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Topic: Law of the United States

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  EH.Net Encyclopedia: Bankruptcy Law in the United States
State laws are, in general, derived from common law procedures for the collection of debt.
Complaints that the law was expensive to administer, that it was difficult and costly to travel to federal courts, and that the law provided opportunities for fraud led to its repeal after only two years.
The requirement that the law be temporary was crucial to Democrats because a vote for a permanent bankruptcy law would have been a vote for the expansion of federal power and against states' rights, a central component of Democratic policy.
eh.net /encyclopedia/article/hansen.bankruptcy.law.us   (4097 words)

 LAW OF THE UNITED STATES : Encyclopedia Entry
The law of the United States was originally largely derived from the common law of the system of English law, which was in force at the time of the Revolutionary War.
However, the supreme law of the land is the United States Constitution and, under the Constitution's Supremacy Clause, laws enacted by Congress and treaties to which the U.S. is a party.
These form the basis for federal laws under the federal constitution in the United States, circumscribing the boundaries of the jurisdiction of federal law and the laws in the fifty U.S. states and territories.
www.bibleocean.com /OmniDefinition/Law_of_the_United_States   (1739 words)

 A History of the Patent Law of the United States
Section 1 of the French law of 1791 took a somewhat different approach: "All new discoveries are the property of the author; to assure the inventor the property and temporary enjoyment of his discovery, there shall be delivered to him a patent for five, ten or fifteen years".
Other features of the 1836 law were to codify the law relating to statutory bars, [21] to clarify the law relating to cases of conflict between competing applications and to provide a mechanism for establishing this.
In 1839 the law was amended to provide for a grace period (of two years) for publication or use of the invention by the applicant before filing his or her patent application.
www.ladas.com /Patents/USPatentHistory.html   (4096 words)

 Law in the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The aggregate of reported cases as forming a body of jurisprudence, or the law of a particular subject as evidenced or formed by the adjudicated cases, in distinction to statutes and other sources of law (Black, 1990).
Doctrine that, when court has once laid down a principle of law as applicable to a certain state of facts, it will adhere to that principle, and apply it to all future cases, where facts are substantially the same; regardless of whether the parties and property are the same (Black, 1990).
In general, [sic] principle of "comity" is that courts of one state or jurisdiction will give effect to laws and judicial decisions of another state or jurisdiction, not as a matter of obligation but out of deference and mutual respect (Black, 1990).
www.unt.edu /cjus/Course_Pages/CJUS_4901/law_in_the_united_states.htm   (1439 words)

 SOFTWARE PATENT LAW: UNITED STATES AND EUROPE COMPARED   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The statutes of each union and early United States cases resolving only general issues of patentability do not reveal conclusively which continent is more inclined to include software in the scope of its patent laws.
In the beginning, United States courts treated software suspiciously: In the 1970s, the Supreme Court held that software was essentially mathematical formulae, not patentable under U.S. law.
The United States has adjusted the term in compliance with the TRIPS agreement from formerly seventeen years from the date of grant.
www.law.duke.edu /journals/dltr/articles/2003dltr0006.html   (3922 words)

 IQLogo - United States trademark law
Trademarks were traditionally protected in the United States only under State common law, growing out of the tort of unfair competition.
State law continues to add its own protection, complementing the federal system.
Unlike copyright law which provides for criminal penalties as well as civil damages, trademark law in the United States is entirely enforced through private lawsuits.
www.iqlogo.com /library/united-states-trademark-law.htm   (833 words)

 Native American Law in the United States
In the United States it is a fundamental principle that state power emanates from the consent of the people.
This Federal law and agreement divided lands among tribal members and was very detrimental to the status of the Native Americans as sovereign nations.
Pass laws prohibiting free exercise of religion, restricting freedom of speech or of the press, peaceable assembly, and petition for redress of grievances.
www.law.arizona.edu /library/Pathfinders/bbeougher/U_S_Law.htm   (1062 words)

 United States environmental law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Superfund is the common name for a set of laws that established a multi-billion dollar fund to pay for remediation of toxic waste sites left by companies that are unwilling or unable to pay.
In addition, the law of standing, relating to who has a right to bring a lawsuit, is an important issue in environmental law in the United States.
The history of environmental law in the United States can be traced back to early roots in common law doctrines, for example, the doctrine of nuisance.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_environmental_law   (547 words)

 United States Law
In the northwest corner of the fourth floor, near the stairs, is a selection of New York primary legal materials, including the official case reports, New York Supplement 2d, session laws, and statutory codes (McKinney's and CLS), and the New York Case digests.
The Library's collection of official state case reports, as distinct from the commercially-published National Reporter System, is located within Room B-8 in the cellar.
The Library's collection of monographic and multi-volume legal treatises and looseleaf services in American law, as well as non-law materials arranged according to the LC classification system, occupies most of the west side of the fourth floor.
www.law.columbia.edu /library/collections/american   (506 words)

 Focus on Social Issues - Abortion Law in the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In this event, the status of legal abortion would vary from state to state, depending on pre- and post-1973 laws and court rulings.
Parental Involvement Laws requiring a parent to be notified or give consent before their minor daughter has an abortion, subject to a judicial bypass option which allows a teenage girl to involve a judge rather than her parent(s); 44 states have passed such laws with 35 of those laws in effect.
Fetal Homicide laws in 30 states recognize two victims (mother and preborn child) when a criminal act is committed against a pregnancy woman (excluding abortion).
www.family.org /cforum/fosi/bioethics/facts/a0027729.cfm   (590 words)

 Maritime Law Association of the United States
The MLA is a nationwide law association founded in 1899, with a membership of about 3,600 attorneys, law professors, and other distinguished members of the maritime community.
Section 2302 of Title 46 states that persons who operate a vessel in a grossly negligent manner endangering the life, limb or property of a person commit a misdemeanor.
The prior law required that certain preconditions be met in connection with prosecutions under this chapter.
www.mlaus.org /article.ihtml?id=537&folder=83   (5060 words)

 ELS - ERD - Law By Country - United States Substantive Law - Constitution of the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
www.law.emory.edu /FEDERAL/usconst/art-1.html   (1511 words)

 GUIDE TO LAW ONLINE: United States Law - U.S. Code, Statutes at Large, and Public Laws
United States Code (U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Law Revision Counsel) offers introductory material to the Code and access to a search engine.
The Organic Laws are based on the 2000 edition (January 2, 2001) of the Code.
United States Code (Cornell Legal Information Institute) provides an updated interface to the U.S. Code, with links to notes and legislative activity through THOMAS.
www.loc.gov /law/guide/uscode.html   (341 words)

 U.S. Copyright Office - 128-Bit Browsers
Any State, and any such instrumentality, officer, or employee, shall be subject to the provisions of this title in the same manner and to the same extent as any nongovernmental entity.
(b) Any such injunction may be served anywhere in the United States on the person enjoined; it shall be operative throughout the United States and shall be enforceable, by proceedings in contempt or otherwise, by any United States court having jurisdiction of that person.
The clerk of the court granting the injunction shall, when requested by any other court in which enforcement of the injunction is sought, transmit promptly to the other court a certified copy of all the papers in the case on file in such clerk's office.
www.copyright.gov /title17/92chap5.html   (4719 words)

 Federal Government -- Sources [Law] [ ALSO! -- U.S. Law ]
NOTE—Most public laws are reflected in the United States Code (“U.S.C.” in citations), which is a topical compilation, in 50 titles, of the major part of Congressional legislation.
The remaining titles of the code are prima facie evidence of the laws contained in them; the laws themselves constitute the legal (unimpeachable) evidence of their content.
Treaties between the United States and other countries, on subjects connected with functions of the Fish and Wildlife Service, are briefly described, and various related sources (such as public laws implementing treaties) are cited, but links to treaty texts and related sources are not provided.
www.lawsource.com /also/usa.cgi?us1   (4064 words)

 VCieLaw Virtual Law Library-Directory United States-Missouri
Charged with auditing all state agencies, boards and commissions, the court system, and counties that do not have a county auditor.
The repository for state records of permanent value and serves as a central facility for historical research.
State symbols of Missouri: the state seal, the state American folk dance, the state animal, the state bird, the state flag, and the state floral emblem.
www.vcielaw.com /Directory_of_United_States_Missouri_Main_Page.htm   (1676 words)

 Symposium: The United States and International Law
For the first time, all the components of the Law Center’s international programs will be together under one roof, enabling the Law Center to take the lead in furthering deep thinking on the major comparative, international, and other transnational law issues of our time – human rights, global trade, and comparative constitutional traditions.
Georgetown Law attracts applicants from around the globe; currently 298 students from 71 different countries are enrolled, comprising more than 12 percent of the entire student body.
Georgetown University Law Center is one of the world’s leading law schools.
www.law.georgetown.edu /news/releases/october.5.2004c.html   (734 words)

 United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
The opinions issued by the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit since May 1994 have been acquired from the Third Circuit by the Villanova University School of Law.
Villanova Law Library is the official archive for the opinions of the Third Circuit.
vls.law.vill.edu /Locator/3   (176 words)

 United States Law Firms and United States Lawyers
State by state listing of pro bono programs, from the American Bar Association's Access to Justice program.
Public interest, not-for-profit law firm founded to strengthen and develop international and comparative environmental law, policy, and management.
Mission is to use the law to advance conservative principles and policies through the judicial system, government and public forums.
www.lawfirmdirectory.org /directory/links/Public_Interest/United_States/United_States.php   (273 words)

 Law Government Maine United States North America Regional
Law Government Maine United States North America Regional
properties as it was stated in the Government?s draft.
The campaign urges the Government to set targets in law so that the trajectory is clear to industry and investors; and demands transparency with annual...
www.iaswww.com /ODP/Regional/North_America/United_States/Maine/Government/Law   (467 words)

 VCieLaw Virtual Law Library-Directory United States-Minnesota
The State Treasurer is Minnesota's elected officer responsible for safeguarding and overseeing State funds independent of all other agencies.
Non-profit organization of attorneys and law students who are interested in Indian law, and American Indians who serve as advocates, prosecutors or judicial officers in tribal courts.
With the troubled state of American politics in particular, and the difficult path we all are taking towards a global information society.
www.vcielaw.com /Directory_of_United_States_Minnesota.htm   (2167 words)

 United States Federal Law
The Founders' Constitution (at Univ. of Chicago Press) A major collection of the writings of the Founders, arranged under the relevant clauses of the Constitution.
The Curiae Project (Yale Law School) Under development, will provide briefs and records for a selection of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases.
U.S. Courts Manuals and Policies: Includes Code of Conduct for United States Judges, Codes of Conduct for Judicial Employees, and Published Advisory Opinions of the Committee on Codes of Conduct.
law-library.rutgers.edu /ilg/usfedlaw.html   (1311 words)

 Medical Malpractice Law in the United States - Kaiser Family Foundation
In recent years, medical malpractice law and insurance have become popular topics for debate in Washington, DC and around the country.
This report provides an overview of the issues surrounding medical malpractice law, including the legal changes that states have made over the past thirty years in response to periodic concerns about rising medical malpractice costs; some newer proposals for changing medical malpractice law; and trend data for malpractice claims.
Medical Malpractice Law in the United States was prepared for the Foundation by Peter P. Budetti of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and Teresa M. Waters of the University of Tennessee Health Science Center.
www.kff.org /insurance/7328.cfm   (135 words)

 Establishing martial law in the United States - SourceWatch
Congress, and the States, are powerless to prevent such an Executive Dictatorship, as long as the President advises Congress in a timely matter." [2]
This allows the government to increase domestic intelligence and surveillance of U.S. citizens and would restrict the freedom of movement within the United States and grant the government the right to isolate large groups of civilians.
Mike Whitney, "Martial Law and the advent of the Supreme Executive," uruknet, October 6, 2005.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=Establishing_martial_law_in_the_United_States   (1068 words)

 HLS Library: United States Law
The Law Library has an extensive collection of US Federal, State and local law, dating from the earliest surviving law from British North America, The capitall lawes of New England (1643).
The collection is especially rich in editions of colonial law, early laws from the western states, and nineteenth and early twentieth century municipal laws, in particular from New England.
Among the collection is one of the three surviving copies of the first edition of the Utah State constitution, the Constitution of the state of Deseret (1849), a copy of the first edition of the California constitution (1849), and laws of the kingdom of Hawaii.
www.law.harvard.edu /library/collections/special/books/united_states_law.php   (124 words)

 Emory Law School: Law by Jurisdiction - U.S. Federal Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Emory Law School: Law by Jurisdiction - U.S. Federal Law
Law by Jurisdiction - Foreign Law and Governments
ELS > Law Library > Research Aids > Electronic Reference Desk > Law by Jurisdiction - U.S. Federal Law
www.law.emory.edu /LAW/refdesk/country/us/fedlaw.html   (152 words)

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