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Topic: Unconscious

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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  unconscious. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In his view, the unconscious was composed of the id, which accounts for instinctual drives, acts as the motivating force in human behavior, and contains desires and wishes that the individual hides—or represses—from conscious recognition; and part of the superego, the system that acts to restrain and control id impulses.
Conflict between conscious and unconscious impulses are said to give rise to anxiety, then to defense mechanisms, which counteract this anxiety.
The term unconscious is also used to describe latent, or unretrieved, memories, or to describe stimuli too weak to enter an individual’s conscious awareness.
www.bartleby.com /65/un/unconsci.html   (257 words)

 The Unconscious in Clinical Psychology
You present a façade of compliance, yet, because of hidden resentment—that is, unconscious anger (often anger at your father)—something always happens: you get sick, the bus is late, your car breaks down, etc., so that you ultimately obstruct, rather than complete, the task.
Third, it is in essence an act of hatred, by which you throw evidence of your failure into the faces of those who failed you, as proof of their failures.
Being told, for example, that you unconsciously resent your children, is one thing—and it’s easily denied; dreaming that you try to kill one of your children is shocking, and, if properly interpreted, is undeniable evidence of a resentment that needs to be verbalized.
www.guidetopsychology.com /ucs.htm   (4734 words)

  Unconscious mind Information
For Freud, the unconscious was a depository for socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, traumatic memories, and painful emotions put out of mind by the mechanism of psychological repression.
Unconscious thoughts are not directly accessible to ordinary introspection, but it is capable of being "tapped" and "interpreted" by special methods and techniques such as random association, dream analysis, and verbal slips (commonly known as a Freudian slip), examined and conducted during psychoanalysis.
Popper argued that Freud's theory of the unconscious was not falsifiable, and therefore not scientific.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Unconscious_mind   (1068 words)

 AllRefer.com - unconscious (Psychology And Psychiatry) - Encyclopedia
unconscious, in psychology, that aspect of mental life that is separate from immediate consciousness and is not subject to recall at will.
In his view, the unconscious was composed of the id, which accounts for instinctual drives, acts as the motivating force in human behavior, and contains desires and wishes that the individual hides : or represses : from conscious recognition; and part of the superego, the system that acts to restrain and control id impulses.
Conflict between conscious and unconscious impulses are said to give rise to anxiety, then to defense mechanisms, which counteract this anxiety.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/U/unconsci.html   (310 words)

 Between the Lines: Unconscious Meaning in Everyday Conversation
The unconscious mind of the child is much closer to consciousness than the unconscious of an adult, as the work of Jean Padget, 1 the renowned Swiss psychologist, has clearly demonstrated.
Unconsciously, she was acknowledging that I was engaging in those things that Daddy's do, i.e., doodady things.
Freud's genius was to take the various notions of the unconscious that had been around for some time and organize them, connect new data to them (such as it was), and then to provide a new theory or framework of the un.conscious mind.
faculty.une.edu /cas/rhaskell/subbook_p04.html   (7134 words)

 The Unconscious: Rethinking the Unthinkable
medicinenet.com describes the unconscious as "that part of thought and emotion that happens outside everyday awareness." Psychoanalytic theories of the unconscious, while not always recognized as scientific nor convincingly proven to be therapeutic, are often included in medical definitions.
Unconscious is also used in psychoanalysis to characterize that section of a person's mind in which memories and motives reside.
The unconscious is often contrasted with the subconscious although some writers, particularly novelists, use the two terms interchangeably.
web.ncf.ca /dy656/earthpages/unconscious.html   (1508 words)

 Unconscious Perception   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
This question assumes that the conceptual distinction between conscious and unconscious perception is meaningful and asks "Are the consequences of unconscious perception qualitatively different from the consequences of conscious perception?" In the second part of this paper, we describe some of the qualitative differences between unconscious and conscious perceptual processes that have been established.
This failure to exclude unconsciously perceived words was not due to some perverse desire on the part of the subjects not to cooperate because when the words were presented for the slightly longer, 150-msec, duration, they successfully excluded the words that were presented immediately before the word stems.
Obviously, demonstrations of unconscious perception would have considerably greater generality and importance if the impact of unconsciously perceived information can be demonstrated to extend considerably beyond the two or three seconds that typically separates the initial presentation of the information from the subsequent test of memory.
members.aol.com /psychneuro/subliminal/MerikleSummary.htm   (6756 words)

It is ironic that unconscious activity must be inferred from that which is observable, and described and understood from within the realm and rules of "consciousness." In short, the unknowable is forever condemned to being described in terms of the known (Freud's term for the unconscious, das Unbewusste, is literally, the "unknown").
He subdivides the descriptive unconscious this way: that which is present in our minds is conscious; that which is not present but retrievable in memory is preconscious; that which is latent and not retrievable by conscious will is unconscious (e.g., repressed childhood fear).
The systematic unconscious is left rather vague, but in the 1930s Freud uses this to describe his tripartite model of the mind as îd, ego, and super-ego, where the ego partakes of both the unconscious id and conscious super-ego.
www.webpages.uidaho.edu /~sflores/unconscious.html   (1424 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Unconsciousness - first aid
Unconsciousness is when a person is unable to respond to people and activities.
Unconsciousness can be caused by nearly any major illness or injury, as well as substance abuse and alcohol use.
Brief unconsciousness (or fainting) is often caused by dehydration, low blood sugar, or temporary low blood pressure.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000022.htm   (752 words)

 Unconscious - No Subject   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
The unconscious system is not merely that which is outside the field of consciousness at a given time, but that which has been radically separated from consciousness by repression and thus cannot enter the conscious-preconscious system without distortion.
Lacan's analysis of the unconscious in terms of synchronic structure is supplemented by his idea of the unconscious opening and closing in a temporal pulsation.
The unconscious is also a kind of memory, in the sense of a symbolic history of the signifiers that have determined the subject in the course of his life.
www.nosubject.com /Unconscious   (772 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
In Mindanao, burdened by the division of conflict and strife, lullabies are often used to inculcate the spirit of war and revenge in the unconscious minds of the children.
Indeed, the situationists' criticisms of surrealism concluded that 'the unconscious imagination is poor, that automatic writing is monotonous, that the whole genre of ostentatious surrealist "weirdness" has ceased to be very surprising'.
Nor was everything subordinated to the sovereignty of choice: to dérive was to notice the way in which certain areas, streets, or buildings resonate with states of mind, inclinations, and desires, and to seek out reasons for movement other than those for which an environment was designed.
www.lycos.com /info/unconscious-mind--miscellaneous.html   (576 words)

 Psychoanalysis - Unconscious
Everything conscious has an unconscious preliminary stage; whereas what is unconscious may remain at that stage and nevertheless claim to be regarded as having the full value of a psychical process.
The unconscious is the true psychical reality; in its innermost nature it is as much unknown to us as the reality of the external world, and it is as incompletely presented by the data of consciousness as is the external world by the communications of our sense organs.
The oldest and best meaning of the word 'unconscious' is the descriptive one; we call a psychical process unconscious whose existence we are obliged to assume - for some such reason as that we infer it from its effects -, but of which we know nothing.
www.freudfile.org /psychoanalysis/th1.html   (754 words)

 Sigmund Freud [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
He articulated and refined the concepts of the unconscious, of infantile sexuality, of repression, and proposed a tri-partite account of the mind's structure, all as part of a radically new conceptual and therapeutic frame of reference for the understanding of human psychological development and the treatment of abnormal mental conditions.
All objects of consciousness reside in the ego, the contents of the id belong permanently to the unconscious mind, while the super-ego is an unconscious screening-mechanism which seeks to limit the blind pleasure-seeking drives of the id by the imposition of restrictive rules.
Turning away from his early attempts to explore the unconscious through hypnosis, Freud further developed this 'talking cure', acting on the assumption that the repressed conflicts were buried in the deepest recesses of the unconscious mind.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/f/freud.htm   (4636 words)

 The Unconscious Mind   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
The unconscious mind is not a thing in itself; instead, it is simply the psychological processes (and the archetypal-field elements) of which we are not aware at any moment.
The "unconscious mind" is the same as the "subconscious mind"; the first term ("unconscious mind") is preferred by psychotherapists, while the second term ("subconscious mind') is preferred by writers of popular psychology.
When we explore the unconscious mind, we will surely discover both the pleasant and the unpleasant -- and we do need to be careful, because the material can disturb our narrow definition of "who we are," our familiar habits of behavior, our plans, and our sense of morality and aesthetics and rationality and protocol.
www.dreamwater.com /watersedge/Stout/unc-mind.htm   (905 words)

 Measuring Unconscious Perceptual Processes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
Although Leibniz was not the first person to recognize the importance of unconscious cognitive processes, he was one of the first to give a clear statement of the possible role that unconscious perceptual processes may play in directing behavior.
Historically, in the earliest experimental studies of unconscious perception, the behavioral measure used to index conscious awareness was simply subjects' self reports indicating whether or not the perceived stimulus information was useful for the experimental task.
The study of unconscious processes has also been impeded by a preoccupation, on the part of many researchers, with proving either the existence or the nonexistence of unconscious influences.
psych.utoronto.ca /~reingold/publications/Merikle_&_Reingold_1992   (7835 words)

Carl Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and colleague of Freud's who broke away from Freudian psychoanalysis over the issue of the unconscious mind as a reservoir of repressed sexual trauma that causes all neuroses.
His great "insight" was that he thought all his patients over 35 suffered from "loss of religion" and he had just the thing to fill up their empty, aimless, senseless lives: his own metaphysical system of archetypes and the collective unconscious.
Synchronicity provides access to the archetypes, which are located in the collective unconscious.
www.skepdic.com /jung.html   (648 words)

 Collective Unconscious
The collective unconscious is a part of the psyche which can be negatively distinguished from a personal unconscious by the fact that it does not, like the latter, owe its existence to personal experience and consequently is not a personal acquisition.
While the personal unconscious is made up essentially of contents which have at one time been conscious but which have disappeared from consciousness through having been forgotten or repressed, the contents of the collective unconscious have never been in consciousness, and therefore have never been individually acquired, but owe their existence exclusively to heredity.
The concept of the archetype, which is an indispensable correlate of the idea of the collective unconscious, indicates the existence of definite forms in the psyche which seem to be present always and everywhere.
www.timestar.org /collective.htm   (289 words)

 unconscious mind
It would be absurd to reject the notion of the unconscious mind simply because we reject the Freudian notion of the unconscious as a reservoir of repressed memories of traumatic experiences.
But most interest in the unconscious mind has been restricted to potentially harmful memories that might be stored or stirring there, memories of bad experiences that influence our conscious behavior even though we are unaware of their impact.
It is assumed that the unconscious is distinguished from the conscious by the fact that we are aware of conscious experience, but unaware of the unconscious.
www.skepdic.com /unconscious.html   (1624 words)

 The Unconscious Mind
The unconscious mind holds all awareness that is not presently in the conscious mind.
In regression processes to access previously unconscious material from childhood, perinatal experiences, past lives and the even deeper realm of the "universal unconscious." Inner dialogue is another essential tool that makes use of the imagination in process work.
The unconscious connection "under the iceberg" between people is often more potent than the conscious level connection, and an important consideration in doing the healing work.
processcoaching.com /unconscious.html   (1507 words)

 On Demonstrating Unconscious Perception   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
A second issue that must be addressed whenever the dissociation paradigm is used to demonstrate unconscious perception concerns whether the procedures were adequate to demonstrate that the measure of conscious perception exhibits a true null sensitivity (cf., Macmillan, 1986).
Given that inferences regarding the presence or absence of an unconscious process are based on comparisons of the sensitivity of comparable direct and indirect measures, there is no need to demonstrate that a direct measure exhibits null sensitivity, as is the case for an approach based on the dissociation paradigm.
One of the primary reasons that there has been so much interest over the years in demonstrating unconscious perception in the complete absence of conscious perception is that such a demonstration would be a compelling proof of the existence of unconscious perception.
www.psych.utoronto.ca /~reingold/publications/Merikle_&_Reingold_1998   (5536 words)

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