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Topic: Vibrio


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In the News (Mon 22 Oct 18)

  
  VIBRIO   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Although Vibrio species are non-invasive pathogens, they cause some of the most serious cases of diarrhea and thousands of people die from infection annually.
Unlike other Vibrio species, this one is invasive and is able to enter the blood stream through the epithelium of the gut.
Fever, vomiting, and chills are the symptoms normaly associated with infection of this organism.
medic.med.uth.tmc.edu /path/00001524.htm   (327 words)

  
 Cholera
Vibrios are distinguished from pseudomonads by being fermentative as well as oxidative in their metabolism.
In liquid media vibrios are motile by polar flagella that are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall.
In 1883, Robert Koch successfully isolated the cholera vibrio from the intestinal discharges of cholera patients and proved conclusively that it was the agent of the disease.
textbookofbacteriology.net /cholera.html   (3967 words)

  
 Vibrio vulnificus
This correlates with the peak incidence of disease caused by the bacterium.
Vibrio vulnificus is in the Bacterial family Vibrionaceae, the same as Vibrio cholerae, the agent of epidemic cholera in humans.
Vibrios are one of the most common organisms in surface waters of the world.
textbookofbacteriology.net /V.vulnificus.html   (1677 words)

  
 FDA/CFSAN - BAM * Chapter 9 - Vibrio
Epidemiology, genetics, and ecology of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae.
Fatal septicemia and bullae caused by non-O1 Vibrio cholerae.
Identification of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae from the Argentine outbreak by PCR for ctxA1 and ctxA2-B.
www.cfsan.fda.gov /~ebam/bam-9.html   (12310 words)

  
 Vibrio Infections of Fish   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Vibrio infections usually occur in fish from marine and estuarine environments, and have been reported throughout the world.
Vibrio infections can spread rapidly when fish are confined in heavily stocked, commercial systems and morbidity may reach 100% in affected facilities.
Vibrio species are also known to cause disease in humans, most often following the consumption of contaminated shellfish.
edis.ifas.ufl.edu /BODY_FA036   (1648 words)

  
 Harmful Algal Blooms: Vibrio vulnificus
Vibrio vulnificus is not an alga, but a bacterium that lives in salty water.
Vibrio vulnificus is found in the water, in shellfish (oysters, clams and crabs), in the sediment lying at the bottom of water bodies, and in plankton floating in the water.
Vibrio vulnificus can get into the body and cause illness when contaminated seawater gets into an open wound or break in the skin, or when a person eats contaminated seafood.
www.epi.state.nc.us /epi/hab/vibrio.html   (332 words)

  
 Vibrio Vulnificus excerpted from VisualDx
Vibrio sepsis is due to a virulent, gram-negative rod infection caused by Vibrio vulnificus, a non-cholera vibrio.
Vibrio septicemia is characterized by the abrupt onset of chills, fever, headache, myalgias, vomiting, and diarrhea 24 to 48 hours after ingestion of raw oysters, and sometimes followed by hypotension.
Vibrio vulnificus infection: clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, and antimicrobial therapy.
www.visualdx.com /vibrio/vibrioInfo.jsp   (353 words)

  
 Vibrio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bacteria of the genus Vibrio are Gram-negative bacilli, with comma-shaped cells.
Typically found in saltwater, Vibrio are oxidase positive, facultatively anaerobic, and do not form spores.
Several species of Vibrio are important human pathogens; most disease-causing strains are associated with gastroenteritis but can also infect open wounds or cause septicemia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vibrio   (150 words)

  
 Vibrio vulnificus - WrongDiagnosis.com
This organism causes wound infections, gastroenteritis, or a syndrome known as "primary septicemia." Vibrio vulnificus, a lactose-fermenting, halophilic, gram-negative, opportunistic pathogen, is found in estuarine environments and associated with various marine species such as plankton, shellfish (oysters, clams, and crabs), and finfish.
Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped bacteria in the genus Vibrio.
With a diagnosis of Vibrio vulnificus, it is also important to consider whether there is an underlying condition causing Vibrio vulnificus.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /v/vibrio_vulnificus/intro.htm   (533 words)

  
 US FDA/CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Vibrio vulnificus
Vibrio vulnificus, a lactose-fermenting, halophilic, gram-negative, opportunistic pathogen, is found in estuarine environments and associated with various marine species such as
Of all foodborne infectious diseases, infection with Vibrio vulnificus is one of the most severe; the case-fatality rate for V. vulnificus septicemia exceeds 50% (1,2).
Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacterium that can cause serious illness and death in persons with preexisting liver disease or compromised immune systems.
www.cfsan.fda.gov /~mow/chap10.html   (872 words)

  
 Vibrio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Vibrio, short for vibriosis, is a venereal disease that causes reproductive problems in cattle.
If a review of the reproductive history is not feasible and you wish to examine a herd for vibrio, young cows are the ones to examine, especially young cows that have been bred only one time in the main herd.
Vibrio is still a potential problem in our beef herds; however, using vaccines properly, which includes timing them properly, using booster vaccinations, and selecting the right vaccine to fit the herd management, can adequately control the disease or prevent it from affecting your breeding herd.
edis.ifas.ufl.edu /VM084   (1471 words)

  
 Vibrio parahaemolyticus - WrongDiagnosis.com
Vibrio parahaemolyticus (and other marine Vibrio spp.**) This bacterium is frequently isolated from the estuarine and marine environment of the United States.
Detailed information about the causes of Vibrio parahaemolyticus including medication causes and drug interaction causes can be found in our causes pages.
With a diagnosis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, it is also important to consider whether there is an underlying condition causing Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /v/vibrio_parahaemolyticus/intro.htm   (454 words)

  
 New Page 1
Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium that occurs naturally in estuarine and sea waters, residing in high numbers in filter-feeding shellfish (oysters, clams, mussels).
The organism is able to cause infection in people through ingestion (typically eating raw oysters) or through a wound (typically a cut or puncture acquired while shucking oysters, peeling shrimp, cleaning fish, etc.).
For a recent review of V. vulnificus and other pathogenic vibrios, the reader is referred to the recent publication from the American Society for Microbiology (Vibrio species.
www.vibrio.com /VibrioFacts.htm   (384 words)

  
 eMedicine - Vibrio Infections : Article by Hoi Ho, MD
Vibrio species can produce multiple extracellular cytotoxins and enzymes that are associated with extensive tissue damage and may play a major role in the development of sepsis (see Table 1).
Vibrio infections are acquired through consumption of contaminated raw or undercooked shellfish such as oysters, clams, mussels, or crabs.
Although Vibrio infections are not as common as Campylobacter, Salmonella, or Listeria infections, the septicemic form caused by V vulnificus is frequently fatal.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2375.htm   (4436 words)

  
 Vibrio - MicrobeWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Vibrio bacteria are most commonly found in marine or estuarine environments.
Vibrio are usually found in temperate or subtropic waters.
Graf, J. "The Light-Organ Symbiosis of Vibrio fischeri and the Hawaiian Squid, Euprymna scolopes." February 2005.
microbewiki.kenyon.edu /index.php/Vibrio   (688 words)

  
 US FDA/CFSAN - Bad Bug Book: Vibrio cholerae Serogroup O1
Vibrio cholerae Serogroup O1 This bacterium is responsible for Asiatic or epidemic cholera.
In April 1997, a Vibrio cholera outbreak occurred among 90,000 Rwandan refugees residing in three temporary camps between Kisangani and Ubundu, Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire).
Since the onset of the Vibrio cholera epidemic in Latin America in 1991, most cases of cholera in the United States have occurred among persons traveling to the United States from cholera-affected areas or who have eaten contaminated food brought or imported from these areas.
www.cfsan.fda.gov /~MOW/chap7.html   (1861 words)

  
 Vibrio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The name Vibrio derives from the Latin because these curved rods possess a single polar flagellum and appear "to vibrate".
The genus Vibrio is composed of Gram negative, curved rods that are motile by means of a single polar flagellum.
Moderate or broad spectrum antibiotics may be used to reduce the output of viable organisms.
www.cehs.siu.edu /fix/medmicro/vibri.htm   (517 words)

  
 Texas Department of State Health Services, Infectious Disease Control Unit > FAQs
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a bacterium commonly found in coastal marine waters and seafoods throughout the world.
Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections are fairly rare, but they are also under-reported to public health officials.
Between 1988 and 1997, a total of 42 individuals were reported with a Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection in Texas.
www.dshs.state.tx.us /idcu/disease/vibrio/parahaemolyticus/faqs/default.asp   (692 words)

  
 Vibrio Pacini 1854, genus
SAKAZAKI (R.): Proposal of Vibrio alginolyticus for the biotype 2 of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
HEDLUND (B.P.) and STALEY (J.T.): Vibrio cyclotrophicus sp.
2001, Vibrio mediterranei Pujalte and Garay 1986 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Vibrio shilonii corrig.
www.bacterio.cict.fr /uw/vibrio.html   (5130 words)

  
 Disease Listing, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, General Info | CDC Bacterial, Mycotic Diseases
In the United States, it is less commonly recognized as a cause of illness, partly because clinical laboratories rarely use the selective medium that is necessary to identify this organism.
Vibrio organisms can be isolated from cultures of stool, wound, or blood.
Vibrio is a naturally occurring organism commonly found in waters where oysters are cultivated.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/vibrioparahaemolyticus_g.htm   (661 words)

  
 12-15-04 State Health Officials Alert Coloradans About the Potential Dangers of Eating Raw Oysters
Two of these Vibrio cases were caused by Vibrio vulnificu, one of the most severe types of foodborne diseases.
She explained that Vibrio live naturally in waters where oysters are harvested, so although oysters should always be obtained from reputable sources, eating oysters from “clean” waters or in restaurants with high turnover does not provide protection.
Vibrio vulnificus causes bloodstream infections and wound infections and can be very severe among people at high-risk.
www.co.boulder.co.us /health/pr/2004/121504oystersVibrio.htm   (369 words)

  
 Dr. James Oliver's Vibrio vulnificus Home Page
Vibrio vulnificus is the cause of 95% of all seafood-related deaths in the United States.
Another 90+ papers on Vibrio vulnificus and other pathogenic vibrios have been presented at national and international conferences.
My laboratory is internationally recognized as one of the top centers in the world for the study of Vibrio vulnificus, and I am consulted on a regular basis on many aspects of this bacterium, its relationship to oysters, and the disease it produces.
www.vibrio.com   (331 words)

  
 NMPDR - Vibrio (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab-4.cs.princeton.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants.
Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade.
www.nmpdr.org.cob-web.org:8888 /content/vibrio.php   (1125 words)

  
 US FDA/CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Vibrio parahaemolyticus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This bacterium is frequently isolated from the estuarine and marine environment of the United States.
During July-September 1998, an outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections associated with consumption of oysters and clams harvested from Long Island Sound occurred among residents of Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York.
Illness in 209 persons was associated with eating raw oysters harvested from California, Oregon, and Washington in the United States and from British Columbia (BC) in Canada; one person died.
www.cfsan.fda.gov /~mow/chap9.html   (804 words)

  
 VIBRIO HARVEYI
Vibrio harveyi a été isolé en 1936 d'un amphipode marin (Talorchestia sp.) par Johnson et Shunk et dénommé "Achromobacter harveyi".
Vibrio harveyi possède des caractères phénotypiques très proches de Vibrio carchariae et il est pratiquement impossible de différencier ces deux espèces.
Vibrio trachuri est donc un synonyme ultérieur de Vibrio harveyi si bien que la dénomination de Vibrio harveyi désigne également les souches préalablement connues sous le nom de Vibrio trachuri.
www.bacterio.cict.fr /bacdico/vv/harveyi.html   (2000 words)

  
 Emedicine Search Results for vibrio
Vibrio Infections - Infections caused by Vibrio species are largely classified into 2 distinct groups: Vibrio cholera infection...
Vibrio Vulnificus Infection - Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacillus that only affects humans and other primates.
Cholera - The word cholera is derived from a Greek term that means "flow of bile." Cholera is caused by Vibrio cholerae...
www.emedicine.com /cgi-bin/foxweb.exe/searchengine@/em/searchengine?boolean=and&book=all&maxhits=100&HiddenURL=&query=vibrio   (440 words)

  
 [No title]
Vibrio are a species of bacteria that cause watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps.
Infection with Vibrio species is especially dangerous when someone has a compromised immune system or liver disease.
Health care providers and clinical laboratories are required to report cases and suspect cases of any species of Vibrio to local health departments within 24 hours of identification.
www.oregon.gov /DHS/ph/acd/diseases/vibrio/vibrio.shtml   (225 words)

  
 Vibrio vulnificus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
At least 11 species of Vibrio bacteria are known to cause diseases in man, but Vibrio vulnificus accounts for most of the deaths associated with raw oyster consumption during the past 15 years.
The presence of Vibrio vulnificus is not associated with pollution.
Consumers of raw oysters are considered at risk for vulnificus illness if they have hepatitis or other liver disease, are alcoholics, are under immunosuppression treatment for cancer or any other disease, are HIV- positive, are diabetic, have chronic kidney disease or have achlorohydria, a condition where the normal acidity of the stomach is low.
mailer.fsu.edu /~research/RinR/vibrio.html   (483 words)

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