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Topic: United Nations actions regarding Iraq


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 United Nations actions regarding Iraq - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
United Nations actions regarding Iraq include, notably, actions associated with the Gulf War in 1991 and UN Security Council Resolution 1441 in late 2002-2003 with at least 14 other resolutions and 30 statements between those two events.
Whether Iraq actually has weapons of mass destruction or not was being investigated by Hans Blix, head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission and nuclear-weapons inspector Mohamed ElBaradei, head of the IAEA until the beginning of the U.S., the U.K. and two other countries invaded Iraq (see 2003 Iraq war).
Blix has complained that the United States and the United Kingdom have not presented him with the evidence which they claim to possess regarding Iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_Nations_actions_regarding_Iraq   (910 words)

  
 UN Security Council resolutions relating to Iraq
It caused disquiet within delegations, as the United Nations Charter has traditionally been interpreted as only permitting the Security Council to impose such measures against the state responsible for a breach of or threat to the peace.
The subsequent exchange of letters between the UN and Iraq, agreeing to the continuation of the programme under the terms of this resolution, is dated 5 July 2001.
The Iraqi National Assembly recognised the territorial integrity and political independence of the State of Kuwait, within the boundaries laid down by the Boundary Demarcation Commission, on 10 November 1994, and its decision was ratified in a decree signed by Saddam Hussein on the same day.
www.casi.org.uk /info/scriraq.html   (3517 words)

  
 Report submitted by the Executive Chairman of the Special Commission established by the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 9 (b) (i) of Security Council resolution 687 (1991) of 3 April 1991
A fuller explanation and understanding of Iraq's actions to retain launchers for a period after the adoption of resolution 687 (1991) and to conceal the events and timing of their unilateral destruction is required.
The representatives of the Government of Iraq from the National Monitoring Directorate, as well as Iraqi personnel at inspection sites, have taken a number of actions that have served to undermine the efficacy of the system or to negate the aim of an inspection.
Iraq has declared that it succeeded in manufacturing missile airframes and warheads, but was unable to achieve an "acceptable" level in the production of operational engines for proscribed liquid-propellant missiles or their guidance and control systems.
www.fas.org /news/un/iraq/s/s1997-774.htm   (15780 words)

  
 Ansar Al-Islam Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography
The claims were rejected by Krekar, and a presentation by Colin Powell to the UN on February 5, 2003 was met with widespread scepticism (see United Nations actions regarding Iraq).
The group was thought to be behind the September 9, 2003 attempted bombing of a United States Department of Defense office in Arbil, which killed 3; and the February 1, 2004 suicide bombings of two Kurdish party offices, which killed 109 and wounded more than 200.
At the beginning of the 2003 invasion of Iraq it controlled about a dozen villages and a range of peaks in northern Iraq on the Iranian border.
popularityguide.com /encyclopedia/Ansar_al-Islam   (640 words)

  
 Preparations for 2003 invasion of Iraq
It further argues that the U.S. is legally justified in taking military action by previous UN resolutions, most notably 1441 which states that "serious consequences" would result from a failure to disarm on Iraq's part.
On March 18, 2003, President George W. Bush of the United States of America had set a deadline for the ruler of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, and his two sons, Uday Hussein and Qusay Hussein to leave the country, or face military action.
Firstly, it contended that Iraq was in possession of weapons of mass destruction, which it claimed he might be willing to supply to terrorists.
www.city-search.org /pr/preparations-for-2003-invasion-of-iraq.html   (856 words)

  
 iraq
Iraq disarmament crisis The issue of Iraq's disarmament reached a crisis in 2002-2003, following the US invasion of Afghanistan, when George W. Bush began pressing for a complete end to claimed Iraqi production and use of weapons of mass destruction in compliance with United Nations actions regarding Iraq, began in 1991
Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq The Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq was a resolution passed in late 2002 by the United States Congress authorizing what was soon to become the 2003 invasion of Iraq under the War Powers Resolution.
Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq
www.searchtermtrends.com /terms/iraq.html   (1128 words)

  
 United Nations
Decides that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its obligations under relevant resolutions, including resolution 687 (1991), in particular through Iraq’s failure to cooperate with United Nations inspectors and the IAEA, and to complete the actions required under paragraphs 8 to 13 of resolution 687 (1991);
Iraq will ensure that no proscribed material, equipment, records or other relevant items will be destroyed except in the presence of UNMOVIC and/or IAEA inspectors, as appropriate, and at their request.
Iraq will provide, without cost, physical protection of all surveillance equipment, and construct antennae for remote transmission of data, at the request of UNMOVIC and the IAEA.
www.un.int /usa/sres-iraq.htm   (2005 words)

  
 2003 Invasion of Iraq
Note that the 2003 invasion was commonly called at the time the "Iraq War." This term is also commonly used to refer to Occupation of Iraq, 2003-2004 continuing hostilities in that country under military and civil occupation, though the U.S. government uses the term "insurgency" to refer to "non-official" opposition forces.
Prior to invasion, the United States and other coalition forces involved in the 1991 Persian Gulf War had been engaged in a low-level conflict with Iraq, enforcing the Iraqi no-fly zones where Iraqi air-defense installations were engaged on a fairly regular basis.
In 1998 the United States Congress passed the Iraq Liberation Act which stated "It should be the policy of the United States to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq."
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/2/2003-Invasion-of-Iraq.htm   (8110 words)

  
 GuruNet — Content Map
United Nations 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
United Nations Association of the United States of America
www.gurunet.com /cm-dsid-2222-letter-1U-first-4101   (77 words)

  
 Iraq United Nations News - Media Monitoring Service by EIN News
of the case against Iraq to the United Nations in early 2003.
Iraq John Negroponte (Former U.S. Ambassador to Iraq) News
State Condoleezza Rice to request that the United Nations "convene a session as quickly as possible"...
www.einnews.com /iraq/newsfeed-IraqUN   (1101 words)

  
 USIS Washington File: TEXT: UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION ON IRAQI SANCTIONS
On August 5 Iraq announced it was "totally suspending" cooperation with the United Nations Special Commission in Iraq (UNSCOM) and with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), saying that its weapons files should be closed and intrusive inspections ended.
Acting under Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations,
Both the Security Council and Secretary General Kofi Annan declared that Iraq's actions were unacceptable and in violation of the Gulf War cease-fire agreements.
usembassy-australia.state.gov /hyper/WF980910/epf411.htm   (667 words)

  
 Section 2
Iraq also showed the UNSCOM team an above-ground storage site about 3 kilometers west of the Khamisiyah ASP that contained 6,323 intact 155mm artillery shells, one of which was leaking mustard agent.
UNSCOM supervised Iraq’s destruction of a total of approximately 782 rockets at the Pit and Al Muthanna.
The US government response to mounting indications that US soldiers may have destroyed chemical munitions at Khamisiyah—the details the Department of Defense knew, when it knew the details, and the actions it has taken.
www.gulflink.osd.mil /khamisiyah_iii/khamisiyah_iii_s02.htm   (1724 words)

  
 United Nations
Decides that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its obligations under relevant resolutions, including resolution 687 (1991), in particular through Iraq’s failure to cooperate with United Nations inspectors and the IAEA, and to complete the actions required under paragraphs 8 to 13 of resolution 687 (1991);
Recalling that in its resolution 687 (1991) the Council declared that a ceasefire would be based on acceptance by Iraq of the provisions of that resolution, including the obligations on Iraq contained therein,
Requests the Secretary-General immediately to notify Iraq of this resolution, which is binding on Iraq; demands that Iraq confirm within seven days of that notification its intention to comply fully with this resolution; and demands further that Iraq cooperate immediately, unconditionally, and actively with UNMOVIC and the IAEA;
www.un.int /usa/sres-iraq.htm   (1724 words)

  
 Scott Ritter, Saddam's Trap, The New Republic, Dec 21
The United States gamely allowed the Security Council to deliberate for more than a month before passing a resolution condemning Iraq's actions, then proclaimed victory, on the assumption that Iraq was now more isolated than ever.
By August of this year, the United States was fully committed to a policy--albeit unstated--of containing Iraq through economic sanctions and a large military presence in the Gulf, while avoiding expensive, debilitating confrontations between UNSCOM and Saddam.
Later Iraq added the complaint that we were seeking to inspect sites vital to its sovereignty and national security, including so-called "presidential sites." As it had during a previous episode of Iraqi intransi-gence several months earlier, the United States threatened military action.
www.fas.org /news/iraq/1998/12/21/981221-scott.htm   (3845 words)

  
 UN Security Council Resolution 1441-2002
Decides that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its obligations under relevant resolutions, including resolution 687 (1991), in particular through Iraq's failure to cooperate with United Nations inspectors and the IAEA, and to complete the actions required under paragraphs 8 to 13 of resolution 687 (1991);
Endorses the 8 October 2002 letter from the Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC and the Director-General of the IAEA to General Al-Saadi of the Government of Iraq, which is annexed hereto, and decides that the contents of the letter shall be binding upon Iraq;
Further recalling that its resolution 687 (1991) imposed obligations on Iraq as a necessary step for achievement of its stated objective of restoring international peace and security in the area,
www.mideastweb.org /1441.htm   (1122 words)

  
 USIS Washington File: TEXT: UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION ON IRAQI SANCTIONS
United Nations -- The UN Security Council late September 9 decided to suspend Iraqi sanctions reviews until Baghdad begins cooperating with UN weapons inspectors.
On August 5 Iraq announced it was "totally suspending" cooperation with the United Nations Special Commission in Iraq (UNSCOM) and with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), saying that its weapons files should be closed and intrusive inspections ended.
Acting under Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations,
usembassy-australia.state.gov /hyper/WF980910/epf411.htm   (667 words)

  
 Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004
The Iraq war was over power, and UN Resolution 1483 insured U.S./U.K. control over Iraq's oil revenue, contrary to reports that the Iraqi people wanted the United Nations to retain control of Iraqi's oil resources.
It would appear that any attempt by OPEC member states in the Middle East or Latin America to transition to the euro as their oil transaction currency standard shall be met with either overt U.S. military actions or covert U.S. intelligence agency interventions.
The upcoming war in Iraq war is mostly about how the CIA, the Federal Reserve and the Bush/Cheney administration view hydrocarbons at the geo-strategic level, and the unspoken but overarching macroeconomic threats to the U.S. dollar from the euro.
www.ratical.org /ratville/CAH/RRiraqWar.html   (18063 words)

  
 Ambassador Bill Richardson, Statement to the National Association of Hispanic Journalists, February 19, 1998
Richardson also said United Nations actions in the current situation remind Americans that a strong and effective UN is an essential element for advancing America's own national interests and deserves the full financial and political support of the Congress and the American people.
Ambassador Richardson said that the United States still holds out hope for a peaceful diplomatic solution to the crisis in Iraq, but that time and patience is wearing thin.
In a prepared text, Richardson said the United States promises to ensure "that Iraq's ability to threaten its neighbors is minimized and that its capability to produce weapons of mass destruction is significantly curtailed."
www.un.int /usa/98_26.htm   (254 words)

  
 Model United Nations Security Council
Many council members are anxious to initiate UN actions to deal with the developing humanitarian/refugee crisis.
The Eleventh annual Model United Nations Security Council at Frostburg State University will be held on Wednesday, April 9, 2003 in the Lane Center on the Frostburg State University campus.
The Security Council went through months of bitter debate over the U.S. and British policy of disarming and changing the regime in Iraq with military force.
www.frostburg.edu /dept/posc/ModelUN2003.htm   (466 words)

  
 Iraq disarmament crisis - Enpsychlopedia
Under United Nations actions regarding Iraq, in place since the 1991 Gulf War, Iraq was banned from developing or possessing such weapons and was also required to permit inspections to confirm Iraqi compliance.
As of February 24th, 2005 neither Iraq nor the United States have ratified the ICC treaty, and therefore neither the US attack on Iraq nor subsuquant actions in Iraq them fall under the jurisdiction of the ICC.
During most of 2002 and into 2003, the United States government continued to call for " regime change " in Iraq and threatened to use military force to overthrow the Iraqi government unless Iraq rid itself of all weapons of mass destruction and convinced the UN that it had done so.
www.grohol.com /psypsych/Iraq_disarmament_crisis   (466 words)

  
 The UN Security Council and the Iraq war - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
United Kingdom - Within the United Nations Security Council, the United Kingdom was the primary supporter of the U.S. plan to invade Iraq.
Wayne Madsen, who was a communications security analyst with the NSA in the 1980s, believes that the memo is authentic, and believes that this memo was aimed at other nations who are part of the ECHELON intelligence network, namely Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United Kingdom.
In 2002, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1441 on Iraq unanimously.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_UN_Security_Council_and_the_Iraq_war   (2254 words)

  
 United States Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography
After attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, the United States and other allied nations found themselves entangled in what has come to be called the "War on Terrorism." The war on terrorism includes the ongoing wars in Afganistan and the controversial Iraq war.
Beginning in the 1990s, the United States became very involved in police actions and peacekeeping, including actions in Kosovo, Haiti, Somalia and Liberia, and the first Gulf War driving Iraq out of Kuwait.
The United States Armed forces are considered to be the most powerful military (of any sort) on Earth and their force projection capabilities are unrivaled by any other nation, or collaboration of nations.
www.alienartifacts.com /encyclopedia/United_States   (5979 words)

  
 Iraq: History
1920: Arabs of southern Iraq starts military actions towards the British, who did not fulfill their promises to leave the area to the locals after the Turks were defeated.
July 15: A new government is proclaimed, and the Arab Union with Jordan is declared dissolved, and Iraq is to work for close relations with the United Arab Republic, which was established by Egypt and Syria earlier this year.
Iraq is admitted to the League of Nations.
i-cias.com /e.o/iraq_5.htm   (2115 words)

  
 Effects of Sanctions - Global Issues
He was co-ordinator of humanitarian relief to Iraq and Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, one of the top most officials.
Once Iraq had signed a contract with a vendor, the contract was circulated to UNSCOM (later UNMOVIC), to see if there was anything that could be used for military purposes.
The sanctions were finally lifted it seemed, not because of the humanitarian urgency demanded for years by people from the United Nations to grassroots activists, but because the political objective of removing the Saddam Hussein regime had been met.
www.globalissues.org /Geopolitics/MiddleEast/Iraq/Sanctions.asp   (5023 words)

  
 2003 Iraq war timeline
It reminded them that the deliveries of this type of materials and equipment in Iraq were the subject of sanctions by the United Nations.
This is the ongoing timeline of the 2003 Iraq war, principally the military actions and consequences of the US-led invasion.
It was later announced that Special Forces troops were operating inside Iraq; Australia, the United Kingdom and the U.S. all have Special Forces troops in the area.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/2/2003-Iraq-war-timeline.htm   (5023 words)

  
 United for Peace of Pierce County, WA - We nonviolently oppose the reliance on unilateral military actions rather than cooperative diplomacy.
Hosted by the Interfaith Network Of Concern for the people of Iraq (INOC), the University of Washington -- Department of Communication, the Iraqi Community Center of Seattle (ICCS), and the United Nations Association, Seattle.
United for Peace of Pierce County, WA - We nonviolently oppose the reliance on unilateral military actions rather than cooperative diplomacy.
Scott Ritter said that although the peace movement failed to stop the war in Iraq, it had a chance to stop the expansion of the war to other nations like Iran and Syria.
www.ufppc.org /content/view/2295   (1280 words)

  
 History of Iraq - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Following talks with British Prime Minister Tony Blair, in September 2002 U.S. President George W. Bush urged the United Nations to encourage Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to comply with UN resolutions or "actions will be unavoidable".
The United States, in an attempt to prevent the genocide of the Marsh Arabs in southern Iraq and the Kurds to the north, declared "air exclusion zones" north of the 36th parallel and south of the 32nd parallel.
On November 11, 1920 it became a League of Nations mandate under British control with the name "State of Iraq".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Iraq   (5420 words)

  
 Crimes of War Project > Iraq Special Edition
In addition, since Iraq is not a party to the ICC, the court could only gain jurisdiction over Iraqi actions on Iraqi soil if the United Nations Security Council referred the case to it.
Assuming that a war in Iraq ends either with a total occupation of the country, or the installation of a regime that is sympathetic to the United States, it is likely that the Bush administration will push for war crimes trials to be held in Iraq itself, and with the involvement of the successor government.
Suppose the United States goes to war against Iraq and is victorious, and at the war’s end, Saddam Hussein is in the custody of the U.S. or one of its allies.
www.crimesofwar.org /special/Iraq/news-saddam.html   (5420 words)

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