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Topic: Volga Bulgaria


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  Volga Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat, Kotragh, by Neytcho Iltchev
Volga Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat, Kotragh, by Neytcho Iltchev
The city of Bulgar was the capital city of Volga Bulgaria.
Khan Boris converted Bulgaria to the Christianity, the Volga Bulgaria, guided by Khan Almush, son of Shilki, accepted Islam as the official state religion.
www.megaone.com /nbulgaria/bulgaria/volgabul.htm   (615 words)

  
  Volga Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now the Russian Federation.
Today, Republics of Tatarstan and Chuvashia are considered to be descendants of Volga Bulgaria in terms of territory and ethnicity.
Henceforth Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Volga_Bulgaria   (752 words)

  
 Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
The steppe areas of Volga Bulgaria were settled by nomadic Kipchaks and Mongols, and the agricultural development suffered a severe decline.
The population of Volga Bulgaria was mostly Muslim.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mongol_invasion_of_Volga_Bulgaria   (867 words)

  
 Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria - Definition, explanation
Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
The steppe areas of Volga Bulgaria were settled by nomadic Kipchaks and Mongols, and the agricultural development suffered a severe decline.
The population of Volga Bulgaria was mostly Muslim.
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/m/mo/mongol_invasion_of_volga_bulgaria.php   (751 words)

  
 The city of Bolgar
The city of Bolgar was the political, economic and cultural center of the Volga Bulgaria.
This year khan of Golden Horde Аксак Тимер under a pretext, that in Bulgaria the heresy was got{started}, undertakes a devastating campaign and betrays to its{her} fire and a sword.
The symbol of greatness of the Volga Bulgaria and a source of its{her} economic power - Ага a market is transferred upwards to Volga on the island Gostinyj located about Kazan.
bolgar.netfirms.com /eng3.htm   (1874 words)

  
 History of Tatarstan. Volga Bulgaria
Volga Bulgaria - the feudal state formed on the verge of IX-X centuries in Middle Volga region.
The capital of Volga Bulgaria town Bolgar in X-XIV centuries was built of stone and brick.
The characteristic elements of Bulgaria culture were the jewellery of gold, silver, bronze, copper; pottery with engraved ornament; metal open-work decorations; bronze locks in the form of animals; leather goods; clothes decorated with beads and silver.
www.kcn.ru /tat_en/history/h_bulge.html   (318 words)

  
 ISIS - Research Study, No 11: Nicolay Pavlev: The Emergence of a New Geopolitical Region in Eurasia: The Volga-Urals ...
This is the period of the so-called “Kazan Renaissance” of Volga Bulgaria.
In 1941 Batakliev, one of the forefathers of the Bulgarian geopolitical school grounded on scholarly assessments the physical-geographical and anthropological-geographical unity of the Bulgarian ethnic and cultural area on the Balkans.20 The main lands inhabited by Bulgarians (Bulgaria, Macedonia, the district of the Morava river, North Dobrudza and Aegean Thrace) constitute a geo-morphological unity.
The third element of Bulgaria’s policy towards the “outer Bulgarians” on the Balkans is the recognition of Bulgarian interests and responsibilities in the district of Aegean Thrace, called by the Bulgarians “White Sea Thrace”.
www.isn.ethz.ch /isis/Publications/Pavlev_2000.htm   (7374 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria Silver of the 10th-14th centuries - Transoxiana Eran ud Aneran
Volga Bulgaria silver is one of the brightest phenomena of the Middle Age European culture.
Volga Bulgaria - a state that was formed at the confluence of the rivers Volga and Kama in the 10
Volga Bulgaria is considered to have been "one of the most economically developed states of Eastern Europe" (Belavin, 2000, p.7).
www.transoxiana.com.ar /Eran/Articles/fedorova.html   (3267 words)

  
 ICALT 2002
Volga Bulgaria - the feudal state formed on the verge of IX-X centuries in Middle Volga region.
Volga Bulgaria exported to Middle Asia, China, Vizantium, Russia the fur, timber, leather footwear, arms and other handmade goods.
The capital of Volga Bulgaria town Bolgar in X-XIV centuries was built of stone and brick.
lttf.ieee.org /icalt2002/eng/attractions.html   (363 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria - Definition, explanation
Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now the Russian Federation.
Modern Chuvashes and Kazan Tatarss descend from the Volga Bulgars, although linguistic evidence suggests that the Chuvashes represent an earlier Turkic ethnos, which may be connected to the Huns.
Thenceforth Volga Bulgaria became a part of the Ulus Jochi, later known as the Golden Horde.
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/v/vo/volga_bulgaria.php   (570 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria Silver of the 10th-14th centuries - Transoxiana Eran ud Aneran
Volga Bulgaria silver is one of the brightest phenomena of the Middle Age European culture.
Volga Bulgaria - a state that was formed at the confluence of the rivers Volga and Kama in the 10
Volga Bulgaria is considered to have been "one of the most economically developed states of Eastern Europe" (Belavin, 2000, p.7).
www.transoxiana.org /Eran/Articles/fedorova.html   (3267 words)

  
 G.Genoff:Volgo-Kama Bulgaria in the Middle Ages
At the time of it's bloom the Protomongol' Bulgaria becomes the strongest state in the Volga Region, whose welfare was ensured due to its advantageous geographical position at the intersection of aqueous and land commercial ways, and also because of the abundance of fertile soils.
Bulgaria during this period protrudes as the conductor of Islam for the adjacent peoples of Mordvy, Votyaks, Bashkirs.
Afterward the crushing defeat of Bulgaria the culture heritage of this great people are the Chuvashy, which are considered from the science and from themselves as descendants of Proto-Bulgarian ethnos.
web.orbitel.bg /classica/bulgar.htm   (1425 words)

  
 Tatars - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The majority—in European Russia—are descendants of Eastern European Volga Bulgars who were conquered by the Mongol invasion of the 13th century and kept the name of their conquerors.
On the Volga they mingled with remnants of the old Bulgarian empire (Volga Bulgaria), and elsewhere with Finno-Ugric speaking peoples, as well as with remnants of the ancient Greek colonies in the Crimea and Caucasians in the Caucasus.
Because it is understandable to all groups of Russian Tatars, as well as to the Chuvash and Bashkirs, the language of the Kazan Tatars became a literary one in the 15th century (iske tatar tele).
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Tatar   (4225 words)

  
 Archeological museum
During the period of its formation Bulgaria was in the state of vassalage with the Khazar khanate and occupied a small territory in the region of Kama and Volga confluence.
The flourish of the Volga Bulgaria corresponds to the XIth - beginning of the XIII century.
The foundation of economy of the Volga Bulgaria was the highly developed plough agriculture and animal husbandry.
www.ksu.ru /archeol_en/volgabul.htm   (419 words)

  
 Volga Bulgaria - Education - Information - Educational Resources - Encyclopedia - Music
Bulgaria, known today as Volga Bulgaria or İdel Bolğaristan, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama Rivers in what is now the Russian Federation.
Bulgaria was founded around 660 by Kotrag Khan, the son of Kubrat Khan.
By 922, Volga Bulgaria was converted to Islam, and the notes of the Baghdad missionary Ahmad ibn Fadlan tell us that it was adopded as an official religion.
www.music.us /education/V/Volga-Bulgaria.htm   (490 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of the Volga Bulgars, 626-1236
The Khanate of Great Bulgaria was established in the Volga and lower Don basin in 626 by the Bulgars, descendants of the Huns.
Later in the 8th century the Khazar Khanate disintegrated, and the Volga Bulgarians formed a separate Khanate, centering on the city of BOLGAR on the Volga river.
The Khanate was ravaged by the Tatar invasion of 1230 and conquered by the Tatars in 1236.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/russia/volgabulg.html   (259 words)

  
 Bulgarians
The settlement of Asparuh and the foundation of Danube Bulgaria are one of the most significant events in the history of the Balkan Peninsula during the Middle Ages.
For three times Volga Bulgarians succeeded to repulse the Tatars-1223, 1229 and 1223 but the fourth attack was successful - as in 1236 Chingiz Han sent the sizable army of 300,000 soldiers (half of it from the vassal states) towards Bolgar.
In the year 1558 the last discharge announcesd that in the place where once had been Volga Bulgaria later captured by the Tatars in 1236 and existed three centuries under the name Kazan Haganate is already Russian territory and the river which once the Bulgarians called Etil is now going to be Volga.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/cultural/oldworld/europe/bulgaria.html   (2440 words)

  
 Main Events of Bulgarian History, by Neytcho Iltchev
The king of Volga Bulgaria Almus invites a mission from the Caliph of Baghdad al-Muktadir for explaining Islamic laws; Ibn Fadlan heads the mission and presents the king with gifts; the account of his journeys with the embassy, Risala; and the legend of the trip,
Tsar Kaloyan restores the mighty power of Bulgaria; it stands out again as a major power in East Europe; the army of the Latin emperor Baldwin of Flanders is crushed near Adrianople (1204) and he is taken as a prisoner (chronique of G.
The king of Volga Bulgaria Gabdula Chelbir defeats the Mongol hordes of Ghengis Khan nearby Samarskaya Luka
www.geocities.com /nbulgaria/bulgaria/history0.htm   (1494 words)

  
 History : The Republic of Tatarstan
In the 8th - 9th centuries, the tribes of ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region.
The first state - the Volga-Kama Bulgaria - was set up at the end of the 9th - beginning of the 10th centuries which was the first feudal state in the north-eastern Europe.
In the 13th century, the territory of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria was annexed to the Empire of Chenghiz-Khan and then became a part of powerful Zolotaya Orda (Golden Hord) State.
www.tatar.ru /english/00000030.html   (409 words)

  
 About Bulgaria, Macedonia and Volga Region.
Giovanna, Queen of Bulgaria, Dies in Portuguese Exile at 92.
Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Map of the homeland of the ETHNIC tatars, not volga bulgars.
mixile.tripod.com /MacedoniaBulgaria/id25.html   (1976 words)

  
 Russian History KHAZARS AND BULGARS : chronology, Bright Persons, Great Events, Historical link and books
Farther to the north, between Volga and Kama, and within the same century had eventually formed the state of the Bulgars known as the Volga Bulgars or Kama Bulgars.
The capital city of the Volga Bulgars was Bulgar built near the confluence of Volga and Kama.
The state of the Volga Bulgars survived till the end of the 14th century.
www.cozy-corner.com /history_eng/events_kazhars_bulgars.htm   (637 words)

  
 UNPO
The Republic of Tatarstan is situated in the middle of the Volga-Basin at the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers.
In the 8th - 9th centuries, the ancient Bulgar tribes, the ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region.
The first state, Volga-Kama Bulgaria, was set up at the end of the 9th and beginning of the 10th centuries as the first feudal state in northeastern Europe.
www.unpo.org /member_profile.php?id=51   (1000 words)

  
 Birth of Great Bulgaria, Khan Kubrat
It was at the town of Phanagoria on the coast of the Azov Sea.
It is clear that khan Kubrat was a man who had acquired in Byzantium great knowledge about the structure and functioning of the state machinery and who, without doubt, tried to establish a perfectly workable administration in his new state after bringing it in conformity with the local conditions and tradition.
The cause for the division of Great Bulgaria might be the escalation of internal conflicts and most probably a civil war between two major tendencies: the pro-European people believing that Bulgaria must integrate European values and play major role in the continent and the pro-Asian clans pretending that the state should stay in Asia.
www.geocities.com /nbulgaria/bulgaria/kubrat.htm   (2948 words)

  
 TATARSTAN - short history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the VIII-XI CC, tribes of the ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region.
The first state - the Volga-Kama Bulgaria- was set up at the end of the XIth-beginning of the Xth CC.
A path-breaking step in the way of reconstruction of state independence of the Tatar people was proclamation of the Volga region autonomy in 1920.
tatarstan.kai.ru /hist-eng.htm   (308 words)

  
 Bulgars - Indopedia, the Indological knowledgebase
United under Kubrat (Kurt) of the Dulo clan, they broke loose from the khanate and formed an independent state between the lower course of the Danube to the west, the Black and the Azov Seas to the south, the Kuban river to the east, and the Donets river to the north.
Another part of the Bulgars led by Kotrag migrated to the confluence of the Volga and Kama Rivers in what is now the Russian Federation (see Volga Bulgaria).
Present-day Republic of Tatarstan is considered to be the descendant of Volga Bulgaria in terms of territory and people, though the language thought to be closest to the old Bulgar language is Chuvash.
www.indopedia.org /Bulgars.html   (781 words)

  
 Tatars - China-related Topics TA-TD - China-Related Topics
On the Volga they mingled with remnants of the old Bulgarian empire (Volga Bulgaria), and elsewhere with Finnish stems, as well as with remnants of the ancient Italian and Greek colonies in the Crimea and Caucasians in the Caucasus.
The Kazan (Qazan) Tatars are descendants of the Volga Bulgarians, They settled on the Volga in the 8th century, where they mingled with Finnish stems and partly with descendants of the Kipchaks, settled on the Volga in the 13th century.
Chinese Tatar's ancestors are Volga Tatar tradesmen setteled mostly in Xinjiang.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Tatars   (3662 words)

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