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Topic: United States Political Leadership in World War II


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  Politics of the United States during World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The United States entered World War II with the same Administration that had been at the helm of the nation since 1932, that of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Vice President Henry A. Wallace won the election of 1940, and were at the helm of the nation as it prepared for and entered World War II.
Office of War Mobilisation and Reconversion under Chairmen Byrnes and Vinson, formed in May 1943 as the Office of War Mobilisation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_Political_Leadership_in_World_War_II   (520 words)

  
 Foreign Affairs - The United States and the World Economy - Leonard Silk
After World War I, and the inflations released by it, the major countries adopted highly restrictive monetary policies, which by the end of the 1920s choked off economic growth.
In the United States restrictive tariff legislation was passed, especially the 1930 Smoot-Hawley Act, which hurt other countries and forced them to engage in severe deflation to maintain the exchange rates of their currencies.
After the long post-World War II boom that lasted until the early 1970s and was followed by oil shocks, inflation and stagnation, the world economy is again suffering from overcapacity and high unemployment.
www.foreignaffairs.org /19870201faessay7827/leonard-silk/the-united-states-and-the-world-economy.html?mode=print   (486 words)

  
 World War II
World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the world's nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives.
Indeed, the first combat operation in the European Theater of World War II was a German bombing attack against Poland, while the last combat operation in the Pacific Theater was a thousand-aircraft bombing attack on Japan, on 14 August 1945.
The war also saw the re-emergence of the United States from its isolationism, the destruction and rebuilding of Germany and Japan into major industrial powers, the advent of the atomic bomb, and the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as global superpowers.
www.askfactmaster.com /World_War_II   (4255 words)

  
 The U.S. Election: The Value of Political Stability > The Good News : January/February 2001   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Political instability has been the norm for most of the new nations of the world given birth since World War II as the European powers dismantled their colonial empires.
Political uncertainty is to be expected in some of the poorer, less politically stable nations.
This is something new for the United States and for her friends around the world-and for enemies who someday may take advantage of the new situation.
www.gnmagazine.org /issues/gn32/politicalstability.htm   (1869 words)

  
 United States of America - Memory Alpha   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Constitution of the United States is adopted, and thereafter George Washington is elected President.
Under the political leadership of Abraham Lincoln, with a military led by Ulysses S. Grant, the Union was preserved and slavery was abolished within the nation.
The United States of America joins in the establishment of a United Earth government in 2150, and the United Federation of Planets in 2161.
memory-alpha.org /en/wiki/United_States   (1220 words)

  
 World War II
The war that is now called the Pacific front of World War II was called in Japan then The Great East Asia War, for the liberation of Asia from the European and American colonizers was the proclaimed Goal.
From February 1942 until July 1944, a war of attrition was fought by the air forces of the United States, Australia and Japan in Papua, New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands.
World War II was a watershed in the history of the Uinted States.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/ops/world_war_2.htm   (11154 words)

  
 Weekend Perspectives: America the exceptional
If you only know America in the 1990s, you might believe that war is a video game in which American casualties are a rarity, that double-digit growth in the stock market is the norm, and that the United States' dominant position in the world is part of the natural order.
Political instability and insecurity remain a normal condition of international affairs, however much we wished that the end of the Cold War proved otherwise.
Over the past two weeks, the World Affairs Council hosted dozens of high school students and teachers looking at the United States' role in the world.
www.post-gazette.com /forum/19990703edworld3.asp   (821 words)

  
 List of World War II topics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Axis lost, at least partly because the Allies, after the USA's and the Soviet Union's entrance into the war, had greater productive resources, and were able to turn these resources into greater numbers of soldiers and weapons than the Axis.
This was further compounded by the comparative lack of equipment standardization among the Axis forces and its failure to use its large territorial (and associated resources) gains in an economy on war footing.
For instance Nazi Germany was the only war economy which largely didn't make use of the labour of women.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_World_War_II_topics   (302 words)

  
 Political Science
In the process of studying and comparing Western and non-Western state structures and theories, students will be exposed to the basic vocabulary of political science and to various subfields of the discipline.
The symbiotic relationship between the media and politics is explored, along with the forces that drive news journalism and political coverage.
This course offers the students the opportunity to study the political systems of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, questioning the stereotypes that exist in the United States about their political culture.
www.beloit.edu /~academic/fields/majors/politicalscience_courses.php   (2010 words)

  
 The Cold War Decoded excerpted from the book Buried Alive Essays on Our Endangered Republic by Walter Karp
They were determined at war's end to bestride the world like a colossus, to punish aggression, to root out "spheres of influence," to ensure the independence of all nations great and small-in a word, to "make the world over," in the exuberant phrase of the exuberant hour.
As early as 1943, the State Department, grown giddy with newfound consequence, was already working up "a diplomacy which pretended that we were interested in every disputed region everywhere," as Walter Lippmann scornfully remarked at the time.
The ambition of America's political leaders to subjugate the American republic once and for all had spawned and sustained the Cold War.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Democracy_America/ColdWarDecoded_BA.html   (1809 words)

  
 Second World Summary
The term "Second World" has largely fallen out of use because the circumstances to which it referred largely ended with the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, and also because the popularity of its sister phrase "Third World" has divided the world between rich and poor in many people's minds.
After World War II, people began to speak of the NATO and Warsaw Pact countries as two major blocs, often using such terms as the "Western bloc" and the "Eastern bloc".
Austria was within the United States' sphere of influence, but in 1955, when it became a fully independent republic, it did so under the condition that it remain neutral.
www.bookrags.com /Second_World   (615 words)

  
 Thucydides in the Modern World
In fact, political scientists have treated the work of Thucydides as a coherent attempt to communicate silent universals that have served as the basis for American foreign policy and security doctrine in the post World War II era.
Specifically, the foundations of American diplomacy during the Cold War with regard to the struggle between the two superpowers and the ethical consequences or problems posed for smaller states caught in the vortex of bipolar competition are derived from his work.
The significance of such an examination is found in the parallels that have been made between the Peloponnesian War and the Cold War, and the practical consequences of such scholarship on American diplomacy in the Cold War era with regard to the relationship between the superpower balance and regional politics in regions of contested influence.
www.hri.org /por/thucydides.html   (2089 words)

  
 [No title]
After Roosevelt's death and the end of World War II, American liberalism became characterized by a defense of the mildly redistributive welfare state that emphasized equalizing, at least for whites, the possibilities of opportunity.
A political community based on common origin, history and language is not liberal, but liberals never tried to form the voluntarist, contractual, non-historical state - which liberalism would logically imply.
The nation state was simply taken for granted, as the political and economic arena for liberal process.
www.lycos.com /info/liberalism--political-liberalism.html?page=2   (648 words)

  
 Korean War
The first military clash of the Cold War and the first United Nations-sanctioned conflict, the Korean War pitted the United States and its allies against the Soviet Union and its communist clients.
Because the war was fought for political rather than military objectives, it quickly degenerated into a stalemate as both sides used the battlefield to jockey for political advantage at the negotiating table.
The United Nations Security Council responded by adopting a U.S.-sponsored resolution calling the North Korean attack a breach of the peace and designating the president of the United States as its executive agent to prosecute the war.
www.nps.gov /elro/glossary/korean-war.htm   (907 words)

  
 Political Organization: Introduction
In the United States, for instance, the President has greater authority than the Secretary of State, and he or she, in turn, is above ambassadors.
In contrast to this economy-based approach, a politics focused classification usually distinguishes societies based on the nature of their political institutions and how power is distributed.
Subsequently, classifying a society in terms of its level of political integration has proven to be another useful tool in comprehending the wide range of human cultures and societies from small foraging communities to modern nation states.
anthro.palomar.edu /political/pol_1.htm   (1482 words)

  
 A short history of the United States of America
Civil war The area of the present-day United States of America is populated by Indian tribes, now usually named Native Americans.
With the emergence of the United States Republican Party as the nation's first major sectional political party by the mid-1850s, politics becomes the stage on which conflict over the expansion of slavery is played out.
Between 1953 and 1961 World War II hero Dwight David Eisenhower is president for the Republicans.
www.electionworld.org /history/unitedstates.htm   (932 words)

  
 Germany Info: Culture & Life: History: Features: German Revolution of 1848/49
Long before the post-World War II division of Europe and long before "silent revolutions" in Eastern Europe ended that division, there was another time when Germans took to the streets to demand freedom and unity and for a few months seemed to achieve their goal.
Though of varied political beliefs, all sought such basic rights as freedom of the press, trial by jury and constitutional systems of government in the states, as well as the unification of Germany into one nation-state.
The political groupings and alliances that emerged during this time, however ineffective, may be seen as precursors to the political parties of modern Germany.
www.germany.info /relaunch/culture/history/1848.html   (1678 words)

  
 World War II and the Rise of America as a Global Superpower
Williams believes that World War II was caused by the conflicting economic, political, and military strategies these countries adopted to overcome the global depression of the 1930s.
Williams argues that the United States was devastated by the depression.
Because its industry and economy were not damaged by the war, the United States quickly became the "arsenal of democracy," providing arms and supplies to Britain and Russia in their desperate efforts to keep the Germans from conquering them and all of Europe.
www.colorado.edu /AmStudies/lewis/2010/hitler.htm   (2724 words)

  
 World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
United Nations, founded by the victorious Allies in order to prevent such a large and destructive conflict from ever happening again.
World War I, the Western victors in the Second World War did not demand compensation from the defeated nations.
In the military sphere, World War II marked the coming of age of airpower, mostly at the expense of warships.
www.mtholyoke.edu /~eushrair/worldwartwo.htm   (3850 words)

  
 The Arrogant Empire - Newsweek The War in Iraq - MSNBC.com
By 1900 the United States was the richest country in the world.
For much of the world, it was mystifying to hear the most powerful country in the history of the world speak as though it were a besieged nation, boxed in on all sides.
And while the United States can act largely by itself in certain special circumstances, such as Iraq, the fewer allies, bases and air rights it has, the higher the costs will be in American lives and treasure.
msnbc.msn.com /id/3068616   (5424 words)

  
 U.S. Embassy Belarus - Gerhard Weinberg: The United States in World War II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
U.S. Embassy Belarus - Gerhard Weinberg: The United States in World War II The United States in World War II
The country had disarmed after World War I. It had begun to rebuild its navy in the mid-1930's, had decided to build a substantial air force in November 1938, and had initiated the creation of a large army in the fall of 1940.
The president of the United States was absolutely determined that American soldiers would not have to fight the Germans a third time, and in this conviction and the conclusion he drew from it he had the united support of the American people.
minsk.usembassy.gov /html/weinberg_speech.html   (3777 words)

  
 PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Spring 2000
And since states are engaged in a constant struggle to advance their interests and to diminish those of other states, there is little here to be seen as truly morally grand.
The officer is obliged to serve the state with integrity and to conduct military operations in a professional manner, disciplining subordinates and ensuring that they conduct themselves within the bounds of the laws and customs of war.
The moral standing of any particular state depends upon the reality of the common life it protects and the extent to which the sacrifices required by that protection are willingly accepted and thought worthwhile.
carlisle-www.army.mil /usawc/Parameters/00spring/cook.htm   (6172 words)

  
 Teacher Resources - Feature - American Memory Timeline: Great Depression
Political chaos, in turn, gave rise to dictatorial regimes such as Adolf Hitler's in Germany and the military's in Japan.
When world war finally broke out in both Europe and Asia, the United States tried to avoid being drawn into the conflict.
World War Two affected the world and the United States profoundly; it continues to influence us even today.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/depwwii/depwar.html   (357 words)

  
 The Political World
In addition to the politics of the nation becoming extraordinarily harsh, the business climate has also been affected. The strong-arm tactics of Putin have ensured that energy is used as a political weapon (as admitted by Putin himself).
Yukos became one of the biggest oil companies in the world (producing 2% of world oil) in murky circumstances during the fall of the Soviet Union and the subsequent push for privitization.
Politically, the Litvinenko death has brought allegations of political gangsterism and corruption to the front pages of respected and well-read publications.
politicalworld.wordpress.com   (8258 words)

  
 Effects of World War II
Effects of World War II Germany was totally defeated, and the Nazi regime brought down.
England was devastated by the war, having experienced extensive bombing during the 1940 blitz by the Germans.
The United States economy was greatly stimulated by the war, even more so than in World War I. The depression was brought decisively to an end, and new industrial complexes were built all over the United States.
www2.sunysuffolk.edu /westn/effectww2.html   (724 words)

  
 The Globalist | Global Diplomacy -- Mr. Bush in Europe — Leadership Primacy No More
But the true losers are the United States and Great Britain — in that their foreign and national security elites have to contend with the charge that, in picking Iraq, they ultimately chose conflagration over containment.
The memory of the past, successful U.S.-UK leadership is further diminished by the refusal on the part of those elites to acknowledge that they went to war for the wrong reasons — as is evidenced by their ever-changing rationales for the war.
For the United States and Great Britain, the Iraq excursion will — for the foreseeable future and especially with the current leadership — probably mean the loss of their traditional primacy in setting the global policy agenda.
www.theglobalist.com /printStoryId.aspx?StoryId=3598   (1205 words)

  
 Bosnia Genocide, Bosnia Massacres, Bosnia Human Rights Violations
During World War II, Yugoslavia was invaded by Nazi Germany and was partitioned.
Tito, a Communist, was a strong leader who maintained ties with the Soviet Union and the United States during the Cold War, playing one superpower against the other while obtaining financial assistance and other aid from both.
On February 6, 1994, the world's attention turned completely to Bosnia as a marketplace in Sarajevo was struck by a Serb mortar shell killing 68 persons and wounding nearly 200.
www.unitedhumanrights.org /Genocide/bosnia_genocide.htm   (1409 words)

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