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Topic: Use of death penalty worldwide


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  Use of death penalty worldwide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At one time the death penalty was used in almost every part of the globe; but over the last few decades many countries have abolished it.
On June 14, 2005 the Constitutional court ruled that although the death penalty was constitutional, its use as a mandatory punishment for certain crimes was not.
It is now only used in cases of murder accompanied by previously identified special circumstances (e.g., murder and rape, murder and kidnapping, etc.) Some states also provide it for some cases of sexual assault especially sex crimes against children (i.e statutory rape, sexual assault against a minor).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Use_of_death_penalty_worldwide   (2132 words)

  
 Death penalty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the State as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offenses.
The Lambeth Conference of Anglican and Episcopalian bishops condemned the death penalty in 1988.
The teachings of other religions also tends to discourage death penalty as the means of vengeance but accept it as the means of deterrent and prevention, while the question of the effectiveness of incarceration as a substitute remain outside of theological debate.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Death_penalty   (4234 words)

  
 Death Penalty: 3,797 executed in 2004 - news.amnesty - Amnesty International
Releasing its annual worldwide statistics on the use of capital punishment, Amnesty International called on the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, currently meeting in Geneva, to condemn the death penalty as a violation of fundamental human rights.
His death sentence was overturned in April 2004 after an appeal judge found that the prosecution had suppressed evidence at the trial, and on the basis of DNA evidence that pointed to another person as being the murderer.
A law on "the suspension of the application of the death penalty" was signed into force in July in Tajikistan, and in January this year President Aksar Akayev of Kyrgyzstan announced that a moratorium on executions, which had been in place since 1998, would be extended for another year.
news.amnesty.org /index/ENGACT500112005   (771 words)

  
 Overview of the death penalty worlwide in 2005
The use of the death penalty declined somewhat during 2005.
The rest were carried out using either a short drop or by hoisting the prisoner into the air (used by Iran at least for public hangings).
Worldwide, 74 countries retain the death penalty, although executions were only recorded in 18 of them during the year and 25 countries have not executed anyone for over ten years.
www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk /overview.html   (700 words)

  
 Death Penalty
The Death penalty is rather a symbolic event to deal with deep-rooted problems in our society quickly and conveniently.
Some people believe that the death penalty is the best way to acknowledge their grief.
In actuality, it is almost exclusively used on the poor and people of color who can't afford a "dream team" of lawyers, public support specialists and jury selection consultants.
www.amnesty365.org /deathpenalty/dp_campaign.html   (597 words)

  
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More than 110 countries whose laws still provide for the death penalty for at least some offences have laws specifically excluding the execution of child offenders or may be presumed to exclude such executions by being parties to one or another of the above treaties.
The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1989, is of worldwide scope.
It provides for the total abolition of the death penalty but allows states parties to retain the death penalty in time of war if they make a reservation to that effect at the time of ratifying or acceding to the Protocol.
www-unix.oit.umass.edu /~leg485/intlaw.htm   (974 words)

  
 UN on Death Penalty 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In countries where the death penalty continues to be enacted, it is more likely to be applied in a racist manner, more likely to be applied to minorities and the under classes in general.
Sentenced to death when he was only 19 years old, Javier Suarez Medina’s case raised deeply troubling questions about the fairness of his trial and the ongoing refusal of Texas authorities to respect their binding international treaty obligations.
In countries where the death penalty is still in force, human rights standards require the restriction of the application of the death penalty to the most limited possible set of crimes, with stringent legal protections.
www.op.org /dlc/UN/2004DeathPenalty.htm   (814 words)

  
 U.S. Newswire : Releases : "Amnesty International's New Worldwide Death Penalty Report..."   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Despite these shocking figures, the global trend toward abolition of the death penalty continues to grow: the number of countries carrying out executions halved in the last 20 years and has dropped for the fourth consecutive year in a row.
It put to death at least eight individuals for crimes committed while they were children, including two who were still under age 18 at the time of their execution.
The death penalty is on the books in 38 states and is retained under military and federal law.
releases.usnewswire.com /GetRelease.asp?id=64244   (786 words)

  
 The Death Penalty Worldwide
If death penalty was outlawed for ordinary crimes before it was outlawed in all cases, the earlier date is given.
Death penalty is permitted only for exceptional crimes, such as crimes committed under military law or in wartime.
Death penalty is sanctioned by law but has not been the practice for ten or more years.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0777460.html   (329 words)

  
 DEATH PENALTY: Number of Executions Falling Worldwide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Piers Bannister, coordinator of the death penalty team for Amnesty, welcomed the fall in executions, but "only in the context of one execution is one too many," he told IPS.
The group warned that its latest analysis on the use of the death penalty worldwide contained minimum figures because of the secrecy surrounding the death penalty.
The death penalty is the ultimate, irreversible denial of human rights, because it disregards the essence of human values, he said in a plea to governments to abolish the practice.
www.ipsnews.net /news.asp?idnews=32965   (921 words)

  
 NCADP: National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty
There are around 20,000 prisoners on death row around the world, said Amnesty International today, as it released its annual report on the global death penalty.
The report, ?The death penalty worldwide: developments in 2005?, also shows that at least 2,148 people were executed last year - the vast majority in China (1,770), Iran (94), Saudi Arabia (86) and the USA (60).
The death penalty worldwide also shows that Iran was the only country in the world in 2005 to execute child offenders (those convicted of committing crimes when aged below 18).
www.democracyinaction.org /dia/organizations/ncadp/news.jsp?key=2569   (762 words)

  
 Prison Activist Resource Center: Death Penalty
The study also found that, in the four months preceding Harris' death, the average monthly number of homicides in California was 306.
Abolition Road was founded to take the message of abolition of the death penalty on the road in order to educate the people on the real picture of what the death penalty is: an arbitrarily used, irreversible state sanctioned murder that is racially and economically biased and kills innocent people.
NJustice: Opposing the death penalty in PA, giving a human face to those on the row.
www.prisonactivist.org /death-penalty   (428 words)

  
 Death Penalty chat   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In most of the 38 states that allow for the death penalty in this country, someone is eligible for a death sentence if he or she has committed first-degree murder while committing another crime (such as rape, burglary or robbery, etc.).
I feel that the death penalty is more barbaric than any crime committed because it is done by people who are not only sane officials but by people who we should be able to trust not to kill anyone in cold blood.
The greatest costs of the death penalty are incurred prior to and during trial, not in post-conviction proceedings.
www.movingideas.org /chat/deathpenalty.php   (7361 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Execution denounced in world protest
The coalition chose 30 November as the inaugural date, the anniversary of the first occasion the death penalty was abolished, said to have been in Tuscany, in 1786.
However, there has also been progress in the campaign to eliminate the use of the death penalty, Amnesty said, with an average of three countries a year abolishing capital punishment over the past three years.
Mario Marazziti, a spokesman for Together Against the Death Penalty, said international day was meant to remind the world that "the death penalty is an instrument of the past, like torture and slavery".
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/europe/2529793.stm   (505 words)

  
 BBC News | AMERICAS | Death penalty worldwide
It is used in 87 countries - though the number of countries that actually executes prisoners in any one year is much less.
China, Saudi Arabia, the United States and Iran are the chief countries using the death penalty.
The US and Japan are the only major industrial countries to enforce the death penalty, and a recent report from Amnesty said the US had abdicated its role as a leader in human rights because of that.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/americas/1383018.stm   (353 words)

  
 Death Penalty: Amnesty International's Human Rights Concerns
The death penalty is the ultimate, irreversible denial of human rights.
Recent U.S. Supreme Court rulings barring executions of juvenile offenders and people with mental retardation have given death penalty opponents hope that the mentally ill may someday also be spared.
Around the world, the death penalty is used as a tool of political repression and a means to forever silence political opponents or eliminate politically "troublesome" individuals.
www.amnestyusa.org /abolish/index.do   (699 words)

  
 NEW YORK. PRESENTATION OF THE DEATH PENALTY WORLDWIDE 2005 REPORT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Hands Off Cain’s 2005 Report on the death penalty is dedicated to the President of Senegal Abdoulaye Wade, author of the foreword and the recipient of the Abolitionist of the Year 2005 Award.
Among the 57 countries that have the death penalty in their legal arsenals, only 25 conducted executions in 2004, compared with 30 in 2003 and 34 in 2002.
The Americas would be virtually death penalty-free were it not for the 59 people put to death in the United States, the only country in the western hemisphere to execute anyone in 2004.
www.handsoffcain.org /archivio_news/200510.php?iddocumento=7402330&mover=0   (470 words)

  
 Death Penalty Links
At the dawn of the 21st century, the death penalty is considered by most civilized nations as a cruel and inhuman punishment.
Death Penalty in Palestine - from the PHRMG
Death Penalty in Indiana - by the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney
www.derechos.org /dp   (1020 words)

  
 JURIST - Gazette: Death penalty report 2004 [Amnesty]
10:35 PM ET The death penalty worldwide: developments in 2004, Amnesty International, April 5, 2005 [reporting that the number of executions, which does not include executions that many governments fail to officially report, is the second highest figure the organization has recorded in the 25 years Amnesty has been monitoring capital punishment].
At least 3,797 people were executed in 25 countries in 2004, and at least 7,395 people were sentenced to death in 64 countries, according to Amnesty International.
As in previous years, the vast majority of executions worldwide were carried out in a tiny handful of countries.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /gazette/2005/04/death-penalty-report-2004-amnesty.php   (187 words)

  
 Priest calls for end to death penalty worldwide
A Sunshine Coast Catholic priest has called for the end of the death penalty in the wake of the expected execution of convicted Australian drug trafficker Van Nguyen in Singapore on Friday.
He says everyone has the right to life, and the death penalty needs to be abolished worldwide.
"There are 80 countries that do exercise the death penalty, Australia doesn't, I'm proud of that and I think Australia needs to not just simply ask Singapore, but all of those other 79 countries to address the issue.
www.abc.net.au /news/items/200511/1519640.htm?sunshine   (151 words)

  
 The question of the death penalty
Welcoming the exclusion of capital punishment from the penalties that the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Court are authorized to impose,
Welcoming the abolition of the death penalty which has taken place in some States since the last session of the Commission, and in particular in those States that have abolished the death penalty for all crimes,
Welcoming also the fact that many countries which still retain the death penalty in their penal legislation are applying a moratorium on executions,
www.unhchr.ch /Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/(Symbol)/E.CN.4.RES.2003.67.En?Opendocument   (985 words)

  
 Death Penalty: 3,797 executed in 2004 - Amnesty International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Death Penalty: 3,797 executed in 2004 - Amnesty International
The Death Penalty in West Africa: Time to abolish the death penalty in Ghana
During 2004, more than 3,797 people were executed in 25 countries and at least 7,395 were sentenced to death in 64 countries, said Amnesty International today.
web.amnesty.org /library/index/engact500112005   (811 words)

  
 [No title]
Please note that this is just a sampling of the groups that are working to abolish the death penalty.
On November 30, 2004 300 cities around the world lit up their monumental architecture as a statement against the death penalty.
www.1000executions.org As the United States approaches its 1000th execution since the resumption of executions in 1977, more and more people understand that the death penalty makes mistakes, disproportionately affects the poor and people of color, doesn't deter crime, and is expensive, arbitrary, and immoral.
www.willsworld.com /~mvfhr/images/links.htm   (416 words)

  
 Project for Global Democracy and Human Rights: The Death Penalty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In reality the death penalty is reserved for people who do not have enough money to defend themselves.
Lafayette on the death penalty (in the original French)
Texas: a death penalty case costs an average of $2.3 million, about three times the cost of imprisoning someone in a single cell at the highest security level for 40 years.
www.worldpolicy.org /globalrights/dp/deathpenalty.html   (466 words)

  
 NCADP: National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
(Washington, DC) - During 2005, at least 2,148 people were executed in 22 countries and at least 5,186 people were sentenced to death in 53 countries, Amnesty International disclosed today in its annual report on the death penalty worldwide.
Together the four nations accounted for 94 percent of all known executions worldwide.
Approximately 3,400 prisoners were on death rows across the United States as of January 1, 2006.
www.democracyinaction.org /dia/organizations/ncadp/pressRelease.jsp?press_release_KEY=173   (796 words)

  
 EU Determined To Abolish Death Penalty Worldwide
The European Union says it wants to use all diplomatic means to try and persuade China, Iran, the US, Japan and others to abolish the death penalty.
On Friday's anti-death penalty day, activities are planned in some 45 countries to raise awareness for the issue.
They have to remove the death penalty in order to remove the right to self defense.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/996997/posts   (792 words)

  
 Death Penalty - World (Ohio ESL)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Summary of the use of the death penalty around the world
Introductory resource on the death penalty in the USA and around the world; includes information on methods of execution and number of executions in the US The Death Penalty: An International Perspective
Egypt; Death penalty on the rise in Egypt
www.ohiou.edu /esl/project/penalty/world.html   (90 words)

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