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Topic: Vowel space


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In the News (Sat 17 Aug 19)

  
  ASA 149th Meeting Lay Language Papers - Visualizing the Canadian English Vowels
In Figure 1, the vowel symbols (in the International Phonetic Alphabet) represent the linguistic vowel category in its position in the 'vowel space'.
Canadian Raising is thought to affect vowels that move from low-to-high in the vowel space.
The 'unraised' variants (/ai/ stands for the vowel in 'eyes', /au/ for 'loud') are represented as solid-lined arrows, representing the movement I have measured in the formants of the vowel sounds.
www.aip.org /149th/hagiwara.html   (971 words)

  
 Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
From the responses, a contour map is developed for each vowel phoneme that indicates the percentage of responses that specified that vowel phoneme for each point in the two vowel spaces.
This space has a similar shape to the male frame but is significantly larger with a maximum F2 of 3120 Hz and a maximum F1 of 1080 Hz.
Individual subject vowel spaces are being examined as well as composite vowel spaces for subjects with the same L1.
www.shlrc.mq.edu.au /rmannell/research/vowelspace.html   (1818 words)

  
  Vowel Theories   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Vowels were assumed to be spaced at auditorily equal intervals of tongue position.
Vowels are dispersed in the phonetic space (tongue position, rounding) in such a way as to maximize auditory differences among the vowels.
When phoneticians listen to a audio recording of a vowel in an unknown language that is not found on the primary cardinal vowel "slice", they may not be able to tell whether the the vowel is a front rounded or a back unrounded vowel--they cannot separate position in the space from rounding.
www.ling.yale.edu:16080 /ling120/Vowels/Vowel_Theories.html   (743 words)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Vowel reduction
In phonetics, an r-colored vowel or rhotacized vowel is a vowel either with the tip or blade of the tongue turned up during at least part of the articulation of the vowel (a retroflex articulation) or with the the tip of the tongue down and the back of the...
Most competence models of vowel reduction take mainly the role of word stress into account; vowels in syllables without primary or secondary word stress are reduced to schwa (usually under some extra restrictions with respect to, for instance, vowel type or the position of the vowel in the word).
A vowel that is often subject to a strong acoustic reduction in a particular word may be confused with a schwa by listeners.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Vowel-reduction   (927 words)

  
 Close central unrounded vowel - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Its vowel height is close, which means the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel.
Its vowel roundedness is unrounded, which means that the lips are not rounded.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Close_central_unrounded_vowel   (303 words)

  
 Vowel - RecipeFacts   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In tonal languages, in most cases the tone of a syllable is carried by the vowel, meaning that the relative pitch or the pitch contour that marks the tone is superimposed on the vowel.
A vowel sound that glides from one quality to another is called a diphthong, and a vowel sound that glides between three qualities is a triphthong.
Vowels are especially important to the structures of words in languages that have very few consonants (like Polynesian languages such as Maori and Hawaiian), and in languages whose inventories of vowels are larger than their inventories of consonants.
www.recipeland.com /facts/Vowel   (3695 words)

  
 Canadian English Phonetics
The vowel space of Canadian English is further distinct in that the entire system is situated slightly farther back in the oral tract.
Vowels that are plotted farther to the right have lower F2 values, and are therefore pronounced with the tongue bunched farther back in the mouth.
That is, as shown in the discussion of diphthongs, tense vowels tend to be phonetic diphthongs in English.
www.ic.arizona.edu /~lsp/Canadian/canphon2.html   (890 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for vowel shift   (Site not responding. Last check: )
VOWEL A term in general use and in phonetics for both a SPEECH sound that is distinct from a CONSONANT (also vowel sound) and the LETTER of the ALPHABET that represents such a speech sound (also vowel letter).
Vowel harmony, centralization, and peripherality: the case of Pasiego(*).
Perceiving nonnative vowels: the effect of context on perception as evidenced by event-related brain potentials.
www.encyclopedia.com /searchpool.asp?target=Vowel+shift   (1007 words)

  
 Lanna alphabet (Tua Mueang)
When they occur on their own or at the beginning of a word, vowels are attached to the glottal stop symbol (the final letter in the third row of consonants).
The vowels in the first column are the diacritic marks used to modify consonants.
The dash in the Lanna column indicates the position of the consonant that the vowel is attached to.
www.omniglot.com /writing/lanna.htm   (599 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
We generate the potential maximum acoustic vowel space (with 10,000 vowel items) corresponding to these Laryngeal Height Index variations and we compare the results in the acoustic spaces of the first 3 formants with well known data of phonemes of the world's languages.
Our simulations show that the Maximal Vowel Space of a given vocal tract does not depend on the Larynx Height Index: gestures of the tongue body, lips and jaw allow compensation for differences in the ratio between the dimensions of the oral cavity and pharynx.
We infer that the vowel space of Neandertals (with high or low larynx) was no smaller than that of a modern human and that they could produce all the vowels of the world's languages.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /evolang2002/ABSTRACTS/boe.txt   (407 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A mid-centralized vowel is a vowel closer to the center of the vowel space than some point of reference.
In most languages, vowels become mid-centralized when spoken quickly, and in some, such as English and Russian, many vowels are also mid-centralized when unstressed.
Even when fully articulated, the vowels of a language may be on the schwa side of a cardinal IPA vowel.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Mid-centralized_vowel   (133 words)

  
 audiufon: audio demonstrations, Utrecht University, Phonetics
The cardinal vowels demarcate the articulatory vowel space.
But vowels are spoken in order to be heard, and it is interesting to hear the reference vowel sounds from their primary source, i.e.
In fact, this sound recording is not an arbitrary medium of the cardinal vowel idea (like books or manuscripts are), but it constitutes the very essence of it: the vowel sounds themselves.
www.let.uu.nl /%7Eaudiufon/data/e_cardinal_vowels.html   (253 words)

  
 KOPS - Zur Stabilität der Neurotopographie von Vokalen: eine MEG-Studie
The extent to which spectral similarities as determined by a F1-F2 vowel space are represented in the neural correlates of vowels has been under examination in animal and human experimental research but not resolved yet.
The main hypothesis predicted that the mapping of [a], [e] and [i] onto the cortical surface reflects spectral dissimilarities according to the F1-F2 vowel space.
Results imply a cortical mapping that relates to spectral dissimilarity of vowels in an F1-F2 vowel space, yet the simultaneous finding of instable source locations will be the issue of further research.
www.ub.uni-konstanz.de /kops/volltexte/2001/635   (558 words)

  
 Close central unrounded vowel information - Search.com
Its vowel height is close, which means the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel.
The symbol ɨ is also occasionally used to transcribe the unstressed vowel of English belly, when that vowel is analysed as a phoneme on its own (sometimes called schwi), in order to show that it is neither long /i/ nor lax /ɪ/.
www.search.com /reference/Close_central_unrounded_vowel   (544 words)

  
 Vowel Space
Most (not all) English vowels are identified acoustically by the frequencies of their first two formants.
This may be because of differences in measurement methods, or because @ vowels have shifted slightly in the last 40 years, or perhaps other factors are involved.
Use the simple vowel interface to make vowels which sound like they were produced by a female talker.
www.asel.udel.edu /speech/tutorials/synthesis/vspace.html   (325 words)

  
 The vowel systems of Quichua-Spanish bilinguals:
  While the vowel systems of simultaneous, early, and some mid bilinguals all showed significant plasticity, there were important differences in the kind, as well as the extent, of this adaptability.
Simultaneous bilinguals differed from early bilinguals in that they were able to partition the vowel space in a more fine-grained way to accommodate the vowels of their two languages.
The Quichua vowels were produced higher by bilinguals who had acquired Spanish vowels than those who had not.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~guion/QuichuaVowel.html   (174 words)

  
 Andrew Lampert: SLP801 Acoustics Assignment 3
Below is a vowel space plot for me (AL), a 26 year old, male speaker of Australian English.
The vowel space plot shows four individual vowel samples within each ellipse, representing each of the four recordings made of each vowel articulation (note that /u:/ appears to occur only three times, but this is due to two samples having identical F1 and F2).
With the exception of /A/ and possibly /E/, as noted, my other vowel ellipses (which are mostly smaller due to the smaller number of samples, and therefore lower amount of variation), are contained within the ellipses of the larger sample set.
www.shlrc.mq.edu.au /masters/students/alampert/801/MyVowelSpace.htm   (674 words)

  
 Vowels   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It stands for the vowel that is the furthest back and the lowest possible vowel in the vowel space (the vowel with the highest F1 and the closest F2 to F1).
The equal spacing between the height levels can be determined articulatorily (make your tongue body move in four equal steps from high to low) or acoustically (divide the F1 dimension into four levels from lowest to highest).
The primary and secondary cardinal vowels are often referred to by a number as well as by their symbols.
www.umanitoba.ca /faculties/arts/linguistics/russell/138/sec5/vowels1.htm   (483 words)

  
 ICSLP'98 Abstract: Boshoff / Botha   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This paper gives an overview and an analysis of representative vowel space depictions found in the phonetic literature of the past four centuries.
A first-order approach is developed by which the distance between any pair of vowel schemes may be measured.
An attempt is then made to trace the genealogy of five general phonetic concepts concerning the structure of vowel space: discretizing the continuum, the assumption of symmetry, triangular vs. square arrangements, the development of 'roundedness' as an independent dimension and the treatment of 'central' vowels.
www.isca-speech.org /archive/icslp_1998/i98_0969.html   (227 words)

  
 Sona-Match
The program includes a vowel chart mode that plots, in real time, the first formant against the second formant to graphically show client utilization of vowel space and neutralization.
In vowel chart mode, the first two formants are plotted in real time (F2 on x-axis and F1 on y-axis).
This display of vowel “space” provides an intuitive feedback mode because it directly relates to tongue/jaw position.
www.kayelemetrics.com /Product%20Info/CSL%20Options/5127/5127.htm   (626 words)

  
 Vocalist.org archive   (Site not responding. Last check: )
vowel is that they, in effect, tend to close the throat behind the
which are the formants for the /i/ vowel; one high and one low.
In this sense, the sung /i/ vowel is different from the spoken /i/
www.vocalist.org /group/vocalist-temporary/message/7424.html   (218 words)

  
 Timbral Analysis & Orchestration
These results were used to plot each vowel on the vowel formant chart.
I hope that from a generalized framework as in the chart below, which I am calling the "vowel space", each instrument class can be identified and the timbral mixture of particular instruments can be accurately predicted and described within this system.
The formant chart or "vowel space" shows that each instruments, irrespective of family (brass, woodwinds, strings), exhibit formant properties which allow them to be classified in terms of a particular phoneme or pair of phonemes.
www-ccrma.stanford.edu /~jmccarty/formant.htm   (526 words)

  
 Cross-language vowel perception study between Japanese and English   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Eleven AE (American English) vowels were produced in /hVba/ bisyllables either in a citation form or in the sentence, "I say the /hVb/ on the tape." Japanese listeners performed a perceptual assimilation task, in which they chose the Japanese vowels most similar from a set of response categories designated in Japanese Katakana symbols.
In general, the vowels were assimilated to the Japanese vowel category closest to the vowel space.
However, these acoustic properties were also observed in the vowels in the citation form, suggesting that the listeners became more sensitive to the dynamic properties of the vowels in the context of a sentence than in a citation.
www.hip.atr.co.jp /departments/Dept1/progress95/node14.html   (184 words)

  
 Commercial Ceilings FAQ - Armstrong
In the open office, the primary source of distracting noise is human speech and a major concern, therefore, is how to prevent intruding speech from distracting coworkers.
If there is a general hum or murmer in the space, but no clearly understood words, we can generally "tune this out" as background noise.
Voices generate sound at a wide range of frequencies; vowel sounds occur at low frequency and consonant sounds occur at higher frequency.
www.armstrong.com /commceilingsna/article22533.html   (708 words)

  
 VK5: Lecture 6, page 2: The Great Vowel Shift
The Great Vowel Shift (GVS) is a generally recognized term for a series of changes affecting late ME long vowels (as well as a few late ME diphthongs) in the variety of standard London English that eventually led to RP.
With hindsight, however, these changes give the impression of pushing the vowels around in a manner that resembles the country dance movement known as ‘down the middle and up’, only in the reverse order: the vowels have kept moving up the peripheries (i.e.
Each vowel is represented by a word in which the vowel occurs.
www.english.su.se /nlj/vk5/lect6/gvs.htm   (250 words)

  
 ICSLP'98 Abstract: Aylett, Matthew   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Vowel space data (A two dimensional F1/F2 plot) is of interest to phoneticians for the purpose of comparing different accents, languages, speaker styles and individual speakers.
Speech was pre-processed using voicing to automatically excerpt vowel data without any need for segmentation and a parametric fit algorithm was applied to calculate likely vowel targets.
The result was a clear visualisation of a speaker's vowel space requiring no segmented or labelled speech.
www.isca-speech.org /archive/icslp_1998/i98_0823.html   (182 words)

  
 SpeedScript: How it works
Vowels and spaces: Touch the fl vowel key with your pen and the blue window appears.
This is the same blue window that appears when you touch the vowel key, and it enables you to write a vowel by drawing a stroke in exactly the same direction.
It is possible to write several vowels or spaces one after another (e.g.
www.speedscript.biz /?p=functionality   (429 words)

  
 Vocabulary of Alliteration by MVVM  
The symbol used for a schwa (the first vowel in ago) is a; that for its stressed counterpart (the vowel in love and bus) is A.
The vowels in up and err are treated as one phoneme A, since they never correspond with a difference in meaning.
Furthermore, entries containing an apostrophe (') which represents the optional elision of a vowel, resulting in a reduction of the number of syllables, will have to be replaced with the preceding form in which that vowel is both written and pronounced.
www.xs4all.nl /~in/Poet/VocAll.htm   (1882 words)

  
 A Survey of some Vowel Systems
The sound of a vowel is governed by many factors, of which the position of the tongue and rounding of the lips are the most important.
Vowel length is ignored for individual vowels, but complete systems of long vowels are sometimes considered separately where they differ from short vowels (e.g.
Note the convention that vowel represented by an uppercase letter is lower (or "opener") than the vowel with the corresponding lowercase letter, with the exception of /a A/.
www.cix.co.uk /~morven/lang/vowels.html   (1904 words)

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