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Topic: Urdu Language

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In the News (Mon 18 Feb 19)

  The Nature of the Urdu Language
Urdu was the language of poetry and literature of Mughal India and retains a high status even in modern times.
Punjabi is the native language of 60 percent of the population of Pakistan and both Sindi and Paktu, with 12 percent and 11 percent respectively, are the native language of a higher proportion of the population than is Urdu.
Urdu as a written language seems quite different from Hindi because it is written in a Persian-modified Arabic script whereas Hindi is written in the Devanagari script.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/urdu.htm   (285 words)

 Urdu Language - ninemsn Encarta
Urdu Language, national language of Pakistan, virtually identical to Hindi, and an officially recognized state language in India.
Despite its official status, Urdu is not the most widely spoken language in Pakistan: in fact it is in fourth or fifth place (depending on the definition of “language”) with only around 10.7 million first-language speakers.
Urdu only acquired official status as a separate language after partition in 1947 (before partition, the term “Hindustani” was used to refer to both Urdu and Hindi).
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_781539569/Urdu_Language.html   (315 words)

 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Urdu language
Urdu is an Indo-European language which originated in the 13th century and is closely related to Hindi.
Urdu is the state language of Pakistan, spoken by 10 million Pakistanis as mother tongue[?].
Urdu is closely related to Hindi but is written in an extended Arabic alphabet rather than in Devanagari.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/ur/Urdu_language   (119 words)

 Urdu Translation - Translate Urdu Language Translator
Urdu is a member of the Hindustani group of languages which is a subgroup of the Indo Aryan group of languages which is in turn part of the Indo European family of languages.
As spoken language : Urdu is the lingua franca of Pakistan.
Urdu is one of the official languages of India where it is the official language of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/urdu.shtml   (1638 words)

 Urdu Translation and Localization Services - High Quality Urdu to English, English to Urdu Translation by professional ...
Urdu is a member of the Hindustani group of languages that is a subgroup of the Indo Aryan group of languages, which is in turn part of the Indo-European family of languages.
Urdu may have originated anywhere in India: the Deccan, in the Punjab, in Maharashtra, in Bengal, in Sindh or in the neighborhood of Delhi.
Urdu is written in a derivative of the Persian alphabet which is itself derivative of the Arabic alphabet.
www.advancedlanguage.com /urdu.htm   (1744 words)

 urdustan : Frequently Asked Questions
It is the national language of Pakistan, and one of the official language of India.
Urdu and Hindi are the languages that originated in the Indian sub-continent.
Urdu has a vocabulary of words that have origin in various different languages but is predominated by Arabic and Persian words.
www.urdustan.com /faq.html   (685 words)

 Urdu alphabet, pronunciation and language
It is the national language of Pakistan and is closely related to Hindi, though a lot of Urdu vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic, which is not the case for Hindi.
Urdu is also spoken in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Botswana, Fiji, Germany, Guyana, India, Malawi, Mauritius, Nepal, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Thailand, the UAE, the UK and Zambia.
Urdu has been written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script since the 12th century and is normally written in Nastaliq style.
www.omniglot.com /writing/urdu.htm   (195 words)

 Urdu language resources: Mumbai/Bombay pages (fonts, software, literature etc)
History of Urdu poetry (by Anisur Rahman) is a short and well-written history of the Urdu language and literature, which deals well with modern developments in both India and Pakistan.
History of Urdu Ghazals (by Uma Ramamurthy) is a short and informative page that also links to many examples of this form of Urdu poetry (tranliterated in the Roman script).
Greetings to the universe in Urdu (from the Voyager spacecraft).
theory.tifr.res.in /bombay/history/people/language/urdu.html   (911 words)

Thus was laid the foundations of the Urdu language.
A language that constituted all languages that came into power came to be known as ‘Urdu’, meaning camp, referring to history of the language how it came to existence through the army camps or as Rekhta (ریختہ), meaning molded or mixed.
Urdu was at that time the language of the government, educational system, and the people.
www.theurdulanguage.com /History.htm   (658 words)

 Urdu — The Language and Poetry
Urdu is the official language of Pakistan, and Jammu and Kashmir in India.
History of a language is the history of the place it is spoken in; the history of the culture it is embedded in; in fact a language is a whole culture in itself.
The evolution of a language is affected by the various influences of cultures of invaders and infiltrator from neighbouring countries and far off lands on the existing local culture of a place.
www.sikhspectrum.com /082006/urdu.htm   (2482 words)

 UCLA Language Materials Project Language Profiles Page
Urdu verbs agree with their subjects and in some cases their objects, although agreement can be blocked in a number of constructions.
In India, Urdu is the state language of Jammu and Kashmir, where it is used in government and is the medium of instruction in primary schools.
The emergence of Urdu as a separate language was due to a number of factors, including increasing Persianization in the early eighteenth century, the writing of Dakani literature in the Perso-Arabic script, and attempts to remove indigenous Hindi elements from the language.
www.lmp.ucla.edu /Profile.aspx?LangID=101&menu=004   (1162 words)

 Al Jazeera English - Archive   (Site not responding. Last check: )
where Urdu is the state's official language and the language of instruction in schools up to the eighth grade.
According to SR Faroqi, an Urdu language critic, the factor responsible for the decline of the language is its "identification with Muslims who were convicted of the crime of dividing the country".
While reading and writing Urdu is dwindling at the official level and among educated Muslims, the language is flourishing among the masses thanks to the use of subtitles at cinemas showing Hindi-language films.
english.aljazeera.net /NR/exeres/16D20EF6-FFD5-42ED-B51D-164F3E72CD0F.htm   (585 words)

 Urdu Language   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Urdu, at the beginning, was a mixed language that was formed in the camps where Muslim and Hindu soldiers were housed together.
In this language, originally 60 to 70 per cent of the words were Hindi terms, and it followed the rules of the Hindi grammar.
Urdu, both in the Southern and the Northern segments of India was so pervaded with Persian elements that even in poetic imageries it followed Persian literature instead of indigenous themes.
www.mihanfoundation.org /literature/urdu.html   (362 words)

 Urdu Language,Islamic Language of India,Urdu Language of India
Urdu is the most poetic of languages, if one is allowed to be biased.
This language would be based on the literary traditions of Dakhni and have the Persian script alongwith generous usage of Perso-Arabic words, idioms and theme ideas.
The term Four Pillars of Urdu is attributed to the four early poets: Mirza Jan-i-Janan Mazhar (1699-1781) of Delhi, Mir Taqi (1720-1808) of Agra, Muhammad Rafi Sauda (1713-1780) and Mir Dard (1719-1785).
www.indiasite.com /language/urdu.html   (720 words)

 Some Regional Languages of India   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As with the Urdu language famously used as a form of poetry and as the official language of Pakistan, Punjabi dialects are written with an Arabian influence.
The British used the Urdu language as a means to divide the Muslims and Hindus in the years before the partition.
The Urdu language first developed in northern India as a result of cultural diffusion between the native Northern Indians and invading Muslims from Central Asia during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
www.haverford.edu /engl/engl277b/Contexts/some_regional_languages_of.htm   (529 words)

 Learn Urdu Online - Write or Speak in Urdu Language Exchange
A language exchange complements other forms of learning such as classroom, cultural immersion and multimedia, because you get to practice all that you have learned with native speakers in a safe and supportive environment.
Language exchange learning is also inexpensive because we provide free tips and conversation lesson plans that allow you to do a language exchange on your own.
Add your profile to the language exchange community and let others contact you to for language exchange learning.
www.mylanguageexchange.com /Learn/Urdu.asp   (846 words)

 Urdu language resources: Mumbai/Bombay pages (fonts, software, literature etc)
Urdu Tex: is is part of the ArabTeX package.
History of Urdu poetry (by Anisur Rahman) is a short and well-written history of the Urdu language and literature, which deals well with modern developments in both India and Pakistan.
Greetings to the universe in Urdu (from the Voyager spacecraft).
www.theory.tifr.res.in /bombay/history/people/language/urdu.html   (911 words)

 Department of Asian Studies
Hindi is the national language of India, and Urdu of Pakistan; furthermore, there are millions of Urdu speakers throughout India.
These examples of Urdu calligraphy are the names of the artists written in Urdu script and transformed into a picture.
Urdu students are also welcome to join the Arabic Calligraphy Club, as the script is similar.
www.unc.edu /depts/asia/program_hindi-urdu.html   (859 words)

 BBC - Voices - Multilingual Nation
Originally it was one of the languages spoken in the Hindi region of India.
While the structure of Urdu remained essentially Indian, the vocabulary was greatly influenced by Persian.
Some argue that they be treated as the same language; others that they should be treated separately on the grounds of differences in vocabulary and word order.
www.bbc.co.uk /voices/multilingual/urdu_history.shtml   (184 words)

 The Language Movement of Pakistan
Urdu language evolved during the declining period of Muslim rule in South Asia.
Promoting native languages to become the official languages of their respective provinces or districts is the best solution to the problem.
Languages that lack the essentials of today's constantly changing modern world can simply be further developed to meet the demands via proper linguistic institutions.
www.geocities.com /paklanguage/index.html   (1945 words)

 History of Urdu poetry
Urdu language and literature, beyond their spatial confines, have been more heard of than read.
A host of others Urdu poets and translators of English poetry who appeared on the literary scene during the first quarter of this century experimented with non-traditional poetic forms but they ultimately echoed sentiments and adopted forms that were more or less tradition-bound.
It may not seem quite right to speak of Urdu poetry in terms of Indian and Pakistani poetry, but it would be reasonable to say that the new urdu poetry in Pakistan is remarkable for its variety and vitality.
www.urdustan.com /history.htm   (2346 words)

 Urdu Language and Poetry Resources.
Urdu can be learnt from books, tapes and CDs, available at ukindia, indiaclub, multilingualbooks, arthur lynn, languageresourcesonline and aramedia.
Urdu poetry can be found on these sites: Mir, Nazir, Atish, Daud, Mir, Insha, Bahadur Shah, and Zauq.
Useful books on Ghalib and Urdu poetry include A. Ali's An Anthology of Urdu Poetry (1992), the Ghazal of Ghalib entry in A. Ahad's Encyclopedia of Islam (1971), D. Matthew and C. Shackle's An Anthology of Classical Urdu Love Lyrics (1972) and M. Memon's Studies in the Urdu Ghazal and Prose Fiction (1979).
www.poetrymagic.co.uk /poets/learning-urdu.html   (262 words)

 Learn Urdu Language - Free Conversational Urdu Lessons Online - Common Urdu Words and Phrases   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Phrasebase drastically simplifies the language learning process by prioritizing the various components of learning and focusing your study efforts on the areas of greatest importance.
The key is to immerse yourself in the language and use it as often as possible in order to build up your skills of speaking it and listening to it, understanding and comprehending it...
Urdu Language Exchange Pen-Pals - Community of people from around the world interested in teaching you their language and sharing their culture with you.
www.phrasebase.com /learn/urdu.php   (1866 words)

 MEIS | Language Programs | Urdu | [NYU]
This is a beginning Urdu course aimed at introducing the students to the basics of Urdu alphabet, grammar and sentence structure.
The course is tailored to address students' interests not only in the language, bust also in the culture it is rooted in.
Students with prior knowledge of Urdu are encouraged to enroll at this level.
www.nyu.edu /gsas/faculty/cgi/gsas_local/dept/mideast/languages/urdu.html   (227 words)

 ShaikhSiddiqui Urdu
It is a common assumption that Urdu was born in the Mughal camps of Emperor Mohammad Shah Jahan (1628–58 CE) some time during the first half of the seventeenth century.
Sanskrit was the language spoken by Aryan invaders and local inhabitants spoke various dialects of Dravidian and Munda languages.
Being the language of the ruling class, the language soon evolved to be the forerunner of modern Urdu.
www.shaikhsiddiqui.com /urdu.html   (3560 words)

 [No title]
It is the born-again version of the Bureau for the Promotion of the Urdu Language which...
The arguments for and against Urdu or Panjabi in the discussion presented in the correspondences are not just simple discussions on issues relating to education in the Punjab or the use of Punjabi or Urdu language.
The decision that followed the discussion was not simply a decision for or against a given language; it had certain far-reaching socio-political consequences.
www.lycos.com /info/urdu-language.html   (492 words)

 Urdu Room
The Urdu room is bound to increase the use and comprehension of the language.
Urdu as a language fails to unify and culturally solidify Pakistanis into a strong identity.
The language of the Muslims in India, and was given the status of national language of Pakistan after independence.
www.yespakistan.com /forpakistan/urduroom.asp   (1152 words)

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