psicanalisi in 1938.
Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini, "L'Elettroshock," Archivio generale di neurologia, 19 (1938), pp.
Ugo Cerletti and L. Bini, "L'elettroshock," Archivio generale di neurologia, psichiatria e psicoanalisi, XIX (1938), 266-268.
www.amazon.com /phrase/Archivio-Generale   (508 words)

  
 Frequently Asked Questions about electroconvulsive therapy, ect, electroshock at ect.org
Cerletti, having "doubts regarding the danger of electric applications to man," observed that hogs were subdued and calm moments before slaughter after the application of 125 volts using metallic tongs clamped to their temples.
On April 15, 1938, Cerletti found his man, known only by the initials S. The Police Commissioner of Rome found S.E. wandering, and took him to the hospital for observation.
Cerletti diagnosed S.E. with a form of schizophrenia and applied the first use of ECT, using the small dose of 80 volts for 0.2 seconds.
www.ect.org /cgi-bin/faq/smartfaq.cgi?answer=1014926706&id=1014926466   (437 words)

  
 Voices Forum; The Case Against ECT
It was back in the late 1930's, in Rome, that the Italian Neurologist Ugo Cerletti started to look for a new way of treating people who were diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia.
And then he heard that there were butchers, at a Rome slaughterhouse, who were giving pigs electric shocks through their brains- not in order to kill them, but simply in order to render them unconscious, so that they could be killed before they regained consciousness.
Cerletti found it interesting that the shocks themselves did not actually kill the pigs; and so, he went along to the slaughterhouse to observe the proceeding for himself.
www.voicesforum.org.uk /agin-ect.htm   (982 words)

  
 Menninger Historic Psychiatry Collections
Lucio Bini (1908-1964), a clinician and co-author of a leading Italian textbook on psychiatry, assisted Ugo Cerletti, a neuropathologist of Genoa, Italy, in experimental electroconvulsive therapy [ECT].
Ugo Cerletti (1877-1963) was a specialist in neurology and neuropsychiatry.
In his long activity as a psychiatrist and neurologist, Cerletti published 113 original papers regarding subjects such as the pathology of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease, the structure of neuroglia, the blood-brain barrier, and neurosyphilis.
www.kshs.org /research/collections/documents/personalpapers/findingaids/menninger/menninger_psychiatry.htm   (3132 words)

  
 Mental Health Abuse-The Real Crisis
Electroshock—also known as electroconvulsive therapy, shock treatment and ECT—was pioneered by psychiatrist Ugo Cerletti in the mid-1930s.
In a Rome slaughterhouse, Cerletti witnessed butchers incapacitate pigs with electricity before slitting their throats.
Cerletti decided to develop this technique for use on humans to control their behavior.
www.mental-health-abuse.org /realCrisis16.html   (702 words)

  
 Italy is Setting Precedent for Banning Electroshock Treatment
In 1938, Italian psychiatrist Ugo Cerletti, saw slaughterhouse workers using electric shock devices to cause epileptic fits in pigs, easing the job of slitting their throats.
Cerletti was inspired, and began experimenting with electroshock on humans, developing the first Electroshock machine.
Broken bones and fractured vertebrae that resulted from the convulsions appeared to be of little concern.
www.ect.org /news/italy.html   (399 words)

  
 Electroshock and Psychosurgery
In a Rome slaughterhouse, psychiatrist Ugo Cerletti witnessed butchers incapacitate pigs with electricity before slitting their throats.
Cerletti was fascinated by the control potentials of electroshock.
German psychiatrist Lothar B. Kalinowsky, who witnessed this first electroshock while a student of Cerletti, became one of the world’s most ardent and vigorous proponents of this “treatment.” He developed his own ECT machine and in 1938 introduced his electroshock procedure to France, Holland and England, later pioneering it in the United States.
www.cchr.org /index.cfm/6626   (342 words)

  
 Ugo Cerletti 1877—1963 -- 156 (4): 630 -- Am J Psychiatry
Ugo Cerletti was from a Lombardy family and was born in 1877.
Cerletti concentrated on several issues relating to histology
From 1919 to 1924 Cerletti was the director of the Neurobiological
ajp.psychiatryonline.org /cgi/content/full/156/4/630   (353 words)

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