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Topic: Vichy regime


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  Vichy France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vichy France, or the Vichy regime (in French, now called: Régime de Vichy or Vichy; at the time, called itself: État Français, or French State) was the de facto French government of 1940-1944 during the Nazi Germany occupation of World War II.
The Vichy position that it was the de jure French government was challenged by the Free French Forces of Charles de Gaulle, and French governments ever since have held that the Vichy regime was an illegal government run by traitors.
Vichy France, while officially neutral in the war, was essentially a Nazi puppet state which collaborated with the Nazis, including on the Nazis' racial policies.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vichy_France   (2969 words)

  
 Occupied France
Vichy was ideal as it was close to the border of both the Occupied and Unoccupied zones over which the French government had, in theory at least, sovereignty.
Vichy 1940-42 in which Pétain was a dominant influence, the major contributor to the socially conservative National Revolution.
Vichy's location - in the centre of France and in the middle of countryside - was exploited in its propaganda.
www.sunderland.ac.uk /~os0tmc/occupied/vichy.htm   (2298 words)

  
 Vichy France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Vichy position that it was the de jure French government was challenged by the Free French Forces of Charles de Gaulle.
Some members of the Vichy Government, such as young François Mitterrand, claimed, after the war, to have used their official positions as "insiders", to further the goals of the internal resistance.
In 1993, former Vichy official was murdered while he awaited prosecution in Paris following a 1989 complaint for crimes against humanity; he had been prosecuted after the war, but had been acquitted in 1949.
www.bonneylake.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Vichy_France   (2438 words)

  
 VICHY FRANCE FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Vichy France, or the Vichy regime (in French, now called: ''Régime de Vichy'' or ''Vichy''; at the time, called itself: ''État Français'', or French State) was the ''de_facto'' French government of 1940-1944 during the Nazi_Germany occupation of World_War_II.
The Vichy position that it was the ''de_jure'' French government was challenged by the Free_French_Forces of Charles_de_Gaulle, and French governments ever since have held that the Vichy regime was an illegal government run by traitors.
Vichy France, while officially neutral in the war, was essentially a Nazi puppet_state which collaborated with the Nazis, including on the Nazis' racial policies.
www.bellabuds.com /Vichy_France   (2830 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Vichy regime   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Vichy France (French: now called Régime de Vichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940-1944 which was a puppet government under Nazi influence, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later in Algiers.
In the armistice terms with Germany, the Vichy regime had been allowed to keep control of the French Navy, the Marine Nationale, and it was pledged that it would never fall into the hands of Germany.
Despite the cooperation of the Vichy government the German forces invoked Anton and took control of southern France in November 1942 and the real power came into the hands of Laval.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Vichy-regime   (1422 words)

  
 Vichy-Regime - Wikipedia
Sie erhielt ihren Namen von ihrem Regierungssitz, dem Kurort Vichy in der Auvergne.
Als die französische Armee den deutschen Vorstoß nicht stoppen konnte und General de Gaulle in London mit Winston Churchill über verzweifelte Anstrengungen zum Stopp des deutschen Vormarsches verhandelte, kam es unter Führung des greisen Marschalls Pétain zum Waffenstillstand vom 17.
Diese kämpften gegen die deutsche Besatzung und die Vichy-Regierung.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vichy-Regime   (667 words)

  
 Vichy-Frankrijk - Wikipedia
Het regime werd berucht vanwege haar collaboratie met de Duitse nazi's en de Italiaanse fascisten.
Op 10 juli 1940 stemde het Franse parlement voor opheffing van de Derde Republiek, en de volgende dag benoemde het regime Pétain tot staatshoofd met de bevoegdheid een nieuwe grondwet te schrijven.
Het nieuwe regime werd diplomatiek erkend door nazi-Duitsland, en verder door de Verenigde Staten en de Sovjetunie.
nl.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vichy-regime   (511 words)

  
 VICHY-REGIME   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Het regime werd berucht vanwege haar collaboratie met de nazi's.
Het nieuwe regime werd diplomatiek erkend door Duitsland, en verder door de Verenigde Staten en de Sovjetunie.
Het stelde perscensuur in, en onder Pétain, die antisemiet was, begon de vervolging van joden, buitenlanders, en vrijmetselaars.
www.thumpershollow.com /encyclopedia/V/Vichy-regime   (367 words)

  
 Vichy France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
For example, French police officers rounded-up 8,160 Jews and imprisoned them in the, in unhygienic conditions, on 16 July 1942, from which they were led to concentration camps.
The United States granted Vichy full diplomatic recognition, thus acknowledging the puppet regime's legitimacy, and it sent Admiral William Leahy to its capital as American ambassador.
After Darlan signed an armistice with the Allies in North Africa, Germany violated the 1940 armistice and invaded Vichy France on 10 November 1942 (operation code-named Case Anton).
www.lighthousepoint.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Vichy_Regime   (2438 words)

  
 Occupied France
This inevitably meant that Vichy was, in spite of its desire to maintain neutrality, engaged in combat with Allied forces.
One justification for collaboration put forward by Vichy ministers during and after the war was that it reduced the damage the occupiers might potentially inflict on France.
The actions of Vichy, predicated on the victory of Germany in an essentially European war, expresses a blinkered view of the dynamics of Nazism.
www.sunderland.ac.uk /~os0tmc/occupied/collab.htm   (3002 words)

  
 Vichy France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Vichy France''' or the '''Vichy regime (French languageFrench: now called ''Régime de Vichy'' or ''Vichy''; called itself at the time ''État Français'', or French State) was the ''de facto'' FranceFrench government of 1940-1944 (but Nazi Germany invaded the zone under its control in 1942 in ''Case Anton'').
Vichy France The fall of France and the establishment of the Vichy regime
Former Vichy officials then claimed that they did as much as they could to minimize the impact of the Nazi policies, while critics contend that the Vichy regime went beyond the Nazi expectations, which originally concerned only foreign Jews staying in France, not French Jews.
www.infothis.com /find/Vichy_France   (2172 words)

  
 Vichy regime   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Vichy France (French : now called Régime deVichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940 - 1944 which collaborated with Nazi Germany, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later in Algiers.
Paul Reynaud was arrested in September 1940 by Vichy government, and was sentenced to life imprisonment in1941.
In the armistice terms withGermany, the Vichy regime had been allowed to keep control of the French Navy, the Marine Nationale and it was pledged that itwould never fall into the hands of Germany.
www.therfcc.org /vichy-regime-71724.html   (1184 words)

  
 July 10: Vichy Government Formed   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Vichy regime, bolstered by nationalists who demanded a policy of “returning France to the French,” began systematically to circumscribe “aliens” influence and erode the rights of refugees and Jews.
Vichy adopted a policy of courting Nazi Germany in order to extract more tolerable arrangements from the German authorities.
The Vichy regime did much to help the Germans persecute the Jews and took anti-Jewish actions at its own initiative—such as the Statut des Juifs – the Jewish Statutes (October 1940) and the establishment of institutions such as the Commissariat for Jewish Affairs (March 1941).
www.yad-vashem.org.il /about_holocaust/chronology/1939-1941/1940/chronology_1940_12.html   (250 words)

  
 French Catholic Church Apologizes for Silence on Holocaust   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Denouncing a deep-rooted anti-Semitism, excessive conformity, prudence and indifference in the ranks of the church during the war, the archbishop said the bishops of France had acquiesced through their silence to "a murderous process" that should have been met immediately by protest and protection of the Jews.
Tuesday's statement came just before the 57th anniversary of the promulgation on Oct. 3, 1940, of the first of more than 160 anti-Semitic laws and decrees passed by the Vichy regime that progressively excluded Jews from French public life and opened the way for sending about one-quarter of France's Jewish population to their deaths.
Papon's career, which prospered both under Vichy and then in the postwar republic, in itself seems to constitute a refutation of the argument long rehearsed in France that Vichy was some sort of aberration, unrelated to and separate from an eternal France untarnished by the acts of Marshal Philippe Petain's regime.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/frholo.htm   (1116 words)

  
 vichy regime in france: academic-essays.com- academic essays, academic term papers, academic research papers
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www.academic-essays.com /term-papers/825022/vichy-regime-in-france.html   (285 words)

  
 H-Net Review: René Levy on Vichy Law and the Holocaust in France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Papon was the former secretary general of the Gironde regional prefecture, and as such he organized convoys of deported Jews, after which he was not only cleared at the Liberation for services rendered to the Resistance, but actually led an outstanding career in the prefectoral administration[2] and was even named minister in the early 1970s.
Recent writings on the functioning of the regime, many of which are particularly concerned with its legal and judicial institutions,[5] are in line with this view, which is now definitely the dominant paradigm.
As shown by the regime's frenzied law-making (168 discriminatory texts on Jews in four years[13]), the idea was to inject the Jews, so to speak, into every branch of a legal system grounded in a republican tradition that absolutely refused to recognize such an entity.
www.h-net.msu.edu /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=15238881084330   (2869 words)

  
 Weisberg : Vichy law and the Holocaust
Juger sous Vichy, titles of papers included in symposia sponsored by l'Ecole nationale de la Magistrature in 1994 and 1996 and published by the periodical Le Genre Humain.
Vichy et les avocats juifs (1940-1944)", par Robert Badinter.
Weisberg testifies about Vichy on the 14th of September 1999, before the US House of Representatives Banking Committee.
www.amgot.org /weisberg.htm   (455 words)

  
 vichy regime: 1st-rate-papers.com- first rate papers, first rate essays, first rate research papers
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www.1st-rate-papers.com /term-papers/825019/vichy-regime.html   (359 words)

  
 Vichy
Vichy's hot mineral springs have made it one of the foremost spas in Europe.
The Vichy government, which was never recognized by the Allies, became a German tool in the hands of such men as Pierre Laval and Jean François Darlan, although German expectations were never completely satisfied.
The Vichy government continued a shadowy existence, eventually fleeing before the Allied advance to Sigmaringen, Germany, where it collapsed when Germany surrendered in 1945.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0850803.html   (202 words)

  
 Report: former Chirac deputy oversaw shipment of Jews in 1942   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Le Point said Michel Junot, a deputy to then-Paris Mayor Chirac from 1977 to 1995, was a Vichy administrator whose responsibility included the Pithiviers internment camp, 40 miles south of Paris.
Citing Vichy documents, including some written by Junot, Le Point said he was in charge of ''maintaining order'' over the Sept. 20, 1942, shipment of 1,000 French and foreign Jews, including 163 children.
Junot defended members of the Vichy regime as ''conscientious,'' and said it held few who collaborated with the Germans.
www.lubbockonline.com /news/020197/report.htm   (382 words)

  
 A PALESTINIAN “VICHY” REGIME   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The "Vichy" regime was established in the south of France in World War 2.
For example, the head of the collaborating regime has to be a national figure with a certain respected "past" to establish his legitimacy.
In Vichy’s France, General Petain, the head of the regime and an acknowledged hero of World War 1, fulfilled this role.
www.mediareviewnet.com /Palestine3.html   (1102 words)

  
 French State, Vichy government (1940-1944)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
État français is also called État de Vichy, from the thermal city in the center of France where the MPs met, because it was far enough from the front and had a lot of facilities, and where Pétain's regime was established.
At the end of war, there was a need of national reconciliation and international recognition of France among the winners, to avoid both Communist pressure and an Austrian-like occupation situation.
Although Metropolitan France was under the German boot, pretending to be independent, parts of the Empire such as French Equatorial Africa, New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon rallied Free France, thus giving it a territorial reality from which de Gaulle could claim the active participation of France to the Allied war effort.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/fr-etatf.html   (710 words)

  
 The Chiraqi Regime of Vichy France   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In its timeless, cowardly, Vichy fashion, France is appeasing Islamo-Fascism not only on Iraq, and the Middle East in general, but also on the issue of Ivory Coast and Libya in particular.
The so-called Linas-Marcoussis “peace accord” that Vichy France recklessly imposed on the elected President Laurent Gbagbo and all Ivorians on January 24, 2003 rewards the mutineering thugs by handing over state power (the ministries of defense and interior) to the pro-al-Qaeda Islamist rebels in the north and west of the Ivory Coast.
But noooooo, the Vichy French think that because they illegally shots guns, these fanatical Muslim bush rebels should be rewarded with state power, and that the secular elected government should be overthown to accommodate them.
home.earthlink.net /~joeh/Vichy.htm   (2039 words)

  
 vichy regime antigone: aplustermpapers.com-term paper help, term paper assistance, 1000's of downloadable college ...
Perhaps it took her father’s shameful behavior to cause her to develop her insightfulness, but Sophocles clearly intended for Antigone to be of better moral fiber than her father, as well as the rest of her family.
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 De Gaulle Denounces the Antisemitic Laws of the Vichy Regime   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The famous decree concerning the emancipation of the Jews of France, as well as the Proclamation of the Rights of Man and Citizens, is still in effect and cannot be repealed by the men of Vichy.
In fact, we consider the changes made to the Constitution and to French Law by the so-called Vichy Government, whose origins and actions are unconstitutional and illegal, to be null and void.
LIBERATED FRANCE, which, respects the Constitution and the Laws of the Republic wherever it exerts power, is determined to restore, once victory is achieved, the equality - in dignity and in deed - of all of the citizens on French soil.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Holocaust/DeGaulle.html   (175 words)

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