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Topic: Viceroy of India

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  Governor-General of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Governor-General of India (or Governor-General and Viceroy of India) was the head of the British administration in India.
However, much of British India was not ruled directly by the government; the territory was divided into hundreds of nominally sovereign princely states or "native states" whose relationship was not with the British government, but directly with the monarch.
India became a secular republic in 1950; Pakistan became an Islamic one in 1956.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Viceroy_of_India   (2143 words)

 India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
India is also known as Hindustan (the land of the Hindus), though its use as an indicator of the nation is debated.
India became a formal crown colony of the United Kingdom in 1876, and the successive British monarchs assumed the title of "Emperor of India." The British rulers practised racial discrimination and exploited the country economically.
India's bicameral parliament consists of the upper house called 'The Council of States' (Rajya Sabha) and the lower House called 'The House of the People' (Lok Sabha), both of which were established by the Constitution of India.
www.nebulasearch.com /encyclopedia/article/India.html   (3226 words)

 Viceroy - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch.
For instance, there was a viceroy of Kwantung and Kwangsi, a viceroy of Hukwang (the combination of the provinces of Hubei and Hunan).
Li Hongzhang was viceroy of Hukwang from 1867 to 1870.
www.open-encyclopedia.com /Viceroy   (273 words)

 india   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The official name India is derived from Sindhu, the historic local appellation for the river Indus and is the most internationally recognisable of the country.
India is home to several major rivers such as the Ganga (Ganges), the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Godavari and the Krishna.
India is the second most populous country in the world, with only China having a larger population.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /india.html   (2564 words)

 Commanding Heights : India | on PBS
India becomes a republic in 1950, with a largely ceremonial president as head of state.
India acquires the former French settlement of Pondicherry and forcibly annexes the Portuguese enclaves of Goa and Daman and Diu.
India courts Southeast Asia with its "Look East" policy; it holds preliminary trade talks with the regional organization ASEAN, and free trade deals are in the works with Thailand and Singapore.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/commandingheights/lo/countries/in/in_full.html   (4829 words)

 India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At around 1500 BC there were incursions (through invasion or migration) of Aryan tribes from Central Asia into India from the northwestern passes of the Himalayas.
In 1971, witnessing the on-going civil war east of its borders, India went to war with Pakistan again, resulting in the creation of Bangladesh from East Pakistan.
India has made no territorial claim in Antarctica but had a scientific base there - Dakshin Gangotri.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/india   (2561 words)

 South Asia: Kashmir
India immediately objected and demanded that a plebiscite be held to determine the wishes of the population and began to mass troops along the kingdom's borders.
Ultimately, both India and Pakistan appealed to the United Nations, a peacekeeping force was sent to the border, and on January 1, 1949, a cease fire line was agreed to by both nations.
India has argued that all Pakistani troops must be withdrawn, including from Azad Kashmir, that the accession was legal, that Indian troops must stay to preserve order, and that only then can a plebiscite be held.
www.cet.edu /earthinfo/sasia/kashmir/KAtopic3.html   (713 words)

 Encyclopedia: Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In 1872 he became the third Governor General of Canada, bolstering imperial ties in the early years of the Dominion, and in 1884 he reached the pinnacle of his diplomatic career as eighth Viceroy of India.
In 1864 he became Under-Secretary of State for India, moving to Under-Secretary of War in 1866, and from 1868 he held the position of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in Prime Minister Gladstone's government.
His predecessor as Viceroy, Lord Ripon, while popular with the Indians, was very unpopular with the Anglo-Indians, who objected to the rapid pace of his extensive reforms.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Frederick-Hamilton_Temple_Blackwood%2C-1st-Marquess-of-Dufferin-and-Ava   (8509 words)

 Viceroy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
One of the most famous and powerful viceregal offices in the world was that of the Viceroy of India during the British Raj.
In imperial China, viceroy was the English translation ofthe title "general supervisor-protector" (督護 or 總督) of Chinese officials heading some largeadministrative divisions.
For instance, there was a viceroy of Kwantung and Kwangsi, a viceroy of Hukwang (thecombination of the provinces of Hubei and Hunan).
www.therfcc.org /viceroy-96544.html   (194 words)

 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
He was the last Viceroy and first Governor-General of independent India, and First Sea Lord, as was his father, Prince Louis of Battenberg.
His experience in the region led to his being appointed Viceroy of India after the war.
The author states that it "makes the case for the impeachment of the last Viceroy of India, on the grounds that his cheating over the India-Pakistan frontier and his headlong rush towards partition led to around one million deaths in Punjab and the North-West Frontier in 1947-48".
www.bonneylake.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Earl_Mountbatten   (967 words)

India and Pakistan have held various talks about the disputed territory of Kashmir, which is the issue at the base of their chronic antagonism and their displays of nuclear strength.
India, angered by Washington's sudden coziness to Pakistan following the Sept. 11 attacks, took the opportunity to point out that while Pakistan might be helping the U.S. fight terrorism on the Afghan front, it was simultaneously supporting terrorism on its own borders with India.
South India, Church of - South India, Church of, Indian Protestant church, formed in 1947 by the merger of Anglican dioceses...
www.factmonster.com /ipka/A0107629.html   (2440 words)

 SIR ROMESH CHANDRA MITRA - LoveToKnow Article on SIR ROMESH CHANDRA MITRA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
When the East India Companys charter was renewed in 1853, the old supreme courts and sadr courts in the presidency towns were changed into high courts, and Roma Prasad Roy, son of the great reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy, was the first Indian.
Dwarka Naths great ability and thorough insight into cases were universally recognized in India; his decisions were valued and often quoted; and his name was often mentioned as an illustration of the judicial capacity of the natives of India.
When the post of chief justice was temporarily vacant in 1882, the marquis of Ripon, then viceroy of India, appointed Romesh Chandra to officiate in that postthe highest judicial position in the Indian empire.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /R/RO/ROMESH_CHANDRA_MITRA_SIR.htm   (329 words)

 Search Results for viceroy - Encyclopædia Britannica
Viceroy (virrey) was the title given to the principal...
From 1858 to 1909, the government of India was an increasingly centralized paternal despotism and the world's largest imperial bureaucracy.
viceroy and pasha of Egypt (1805–49), founder of the dynasty that ruled Egypt from the beginning of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th.
www.britannica.com /search?miid=1262851&query=viceroy   (495 words)

 Encyclopedia: James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine (July 20, 1811 – November 20, 1863) was a British colonial administrator and diplomat, best known as Governor General of the Province of Canada and Viceroy of India.
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin and 11th Earl of Kincardine (July 20, 1766 - November 14, 1841) was a British nobleman and diplomat, notorious for the removal of marble sculptures from the Parthenon in Athens -- popularly known as the Elgin Marbles.
He became Viceroy of India in 1861, and died in India in 1863.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/James-Bruce%2C-8th-Earl-of-Elgin   (1603 words)

 MSN Encarta - Mountbatten
As viceroy, Mountbatten presided over the division of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan.
In March 1947 he became viceroy of India, with the mandate to end the British Empire there within a year's time.
For his services during the war and in India, he received the titles of viscount in 1946, and earl in 1947.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761568855   (681 words)

 Viceroy Of India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The 1979 bombing, on a fishing boat killed his father-in-law, World War II hero Louis Mountbatten, the last viceroy of India before it gained independence from...
It is not difficult to imagine the splendid send-off accorded to the SS Viceroy of India as it wended its way out to the open sea, on 28 February 193 with it...
Later, the then viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, declared it as a duck shooting range.
www.wikiverse.org /viceroy-of-india   (484 words)

 AllRefer.com - Linlithgow, Victor Alexander John Hope, 2d marquess of (South Asian History, Biography) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
As chairman of the committee on Indian constitutional reform (1933), he helped formulate the Government of India Act of 1935, and in 1936 he was appointed viceroy of India.
At the outbreak (1939) of World War II, however, the viceroy, without consulting the Indian parties, declared that India was at war with Germany, and the Congress provincial ministries resigned in protest.
Linlithgow was succeeded as viceroy in 1943 by Lord Wavell.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/L/LinlithgV.html   (302 words)

 Manas: History and Politics, British India
British rule was justified, in part, by the claims that the Indians required to be civilized, and that British rule would introduce in place of Oriental despotism and anarchy a reliable system of justice, the rule of law, and the notion of 'fair play'.
This was by far the greatest threat posed to the British since the beginnings of their acquisition of an empire in India in 1757, and within the space of a few weeks in May large swathes of territory in the Gangetic plains had fallen to the rebels.
The East India Company was abolished, though John Stuart Mill, the Commissioner of Correspondence at India House, London, and the unacknowledged formulator of British policy with respect to the native states, furnished an elaborate but ultimately unsuccessful plea on behalf of the Company.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /southasia/History/British/BrIndia.html   (998 words)

 The New Yorker: The Critics: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
But the wars, instead of calming India, had a nasty way of stirring it up, either inside the country or on its frontiers, and this triggered yet more intervention, until, somehow, the British, who had never meant to be occupiers, occupied virtually the entire subcontinent.
He, the Viceroy, knew better, that the toiling ryot was more interested in concrete improvements in daily life—the construction of irrigation canals, the establishment of credit “societies” to get the moneylenders off his back—and these he provided.
Missing, too, among the illustrations of the Viceroy with dead tigers, the Viceroy with assorted nizams and maharajas is another kind of contemporary photograph, the kind taken by missionaries with Kodaks, of cadavers of children who had been devoured by wild dogs and jackals, of saucer-eyed victims of starvation.
www.newyorker.com /critics/books?030609crbo_books   (3213 words)

 Viceroy of India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Viceroy of India was the highest position in the Indian administration during the British Raj and the Portuguese Empire.
The office was created by king Manuel I of Portugal in 1505 for Francisco de Almeida, after the discovery of the Atlantic route to India by Vasco da Gama.
The office was created in 1858 after the Sepoy Rebellion, as an expansion of the office of Governor-General.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/viceroy_of_india   (388 words)

 The Hindu : A Viceroy's reading list
In 1997, however, the India Office Library (as it was then known) was shifted to a new location in central London, adjacent to St. Pancras station.
He was not one of the British Prime Minister's favourite Generals; and India was not one of the Prime Minister's favourite countries.
The Viceroy, wrote Menon to a friend, "is a great man and I have a feeling that where great statesmen and politicians have failed, a soldier is going to succeed".
www.hinduonnet.com /mag/2004/03/28/stories/2004032800120300.htm   (1307 words)

 Viceroy Of India - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The commentaries of the great Afonso Dalboquerque, second viceroy of India (Works issued by the Hakluyt Society, 1st ser., no. 53, 55, 62, 69)
The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque Second Viceroy of India: Translated from the Portuguese Edition of 1774
Life of Dom John De Castro, the Fourth Viceroy of India
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /viceroy_of_india.htm   (95 words)

 George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston - SmartyBrain Encyclopedia and Dictionary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Reaching India shortly after the suppression of the frontier risings of 1897-98, he paid special attention to the independent tribes of the north-west frontier, inaugurated a new province called the North West Frontier Province, and pursued a policy of forceful control mingled with conciliation.
Within India, Curzon appointed a number of commissions to inquire into Indian education, irrigation, police and other branches of administration, on whose reports legislation was based during his second term of office as viceroy.
A difference of opinion with the British military commander-in-chief in India, Lord Kitchener, regarding the position of the military member of council in India, led to a controversy in which Lord Curzon of Kedleston failed to obtain support from the home government.
smartybrain.com /index.php/George_Nathaniel_Curzon,_1st_Marquess_Curzon_of_Kedleston   (934 words)

 Viceroy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Simultaneously feared and admired by his subjects, the visionary viceroy set the wheels of modernity in motion.
The interest of the letter lies in its careful analysis of the events which led up to the final breach between the Viceroy and the Commander-in-Chief.
The adjective viceregal is used in some Commonwealth Realms to refer to the function of the Governor-General.
www.wikiverse.org /viceroy   (315 words)

 GORP - India's National Parks
India's national parks teem with an astounding variety of animal and plant life.
Ranthambor encompasses nearly 152 square miles of dry deciduous forest in southwestern Rajasthan, where the landscape is dotted with ancient banyan trees, dhok and pipal trees, clusters of mango trees and and evergreens.
Formerly the shooting preserve of the Maharaja of Bharatpur, where in 1938 the Viceroy of India's party shot 4,273 birds in one day, today the park protects 3,000 species of bird.
gorp.away.com /gorp/location/asia/india/np_intro.htm   (705 words)

India - India, officially Republic of India, republic (2001 provisional pop.
India's people are the jewel in its crown ; On top of the horrific toll in Pakistan, this week's earthquake left 1,300 dead in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
India's people are the jewel in its crown; On top of the horrific toll in Pakistan, this week's earthquake left 1,300 dead in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107629.html   (2623 words)

With this decision, the Viceroy made it clear that India was subservient to the British government.
After their experiences of the First World War Congress leaders were unwilling to comply with the government demands in return for the promise of a reward in the distant future.
The cry of "Quit India" has arisen from a realization of the fact that if India is to shoulder the burden of representing or fighting for the cause of mankind, she must have the glow of freedom now.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWindia.htm   (1544 words)

 History Today: Mountbatten and the transfer of power. (Louis Mountbatten's role in independence of India)(includes ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Lord Mountbatten became the last British Viceroy of India in 1947 and oversaw the transfer of power as India gained independence.
On March 24th, 1947, Lord Mountbatten, facing the third successive interruption to his professional career in the Royal Navy, was sworn in as the twentieth and last Viceroy of india.
He had been instructed and empowered by Mr Attlee, prime minister of Britain's post-war Labour Government, to achieve the earliest possible transfer of power to the indian subcontinent.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:19751460&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (193 words)

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