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  Vichy France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vichy France, or the Vichy regime was the de facto French government of 1940-1944 during the Nazi Germany occupation of World War II.
Vichy France was established after France surrendered to Germany in 1940, and took its name from the government's capital in Vichy, southeast of Paris near Clermont-Ferrand.
The Vichy government's claim to be the de jure French government was challenged by the Free French Forces of Charles de Gaulle, based first in London and later in Algiers, and French governments ever since have held that the Vichy regime was an illegal government run by traitors.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vichy_France   (3430 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Vichy, France (French Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
Vichy's hot mineral springs have made it one of the foremost spas in Europe.
The Vichy government, which was never recognized by the Allies, became a German tool in the hands of such men as Pierre Laval and Jean FranCois Darlan, although German expectations were never completely satisfied.
The Vichy government continued a shadowy existence, eventually fleeing before the Allied advance to Sigmaringen, Germany, where it collapsed when Germany surrendered in 1945.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/V/Vichy.html   (282 words)

  
 Vichy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vichy is a spa and resort town in central France, near Clermont-Ferrand and was the capital of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Vichy is also a kind of shower in which large quantities of warm water are delivered to a spa patron, sometimes with a Scott's firehose (a firehose that delivers alternating bursts of hot and cold water).
Vichy is also a kind of bottled water from Vichy: Vichy Célestins.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vichy   (235 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Vichy France
Vichy France, or the Vichy regime (in French, now called: Régime de Vichy or Vichy; at the time, called itself: État Français, or French State) was the de facto French government of 1940-1944 during the Nazi Germany occupation of World War II.
The Vichy position that it was the de jure French government was challenged by the Free French Forces of Charles de Gaulle.
Vichy France, while officially neutral in the war, was essentially a Nazi puppet state which collaborated with the Nazis, including on the Nazis' racial policies.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Vichy_France   (2399 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of France, Vichy 1940-1944
Vichy France continued to be an escape route for refugees (the route continued across Spain to Lisbon), French officials often turned a blind eye.
Vichy France had to supply Germany with goods the Germans demanded, especially with material needed for the construction of the ATLANTIC WALL, a chain of bunkers and fortifications along the coast, from the Spanish border to Northern Denmark.
Dissatisfied with the lack of vigour with which the Vichy administration had responded to German directives, German forces finally occupied Vichy France in November 1942 (Corsica and the area to the east of the Rhone was occupied by Italian forces).
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/france/vichy.html   (735 words)

  
 LoC Vichy Rules
Vichy French naval and aircraft units at sea (except for convoy points) must always return to base during the return to base step unless Vichy France is hostile to an Allied major power.
Vichy will always send their resources to their factories, but it is up to the side with initiative [installing major power for the Axis or USSR for the Allies] whether or not Vichy produces units or saves BPs; they must do one or the other.
Vichy France can only give resources and build points to an Axis major power if she is hostile to an Allied major power (exception, see Vichy French Concession table, 5.1, and 17.4).
members.aol.com /wifcon/home/vichy.html   (8132 words)

  
 Vichy France
The Vichy authorities were directly responsible for sending over 73,000 Jews to their deaths.
Through the process of collaboration, Vichy wanted to have a good relationship with Germany, but the Nazis were not interested in treating France as an equal.
The Vichy government gave in to the demands of the Nazis and were told to supply lists of Jews.
personal.monm.edu /cdelre/vichy_france.htm   (833 words)

  
 Vichy France
The Vichy government kept troops in Syria during the Second World War.
The German pressure upon unoccupied France is growing stronger is indicated by messages from France and by the tone of German propaganda towards the Vichy Government.
The Germans, it seems, are now bluntly demanding that Vichy should clear up her attitude are making it quite clear that they expect her to comply completely with their requests.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWvichy.htm   (1840 words)

  
 Vichy France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
Vichy France did not really go so far as collaboration with the Nazi's, but they did take a " the only nail that gets hammered is the one that stands up" type approach.
Vichy France was anything but noble but it did preserve part of the French Republic while the rest of it was under foreign domination.
The government of Vichy France only accepted this secondary role because there was no other way for them to keep at least some semblance of the French Government alive.
www.runet.edu /~gmontgom/_disc427/00000070.htm   (118 words)

  
 Oligo25 - cosmetics vichy laboratories
Vichy laboratories and dermatologists offer skin diagnostics, personalized advice, and an illustrated discovery of the skin's physiology.
Today the cosmetics vichy solutions available to fight a dull looking complexion are mainly limited to surface action: the main one being exfoliation, which smoothes out the micro relief of the skin and favours cellular renewal.
The teams at cosmetics vichy research have brought to light an in depth radiance mechanism: the impact of microcirculation on the retro diffusion of coloured light.
www.oligo25.com /gb/skin_care/vichy_laboratories   (193 words)

  
 Vichy Springs Resort 707 462 9515 California hot springs resorts,California mineral springs resort,California wine ...
Vichy Springs is a unique 150 year old historic hot springs resort only two hours north of downtown San Francisco.
Vichy offers the only naturally warm and carbonated Vichy mineral baths in North America.
Guests overnight in rooms and cottages including use of Vichy Springs famous "champagne" baths as the well as its hot soaking pool, Olympic size swimming pool (in summer) and 700 acres for nature walking and hiking.
www.vichysprings.com   (131 words)

  
 Vichy France, Free French, Operation Torch
Vichy France maintains a stated policy of armed neutrality, but it appears to be accomodating German demands in all areas with the exception that it does not allow the Axis to use French military forces actively against the Allies.
Though the Vichy government wants to limit Axis influence in its African colonies, it is allowing military supplies bound for Rommel to transit Tunisian ports.
The Vichy state maintains an eight division (90,000 man) army that serves a policing role for the Petain regime.
mason.gmu.edu /~ssledge/situation1.htm   (1095 words)

  
 L'Oréal - Vichy
Vichy products contain an expiry date and are produced according to the strict principles of the pharmaceutical industry.
Vichy Laboratoires works closely with the medical community, and is present during annual congresses of the Canadian Dermatology Association and the Association Dermatologique du Québec.
Vichy waters contain 17 mineral salts and 13 trace minerals, and have properties that are known for their soothing, anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory properties.
www.en.loreal.ca /_en/_ca/market/cosm_vic.aspx   (449 words)

  
 Rule 77. VICHY FRANCE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
If Vichy France is established by the Axis player, it is a minor country worth 20 BRPs (for the key economic areas of Lyon and Marseilles), plus the BRP value of any Vichy colonies (58.31A), with its capital in Vichy city.
The remaining Vichy French forces are placed in Vichy France and are controlled by the Axis, regardless of the French surrender level, until a diplomatic result for Vichy France or association triggered by a declaration of war on Vichy France alters the situation.
All Vichy French units which survive the change in sides (85.5) and all Free French units are treated as British minor allied units and, if eliminated, may be rebuilt in any Allied-controlled hex in continental France.
aworldatwar.com /eRules/77.HTM   (1808 words)

  
 Vichy on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
Australia and Vichy: the impact of divided France, 1940-1944.
Spying for Germany in Vichy France: Simon Kitson explores the prevalence of spying for and against the Nazis in southern France after the German invasion.
ALLIER the horsejumping grounds.Keywordswestern europe allier auvergne europe france vichy continent french geographical european france.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/V/Vichy.asp   (889 words)

  
 A2Z Languages: A guide to the thermal baths and mineral springs of Vichy, France
Vichy is located at the edge of the Auvergne volcano park in a wonderfully green, calm, well preserved area, ideal for relaxation in a traditional yet modern environment.
Vichy has a spa quarter famous for its natural springs said to alleviate liver and stomach ailments.
The water at Vichy, after a long and slow journey through the depths of the Earth gets enriched with mineral salts and trace elements.
www.a2zlanguages.com /France/Vichy/vi_baths.htm   (233 words)

  
 French Culture | Books | Eric T. Jennings: Vichy in the Tropics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
The book traces the introduction of an integralist ideology of ³National Revolution² to the French colonial realm, shedding new light on the nature of the Vichy regime, on the diversity of French colonialism, and on the beginnings of decolonization.
World War II is often presented as an agent of change in the French colonial empire only insofar as it engendered a loss of prestige for France as colonizer.
The author argues that Marshal Philippe Pétain¹s Vichy regime contributed to decolonization in a much more substantial way, by ushering in an ideology based on a new, harsher brand of colonialism that both directly and indirectly fueled indigenous nationalism.
www.frenchculture.org /books/release/history/jenningsvichy.html   (346 words)

  
 Vichy France --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
The National Assembly, summoned at Vichy to ratify the armistice, was persuaded by Pierre Laval to grant Philippe Pétain authority to assume full powers in the French State.
The antirepublican Vichy government collaborated with the Germans and became increasingly a tool of German policy, especially after the Germans occupied the whole of France in 1942.
By early 1944 the Resistance movement against the Gestapo and Vichy militias created a period of civil war in France, and after the liberation of Paris the Vichy regime was abolished.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9381957?query=France&ct=   (807 words)

  
 Vichy : whole range of skin care products
Since its inception in 1931, Vichy Laboratories have had one mission: to better understand the vital organ that is skin through constant collaboration with the international scientific and medical community.
Vichy has a complete range of skin care products formulated with healthy active ingredients stemming from pharmacological research and combined with Vichy Thermal Spa Water.
All Vichy products are manufactured in compliance with a strict charter of ethics which guarantees that they are safe to use on even the most sensitive skin.
www.loreal.com /_en/_ww/brands/active_cosmetics/vichy/index.aspx   (222 words)

  
 Naked Conversations: Case Study: The Fall and Rise of Vichy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
When Vichy was ready to bring a new anti-aging cream to market, it decided to use a blog as part of an integrated marketing program that linked the blog to advertising and PR efforts, etc. It was awful.
In Vichy’s defense, LeMeur is quick to point out that the giant cosmetics company was a neophyte to the blogosphere and did not yet understand the rules of the new communications channel.
Vichy is the first and, for the time being, the only brand that has been blogging.
redcouch.typepad.com /weblog/2005/06/case_study_the_.html   (2119 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Vichy in the Tropics: Petain's National Revolution in Madagascar, Guadeloupe, and Indochina, 1940-44: ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
Jennings demonstrates the points made by Paxton, namely, that the Vichy government, in the metropole and in the colonies went beyond what the Germans required in terms of anti Semitism, ultra conservatism, authoritarianism and anti republicanism and formulated policies and practices that were anti Masonic, anti Communistic and ardently Catholic.
Prior to the coming of the Vichy government, colonial administrators, particulary in Guadeloupe advocated assimilation and officially per pounded ideas of "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity." In Madagascar and Indochina the colonies could anticipate at best an association with France.
But at heart of the colonial empire, even before the Vichy government, was a belief in Social Darwinism that saw the indigenous people of the colonies as proper subjects for domination, not citizens of France.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0804750475?v=glance   (1217 words)

  
 H-Net Review: René Levy on Vichy Law and the Holocaust in France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
Papon was the former secretary general of the Gironde regional prefecture, and as such he organized convoys of deported Jews, after which he was not only cleared at the Liberation for services rendered to the Resistance, but actually led an outstanding career in the prefectoral administration[2] and was even named minister in the early 1970s.
The leitmotif of this ten-chapter book is the idea that the participation of Vichy in the extermination of the Jews, viewed from a legal standpoint, is not reducible to the doings of a minority of collaborators, but actually involved the French legal system as a whole.
The author's point is explicitly to indict French jurists, guilty of having made very one-sided use of their talents, without questioning the legitimacy of the new law they were bent on establishing, analysing or implementing, at the very time when they were much more pugnacious in defending the principles of republican law in other fields.
www.h-net.msu.edu /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=15238881084330   (2869 words)

  
 Vichy France, The Nazis, and the Jews
The president of "Vichy" France was Marshal Pétain --- hero of the French armies of the previous world war.
The people of Bordeaux, Vichy, and Tulle lived through a bifurcated time --- a time when they were technically being governed by their own countrymen.
Those of Bordeaux and Vichy quickly forgot, and they were mostly resentful of the trail, obviously irritated by the questions of the author.
www.ralphmag.org /AZ/vichy-france.html   (1321 words)

  
 French State, Vichy government (1940-1944)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-17)
État français is also called État de Vichy, from the thermal city in the center of France where the MPs met, because it was far enough from the front and had a lot of facilities, and where Pétain's regime was established.
At the end of war, there was a need of national reconciliation and international recognition of France among the winners, to avoid both Communist pressure and an Austrian-like occupation situation.
Although Metropolitan France was under the German boot, pretending to be independent, parts of the Empire such as French Equatorial Africa, New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon rallied Free France, thus giving it a territorial reality from which de Gaulle could claim the active participation of France to the Allied war effort.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/fr-etatf.html   (710 words)

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