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Topic: Viking program


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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  
  Viking program - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
NASA's Viking program consisted of two unmanned space missions to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.
The Viking program grew from an NASA's earlier, and more ambitious Voyager Mars program, which was not related to the successful Voyager deep space probes of the late 1970s.
Viking 1 was launched on August 20, 1975, and the second craft, Viking 2, was launched on September 9, 1975, both riding atop Titan III-E rockets with Centaur upper stages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Viking_program   (1324 words)

  
 Viking 1 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft sent to Mars as part of NASA's Viking program.
The Viking 1 Orbiter was inserted into Mars orbit on 19 June 1976 and trimmed to a 1513 x 33,000 km, 24.66 h site certification orbit on 21 June.
On 7 August 1980 Viking 1 Orbiter was running low on attitude control gas and its orbit was raised from 357 x 33943 km to 320 x 56000 km to prevent impact with Mars and possible contamination until the year 2019.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Viking_1   (668 words)

  
 Viking program - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Each mission had a satellite designed to photograph the surface of Mars from orbit, and to act as a communication relay for the Viking lander that each mission carried.
Viking 1 was launched on August 20, 1975, and the second craft, Viking 2, was launched on September 9, 1975.
The primary objectives of the Viking orbiters were to transport the landers to Mars, perform reconnaissance to locate and certify landing sites, act as a communications relays for the landers, and to perform their own scientific investigations.
open-encyclopedia.com /Viking_program   (1234 words)

  
 Viking
Viking 1 was launched on August 20, 1975 and arrived at Mars on June 19, 1976.
Viking 2 was launched September 9, 1975 and entered Mars orbit on August 7, 1976.
Viking 2 entered Mars orbit on August 7, 1976 and the Viking Lander 2 touched down at Utopia Planitia on September 3, 1976.
www.solarviews.com /eng/viking.htm   (757 words)

  
 Viking 2 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Viking 2 mission was part of the Viking program to Mars, and consisted of an orbiter and a lander essentially identical to that of the Viking 1 mission.
The lander separated from the orbiter on September 3, 1976 and landed at Utopia Planitia at 22:37:50 UT. Normal operations called for the structure connecting the orbiter and lander (the bioshield) to be ejected after separation, but because of problems with the separation the bioshield was left attached to the orbiter.
The Viking 2 Lander operated on the surface for 1281 Mars days and was turned off on April 11, 1980 when its batteries failed.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Viking_2   (632 words)

  
 Viking program -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Viking 1 was (A motorboat with an open deck or a half deck) launched on August 20, 1975, and the second craft, Viking 2, was launched on September 9, 1975.
The scientific (The front part of a guided missile or rocket or torpedo that carries the nuclear or explosive charge or the chemical or biological agents) payload had a total mass of approximately 91 kg.
The total cost of the Viking project was roughly one billion (The basic unit of money in the United States) United States dollars.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/V/Vi/Viking_program.htm   (1744 words)

  
 ch6-8
Despite being an enthusiastic supporter of the Viking project and wanting to pursue an aggressive program of unmanned planetary exploration, Thomas O. Paine, appointed administrator in March, began to preach fiscal restraint to the Viking managers as early as June 1969.
He told John Naugle, his associate administrator for space science and applications, that Viking and the other advanced planetary projects would have to be managed wisely because NASA was living in an era of great pressures to reduce the budget.
Although acknowledging that a new rationale for the American space program had to be sought - competition with the Soviet Union was no longer a realistic justification for NASA's activities-the task group rejected the idea that a manned mission to Mars in the 1980s should be the next great challenge accepted by the United States.
www.hq.nasa.gov /office/pao/History/SP-4212/ch6-8.html   (2528 words)

  
 SpaceViews December 1997: Articles
Viking was, for the day, a relatively large rocket built by the Glenn L. Martin Company (one of the corporate ancestors of today's aerospace giant, Lockheed Martin).
The Phase I version of the Viking weighed around 3,600 kilograms (8,000 pounds), was 81.3 centimeters (2.7 feet) in diameter and stood 12.8 to 14.6 meters (42 to 48 feet) tall depending on its payload.
Considering the size of the program, it was felt that one of the regular divisions of the NRL was not capable of taking on such a task.
www.seds.org /spaceviews/9712/articles3.html   (2687 words)

  
 VIKING PROGRAM FACTS AND INFORMATION
NASA's Viking program consisted of two unmanned_space_missions to Mars, Viking_1 and Viking_2.
Viking 1 was launched on August_20, 1975, and the second craft, Viking 2, was launched on September_9, 1975, both riding atop Titan III-E rockets with Centaur upper stages.
The total cost of the Viking project was roughly one billion United_States_dollars.
www.beatlesfacts.com /Viking_program   (1276 words)

  
 History
Our program has grown and our production values have continued to increase over the years to the point where Viking Drama is no longer a one person program.
Viking Drama is a wonderful program, with a well equipped space, talented students, supportive parents, and a Superintendent who understands the value of theatre to young adolescents.
Economus is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, with a degree in Theatre Education.
www.d56.lake.k12.il.us /viking/teachers/vikingdrama.org/h1.html   (1179 words)

  
 NRL - Viking Program
Viking embodied the successful, important innovations of a gimballed motor for steering and intermittent gas jets for stabilizing the vehicle after the main power cutoff.
Through these Viking firings, NRL was first to measure temperature, pressure, and winds in the upper atmosphere and electron density in the ionosphere, and to record the ultraviolet spectra of the sun.
On October 5, 1954, during a launching over New Mexico, a camera mounted in an NRL Viking rocket took the first picture of a hurricane and a tropical storm, from altitudes as high as 100 miles.
www.nrl.navy.mil /content.php?P=VIKING   (271 words)

  
 Brittingham Viking Background and History
The "Viking" program, although it was approaching the end of its planned 10-year course in 1962, did spawn another program.
Since the Valiants attended all Viking functions, particularly the conventions, the distinction between the two groups soon disappeared, and the Valiants came to be known as the 9th and 10th Classes of Vikings.
In 1960, the Vikings were looking for a way to express their appreciation for what Tom Brittingham had done for them and to contribute to his goal of improving Scandinavian-American relations.
www.uwalumni.com /brittingham-viking/background.html   (6483 words)

  
 NAI: News Stories   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Viking mission planners liked it because it was flat and seemed to offer a safe landing spot.
The Viking landers were successful in so many ways, but they may be remembered best as the first space probes to conduct on-the-spot biological tests for life on another planet.
Since the Viking program, NASA's missions to Mars have included the ill-fated Mars Observer, the successful Mars Pathfinder lander and Sojourner rover, the prolific Mars Global Surveyor (still operating in orbit around Mars), and the Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander -- both of which failed as they neared the Red Planet.
nai.arc.nasa.gov /news_stories/news_detail.cfm?ID=131   (1279 words)

  
 CNN.com - Debate on Mars life rages long after Viking - July 20, 2001
Officially, NASA concluded that the Viking 1 and its sister ship the Viking 2, which landed on the other side of the planet weeks later, did not uncover signs of life after scooping, baking and dissecting the iron-rich soil.
One matter that is not the subject of debate: The Viking twins were the most powerful spacecraft ever to land on another planet.
Each Viking boasted an orbiter, a lander and a nuclear energy supply, allowing the satellites and ground ships to beam back data from the red planet for six years, unlike their contemporaries, which sputter out after months because they have less durable electrical supplies.
archives.cnn.com /2001/TECH/space/07/20/viking.anniversary   (910 words)

  
 Viking Schaatsenfabriek   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Viking started 50 years ago with the production of skates and is now known worldwide.
Viking has something in its large assortment for every racer, marathon skater or recreational skater.
Because of this the Viking program stays up to date and completely geared towards the needs of our skaters.
www.viking.nl /vikinge.php   (213 words)

  
 Viking Rocket
More details Summary: A Navy Viking 7 rocket set an altitude record for single-stage rockets, climbing to 136 miles and reaching a speed of 4,100 mph, at White Sands, N. Mex., highest flight of original airfram design.
More details Summary: NLR Viking No. 9 research rocket launched to an altitude of 135 miles at White Sands, and Navy revealed that it had haunched rockets from balloons in the geomagnetic North Pole area for cosmic ray research.
Viking No. 13 carried a "minitrack" radio transmitter which was ejected at 50 miles and tracked.
www.friends-partners.org /partners/mwade/project/vikocket.htm   (332 words)

  
 GoViks - Coach Bio
Those numbers speak to the kind of student-athletes Walsh and his staff have attracted to the program, and the achievement that is available to them as a member of the Portland State Vikings.
The challenge was met in 2004, proving that 2003 was a mere aberation, as once again the Vikings played one of the strongest schedules in the nation, facing four nationally-ranked teams and a nationally-ranked 1-A program.
The Vikings face 1-A opponents Oregon State and Boise State, both of whom were bowl teams in 2004, on the road.
www.goviks.com /sports/football/coach/bio.asp?COACH_ID=131   (1725 words)

  
 Brittingham Viking Organization
The Brittingham Viking Organization (BVO) is a private association made up of some 175 members from the Nordic countries and the United States, who all, in one way or another, have been benefiting from or supportive of the Brittingham International Scholarship Program, started by Thomas E. Brittingham Jr in 1952.
"The Viking Program," which was the first, was based on an exchange of young students mainly from the University of Wisconsin and universities in the five Nordic countries.
After the first year "The Vikings" formed the Viking Organization to ensure a continuation of the friendship and relations with the Brittingham family, the University of Wisconsin and the many supporters of Tom's original visions.
www.uwalumni.com /brittingham-viking   (806 words)

  
 Untitled
The Vikings are coming right into your home this May. That's appropriate for this Viking Year 2000, the 1000th anniversary of Leif Ericson's discovery of The New World.
This exciting and timely program will precede the many major Viking festivities and celebrations that will be taking place in Scandinavia and especially in Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland this July, including Viking Sail 2000, according to Norse author Allan A. Swenson of Viking Ridge Farm in Maine.
The Vikings program is scheduled to air May 9 from 8 to 10 p.m.
viking.hgo.se /Files/Usa/TVprogramme.html   (949 words)

  
 2005 Viking Mighty Mite Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
We will be launching a starter tackle program for 6-, 7-, and lightweight 8-year-olds next year.
Tackle programs for this age group have been running successfully in other parts of the country for years, and now is the time for it to happen in Simi.
This program will be in-house (Simi only), with a focus on participation and fun.
www.simivalleyvikings.com /2004_Mighty_Mites.htm   (138 words)

  
 Society for Creative Anachronism - Viking Fest Villiage - Viking Fest 2000 Featured Entertainers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Only one helmet from the Viking Age has been found with horns on it and it has been identified as a priest's ceremonial helmet.
Viking Fest, Inc. is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization and contributions are tax deductible to the extent allowed by law.
Proceeds from Viking Fest are used to promote and preserve our Nordic heritage and history in Texas.
www.vikingfest.com /anachronism.html   (207 words)

  
 Evidence of Vikings
The program pits revisionism and political correctness against traditional and romantic ‘History’.
The program has material that could be used with younger students and yet other material that will challenge older students.
DEBATE the proposition that: Vikings are a construct of the romantic notions of the Nineteenth Century.
foxtel.com /3269.htm   (771 words)

  
 Player Bio: Derrek Falor :: Women's Soccer
The Viking women's soccer program is in the capable hands of second year head coach Derrek Falor, the only coach the team has known.
CSU went from a program that was pushed around early in the season to one that battled eventual league champions UW-Milwaukee for 90 minutes before eventually falling, 1-0.
The passion that Falor displays for coaching has been evident in the process that he has used in developing the Viking program, following a step-by-step plan to address all aspects of the program that needed to be built.
csuvikings.collegesports.com /sports/w-soccer/mtt/falor_derrek00.html   (657 words)

  
 Abstracts - Case for Mars VI
The two Viking Landers were contracted to be built by Martin Marietta, launched in 1975 on Martin Marietta built Titan III/Centaur Launch Vehicles and landed in 1976, the bicentennial anniversary of the Nation's birth.
Viking's search for life was negative, indicating that no life of the kind, detectable by the Viking instruments, had been present at Chryse or Utopia.
The main objective of this conference is to demonstrate the feasibility of inaugurating a program of human exploration of Mars at a reasonable cost, and to allow its continuation at a sustainable level of funding.
spot.colorado.edu /~marscase/cfm/abs.html   (7507 words)

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