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Topic: Varieties of Arabic


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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  
  Arabic
Its relation to the modern spoken varieties is similar to that of Latin to the modern Romance languages.
Factors that differentiate colloquial varieties include the influence of languages that were spoken in the area prior to the arrival of the Arabs, neighboring languages, and languages of the colonial powers.
Arabic is a Category III language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/august/Arabic.html   (2034 words)

  
  Digiclass@Rutgers - ARABIC
Arabic is the mother tongue of speakers in twenty Middle-Eastern and North African countries with a population of about 250 million people extending from the Persian Gulf to the Atlantic Ocean.
Arabic is the language of Islam, a rich literary tradition, and a civilization that contributed greatly to all areas of human endeavor.
Arabic is the language of world-class modern literature such as the works of the Nobel Prize winner Naguib Mahfouz, an Egyptian novelist; Gibran Khalil Gibran, a Lebanese poet and philosopher; and Mahmoud Darwish, a Palestinian poet.
fas-digiclass.rutgers.edu /page.jsp?dept=arabic   (401 words)

  
 Arabic Language for Beginners
Arabic is belongs to the Afro-Asiatic family of languages, and is a member of the Semitic subfamily.
Arabic is closely related to Hebrew, which is spoken in Israel and Amharic which is spoken in Ethiopia.
The Arabic alphabet is the second most used writing system in the world (our Latin alphabet is the first) and it is used to write languages unrelated to Arabic such as Farsi (spoken in Iran), Urdu (spoken in Pakistan) and Pashto (spoken in Afghanistan).
www.plumsite.com /palace/arabic.html   (838 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Arabic language
Arabic is a major source of vocabulary for languages as diverse as Berber, Kurdish, Persian, Swahili, Urdu, Hindi (especially the spoken variety), Bengali, Turkish, Malay, and Indonesian, as well as other languages in countries where these languages are spoken.
While Arabic is strongly associated with Islam (and is the language of salah, prayer), it is also spoken by Arab Christians, Mizrahi Jews, and smaller sects such as Iraqi Mandaeans.
Nouns in Literary Arabic have three grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, and genitive (also used when the noun is governed by a preposition); three numbers (singular, dual and plural); two genders (masculine and feminine); and three "states" (indefinite, definite, and construct).
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Arabic_language   (3907 words)

  
 Egyptian Arabic
The variety of Arabic spoken by the Muslim military troops stationed in Fustat was already different from Classical Arabic, which in part accounts for some of the unique characteristics of the Egyptian dialect.
Standard Arabic, a modernized form of Classical Arabic, is the official language of Egypt (see diglossia.) Interest in the local vernacular began in the 19th century as the Egyptian national movement for independence was taking shape.
For a while, Egyptian Arabic enjoyed a period of rich literary output until the movement was halted with the continuing rise of Islamism and Arab nationalism in Egypt and the Middle East, particularly with Nasser's assumption of power in 1954.
libraryoflibrary.com /E_n_c_p_d_Egyptian_Arabic.html   (2498 words)

  
  The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News
Classical Arabic, also known as Qur'anic Arabic, is the language used in the Qur'an as well as in numerous literary texts from Umayyad and Abbasid times (7th to 9th centuries).
Classical Arabic is often believed to be the parent language of all the spoken varieties of Arabic, but recent scholarship, such as Clive Holes (2004), questions this view, showing that other Old North Arabian dialects were extant in the 7th century and may be the origin of current spoken varieties.
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is the literary standard across the Middle East and North Africa, and one of the official six languages of the United Nations.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=literary_Arabic   (663 words)

  
 Scope of denotation for language identifiers
For this part of ISO 639, judgments regarding when two varieties are considered to be the same or different languages are based on a number of factors, including linguistic similarity, intelligibility, a common literature, the views of speakers concerning the relationship between language and identity, and other factors.
Two related varieties are normally considered varieties of the same language if speakers of each variety have inherent understanding of the other variety (that is, can understand based on knowledge of their own variety without needing to learn the other variety) at a functional level.
Where spoken intelligibility between varieties is marginal, the existence of a common literature or of a common ethnolinguistic identity with a central variety that both understand can be strong indicators that they should nevertheless be considered varieties of the same language.
www.sil.org /iso639-3/scope.asp   (1175 words)

  
 Information on Languages-Arabic from Nettranslation
Arabic is a "Diglossic" language referring to a situation where two distinct language varieties are in use by a single population.
Unlike modern standard Arabic, which is uniform in all Arab countries, colloquial Arabic is subject to regional variation, not only between different countries, but also within regions in the same country.
The dialects in colloquial Arabic are so diverse that even native speakers of Arabic may have difficulty understanding Arabs from neighbouring countries, or in extreme cases: neighbouring villages.
www.nettranslation.co.uk /resources_about_language_arabic.htm   (958 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Varieties of Arabic
Maltese, though descended from Arabic, is considered by its speakers to be a separate language and is in fact written with Latin letters.
Probably the most divergent of non-creole Arabic varieties is Cypriot Maronite Arabic, a nearly extinct variety heavily influenced by Greek.
Arabic-based pidgins, with a small largely Arabic vocabulary lacking most Arabic morphological features, are or have been widespread along the southern edge of the Sahara; the medieval geographer al-Bakri records a text in one (in a place probably corresponding to modern Mauritania) in the 11th century.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Varieties_of_Arabic   (961 words)

  
 Classical Arabic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Classical Arabic is the form of the Arabic language used in the Qur'an as well as in numerous literary texts from the same period.
Modern Standard Arabic is a direct descendant from it, differing minimally in morphology and only to a small degree in its syntax and lexicon.
Classical Arabic was also the parent language of all the spoken varieties of Arabic.
encyclopedie-en.snyke.com /articles/classical_arabic.html   (248 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Varieties of Arabic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
ARABIC A Semitic language of West Asia and North Africa that originated in the Arabian peninsula in the early first millennium AD.
Arabic Language originating in the Arabian Peninsula and now spoken in a variety of dialects throughout North Africa and the Middle East.
The varieties are called H and L, the first being generally a standard variety used for ‘high’ purposes and the second often a ‘low’ spoken...
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Varieties+of+Arabic   (965 words)

  
 News | Gainesville.com | The Gainesville Sun | Gainesville, Fla.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In sociolinguistic terms, Arabic in its native environment typically occurs in a "diglossic" situation, meaning that native speakers learn and use two substantially different language forms in different aspects of their lives.
In the case of Arabic, the regionally prevalent variety is learned as a speaker's mother tongue and is used for nearly all everyday speaking situations throughout life, including most films and plays, and (rarely) in some literature.
The main division between varieties of spoken Arabic is between the Maghrebi (North African) varieties (characterized by a first person singular in n-) and those of the Middle East, followed by that between sedentary varieties and the much more conservative Bedouin varieties.
www.gainesville.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Varieties_of_Arabic   (2005 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Tunisian Arabic is a spoken variety of Arabic, and as such shares many features with other modern varieties, especially North African.
Sedentary varieties are spoken in large cities on or near the coast, such as Tunis, Bizerte, Nabeul, Hammamet, Sousse, Monastir, Mahdia, Kairouan, and Sfax, while the rest of the country to the west and south of this coastal strip uses rural varieties, including the towns of Gabès, Gafsa, Tozeur, El Kef and Beja.
Standard Arabic marks 13 person/number/gender distinctions in the verbal paradigm, whereas the dialect of Tunis marks only seven (the gender distinction is found only in the third person singular).
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Tunisian_Arabic   (2260 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In sociolinguistic terms, Arabic in its native environment typically occurs in a "diglossic" situation, meaning that native speakers learn and use two substantially different language forms in different aspects of their lives.
In the case of Arabic, the regionally prevalent variety is learned as a speaker's mother tongue and is used for nearly all everyday speaking situations throughout life, including most films and plays, and (rarely) in some literature.
The main division between varieties of spoken Arabic is between the Maghrebi (North African) varieties (characterized by a first person singular in n-) and those of the Middle East, followed by that between sedentary varieties and the much more conservative Bedouin varieties.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=varieties_of_Arabic   (1995 words)

  
 Varieties of Arabic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The main division between varieties of spoken Arabic is between the Maghrebi (North Africa) varieties (characterized by a first person singular in n-) and those of the Middle East, followed by that between sedentary varieties and the much more conservative Bedouin varieties.
In Egyptian Arabic and Levantine Arabic, short /i/ and /u/ (and merged /ə/, when it exists) are elided in various circumstances in unstressed syllables (typically, in open syllables; for example, in Egyptian Arabic, this occurs only in the middle vowel of a VCVCV sequence, ignoring word boundaries).
For Egyptian Arabic and Moroccan Arabic, the effect is sometimes described as half as powerful as an emphatic consonant, as a vowel with uvular consonants on both sides is affected similarly to having an emphatic consonant on one side.
www.donkeylink.com /en/Varieties_of_Arabic.htm   (4462 words)

  
 botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Acacia (Gum) - Herb Profile and Information
SENEGAL GUM, of two varieties, produced by two different trees, one yielding a white, the other a red gum, is usually in roundish or oval unbroken pieces of various sizes, larger than those of Turkey Gum, less brittle and pulverizable, less fissured and often occurs in long, cylindrical or curved pieces.
(Arabic acid can be obtained by precipitating with alcohol from a solution of Acacia acidulated with hydrochloric acid.) The gum also contains 12 to 17 per cent of moisture and a trace of sugar, and yields 2.7 to 4 per cent of ash, consisting almost entirely of calcium, magnesium and potassium carbonates.
In many cases of disease, it is considered that a solution of Gum Arabic may for a time constitute the exclusive drink and food of the patient.
www.botanical.com /botanical/mgmh/a/acaci006.html   (1612 words)

  
 Varieties of Arabic
"Peripheral" dialects located in countries where Arabic is not a dominant language (eg Turkey, Afghanistan, Cyprus, and Nigeria) are particularly divergent in some respects, especially vocabulary, being less influenced by classical Arabic; however, historically they fall within the same dialect classifications as better-known dialects.
Speakers of some of these varieties are unable to converse with speakers of another variety of Arabic; in particular, while Middle Easterners can generally understand one another, they often have trouble understanding North Africans (although the converse is not true, due to the popularity of Middle Eastern films and other media.)
Sephardi Jews throughout the Arab world translated parts of their liturgy into Arabic of varying levels of colloquialness, and wrote them, as well as letters and accounts and occasionally stories, in the Hebrew alphabet.
www.abacci.com /wikipedia/topic.aspx?cur_title=Varieties_of_Arabic   (790 words)

  
 Arabic Translation Services - Translators English/Arabic
Arabic is an Aramaic language spoken throughout the Arab world and has been an important literary language for over 1500 years.
The expression "Arabic" itself can be used to refer to either literary Arabic or to one of the many spoken varieties found around the Muslim world.
Arabic is also a Semitic language and a close relative of Hebrew.
www.greentranslations.com /arabic-translation.html   (263 words)

  
 Arabic translation you can trust
Classical Arabic is the official language of all Arab countries and is the only form of Arabic taught in schools.
Modern Standard Arabic is the language used by the media across North Africa and the Middle East.
On standard translated Arabic documents, like word, this is no problem.
www.appliedlanguage.com /languages/arabic_translation.shtml   (732 words)

  
 Dialect - RecipeFacts   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area.
Varieties of language such as dialects, idiolects and sociolects can be distinguished not only by their vocabulary and grammar, but also by differences in phonology (including prosody).
Depending on political realities and ideologies, the classification of speech varieties as dialects or languages and their relationship to other varieties of speech can be controversial and the verdicts inconsistent.
www.recipeland.com /facts/Dialect   (1913 words)

  
 OHCHR: Arabic (Alarabia) - Universal Declaration of Human Rights   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Arabic is one of the world's major languages, spoken in a broad belt extending from the Arabian Peninsula on to the Atlantic Ocean.
The diverse colloquial dialects of Arabic are interrelated but vary considerably among speakers from different parts of the Middle East and among urban, rural, and nomadic speakers.
The Arabic alphabet is believed to have evolved from that of an ancient people known as the Nabateans, but how, when, and where exactly it originated is still a matter of controversy.
www.unhchr.ch /udhr/lang/arz.htm   (385 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Varieties of Arabic
In sociolinguistic terms, Arabic in its native environment typically occurs in a "diglossic" situation, meaning that native speakers learn and use two substantially different language forms in different aspects of their lives.
In the case of Arabic, the regionally prevalent variety is learned as a speaker's mother tongue and is used for nearly all everyday speaking situations throughout life, including most films and plays, and (rarely) in some literature.
For Egyptian Arabic and Moroccan Arabic, the effect is sometimes described as half as powerful as an emphatic consonant, as a vowel with uvular consonants on both sides is affected similarly to having an emphatic consonant on one side.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Varieties_of_Arabic   (4584 words)

  
 Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions, and Varieties : Georgetown Classics in Arabic Language and Linguistics (Clive ...
His assessment of modern Arabic in all its forms is honest, contrastive and comparative, and presents impressions and analyses of many categories from a fresh angle.
Clive Holes traces the development of the Arabic language from Classical Arabic, the written language used in the 7th century for the Qur'an and poetry, through the increasingly symbiotic use of Modern Standard Arabic or MSA (the language of writing and formal speech) and dialectal Arabic (the language of normal conversation).
He also shows how native speakers use both types of Arabic for different purposes, with MSA being the language of power and control as used on television and in political speeches, and the dialects serving as the language of intimacy and domesticity.
www.islamicbookstore.com /b8394.html   (638 words)

  
 Arabic alphabet, pronunciation and language
These colloquial varieties of Arabic appear in written form in some poetry, cartoons and comics, plays and personal letters.
Arabic has also been written with the Hebrew, Syriac and Latin scripts.
Arabic, Dari, Hausa, Kabyle, Kashmiri, Kazak, Kurdish, Kyrghyz, Malay, Morisco, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Tatar, Turkish, Uyghur, Urdu
www.omniglot.com /writing/arabic.htm   (835 words)

  
 Dialect
A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area.
Varieties of language such as dialects, idiolects and sociolects can be distinguished not only by their vocabulary and grammar, but also by differences in phonology (including prosody).
Depending on political realities and ideologies, the classification of speech varieties as dialects or languages and their relationship to other varieties of speech can be controversial and the verdicts inconsistent.
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http://articles.gourt.com/%22http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3Ddialect   (1865 words)

  
 Arabic English Translation + Interpreting Typesetting Websites
An adapted form of this, known as Modern Standard Arabic is used in books, newspapers, on television and radio, in the mosques, and in conversation between educated Arabs from different countries.
Arabic is one of the major languages for international business.
Arabic is one of the more frequently translated languages by Comms Multilingual.
www.commsmultilingual.com /language.php?l=ar   (304 words)

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