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Topic: Valerius Cordus


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In the News (Tue 25 Jul 17)

  
  Valerius Cordus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Valerius Cordus (18 February 1515 – 25 September 1544) was a German physician and botanist who authored one of the greatest pharmacopoeias and one of the most celebrated herbals in history.
Cordus wrote prolifically, and also identified and described several new plant species.
The son of an ardent Lutheran convert, Valerius Cordus was born either in Hesse or Erfurt.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Valerius_Cordus   (529 words)

  
 Herbal In Germany.
Among the German Fathers of Botany, Sprengel includes a comparatively little known name, that of Valerius Cordus (1515-1544), a man whose actual achievement was small, but who, if he had not died so young, would probably have become one of the most famous of the earlier herbalists.
Cordus was injured by a kick from a horse, which brought on a fever, and his companions had great difficulty in getting him as far as Rome.
Cordus did noteworthy service to medicine, however, for when he passed through Nuremberg on his travels he was able to lay before the physicians of that town a collection of medical recipes, chiefly selected from earlier writings.
www.oldandsold.com /articles31n/herbals-12.shtml   (3126 words)

  
 Ether Definition / Ether Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
[click for more] by Valerius CordusValerius Cordus (1515-1544) was a physician born in Erfurt in the state of Hesse (now part of Germany).
His father, Euricius Cordus, was additionally a physician.
In 1540 he became the first person (at least in Europe) to synthesize ether, a volatile organic liquid which at the time was named "sweet oil of vitriol", by adding sulphuric acid to alcohol.
www.elresearch.com /Ether   (463 words)

  
 Valerius Cordus Biography / Biography of Valerius Cordus 1450 To 1699: Life Sciences and Medicine Biography
Valerius Cordus Biography / Biography of Valerius Cordus 1450 To 1699: Life Sciences and Medicine Biography
Cordus synthesized ether; developed ways to categorize plants; invented phytography, the systematic science of describing plants; updated and augmented the authoritative first-century catalog of medicinal plants prepared by the Greek physician Dioscorides Pedanius Anazarbeus; and wrote the first pharmacopoeia, the Nuremberg Dispensatorium (1546).
This is the complete Valerius Cordus 1450 To 1699: Life Sciences and Medicine Biography section.
www.bookrags.com /biography-valerius-cordus-scit-0312   (197 words)

  
 pierre belon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Belon was born about 1517 near Le Mans (Sarthe).
He studied medicine at Paris, where he took the degree of doctor, and then became a pupil of the botanist Valerius Cordus (1515-1544) at Wittenberg, with whom he travelled in Germany.
On his return to France he was taken under the patronage of Cardinal de Tournon, who furnished him with means for undertaking an extensive scientific journey.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Pierre_Belon.html   (247 words)

  
 Valerius Cordus -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Valerius Cordus -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
In 1549, notes from his Wittemberg lectures, entitled Annotations on (additional info and facts about Dioscorides) Dioscorides, were published, based on his own systematic observations of the plants described by the Classical writer Dioscorides.
The (Tropical deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Boraginaceae) Cordia genus of plants of the (A widely distributed family of plants distinguished by circinate flowers and nutlike fruit) Boraginaceae family is named after him.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/v/va/valerius_cordus.htm   (126 words)

  
 ETHER - LoveToKnow Article on ETHER   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The vapour mixed with oxygen or air is violently explosive.
The making of ether by the action of sulphuric acid on alcohol was known in about the I3th century; and later Basil Valentine and Valerius Cordus described its preparation and properties.
The name ether appears to have been applied to the drug only since the times of Frobenius, who in 1730 termed it spiritus aethereus or vini vitriolatus.
37.1911encyclopedia.org /E/ET/ETHER.htm   (1477 words)

  
 Chapter 3-2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The introduction of chemical anesthetic agents to abolish surgical pain occurred in an epoch‑making five‑year period between 1842 an 1847, though the first of these agents, diethyl ether, had been known for hundreds of years.
In 1540 an alchemist, Valerius Cordus, gave the earliest account of the synthesis of this fluid, which he called oleum dulci vitrioli or "sweet oil of vitriol." To "very biting wine (ethyl alcohol) "sour oil of vitriol" (sulfuric acid) was added.
Cordus found that sweet vitriol was an excellent solvent for many substances, and noted that it "may be used in pleurisy, peri-pneumonia, and hacking cough to draw from the lungs pus and mucus." F. Frobenius, a German chemist, gave sweet vitriol the name "ether" in 1730.
stevenlehrer.com /explorers/chapter_3-2.htm   (6021 words)

  
 Thinking of the future   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Valerius - 3 Posts on this thread out of 9 Posts sitewide.
The only problem was that of money, and the only way he was likely to get enough was to ask his father.
Despite the fact the relationship between father and son was good and M. Valerius Cordus could not only afford to set his son up in a venture with himself as a 'silent partner', but would be more than happy to do so, Felix had always hesitated to commit himself by asking.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Post/394688   (702 words)

  
 Ether
Chemist Raymundus Lullus discovered the compound in 1275.
It was first synthesized in 1540 by Valerius Cordus, who called it "sweet oil of vitriol" (oleum dulci vitrioli), and noted some of its medicinal properties.
At about the same time, Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, better known as Paracelsus, discovered ether's analgesic properties.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/e/et/ether.html   (440 words)

  
 Settling in   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Felix was quietly pleased with the apartment he had been fortunate enough to find in the Insula Arriana Polliana.
Eventually, he settled down with a glass of Surrentine in the spacious exhedra and allowed himself to relax and review his progress so far.
Felix’s father M. Valerius Cordus ran a successful merchant shipping venture out of Syracuse, and while the allowance he was granted out of the business proceeds was modest, as long as he was reasonably careful with it he didn’t need to really work himself.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Post/357239   (699 words)

  
 Ether
Chemist Raymundus Lullis, discovered the compound in 1275.
Its was first synthesized by Valerius Cordus in 1540.
Crawford Williamson Long, M.D., was the first surgeon to use it as an anesthetic agent, on March 30, 1842.
www.guajara.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/e/et/ether.html   (378 words)

  
 Ether - Gurupedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Ether is the compound diethyl ether, CH, also known as ethoxyethane.
Valerius Cordus, who called it "sweet oil of vitriol" (oleum dulci vitrioli), and noted some of its medicinal properties.
At about the same time, Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, better known as Paracelsus, discovered ether's
www.gurupedia.com /e/et/ether.htm   (333 words)

  
 Cardamom Essential Oil - Natural Perfumery - Natural Perfumes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Cardamon is one of the oldest essential oil known.
In the reports of Valerius Cordus dated 1540, cardamom oil is described and its distillation is outlined.
Long used as a condiment and medicine in India and was generally thought to have a good effect on the digestive system.
www.sunrosearomatics.com /eodesc/cardamomeo.html   (461 words)

  
 TopTropicals.com - rare plants for home and garden
It means having fruit like Sebestens, which word is derived from the Persian Sapistan and is the name of an allied species grown round the town of Sebesta.
The name Cordia honours Valerius Cordus, a German botanist of the 16th Century.
Scarlet Cordia as a small tree or garden shrub, but in its home forests it reaches 40 or 50 feet.
toptropicals.com /html/toptropicals/articles/trees/cordia.htm   (549 words)

  
 chemical history of ether   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
He described the action of oil of vitriol on spirit of wine to produce oleum vitrioli dulce verum (true, sweet oil of vitriol; ether) in 1275.
A description of the preparation of ether by Valerius Cordus, a German botanist/apothecary, was provided in 1561 by the editor of his works, Conrad Gesner.
N.B. After completing this document, the following excellent paper was uncovered: Priesner, Claus, Spiritus Aethereus - Formation of Ether and Theories on Etherification from Valerius Cordus to Alexander Williamson, Ambix, 1986, 33, 129.
classes.yale.edu /chem220a/studyaids/history/ether/ether.html   (2452 words)

  
 PS10   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Compound A (MS-NW-0071) can be prepared in only one way by the Williamson procedure while compound B (MS-NW-1331) is accessible by two routes using the Williamsom method.
On the other hand, compound A is readily prepared as described by Valerius Cordus whereas the preparation of compound B by this method is not as efficient.
There is a third possible compound that fits the formula C
classes.yale.edu /chem220a/probsets/PS01/PS10.html   (435 words)

  
 [No title]
Their broad deep green leaves and splendid red blossoms render their appearance delightful.
Cordia was named after a German botanist of the 16th Century, Valerius Cordus and sebestena refers to allied species grown in the town of Sebesta.
The unripe fruits are used in the treatment of breathing difficulties, dysentery, incontinence, oedema, malaria, venereal disease, spider bite, and as an appetite stimulant.
www.hinduonnet.com /thehindu/thscrip/print.pl?file=2004111301490200.htm&date=2004/11/13/&prd=mp&   (623 words)

  
 etehr information,ether   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Alchemist Raymundus Lullus is credited withdiscovering the compound in 1275, although there is no contemporary evidence of this.
Itwas first synthesized in 1540 by Valerius Cordus, who called it "sweet oil of vitriol" (oleum dulcivitrioli), and noted some of its medicinal properties.
At about the same time, Theophrastus Bombastus vonHohenheim, better known as Paracelsus, discovered etehr's analgesic properties.
www.pin-outs.com /etehr.html   (482 words)

  
 The Under-treatment of Pain - an on-going medical controversy
Even knock-out blows to the head may have been used in surgical operations.
In 1536, Paracelsus described "laudanum", an alcoholic tincture of opium, for pain, and soon thereafter, Valerius Cordus described "sweet oil of vitriol" or ether, which, some 300 years later, was demonstrated by William Morton (1846) to be a scientifically effective anesthesia for surgery - thus, initiating the modern science of anesthesiology.
However, the artificial relief of pain to mitigate suffering has been another issue, and the aspect of its morality has played a powerful role in governing the medical use of analgesics even into the current discussion.
www.fis.org /doctorinternet/1-columns/2001-02-17-PainHistory.html   (1230 words)

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